Voyageurs National Park
The voyaguers (French for travellers) were among the earliest Europeans to explore North America, from the mid-1600s onward. They travelled mainly by canoe and provided the main transport for the fur trade. The coureurs des bois (runners of the woods) handled getting furs by trading with the Indians and doing some trapping themselves while Montreal merchants did the marketing, mainly export to Europe.
The voyageurs explored much of what are now Western Canada and the Western US. Traces of them can be seen in French names all over the map: Detroit, Joliet, Des Moines, Fond du Lac, Louisville (named for a French king), Saint Louis (for an earlier king), Boise, Grande Prairie, even as far as the Picketwire River (from French Purgatoire) in Colorado. Places where canoes had to be carried (French portager) around rapids or between rivers often have portage in their names, for example Portage la Prairie and Grand Portage. An entire region in southern Manitoba has French names for all the villages and many French-speeaking inhabitants; what was once its main town, Saint Boniface, is now a suburb of Winnipeg.
Fort William Historical Park, located in what is now Thunder Bay, is a site where voyageurs coming up from Montreal in large freight canoes used to meet and trade with those who ventured further west in smaller canoes. The Canadian Canoe Museum in Peterborough (Ontario) and the Virtual Museum of New France (an online museum run by the Canadiam Museum of History in Ottawa) both have voyageur-related exhibits.
Flora and fauna
There is no fee to enter Voyageurs National Park