Iranian Azerbaijan

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Iranian Azerbaijan (Persian and South Azerbaijani: آذربایجان) is in the extreme northwest of Iran, by the border with the country and former Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan.

Four provinces in Iranian Azerbaijanː West Azerbaijan (west), East Azerbaijan (middle north), Ardebil (east), and Zanjan (south).


Provincial capitals[edit]

  • Ardabil - is capital of Ardabil province.
  • Tabriz — is the most populated city in Iranian Azerbaijan, it is capital of East Azerbaijan province and a major regional hub.
  • Urmia — is capital of West Azerbaijan province.
  • Zanjan - is capital of Zanjan province.

Other major cities[edit]

Other destinations[edit]


Iranian Azerbaijan is traditionally inhabited by Turkic-speaking Azari people. The region's formation in its current borders dates back to Turkmanchay Treaty of 1828, which divided Azeri-majority lands between Persian and Russian spheres of influence, the latter of which later became Soviet and now independent country of Azerbaijan.

This region, especially eastern parts of it, is probably one of the most beautiful places in all of Iran. The region is known for its friendly people, and also known for the great food.

Iranian Azerbaijan is comprised of Ardabil Province, Zanjan Province, as well as East and West Azerbaijan provinces of Iran.


Azerbaijanis are speaking in Azeri, but most of the residents can speak in official language of country Farsi and in English. In few parts of Iranian Azerbaijan with dominating Kurdish population, Kurdish Language is popular as well. Some Armenian minorities in Tabriz and in Urmia are speaking in Armenian as well.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

International Airport[edit]

Tabriz International Airport.

Tabriz International Airport is the only international Airport in Iranian Azerbaijan which has flight to some of Iranian cities as well as some of the neighboring countries.

  •   Tabriz International Airport (IATA: TBZ) (10 km of the city center of Tabriz). is a regional hub with domestic flights to Tehran, Mashad, and some other major cities of Iran and with flights to some neighboring countries.

Domestic Airports[edit]

  •   Urmia Airport (IATA: OMH) (North East of Urmia.).
  •   Sahand Airport (IATA: ACP) (130 km South of Tabriz).

By car[edit]

By the newly built bridge over the Urmia lake Tabriz is reachable from Urmia in 1.5 hours.

By train[edit]

Tabriz Railway Station

Some of the Iranian Azerbaijan cities have access to the railway includingː Tabriz, Maraghe, Salmas, and Jolfa.

  •   Tabriz Railway StationRah-Aahn Sq., Tabriz (W 5 km of city center of Tabriz). Domestic trains: There are comfortable night trains from Tabriz to Tehran(12 hrs travel, 152,500 Rials for 1-way ) passing Maraghe (2 hrs), Zanjan (9 hrs) and Qazvin. There is a 2nd class sleeping train (6 people in one room) that leaves Tabriz at 8.30PM and arrives to Tehran at 9.30 AM. Price is 40 000 IR. The more comfortable choice is to take 1st class train for 170 000 IR. This train leaves at 5.30 PM and arrives to Tehran at 6 AM. There are 4 bed-rooms with TV and dinner is included in that price. To get the ticket you need to use some of travel agencies in the city or in the train station (this option only for recent day registration). There is a weekly train goes from Tehran to Istanbul which has a stop in Tabriz as well. For more info visit Iranian Passenger Railway or Travel Site about trains Seat61. International trains: Weekly train to/from Istanbul, twice a week to Van, see Turkish Railway's site.

By bus[edit]

There are bus lines from Provincial Capitals: Tabriz, Ardabil, Urmia, and Zanjan to major Iranian cities. There are minibus lines for connecting the smaller cities to the provincial capitals of Iranian Azerbaijan.

Get around[edit]


St.Stepanos monastery
  • The UNESCO World Heritage site Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran. It consists of three 7th century Armenian Christian buildings in the region — the monasteries of St. Thaddeus, St. Stepanos as well as the Chapel of Dzordzor.




  • Bonanb Kabab, is a big skew type kabab with ingredient of local spices, onion and beef. It named after city Bonab in south of Tabriz.
  • Chelo-Kabab, a dish of rice with ground beef kabab.
  • Kofte-e-Tabrizi, a big meatball with ingredient of ground beef, rice, and herbd.
  • Lighvan cheese, is a domestic feta cheese from Liqvan village in south east of Tabriz.


Stay safe[edit]

Go next[edit]

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