This is one of the few still-existing cities in the world which was founded by, and indeed gets its name from Alexander the Great (who is known as Büyük İskender in Turkish), with Alexandria in Egypt being the other notable example. İskenderun today has a population of about 300,000 people and is an industrialized city, surrounded by petrochemical plants and steelworks, although the city centre is still enjoyable with its lovely palm-lined promenade on the shore of the sea.
Nearest airport for international flights is located in Adana to the north. For domestic flights, Hatay Airport located in the outskirts of Antakya to the south (45 min. driving) is another possibility alongside Adana Airport.
The city is connected to the rest of Turkey by the motorway numbered O-53 (toll-road). The southward road towards Antakya and Syria is also well-paved but windy when crossing the mountain range inbetween.
There are no dolmuşes in Iskenderun, and though there may be city buses, they're not easy for one to figure out with no Turkish. The center of town is walkable, however to get from the town center to the bus station, you're best off taking a taxi, which should cost about 10-15 lira.
- There is a Naval Museum (Deniz Müzesi), which contains artifacts from the Ottoman navy, and a room dedicated to the reincorporation of Hatay (for several decades ruled by France) into Turkey. Though admission is only eight lira, photography requires payment of a ten-lira fee.
- On the waterfront, there is a big globe surrounded by flags of Turkic countries, and a park with a number of interesting structures.
The telephone code of İskenderun is 326 (dial +90 326 when calling from out of Turkey).