Patna

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Patna is the capital of Bihar, and the second largest metropolis in eastern India.

Patna is on three sacred rivers, the Ganges, the Sone and the Poonpun. The city has a glorious past and is now a bustling up-and-coming metropolis. Legend has it that a sanctified Ganga had watched with reverence as a hallowed Buddha blessed this place to be a realm of great Kings and their Empires. Belonging to the blue family of cities with a royal heritage, it is the land where the greatest emperors of India walked, and where the greatest saints chose to preach. Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru was born here. For anyone with a taste for history and religion, this place flies high.

Today, it is apparent that Bihar and Patna have seen better days. Bihar is one of the poorest states of India, and for the first-time foreigner visitor Patna will look a chaotic, noisy city with many signs of poverty even near the city centre. This may change soon, since it has become one of the fastest growing cities of India. With real estate booming at a dizzying pace, shopping malls, theaters, new businesses, food joints it carries the seed for a lively city life, and a tourist haven-to-be.

Understand[edit]

The ancient name of Patna was 'Pataliputra' and it was the capital of the Maurya and Gupta empires. Located at the site where Patna is today, the ancient city of Patliputra, with a glorious period of history spanning a thousand years (500BC-400AD), saw the rise and fall of India's first major kingdoms.

Ajastshatru, second of the Magadh Kings, built a fort at Pataligram on the banks of the Ganges river. This later became the famous Mauryan metropolis of Pataliputra and was ruled by Chandragupta Maurya and his grandson Asoka, acclaimed for the spread of Buddhism across India. Other emperors who ruled from Pataliputra were the Gupta and Pala Kings, Shershah Suri (16th Century) and Azimush-Shan (18th Century), the grandson of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, who renamed it Azeemabad. Vestiges of this ancient city can be seen at Kumhrar, Bhikhnapahari, Agamkuan, Bulandi Bag etc.

Today Patna is an important business and education centre of eastern India. More significantly, it is a gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya, Keshariya and Pawapuri. The growing city of Patna is a great place to visit and a great place to live in.

Lying along the banks of the Ganges River, Patna is surrounded by important religious centers for the Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. This city has been home to two great religions, Buddhism and Jainism, and myriad dynasties from ancient to modern times.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Patna Airport or Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport (IATA: PAT) [1] is a domestic airport. Directly connected to Delhi, Lucknow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bangalore,Hyderabad,Chennai,Ahmadabad, Indore and Ranchi, there are daily flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Jet Light,'Indigo Airlines& goAir operate here.

By train[edit]

Patna is on the New Delhi - Howrah (Kolkata) railway main line (Patna Junction Code:PNBE) [2]. Long-distance trains arrive from many other major cities including Lucknow, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Vadodara, Surat, Nagpur, Pune, Raipur, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Puri, Allahabad, Varanasi, Ranchi, Chennai, Bangalore, Mysore, Hyderabad, Goa, Mangalore, Kozhikode and Kochi, Some of the important trains are:

From New Delhi[edit]

  • Patna Rajdhani Exp (12309/12310) via Kanpur, Allahabad
  • Samproon Kranti Exp(12393/12394) via Kanpur, Allahabad
  • Sharmajeevi Exp(12391/12392) via Lucknow, Varanasi
  • Magadh Exp. via Allahabad,Kanpur
  • Vikramshila Exp(12367/12368) via Kanpur, Allahabad
  • Garib Rath Exp(12353/12354) via Kanpur, Allahabad
  • Kolkata Rajdhani(12305/12306) via Kanpur, Allahabad. Ends at Kolkata.
  • Udyan Abha Toofan Exp(13007/13008) From Shri Ganganagar via Kanpur, Allahabad, Mugal Sarai, Patna, Durgapur. Ends at Kolkata.
  • Lal Quila Exp(13111/13112) via Kanpur, Allahabad, Mugal Sarai. Ends at Kolkata.

From Kolkata[edit]

  • Jan Shatabdi Exp(2023/2024)
  • Danapur Exp(2351/2352)
  • Garib Rath (All AC)(2359/2360)

From Bangalore[edit]

  • Sanghmitra Exp(12295-12296).

From Mumbai[edit]

  • Mumbai CST-RajendraNagar Patna Express(12141/12142)
  • Mumbai LTT-Patna RajendraNagar Express(13201/13202)

From Varanasi[edit]

  • Vihbhuti Exp(2333/2334)
  • Mathura Patna Exp (13237/13238) via Kanpur, Ayodhya, Varanasi, Mugal sarai. Ends in Patna.

From Ranchi[edit]

  • Patna Hatia Exp(8623/8624) via Gaya, Bokaro
  • Patna Ranchi Jan Shatabdi Exp(2365/2366) via Gaya, Bokaro

Railway Enquiry: 139, 138

By car[edit]

Patna is connected by road with all major cities of the country via (National Highway 30,31 & 19). Here is the list of destinations by distance from Patna: BodhGaya (130km) ,Muzaffarpur (80km) Rajgir (103km), Vaishali (40 km), Kolkata (535km), Varanasi (300km), Delhi (988km), Ranchi (350km), Jamshedpur (470km) , Kathmandu (373km), Siliguri (380km), Darjeeling (430km), Nalanda (90km).

BSTDC (Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation) [3] offers deluxe bus/car rental services for the following destinations: Bodhgaya, Ranchi, Rajgir , Pawapuri, Nalanda & Vaishali,


On the other hand, the Inter-State Bus Terminus at Bankipore (Near Gandhi Maidan) and Mithapur, Luxury buses are available to the Nepal border (Raxaul/Birganj), Gaya, Siliguri, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Purnia etc.

Get around[edit]

There are a few car rental companies available in Patna. But foreigner travellers who have not driven in India will find driving the roads in Patna and Bihar extremely stressing due to the poor road conditions and the constant heavy traffic.

Auto Rickshaw[edit]

Shared 'Tempo' as they are called are the easiest and cheapest way to get around in Patna. Fare is normally in the range of Rs5-15 and drivers rarely try to charge more. However in case you are trying to reserve an auto, it would be better to know the distance well in advance because that is not the preferred means of transportation for the locals and it would mean being charged exorbitant rates.

Bus[edit]

Though public transport is non existent there are a few buses plying on the main routes. Prices are generally 20-30% lesser than Tempos. However, they are less comfortable.

See[edit]

  • Indira Gandhi Planetarium is among the largest and best planetariums in Asia, the Patna Planetarium attracts a large number of domestic as well as foreign tourists. The planetarium has regular film shows on subjects related to astronomy. It also holds exhibitions, which attracts lots of domestic as well as foreign tourists and visitors. Patna Planetarium is located on Bailey Road near Income Tax Golambar in Patna within a distance of 8 km from Patna Airport, 1 1/2 km from Patna Railway station, 2 km from Government Bus stand, and 10 km from Private Bus stand.
  • Patna Museum has more than 50,000 rare art objects, with many related to India in the ancient, middle ages and the British colonial era. Don't forget to see the Holy Relic Casket with the sacred ashes of Lord Buddha, and the beautiful statue YakshaniEntry for Foreigners 250 Rs Indians 10 Rs additional 250 Rs to see Holy Relic Casket.
  • Har Mandir Saheb - The Birth place of 10th Guru of Sikhs, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Jee .
  • Golghar - Captain John Garstin built a Golghar for the storage of food for the British army with storing capacity of 140000 tons on 20th July 1786.
  • Kumhrar - Explore the ancient ruins of Pataliputra. Of the 80 pillars (Fa Hien, in 5th century AD, found the pillars shining as bright as glass) excavated at the site, only one remains unfortunately.
  • Patna Zoo Sanjay Gandhi Botanical and Zoological Garden, Patna.
  • Mahavir Mandir, near Patna Junction
  • Gandhi Maidan is the heart of this city today
  • Gandhi Museum near Gandhi Maidan
  • Padri Ki Haveli ("Mansion of Padre"), also known as St Mary's Church, it is the oldest church in Bihar. When Roman Catholics were arrived in Bihar, They built a small church in 1713 at a place now known as "Padri-ki-Haveli'.
  • Pathar ki Masjid is built by Pervez, the elder brother of Shah Jahan and the first Mughal prince who made Bihar his residence
  • Khuda Baksh Oriental Library Ashok Rajpath.
  • Mahatma Gandhi Setu, the bridge over the river Ganges connecting Patna and Hajipur.
  • Buddha Smriti Udyaan (Buddha Memorial Park)Near Railway Station. A large park with a stupa and meditation ground where ashes of Buddha are kept
  • Sonepur MelaSonepur. This is the largest cattle and animal fair in Asia. It is held in November in Sonepur which across the Ganges from Patna.
  • Vaishali Stupa. Buddhist site with one of the oldest stupa. This is also the site of world's oldest republic.

Do[edit]

  • Play golf at the Patna golf club. With some very tough holes, this well-maintained course situated downton will prove interesting to amateur and pros alike. The Patna Golf Club is set in beautiful surroundings.
  • Patna Planetarium
  • Take a boat-ride in the Ganges., near Gandhi ghat
  • Visit Kali Temple at Patna University Campus on the Bank of the Ganges
  • Visit Vaishali-Ashokan Pillar(48km north of Patna)
  • Maner-Sufi Saint Shrine(30km west of Patna)- you can buy famous Maner Ka Ladoo(Sweets). Maner Sweets is one of the popular shops that specializes in these. However, avoid going there in the late evening or night.
  • Revolving Restaurant

Patna can now boast of a revolving restaurant, biggest of its kind in the country, situated atop the tallest tower in the city on the 18th floor of Biscomaun Bhawan near Gandhi Maidan. Based on the German technique, the 5HP motor that revolves the restaurant can be fixed to take one revolution in 45, 60 or 90 minutes.

You must visit P&M Mall,Patliputra Kurji Road, Patliputra

You can go on excursions to the various religious and historical places in and around Patna. Do not miss a boat ride on the mighty Ganges river. When in Patna, try food typical to the region such as pua-pittha, tilkut, chiwra, makhana, the famed sattu or the farmer's staple, litti chokha, and the famous paan.

Buy[edit]

Madhubani Paintings can be bought from emporiums at Mauyra Lok, a shopping center located on "Dak- Bunglow" road. You can visit many malls around Frazer road/Dak Bunglow Crossing such as Vishal Mega Mart, Maurya Lok Complex and Patna Market on Ashok Rajpath, Hathwa Market, Bari Path & Alankar Palace and other shopping arcades near Boring Road Crossing

New Attraction of the City is P&M Mall Patliputra Kurji Road, Patliputra

  • Bandhan BoutiqueG-9, Pushpanjali Complex, Opp. S.K. Puri Check Post, Boring Road +91 8102306282.

Eat[edit]

What[edit]

  • Litti chokha is a local specialty. Litti is a primarily ball-shaped stuffed preparation, and the shape of the ball varies depending on the preparation. With a shell made of wheat flour, the taste of litti very much depends on the filling, which includes gram flour and a combination of condiments and spices. Chokha a preparation of smoked eggplant/brinjal or tomato, accompanies litti. The smoked tomato or eggplant is mashed and dressed with coriander leaves, shredded green chilies and mustard oil, which gives a distinct flavor to the chokha.
  • Chaat - Though chaat is a very popular snack item throughout India, the special thing about 'Patna Chaat' is its authentic tamarind flavor, as opposed to the sweet and salty Delhi Chaat. Take the opportunity to relish "samosa chaat" or "tikki chaat".
  • Sweets, especially Peda and Kalakand, which are preparations of condensed milk from Sudha Dairy Parlours. The sweets must be consumed within 7 days.
  • Anarsa is one of the finest sweet delicacies of Bihar. It has rice flour shell with khoya filling, with white til in the upper shell.
  • Dahi Chura Chini, which is a mixture of curd, beaten rice and sugar, is the favourite food in North Bihar, especially in the Mithila region!
  • Makhana is soft fruit grown in water. It is light fried and with little salt it serves the purpose of light snacks.
  • Tilkut,Khaja are other delicacies of Bihar

Where[edit]

Restaurants

  • Basant Vihar, Mauryalok Complex
  • Domino's, Exhibition Road
  • Kapil's Eleven, Frazer Road
  • Kaveri, Mauryalok Complex
  • Mayfair, Dak Bunglow Crossing(Frazer Road)
  • Haldiram's, Jagdeo Path, Bailey Road, patna
  • Soda Fountain, East Gandhi Maidan
  • Moti Mahal, Frazer Road
  • Roti, Boring Road
  • Payal Restaurant, Ashok Rajpath
  • Yo! China, Maurya Lok Complex
  • Smokin Joes, Dak Bunglow Crossing
  • Club City, New Dak Bunglow Road
  • Bansi Vihar, Near Dak Bunglow Crossing
  • Cloud 9, Boring Road
  • 17 Degrees, P&M Mall
  • Mirch Masala, Kadam Kuan
  • China Garden, Frazer Road
  • Cream Centre, P&M Mall
  • Subway, Boring Canal Road
  • KFC, Boring Canal Road Near Rajapur pul

Sweets Parlours

  • Sweet Home, Alankar Palace, Boring Road
  • Kwality Sweets, Boring Road
  • Lucknow Sweets, Dak Bunglow Crossing
  • Cake Palace, New Dak Bunglow Road
  • Cozy Confectioners, Keshav Palace, Bailey Road
  • Sweet Garden, Keshav Palace, Bailey Road
  • Maner Sweets, Maurya Lok Complex, New Dak Bungalow Road
  • Celebration Sumati Palace, Opp. Alankar Palace, Boring Road Chauraha. Patna-01
  • Celebration1st Floor, Sumati Place, Boring Road Chauraha (Opp. Alankar Place),  +91 9334759145.

There are three cheap and good Indian restaurants just as you come out of the north train station overpass. The one in the middle has English menu's.

  • HariLalBoring Canal Road.

Drink[edit]

Sattu-pani is among the popular drinks, Lassi Made of Curd, Dry fruits & Sugar.

Restaurant & BAR

  • The Purple Lounge, SP Verma Road
  • Oasis, Boring Road
  • The Velocity, Near Dak Bunglow Crossing
  • Country Club International, Patliputra Colony
  • Mamta Anarkali, Near Dak Bunglow Crossing
  • Pind Balluchi (pind balluchi restaurant & Bar), Revolving Floor, Biscomaun Bhawan, Gandhi Maidan, Patna (Opposit Gandi Maidan). Pind Balluchi is a famous chain of restaurant in India with franchises in various cities such as Delhi, Jaipur, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Gurgaon, Noida, Faridabad and Now in Patna


Sleep[edit]

Patna is a growing business town, and as such hotels tend to be overpriced for the room provided. It also means that many hotels are full most nights, giving little incentive to improve facilities.

Budget[edit]

  • Hotel Nesh InnNandini Apartment, 28- Kidwaipuri, Patna, Bihar (Near Income-tax Roundabout),  +91 612 2522269. 1900-4700 INR.
  • Country Club International , Patliputra colony
  • Hotel Akash , Frazer Road
  • Hotel Anand Regency, Near Patna Junction(Railway Station)
  • Hotel Clark Inn, Jamal Road
  • Hotel Magadh, Bhatacharya Road-Naya Tola crossing
  • Hotel Marina , Frazer Road
  • Hotel Mayur , Frazer Road
  • Hotel Nand, Bhatacharya Road-Naya Tola crossing
  • Hotel New Akash , Frazer Road
  • Hotel President, Frazer Road
  • Hotel Vijay Shree Deluxe, Exhibition Road NOT a budget hotel very average looking rooms start from 2750 INR a night.
  • Maharaja Inn, Station Road, Rajendra Path
  • Mamta Regency , Frazer Road
  • Marwari Awas Grih, Dakbunglow Crossing
  • Hotel Adarsh,Near Patna Junction(Railway Station)
  • Heritage Regency, White House, Budh Marg, Near Bhumi Bikash Bank,Patna-800001. Just 0.5 km from Railway Station & 6 km from Airport.The “Heritage Regency” truly symbolizes the luxury and services; we continue to enhance our facilities and the level of our efficiency - as we believe in the great Indian adage "Atithi Devo Bhavah."

Other budget accommodation can be found on the road leading from the train station down towards the Mithapur bus stand. Very basic rooms start at Rs400.

Mid Range[edit]

  • Hotel Kautilya Vihar, R Block
  • Hotel Samrat International Dak Bunglow Crossing
  • Hotel Satkar International, Frazer Road
  • Hotel Rajasthan, Frazer Road
  • Hotel Republic, Exhibition Road
  • Hotel Windsor, Exhibition Road Crossing

Splurge[edit]

  • Hotel Ashoka, Birchand Patel Path(Near IT Office)
  • Hotel Chanakya, R Block
  • Hotel Maurya, South Gandhi Maidan - Landmark of Patna

Learn[edit]

  • Patna University - seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
  • National Institute of Technology - one of the oldest engineering colleges of South Asia
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology
  • Birla Institute of Technology (BIT Mesra-Extension Centre)
  • Chanakya National Law University
  • Chandragupt Institute of Management
  • L N Mishra Institute of Economic Development & Social Change
  • Patna Womens College - one of the best women's college in the State of Bihar & Eastern India
  • College of Arts & Crafts

Go next[edit]

  • Bodh Gaya, the place where Buddha achieved enlightenment
  • Rajgir, the place Vishwa Shanti Shutpa you can joy on Areial Ropeway, You can enjoy Venuvana (Beautiful Garden)
  • Vaishali, A town on Bank of Ganga famous for its banana, buddhist temple and handicrafts
  • Nalanda - location of an ancient university with a nearby musuem.
  • Pawapuri - The Place of Nirvana (Bhagwan Mahabir) - A holy site for the Jains.
  • Kesariya - Perhaps the oldest Shanti Stupa, it is situated in East Champaran District(Motihari), 170km from Patna.
  • Deoghar - A town containing a famous Babadham temple. It is 200km from Patna By Railway (drop at Jasidih Junction on Patna Howarh Main Line)in Jharkhand State
  • Munger - A small town on the bank of Ganga famous for Yoga.
  • Nepal and Raxaul - Buses are available to Raxaul and Jogbani at the Nepali border, where you can hop on a bus to Kathmandu and Pokhra. These buses leave at about 7am from the Mithapur bus stop 3km south of the train station. They don't leave at night during summer (tourist off season). The roads going north out of town are particularly bad - sit as far forward in the bus as you can!

Buddhist sector:Bodhgaya-Nalanda-Rajgir-Patna-Vaishali-Kesaria.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!
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