Bamberg is in Upper Franconia, a region in Bavaria, Germany. The town has slightly over 70,000 residents. For its historical architecture and preserved heritage, the whole town of Bamberg is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Deutsche Bahn (or DB) serves Bamberg with frequent and dependable train service. Frequent trains run to Wurzburg, Nuremberg, and Bayreuth, and there are even express trains to Munich and Berlin. See Deutsche Bahn's website for more information.
Bamberg is part of the VGN (at least for travel that is not within the city, they will fully join in 2015) meaning that for all regional trains from Nuremberg and many surrounding areas the VGN rates (usually cheaper than standard DB) apply. Note that VGN ticktes are not valid on ICE or IC trains. For fares and schedules within VGN see http://www.vgn.de/en/bamberg
The nearest airport is in Nuremberg, with cheap local transport able to get you there for about 10€; however, if you are coming from very far away, Germany's main hub of Frankfurt may very well work out to be cheaper and more convenient with discount train tickets (one way, book well in advance) starting at 29€ and rail&fly, an offer that combines your flight with a train ride to any point in Germany and is usually cheaper than a domestic connecting flight.
Long distance buses in Germany are a very new thing as they where basically outlawed until 2012. That said the market is growing and as of 2014 extreme discount fares can be had (one offer was anywhere in Germany for 9€), beating any other form of transport by a country mile in terms of price. However as the market is consolidating expect rising prices as well as a denser network. The biggest companies are Flixbus, Meinfernbus and ADACPostbus. German railway company DB also operates buses under the names IC BUS and Berlin Linien Bus (mostly to and from Berlin). Expect to spend more time with less comfort on a bus than on a train.
Walking is best throughout the Altstadt (old city center). The Hauptbahnhof (train station) is less than 2 km northeast of the Altstadt. Walk or take a bus.
- The Bamberger Dom (Bamberg Cathedral) contains the intruiging Bamberg Rider sculpture. No one knows for sure who the young royal rider is.
- Kloster Michelsberg (Michaelsberg Abbey)
- The Altes Rathaus (old townhall) is perched in the middle of a bridge above the Regnitz River and is a must-see.
- Alte Hofhaltung
- Neue Residenz
- Sandkerwa (site in German). Is held over the last weekend in August, Sandkerwa is a six day folk festival that consumes the entire town, with some 300,000 people attending. It is a festival with offerings of beer and food that rivals or even exceeds the likes of Oktoberfest and includes local traditions such as "fish jousting".
- Walk around and simply enjoy.
- Try Rauchbier (English: Smoked beer), unique to Bamberg. The two main brewers are Schlenkerla and Spezial, both of which have taverns where you can sample the beers.
Rauchbier is a traditional Franconian beer style made all or in part from beechwood-smoked barley malt. Before modern kilns became common, most malt was dried over an open flame and most beers features some smokiness. Today, Bamberg is one of very few locations where the old-school smoking takes place. Most rauchbiers are medium-to-full-bodied lagers with pronounced smoke & malt character, light bitterness, and minimal hop flavor. Smoked versions of Weissbier and Bockbier are also available. Around Christmas Schlenkerla also produces a special Bock made with oak-smoked malt; called Eiche (meaning oak) and during Lent produces another special called Fastenbier available only on draught at the Schlenkera tavern. Schlenkerla malts and smokes their own barley, and Bamberg-based malting giant Weyermann produces a comparable version available for export around the world for home and commercial use.
- Spezialkeller, Sternwartstraße 1 (up the stairs near Concordia, turn left and left again), ☎ . The open air location to drink Spezial-Beer with typical local food having a panorama view over the city.
- Backpackers Bamberg, Heiliggrabstraße 4.
- DJH Jugendherberge Bamberg-Wolfsschlucht, Oberer Leinritt 70 (across the river (via footbridge) from the tip of Hainpark with car access via Am Rengnitzufer), ☎ . Paddleboating and swimming opportunities are just a few minutes walk away in the Hain, and restaurants and bars are equally close around the corner in Bug. The Bamberger Altstadt is a very pleasant 30-40 minute riverside walk. A DJG/Hostelling International membership is required and available for purchase upon check-in.
Nearby towns and cities: