Uzbekistan Airways operates twice daily flights from Tashkent (operated by RJ-85, Airbus 320 and sometimes IL 114, flying time 1:30 hrs) and a flight on Saturday (operated by B-757, flying time 1:40 hrs, return flight on Sundays). Flights (as per May 2011) were about 275,000 sum for return ticket ans about 139,000 sum (€ 43) for a single ticket.
You can also reach Urgench on Fridays on Uzbekistan Airways via Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow.
Trains from Tashkent leave twice a week and make the 19 hour journey across the desert to Urgench, with one major stop along the way in Samarkand. Trains leave Tashkent on Mon, Wed and Sun at 18:15 and arrive in [Urgench] at 13:45 next day. Depending on the class, you can get a 2-bunk coupy for 41,000 sum, a 4-bunk shared coupy for 25,000 sum, or you can rough it in plaskartnyy (hard-class) for the bargain price of 16,000 sum. The price for a place in a sleeping car is 50,000 UZS one way (2008). Taxis from [Urgench] Railway Station to Khiva are about 7,000 UZS one way. For the Trolley Bus see below.
If you're really budgeting your cash, you can catch a bus to Urgench from the Hippodrome station in Tashkent. The good news is the journey doesn't take much longer than the train (20 hours) and is only about 20,000 sum. The bad news is you'll be sitting in a cramped space without toilets (the driver decides when to make a pit stop) and minimal ventilation, and no air conditioning.
There are daily buses from Bukhara to Urgench, leaving from Bukhara Avtovoksal. The busses have no air condition. The journey time is about 8 hours and the price about 15,000 UZS on way [Sep 2012] . There is no fixed timetable, the buses leave, when all seats are occupied.
Inter-city "taxi" services are essentially a collection of informal drivers who wait to fill up their cars with passengers and then drive them off to their destinations. They usually charge per passenger; however, you can buy all the seats in a car (typically 1 in the front and 3 in the back) if you're willing to spend the cash. From Bukhara, the next closest Silk Road site, the 460km trip in a shared taxi should cost between 50,000-80,000 sum per person [Sep 2012]. The price can sometimes depend on the type of vehicle you're negotiating for, with Daewoo Ticos costing less and Daewoo Nexia and Matiz brands costing a bit more.
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Uzbekistan Airways operates twice daily flights to Tashkent (operated by RJ-85, AN-24 or YAK-40, flying time 1:30 hrs) and a flight on Saturdays (operated by B-757, flying time 1:40 hrs). Flights (as per July 2008) were about 105,000 sum for return ticket ans about 75.000 sum (€ 39) for a single ticket.