Indian Punjabi phrasebook

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Punjabi (Pakistan: پنجابی; India: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is the language of the Punjab regions of Pakistan and India. In India, it is written predominantly in the native Gurmukhi alphabet. In Pakistan, it is written in a slightly modified version of the Urdu alphabet called Shahmukhi.

Alphabet[edit]

Gurmukhi[edit]

Gurmukhi is an alphabet similar to Devanagari. It is used to write Punjabi in India.

Name Pron. Name Pron. Name Pron. Name Pron. Name Pron.
uṛa - æṛa ə by itself iṛi - səsa sa haha ha
kəka ka khəkha kha gəga ga kəga ngənga nga*
chəcha cha shəsha sha jəja ja chəja chá neiia ña#*
ṭenka ṭa həṭha ha ḍəḍa ḍa ṭəḍa ṭá ṇaṇa ṇa
təta ta thətha tha dəda da təda nəna na
pəpa pa phəpha pha bəba ba pəba məma ma
yaiya ya rara ra ləla la vava va ṛaṛa ṛa


Name Pron.
ਸ਼ Sussa pair bindi Sha
ਖ਼ Khukha pair bindi Khha
ਗ਼ Gugga pair bindi Ghha
ਜ਼ Jujja pair bindi Za
ਫ਼ Phupha pair bindi Fa
ਲ਼ Lalla pair bindi Lla


Vowel Name IPA
Ind. Dep. with /k/ Letter Unicode
(none) Mukta A (IPA: [ə])
ਕਾ Kanna AA (IPA: [ɑ])
ਿ ਕਿ Sihari I (IPA: [ɪ])
ਕੀ Bihari II (IPA: [i])
ਕੁ Onkar U (IPA: [ʊ])
ਕੂ Dulankar UU (IPA: [u])
ਕੇ Lavan EE (IPA: [e])
ਕੈ Dulavan AI (IPA: [æ])
ਕੋ Hora OO (IPA: [o])
ਕੌ Kanora AU (IPA: [ɔ])

Shahmukhi[edit]

Western Punjabi is based on the Shahmukhi script. Shahmukhi uses the alphabets of the Perso-Arabic Urdu script with some extra characters added. Here are the 36 letters of Shahmukhi. Each has a name that is given below the alphabet with the equivalent English sound of the alphabet in (parenthesis).

For pronunciation and use of an individual alphabet, click on the specific alphabet in the table below. Remember that Punjabi in Pakistan is a right-to-left language so you have to start reading from right, right!

Table 1: Shahmukhi alphabets with their name below and English equivalent in (parenthesis).
آ ا ب پ ت ٹ ث ج چ ح
Alif (a) Bay (b) Pay (p) tey (t) Tey (T) sey (s) Jiim (j) chey (ch) Hey (H)
خ د ڈ ذ ر ڑ ز ژ س
Khey (Kh) daal (d) Daal (D) zaal (z) rey (r) Rey (R) zey (z) zhey (zh) siin (s)
ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق
shiin (sh) Suad (S) Zuad (Z) toy (t) zoy (z) ain (a) Ghain (Gh) fey (f) qaaf (q)
ک گ ل م ن و ہ ی ے
kaaf (k) gaaf (g) laam (l) miim (m) noon (n) wao (w,v) hey (h) yei (y) Yei (Y)


Numerals
Latin script 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Gurmukhi (Indian) Punjabi script
Shahmukhi script ۰ ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

  • There are many dialects of Punjabi throughout India and Pakistan, and these phrases may differ from area to area, but here are the phrases in standard Punjabi:

Common signs


OPEN 
(ਖੁੱਲ੍ਹਾ khulha)
CLOSED 
(ਬੰਦ band)
ENTRANCE 
(ਦਾਖਲਾ daakhla)
EXIT 
(ਬਾਹਰ bahar)
PUSH 
(ਧੱਕੋ dhakko)
PULL 
(ਖਿੱਚੋ khicho)
BATHROOM 
(ਗੁਸਲਖਾਨਾ gusalkhana)
MEN 
(ਮੁਰਸ਼ਾਂ pursh)
WOMEN 
(ਮਹਿਲਾ mahilaa)
FORBIDDEN 
(ਵਰਜਤ/ਮਨ੍ਹਾਂ varjat/manhan)

Basics[edit]

Note: Typically, religious salutations are used as there are no specific greetings that are shared among Muslim, Hindu and Sikh Punjabi-speakers

Hello. 
Hindu: (Namaskaar), Muslim: (Asalamwalaykum), Sikh: (Sat Sri Akaal)
Hello. (informal
Hello (ਹੈਲੋ)
How are you? 
Kidah (informal) (ki hal hai?)
Fine, thank you. 
Theek (changa haan)
What is your name? 
"Tera naam ki?" or (Thouda naam ki hai-ga?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . (merra nam _____ hai.)
Nice to meet you. 
. (tua-day naal mil ke khushi hoi hai.)
Please. 
. (kirpa karke)
Thank you. 
. (Dhannwaad)
You're welcome. 
. (tuhada swagat)
Doesn't matter/No Matter/(No worries)
. (koi gal nahi.)
Yes. 
. (han-jee.)
No. 
. (nahee-jee)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. (gaal saun)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. (paase ho ja)
I'm sorry. 
. (maaf karna)
Goodbye 
(Alvida)
Goodbye (informal) bye
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. (mennu eeni [changi] _____ nai bolni aandi.)
Do you speak English? 
 ? (thonu angrayzi bolni aandi hai ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ethay koi hegahe jeenu angrejee bolni aandi hai?)
Help! 
 ! (meri madat karo !)
Look ahead! 
 ! (ugay vaykho !)
Good morning. 
Shubh Saver
Good evening. 
Shubh Sandhiaa
Good night. 
Shubh Raat
I don't understand. 
. (mennu samaj nahi aandai payee.)
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( bathroom/toilet kithay way?)
What is the problem?
(Kee gal hai?)

Numbers ਅੰਕ[edit]

0 ੦ 
Sifar ਸਿਫਰ
1 ੧ 
Ikk ਇੱਕ
2 ੨ 
Do ਦੋ
3 ੩ 
Tinn ਤਿੰਨ
4 ੪ 
Chaar ਚਾਰ
5 ੫ 
Panj ਪੰਜ
6 ੬ 
Chhe ਛੇ
7 ੭ 
Satt ਸੱਤ
8 ੮ 
Atth ਅੱਠ
9 ੯ 
Naun ਨੌਂ
10 ੧੦ 
Dus ਦਸ

Time[edit]

ਸਮਾਂ (sama) or same (ਸਮੇਂ)190.103.229.2 11:01, 24 February 2012 (EST)

Clock time[edit]

What time is it? 
(ki sama hoya?)
one o'clock (when AM/PM is obvious) 
( ik vaje)
two o'clock (when AM/PM is obvious) 
( do waje)
one o'clock AM 
(saver de ik vje han)
two o'clock AM 
(saver de do vje han...)
noon 
(dopehar)
one o'clock PM 
(sham de ik vje han ...)
two o'clock PM 
(sham de do vje han ...)
midnight 
(adhi-raat)

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
(minute...)
_____ hour(s) 
(ghunta...)
_____ day(s) 
(din ...)
_____ week(s) 
(hafta...)
_____ month(s) 
(maheena...)
_____ year(s) 
(.saal..)

Days ਦਿਨ[edit]

These phrases are mutually understandable between Punjabi people in India and Pakistan.

Monday ਸੋਮਵਾਰ 
(somwar)
Tuesday ਮੰਗਲਵਾਰ 
(mangalwar)
Wednesday ਬੁੱਧਵਾਰ 
(budhwar)
Thursday ਵੀਰਵਾਰ 
(veerwar)
Friday ਸ਼ੁੱਕਰਵਾਰ 
(shukarwar)
Saturday ਸਨਿੱਚਰਵਾਰ 
(sanicherwar)
Sunday ਐਤਵਾਰ 
(aitwar)

Months[edit]

January ਜਨਵਰੀ 
Janvari
February ਫਰਵਰੀ 
Farvari
March ਮਾਰਚ 
March
April ਅਪ੍ਰੈਲ
Aprail
May ਮਈ
Mai
June ਜੂਨ
June
July ਜੁਲਾਈ
Julaaee
August ਅਗਸਤ
Agast
September ਸਤੰਬਰ
Satembar
October ਅਕਤੂਬਰ
Actoobar
November ਨਵੰਬਰ 
Navamber
December ਦਿਸੰਬਰ 
December

Writing time and date[edit]

Day 
(..din .)
Week 
(hafta...)
Month 
(maheena...)
Year 
(.saal..)
Century 
(desh...)
Leap year 
(...)
1:00 PM 
(...)
2:00 PM 
(...)
3:00 PM 
(...)
...
12:00 PM 
(...)

Colors[edit]

Red 
(laal)
Orange 
(sangtri)
Yellow 
(peela)
Green 
(hara)
Blue 
(neela)
Purple 
(jamni)
Brown 
(bhura)
Black 
(kala)
White 
(chitta)
Pink 
(gulabi)

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
(_____ vaste ticket kinne dee hai?)
One ticket to _____, please. 
(_____ vaste ikk ticket de deo please)
Where does this train/bus go? 
(Eh bus/train kithe jandi hai?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
(_____ vaste train/bus kithe khardi hai?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
(Kee eh train/bus_____ khardi hai?)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
(_____ vaste train/bus kinne vaje nikaldi hai?)
When will this train/buss arrive in _____? 
(Eh train/bus_____kadon pohnche gee?)

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____? 
(_____pohnchan da kee tareeka hai?)
...the train station? 
(...railway staition)
...the bus station? 
(...bus adde)
...the airport? 
(...airport)
...downtown? 
(...main shehr)
...the youth hostel? 
(...youth hostel)
...the _____ hotel? 
(_____hotel)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
(...amreeki/kanedian/aastrelian,aastreliayi/bartaanvi dootghar?)
Where are there a lot of... 
(dher saare...kithe ne?)
...hotels? 
(...hotel?)
...restaurants? 
(...restaurant?)
...bars? 
(...bar?)
...sites to see? 
(...selaaniyan laee vekhan valiyan thaanvaan?)
Can you show me on the map? 
(Tusi menoo nakshe te vikhaa deo)
street 
(gali..)
Turn left. 
(...khabbe jaao)
Turn right. 
(...sajje jaao)
left 
(...khabbe)
right 
(...sajje)
straight ahead 
(...sidha)
towards the _____ 
(_____waale paasse)
past the _____ 
(_____langh ke)
before the _____ 
(_____ton pehle)
Watch for the _____. 
(_____vaste dhiaan dena)
intersection 
(chaunk)
north 
(uttar vaale paasse)
south 
(dakhan vaale paasse)
east 
(poorab/charhde paasse)
west 
(pachham/lehnde paasse)
Go uphill. 
(utte jaao/charhayi charho)
Go downhill. 
(thalle jao/)
It is uphill. 
(oh utte vall noon hai)
It is downhill. 
(oh thalle vall noon hai)

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
(Taxi!)
Take me to _____, please. 
(menoo lai jaao)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
(_____jaan de kinne paise laggan gay?)
Take me there, please. 
(menoo othe lai jaao)

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
(Tuhaade kol koi kamra khaali hai?)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
(ikk bande/do bandeyan de vaste kamre laee kinne paise laggan gay)
Does the room come with ... 
(Kee kamre vich...hai)
bed sheets? 
(bed diyaan chaadran?)
a bathroom? 
(gusal-khaana?)
a telephone? 
(telephone)
a TV? 
(TV)
May I see the room first? 
(Main pehle kamra vekhna chaunna (male speech)/chaunni (female speech) haan)
Do you have anything... 
(Kee tuhaade kol es ton...)
quieter? 
(ghatt shor vaala)
bigger? 
(vadda)
cleaner? 
(saaf)
cheaper? 
(sasta)
OK, I'll take it. 
(Theek hai main eh lai lainna (male speech)/lainni (female speech) haan
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
(Main_____raatan laee rahaan ga(male)/gee(female))
Can you suggest another hotel? 
(Tusi kise hor hotel baare dass sakde o?)
Do you have (a) ...? ; (Kee tuhaade kol.......)
safe? 
(paise rakhan vaala dabba?)
lockers? 
(laaker)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
(Kee naashta/raat da khana ehde vich shaamal hai?)
Please clean my room. 
(Please mera kamra saaf kar deo)
Can you wake me at _____? 
(Tusi menoo_____vaje jaga dena)
I want to check out. 
(Main paise dena chaunna(male)/chaunni(female) haan)

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
(Kee tusi Amreekan/Australian/Canadain daaler lai lainde o?)
Do you accept British pounds? 
(Kee tusi bartaanvi pound lai lainde o?)
Do you accept credit cards? 
(Kee tusi credit card lai lainde o?)
Can you change money for me? 
(Tusi please mere paise badal deo)
Where can I get money changed? 
(Main kithon paise badalvaa sakda(male)/sakdi(female) haan?
Can you change a traveler's cheque for me? 
(Tusi mere vaaste traveler cheque badal deo)
Where can I a traveler's cheque changed? 
(Main traveler cheque kithon badalvaa sakda(male)/sakdi(female) haan?)
What is the exchange rate? 
(Currency rate kee hai?)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
(ATM kithe hai?)

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
(...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
(...)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
(...)
Is there a house specialty? 
(...)
Is there a local specialty? 
(...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
(...)
I don't eat pork. 
(...)
I only eat kosher food. 
(...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard) 
(...)
fixed-price meal 
(...)
à la carte 
(...)
breakfast 
(naashtaa)
lunch 
(...)
tea (meal) 
(...)
supper 
(...)
I want _____. 
(maiN... chahundaa/chahundee haaN)
I want a dish containing _____. 
(...)
chicken 
(murgee)
beef 
(...)
fish 
(machhee)
ham 
(...)
sausage 
(...)
cheese 
(...)
eggs 
(anDe)
salad 
(salaad)
(fresh) vegetables 
(taaziaaN) sabziaaN
(fresh) fruit 
(taaze) phal
bread 
(...)
toast 
(...)
noodles 
(noodlaaN)
rice 
(chaul)
beans 
(...)
May I have a glass of _____? 
(...)
coffee 
(kafee)
tea (drink) 
(chaah)
juice 
(...)
(bubbly) water 
(...)
water 
(paanee)
beer 
(...)
red/white wine 
(...)
May I have some _____? 
(ki mainooN... mil sakdaa hai?)
salt 
(namak)
black pepper 
(kaaLee mirch)
butter 
(makhaN)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server) 
(...)
I'm finished. 
(...)
It was delicious. 
(...)
Please clear the plates. 
(...)
The check, please. 
(...)

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
(thusee sharab dindeh hor)
Is there table service? 
(...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
(...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
(...)
A pint, please. 
(...)
A bottle, please. 
(...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
(...)
whiskey 
(...)
vodka 
(...)
rum 
(...)
water 
(panni)
club soda 
(...)
tonic water 
(...)
orange juice 
(...)
Coke (soda) 
(...)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
(...)
One more, please. 
(...)
Another round, please. 
(...)
When is closing time? 
(...)

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
(...)
How much is this? 
ਇਹ ਕਿੱਨੇ ਦਾ/ਦੀ ਹੈ? (ih kinnē dā he?)
That's too expensive. 
(...)
Would you take _____? 
(...)
expensive 
(...)
cheap 
(...)
I can't afford it. 
(...)
I don't want it. 
(...)
You're cheating me. 
(...)
I'm not interested. 
(...)
OK, I'll take it. 
(...)
Can I have a bag? 
(...)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
(...)
I need... 
(...)
...toothpaste. 
(...)
...a toothbrush. 
(...)
...tampons. 
(...)
...soap. 
(...)
...shampoo. 
(...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen) 
(...)
...cold medicine. 
(...)
...stomach medicine. 
(...)
...a razor. 
(...)
...an umbrella. 
(...)
...sunblock lotion. 
(...)
...a postcard. 
(...)
...postage stamps. 
(...)
...batteries. 
(...)
...writing paper. 
(...)
...a pen. 
(...)
...English-language books. 
(...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
(...)
...a Punjabi-English dictionary. 
(...)

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
(...Mainu ek car kiraye te chahidi hai?)
Can I get insurance? 
(...)
stop (on a street sign) 
(...)
one way 
(...ek taraf)
yield 
(...)
no parking 
(...)
speed limit 
(...)
gas (petrol) station 
(...)

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
(meh galth kum nehi kitha)
It was a misunderstanding. 
(...)
Where are you taking me? 
(...)
Am I under arrest? 
(...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
(...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consultate. 
(...)
I want to speak to a lawyer. 
(meh lawyer deh nal gal karna choundah ha)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
(Meh fine hun dev sakdah ha?)


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