Andhra Pradesh

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Andhra Pradesh on map of India

Andhra Pradesh is a state in Southern India. Andhra Pradesh lies in the south eastern region of India, with Bay of Bengal on the east and shares boundaries with Odisha (formerly known as Orissa) on the north, Tamilnadu on the south and Karnataka on the west. Andhra Pradesh is one of the biggest states in India, being almost the size of New Zealand in terms of area. Andhra Pradesh has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its rich history, architecture and culture. Andhra Pradesh has a variety of tourist attractions including beaches, hills, wildlife, forests and temples.

Regions[edit]

  • Telangana — comprises the districts of Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Nalgonda, Karimnagar, Medak, Nizambad, Adilabad, Warangal, Mahaboobnagar and Khammam
  • Andhra — comprises the districts of East Godavari, West Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram,Srikakulam,Guntur, Krishna, Prakasam and Nellore
  • Rayalaseema — comprises the districts of Chittor, Anathapur, Cuddapah and Kurnool

Cities[edit]

Other destinations[edit]

Understand[edit]

Climate[edit]

Weather is hot for the most part of the year with high humidity along the coast and relatively dry in the interior areas. The monsoons in June and the return monsoons in October provide adequate rain fall for the rain dependent agriculture in the state. The best time to visit is November till February when it's relatively cooler. The hottest months are April, May and June.

Talk[edit]

Telugu is the official language and is spoken by the majority of the populace. However, most educated people will also be able to speak Hindi and English.

Like most South Indians, Telugu people are very protective of their language and culture, and will respond more readily to English than to Hindi. The exception is Hyderabad, where Hindi and Deccani Urdu are more commonly spoken.

English is widely spoken in Hyderabad and other major cities. Apart from Telugu, the major languages spoken in Hyderabad are Hindi and Urdu, Tamil in the south and Kannada in the west. Minimum knowledge of Telugu will be extremely useful (but not essential).

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

The main and only international airport in Andhra Pradesh is in Hyderabad (known as Rajiv Gandhi International Airport). Direct international connectivity to Hyderabad is available from many countries. International carriers operating from Hyderabad are Air India, Emirates, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Kuwait Airways, Lufthansa, Malaysia Airlines, Oman Air, Qatar Airways, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Srilankan Airlines and Thai Airways. Domestic connectivity is excellent with Air India (and their subsidiary Indian Airline), Deccan, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, JetLite and SpiceJet operating from here.

Visakhapatnam,Vijayawada and Tirupati also has moderately busy airports.

Get around[edit]

By train There are many incoming trains to areas in Andhra Pradesh from the rest of India. If you are coming to Andhra Pradesh from a foreign country, you can go to the Namipally or Secunderabad station (which is not far away) to most parts of Andhra Pradesh.

By bus You can also get around by bus. From Hyderabad, you can go to the Mahatma Gandhi station or the Mehdipatnam station, some of the closest stations in that area.

Learn[edit]

  • Carnatic music - Carnatic music is born in the rich Telugu language
  • Kuchipudi dance - one of the world famous classical dance forms of India.

See[edit]

  • Talakona
  • Hourseleehills
  • Kanipakam
  • Narayanmavanam
  • Tirupathi
  • Kaalahasthi
  • Thousand Pillar Temple, Warangal.
  • Srisailam
  • Bhadrachalam
  • Vijayawada - Kanakadurga Temple
  • Vishakapathnam Port
  • Lepakshi
  • Penukonda - Summer capital of Vijayanagar emipre
  • SriKrishna Devaraya UniversityAnanthapur.

Do[edit]

Please conserve water and try to cut down use of plastics. In extreme summers avoid travelling in afternoons. Always carry mobile phone and always keep emergency numbers like 100 for police, 101 for fire and ambulance and 104 for health emergency with you.

Eat[edit]

Like almost every other state in India, Andhra Pradesh has a rich variety of cuisines and change widely from region to region.Telugu cuisine, The cuisine of Andhra Pradesh is based mostly on regional variation, its rich cultural heritage and the influence of the Royal recipes from the Nawabs. The cuisine of Andhra Pradesh is mixed between the eating habits of the Hindus and Muslims style of eating.

Breakfast[edit]

  • Idli is a steamed cake commonly eaten for breakfast with sambar or chutney. Chili powder (kaarampodi) and ground nut chutney are also common additions.
  • Dosa (minapattu) is another popular snack. Andhra-style dosas are spicier and crispier than those found in other regions of South India.
  • Pesarattu is a flatbread similar to a dosa, but thin and crispy. It is eaten with a ginger chutney. MLA Pesarattu is a popular variation of pesarattu filled with spiced.

Meals[edit]

A typical meal in Telugu cuisine consists of a combination of cooked rice, pickles (Pachadi),dal (pappu), curry, yogurt (perugu) or buttermilk (majjiga), and papadum (appadam). Chewing paan, a mixture of betel leaves and areca nut is also a common practice after meals.Lunch and Dinner is an elaborate affair in many households. In traditional households, the meal is served on arati aaku, a single plantain leaf, or vistari, a larger plate made of several leaves sewn together. Recently, more people have begun using broad steel plates called kancham. However, arati aaku and vistari are still widely used for festivals and special events. Lunch and dinner items are served on a single plate in a specific arrangement. Pappu (dal)and Curries are placed to the right of the diner, while pickles and podi are placed on the left. Special items such as pulihora (Tamarind rice / Lemon Rice) and garelu(Vada) are placed at the top right. A large scoop of rice is placed in the middle. Small amounts of pulusu, Sambar,Rasam, Ghee and buttermilk are typically sprinkled onto the leaf. The ghee is mixed with every item except perugu (Curd)/majjiga (Butter milk).

Curries[edit]

  • Vepudu : crispy fried vegetables, typically including okra (bendakaya), ivy gourd (dondakaya), potato (bangaladumpa), and colocasia.
  • Kaaram Petti Koora / Koora Podi Koora: sautéed vegetables cooked with curry powder or paste, served as a solid mass. The vegetables can be stuffed with curry powder or paste and are usually cooked whole.
  • Pulusu Koora / Aava petti Koora: boiled vegetables cooked in tamarind sauce and mustard paste.
  • Pappu Koora: boiled vegetables stir-fried with a small amount of half-cooked lentils (dal).

Other gravy based curries are chiefly made with vegetables cooked in tomato sauce and onion with coriander and cumin powder.

Daal[edit]

  • Pappu - Toor Daal (Kandi Pappu) or Moong Daal (Pesara pappu) cooked with a vegetable or green. No masala is added to the dal. Some regions include garlic and onion in the seasoning while some regions prefer asafetida (hing/Inguva). Some times the cooked version of the dal is replaced with a roast and ground version of the dal like Kandi pachadi (roasted toor daal ground with red chiles) and pesara pachadi (soaked moong daal ground with red chillies or green chillies).

Pickles[edit]

Pachadi / Ooragaya - There are two broad varieties - Pachadi (chutney) and Ooragaya. Pachadi is typically made of vegetables/greens and roasted green/ red chillies. It is prepared fresh and is consumed within a day or two. Ooragaya is prepared in massive amounts seasonally and uses liberal amounts of chilli powder, methi (fenugreek) powder, mustard powder and oil. For a typical Andhrite, no meal is complete without this very essential item. It is consumed on its own mixed with rice or is also eaten as a side dish with pappu / koora.

Pulusu(sour)[edit]

is a curry-like stew that is typically sour and cooked with tamarind paste. Other common bases are tomatoes or mangoes. The mixture can be flavored with mustard, chilies, curry leaves, jaggery, onions, or fenugreek. Fish, chicken, and eggs are typical meat additions. Pachi Pulusu is an unheated version of pulusu typically made of mangoes or tamarind consumed during warm months. Perugu - The last item of the meal. Perugu (curd) is normally consumed with an accompaniment like pachadi or ooragaya.

  • Challa Pulusu / Majjiga pulusu - Sour buttermilk boiled with channa dal and coconut paste
  • Menthi Challa / Menthi Majjiga - Sour buttermilk seasoned with ginger / green chili paste and menthi seeds fried in oil.

Hyderabadi biryani[edit]

The capital city, Hyderabad is known for its world famous hyderabadhi biryani (spiced rice) and one would do very well to savor it.

The Guntur/Vijayawada region is known for extremely spicy dishes. Rice is the staple food and is eaten pretty much with every meal along with a variety of vegetable and meat curries.

Drink[edit]

  • lime juice with ginger
  • lime juice with honey
  • fresh fruit juices

like sapota, orange(green they call mosambi in hindi exclusively), grape, pineapple

  • ready juice

Sleep[edit]

There is a variety of accommodation available. There are cheap hotels, known as lodges because hotels are generally understood to be eating places. There are private hotels as well as government-operated guest houses called Punnami Hotels.

Stay safe[edit]

Go next[edit]

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