Nyíregyháza

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Nyíregyháza is the county seat and largest city in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg|Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county in Eastern Hungary. Some of the most popular attractions can be found north of the city in the suburb of Sóstó. The city is mostly looked over by American and British tourists, though often visited by Polish, Ukranian, Romanian, and certainly Hungarian visitors.

Understand[edit]

Tourist information[edit]

Get in[edit]

Train station in Nyíregyháza

By bus[edit]

  •    Bus Station (Autóbuszállomás), Petőfi tér (200 m north of train station),  (42) 598-177. More direct lines: Eger (2-3 per day), Fehérgyarmat, (four per day), Kisvárda (four per day, 01:25 h ), Mátészalka (every half hour until ~19:'00, 1:30 h) , Miskolc (2-3 per day), Nyírbátor (16+ per day), Sárospatak (one morning, one afternoon), Tokaj (one morning, one afternoon), Vásárosnamény (16+ per day, 1:18 h). - Tiszafüred (Tisza Lake) via Debrecen (four per day).

By train[edit]

  •    Train Station (Nyíregyháza Vasútállomás). Direct international service to Kiev, Lviv, and Moscow. - Trains leave from both the Budapest Nyugati and Keleti stations (hourly, HUF5200, 2nd. cl.., three hours ). With InterCity You will have to pay an additional fee for your seat reservation (automatically issued at the ticket counter), but the limited seats may disappear quickly, especially on weekends when many students are travelling to and from the capital. InterCity trains run either through Debrecen (hourly, HUF1100, ~1/2 h) or Miskolc (hourly until 23:00, ~HUF1900, one hour) . Szolnok (hourly until 23:00, ~HUF3700, two hours) . Mátészalka a couple direct train, buses better (prices 2nd. cl., IC, 2014). Timetable

If you choose not to take an InterCity to Budapest, the journey will last closer to four hours as the train makes more stops. The train also will likely be less clean and less comfortable.

By car[edit]

M3 motorway connects Nyíregyháza directly to Budapest. Otherwise from Polgár take route #36. From Miskolc take #37 to #38. From Debrecen take route #4.

Get around[edit]

Szabolcs Volán bus

The train station is located about 15-20 minute walk outside of the town center. Szabolcs Volán [1] runs bus service throughout the city and to small villages in the region as well. Nearly all the buses from the train station (except #6 and #16) run through the city center. If going to Sóstó, Bus #8 (but not #8A) leaves from the train station and town center.

All tickets can be bought from any newspaper kiosk or from the driver at an additional cost.

Another option for going to Sóstó from the train station is to take the narrow-gauge train departing from in front of the train station. This train is something like commuter rail to Sóstó, however, it doesn't run nearly as frequently as the buses.

See[edit]

Open Air Museum of Sóstó

The city itself is mostly devoid of must-see attractions, though you can take many pleasant walks with the squares and parks or see an exhibit or two. You will most likely want to spend most of your time in Sóstó to see the excellent Open Air Museum and the lake.

Museums, Galleries, and Collections[edit]

  •    Open Air Museum of Sóstó (Sóstói Múzeumfalu), Nyíregyháza-Sóstó, Tölgyes utca 1 +36 (42) 500 552. . It wonderfully preserves the architecture and customs of rural life in the region from a hundred years ago. The museum also often holds festivals and events where visitors can step back in time and experience life the way it used to be.
  •    Jósa András Museum (Jósa András Múzeum), Benczúr tér 21. is the city's main museum and houses several permanent exhibits and occasional temporary ones. The permanent collection includes exhibits on local painter Gyula Benczúr, the life and works of local author Gyula Krúdy, the life of the museum founder Jósa András, the history of Nyíregyháza until World War I, the Hungarian calvary or huszárs, and the history of money.
  •    Greek Catholic Art Collection (Görög Katolikus Egyházművészeti Gyűjtemény), Bethlen Gábor utca 5. contains artistic relics of the Hungarian Greek Catholic church dating back as far as the 16th century.
  •    Water Supply Historical Collection of the Upper-Tiszanian Region (Felső-Tisza-vidéki Vízügyi Történeti Gyűjtemény), Móricz Zsigmond utca 48. . contains items, photos, and portraits relating to water engineering in the county for the past 100 years.
  •    Kállay Collection (Kállay Gyűjtemény), Széchenyi utca 1. contains items relating to and owned by former prime minister Miklós Kállay.

Places of Worship[edit]

Roman Catholic Temple

Nyíregyháza has long been a city of religious diversity and five different religions are represented in the downtown.

  •    Greek Catholic Church (Görög Katolikus templom), Bethlen Gábor u, 7.
  •    Roman Catholic TempleKossuth tér, 4.
  •    Reform Church (Református templom), Kálvin tér (just south of Kossuth tér),  (42) 507 048.
  •    Lutheran Church (Evangélikus templom), Luther str., 1 (42) 508 770.
  •    Orthodox SynagogueSip u. This is currently not used, though recently restored and can be visited.

Do[edit]

Nyírség Autumn and Fruit Carnival (Nyírségi Ősz- és Gyümölcskarnevál). September is the best time to visit the city as the first weekend kicks off the Autumn and Fruit Carnival. Parade floats are made entirely out of fruits grown in the region. Besides the parades, free concerts are held in Kossuth square.

  •    Nyíregyházi Zoo (Nyíregyházi Állatpark, Vadaspark) (near the #8 bus stop in Sóstó). considered one of the best zoos in the country behind the zoo in Budapest. The zoo has a wide variety of animals from all the regions of the world, including Africa (lions, giraffes, elephants), North America (buffalo, cougars, raccoons), and the polar regions (polar bears, penguins).
  • Móricz Zsigmond town theater (Móricz Zsigmond Színház), Bessenyei tér 13. Plays are frequently performed here in Hungarian.
  •    City stadium (Városi stadion), Sóstói út 24/a. (north of the downtown, bus #8 or #8A). Nyíregyháza Spartacus is the local soccer team nicknamed "Szpari." They play here. The team currently plays in the NB I, Hungary's top professional league. ?

Bath houses[edit]

Sóstó fürdőház

Thanks mostly to Sóstó (which is Hungarian for "Salt Lake"), Nyíregyháza has many opportunities to spend time in the water, for recreation or health.

  • Aquapark (Élményfürdő). Is a recently completed waterpark in Sóstó. It's divided into three "worlds": thermal world, which is like a traditional bathhouse; fun world, which has slides and wave pools; and children's world, designed for little children.
  • Park baths (Parkfürdő), Bernát u. 1-3 (in Sóstó). is a small waterpark with 7 pools, a giant slide, a mini-golf course, and nudist bathing (only on the female side).
  • Sóstó bathhouse (Sóstó fürdőház). Contains 2 mineral pools ideal for relaxing in, a jacuzzi, and a sauna. Certainly the most expensive of all the places in town as tickets currently start at 1,990 Ft for an adult day ticket.
  • Lakeside baths (Tófürdő) (on the southern side of Sóstó lake). Are your only chance to swim in the lake itself. Only open from July to August.
  • Júlia Fürdő. Is the only bathhouse in Nyíregyháza proper on Malom u. 19. It is cheaper than the ones in Sóstó, and as such tends to be a bit more crowded. As a plus, there is a large pool specifically for swimming and not just sitting, as well as a warm thermal pool outdoors. The steam room is included in the admission, but you have to pay extra to use the sauna.

Buy[edit]

  •    Market (Piac). open daily.
  • Flea Market (by the airport. Take bus #1 and you can't miss it). every weekend. the real show is this , hundreds of stalls selling all sorts of items, mostly of Chinese origin. This market is often frequented by Ukranians and Romanians, which only adds the adventure.
  • Nyír Plaza (Nyírplaza), Szegfű u. 75 (outside the city center, directly accessible only by the infrequent #11 bus or walking). is a small shopping mall and contains various shops, a food court, a bowling alley, and a multiplex movie theater.

Eat[edit]

Gyros at the Nyíregyháza Train Station

As with all of Hungary, expect to find lots of places to eat a gyros. However, in the Nyíregyháza region you shouldn't expect the gyros to be served in a pita. It is always served inside a large hot dog bun with chicken meat.

  • Anno 1366 restaurant (Anno 1366 Kozepkori Etterem), Damjanich utca 6 (not far from the train station). is a medieval times themed restaurant with a good variety of old-style Hungarian food. As a bonus, many foods are served to you on a sword.
  • Rolling Rock CafeLuther utca 5. features both American and Hungarian food. The place gets crowded quickly--especially on the weekend--so reservations may be in order. Expect live music on weekends as well.
  • Royal Restaurant (Royal Etterem es Pizzeria), Zrínyi Ilona utca 1 (just off Kossuth square.). They serve a large variety of pizza and pasta, but be warned: Ketchup is frequently substituted for tomato sauce.

Drink[edit]

John Bull Pub on Dózsa György u. 1., across the street from City Hall has a fantastic selection of Hungarian food and beer. Surprisingly, locals rarely come here and the restaurant is mostly frequented by foreign businessmen.

Sleep[edit]

  • Korona Hotel. Is situated in the centre of the city became famous among tourists aiming to visit the eastern part of the country, and among the more and more numerous internal and foreign businessmen.

Go next[edit]

  • Balmazújváros - A few daily buses, more trains all via Debrecen (~HUF1500, 1-2.5 hours depend of connections. Local History Museum, Peter Veres Memorial Exhibition, Semsey Palace.
  • Debrecen (Take an IC train, hourly, HUF1100, ~1/2 h) — the second largest city in the country
  • Eger (Direct buses (2-3 per day)). Eger is best known for its castle, thermal baths, historic buildings (including the northernmost Turkish minaret), dishes and red wines.
  • Lake Tisza (Hungarian: Tisza-tó), Tiszafüred (Buses to Tiszafüred resort town via Debrecen). Hungarians began to flock to the site for holidays, since it compared favorably with the crowded and expensive Lake Balaton, the traditional holiday site. - The lake (or reservoir) has a new local ecology with a diversity of birds, plants, and animals.
  • Hajdúszoboszló (IC trains (hourly until 23:00, ~HUF1800, less than an hour)). - a very nice bath city, also excellent for a day trip.
  • Mátészalka (Buses, every half hour until ~19:'00, 1:30 h, also a few direct train). — a small town famous for it's early 20th century Jewish history and it's vibrant flea-market in modern times
  • Miskolc (IC trains, hourly until 23:00, ~HUF1900, one hour, 2014). the third largest city in Hungary located near the Bükk hills.
  • Szolnok (Take an IC train, hourly until 23:00, ~HUF3700, two hours). - A small city on the banks of the Tisza river
  • TokajBuses , one morning, one afternoon, ~ an hour. Hungary's most famous wine region.
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