A zone established by a sanctioning body to prohibit specific activities in a specific geographic area for control of populations for safety, crowd control, or military purposes.
- Namie (浪江町), Futaba (双葉町) and Ōkuma (大熊町) in Fukushima (prefecture)
- Soufrière Hills Volcano Exclusion Zone
In the United States of America
Various demilitarised zones have been established as areas of reduced military presence on the border between two states in the aftermath of armed conflict.
- The Korean demilitarised zone is best known; a similar zone once existed on the North-South Vietnam border.
Entire ghost towns have been created by military conflict; in rare cases these are abandoned as military exclusion zones:
- Varosha (near Famagusta, Cyprus) has been abandoned since the 1974 Turkish occupation of Northern Cyprus and heavily-armed Turkish soldiers prevent visitors from entering or taking photographs of the crumbling seaside resort town.
During the Soviet Union tens of cities were designated as "closed cities", which in practice meant that you would need an authorization to enter them and they weren't marked on any non-classified maps. These cities were sites of sensitive industry and research and they were often quite large (hundreds of thousands of inhabitants). Some of those cities, like Norilsk, are still closed.
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