Itineraries > North America itineraries > Broadway
Broadway is one of the most famous streets in New York City if not the world. Most people think of it as a street in Manhattan past skyscrapers and Times Square, but there's more to it; Broadway continues into Bronx and Westchester County all the way to Sleepy Hollow and has a length of about 33 miles or 53 kilometers.
Broadway is a street and road with a history reaching back to pre-Columbian times. The Wickquasgeck trail, used by the Native American people by the same name (who lived in the region), followed more or less the same routing as present-day Broadway. The Dutch, who were the first Europeans in the region called it Heeren Wegh (Gentlemen's Way) or Heeren Straat (Gentlemen's Street), and as it became British, they first called it Broadway due to it being unusually wide.
Broadway has throughout the city's history been a lively street and major thoroughfare. For instance, already in 1832, British writer Fanny Trollope was impressed with its size, shops, awnings, sidewalks and pedestrians. And Broadway and the attractions lining it have kept impressing visitors from around the world to this day. The street name has been synonymous with the many theaters and shows that are played there, including many of the world's most famous musicals (their names are recognized even by people who aren't into musicals).
On Manhattan, most streets are laid out in a checkered pattern but Broadway is different, "disrupting the pattern" by making curves and cutting diagonally through the otherwise rectangular blocks, and so you can instantly spot it on a map.
Moving north from Manhattan, the famous icons of the Big Apple are left behind and you will travel through suburbs with parks and occasional views to the Hudson River. This is not to say you wouldn't find some sights here too, including manors, churches and the Croton Aqueduct and other green areas. For visitors from abroad visiting New York, this is also an opportunity to see a more "everyday" side of the U.S.
Get in and around
This can be a bit challenging if you literally want to travel along the Broadway from end to end. Manhattan is not a place to get around by car, but this will change the further north you go; Westchester County is described as a place best explored by car.
On the public transit side, buses ply much of Broadway but you'll have to changes buses multiple times. The subway is a quick way for getting around New York City, and it will take you as far north as 242nd Street in Bronx, but much of your travel will be underground. Walking can be an option for parts of the street/road; particularly avid walkers with several days to spare could probably pull off the whole route.
- 1 National Museum of the American Indian, One Bowling Green (adjacent to the northeast corner of Battery Park; Subway: to Bowling Green), ☏ . F-W 10AM–5PM, Th 10AM-8PM. Housed in the Alexander Hamilton US Custom House, this Smithsonian museum is the New York branch of the National Museum of the American Indian (the other branches are in Washington, D.C. and Maryland). Free.
- 2 Bowling Green (at Broadway and Morris; Subway: to Bowling Green). A small park at the foot of Broadway which is the oldest public park in the city and is the site of the Charging Bull sculpture created after the 1987 stock market crash. Bowling Green is also the origin point for the Broadway ticker-tape parades; if you walk up Broadway, you can view plaques in the sidewalk honoring the people or events celebrated in these parades.
- Wall Street, another famous New York street comes next. The New York Stock Exchange often referred to by the street's name is visible if you look along the street.
- 3 Trinity Church (Broadway at Wall St; Subway: to Wall St), ☏ . M-F 7AM-6PM, Sa 8AM-4PM, Su 7AM-4PM. An Episcopalian (Anglican) church and parish was first established on this site in 1697 under charter by King William III. The present Neo-Gothic Revival church building (the third incarnation) dates from 1846 and remains a significant landmark within Downtown. The original burial ground at Trinity Church includes the graves and memorials of many historic figures, including Alexander Hamilton, William Bradford, Robert Fulton, and Albert Gallatin. Free.
- 4 St Paul's Chapel, 209 Broadway (between Fulton and Vesey Sts; Subway: to Fulton St), ☏ . 10AM-6PM. Built in 1776, the chapel is an active part of the Parish of Trinity Church and is Manhattan's oldest public building in continuous use. It is the only remaining colonial church in New York City and was George Washington's place of worship after he was inaugurated as president. Since 2001, the chapel has been known for surviving the events of 9/11 without even a broken window - despite being across the street from the World Trade Center - and for its role as a place of refuge for the WTC recovery workers in the days that followed. Free.
In this travel guide, Broadway forms the border between TriBeCa and Chinatown; the former is west of Broadway and the latter east of it.
- 5 Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway (between Barclay St and Park Pl; Subway: to Park Pl or to Chambers St or to Word Trade Center or to City Hall), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. One of the oldest and most famous of New York's skyscrapers (dubbed the "Cathedral of Commerce"), the neo-Gothic Woolworth Building was completed in 1913 and was the world's tallest building until 1930. The building has a beautiful ornate lobby. Tours are offered most days. Pre-registration is required. $20-45.
- 6 City Hall (Subway: to Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall or to Chambers St or to City Hall), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. On a triangular city block between Broadway, Park Row and Chambers Street sits City Hall, a gorgeous gleaming white building completed in 1812 and still serves as the home of certain city government functions, such as the office of the mayor. The building itself is fenced off and only accessible by tour, but there is a lovely park surrounding the building, with plenty of shady trees and a pleasant fountain just to the south of the building. Just north of City Hall and on the same block is the 7 Tweed Courthouse, a gorgeous government structure and the legacy of Tammany Hall boss William M. Tweed, who used the courthouse project to embezzle large sums of money from the city budget and was convicted in a courtroom in this building.
- 8 City Hall Station. The original subway station, and quite a marvel to witness--the chandeliers and ornate tiling are a sharp contrast to the nearby Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall station. There's one catch, though: it's been closed since 1945. However, you can see it by staying on the downtown 6 train after its last stop Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall; it will turn around in the old station. This is the one place in the system where this is allowed, and the announcements reflect that. The Transit Museum (in Downtown Brooklyn) offers occasional tours as well, which allow you to actually walk around the station, but you must be a museum member and a US citizen, making this an impractical choice for most visitors.
- 9 African Burial Ground National Monument, 290 Broadway, 1st floor (north of City Hall), ☏ , fax: . Visitor Center: Tu-Sa 10AM-4PM except Federal holidays; Memorial: Daily 9AM-5PM except Federal holidays. Memorial closed November–March. For most of the 18th century, Africans in New York City were buried in a graveyard outside the city. The graveyard was eventually forgotten and was rediscovered in 1991. This museum and memorial site commemorate the estimated 15,000 Africans that were interred on the site of the memorial. Note that the museum is located inside of a Federal building so airport-style security should be expected. Free.
- 10 E. V. Haughwout Building, 488-492 Broadway (corner with Broome Street). One of the finest examples of the cast-iron-facade buildings that SoHo is famous for. Built in 1857, it is considered as one of the first buildings where the cast-iron structure was left uncovered and rather shaped into the ornamental form replacing a traditional brick, stone or plaster facade. Mr Haughwout ran a tableware emporium sprawling over the building's five stories, famous far beyond the city to the extent that it was there where Mary Todd Lincoln purchased new china for the White House. The emporium also provided customers with a convenience that was a world first - a passenger elevator by Elisha Otis, soon to become a de rigeur amenity of all new buildings in New York.
- 11 The Wall (Gateway to Soho), 599 Broadway. A 1973 piece of minimalist artwork - actually, ranging for 8 stories, quite large rather than minimal - by Forrest Myers graces the blind wall of the building at 599 Broadway. It has actually been removed and rebuilt in the 2000s because of its impact on the wall it is placed on, placed higher to allow for street-level advertising below it. Because of its prominent location at the intersection of Broadway and Houston Street, it is often referred to as marking the Gateway to Soho.
Broadway forms the border between these districts; Greenwich Village which is west of Broadway and the East Village is east of it.
- 12 Grace Church, 802 Broadway (at 10th St.), ☏ . A lovely neo-Gothic Episcopal church, seemingly inspired by the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris. Free guided tours every Sunday at 1PM, or just walk past and look. Of course, there are also masses, and a concert series is given, too.
- 13 Union Square (Subway: to 14th St-Union Sq). An important and historic intersection in New York City, situated where Broadway and the Bowery came together in the early 19th century. Union Square Park (3.5 acres) is known for its impressive equestrian statue of George Washington, erected to Henry Kirke Brown's design in 1856. In April 1861, soon after the fall of Fort Sumter, Union Square was the site of a patriotic rally that is thought to have been the largest public gathering in North America up to that time. A newer addition, added in 1986, is a statue of Mahatma Gandhi in the southwest corner of the park. Union Square is also known for its Greenmarket and for its history as a focus for political demonstrations, including protests at the 2004 Republican National Convention. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Union Square became a primary public gathering point for mourners and those seeking information about missing loved ones. People created spontaneous memorials in Union Square, and the square was the setting for vigils held to honor the victims of the attacks.
- 14 Flatiron Building, 23rd St (Broadway and 5th Ave; Subway: to 23rd St). An iconic building, considered the oldest remaining skyscraper in Manhattan, the Flatiron was completed in 1902. 285 ft (87 m) tall.
- 15 200 Fifth Avenue, 200 5th Ave. (between 23rd and 24th Sts). This building, formerly part of the Toy Center, used to be connected to the formerly matching one that was between 24th and 25th Streets by a pedestrian bridge, by that building was torn down and substituted for with a new building in the 2010s. However, the remaining landmark building between 23rd and 24th Streets and 5th Avenue was built in 1909 and as of 2019 is occupied most prominently by Eataly, a large purveyor of foodstuffs that concentrates particularly on Italian foods that are imported or made on site.
- 16 Madison Square Park (between 5th and Madison Avs. from 23rd to 26th Sts; Subway: to 23rd St). A lovely small park which offers beautiful views of the Flatiron, Clock Tower, 500 Fifth Avenue, and Empire State Buildings. There is also a popular Shake Shack kiosk that serves burgers and shakes in the southern end of the park.
Midtown East is northeast of Broadway, and Broadway just touches it. Where it does, you can find Manhattan's Koreatown.
- 1 Macy's, 151 W 34th St (between 7th Ave and Broadway), ☏ . Billing itself as "The World's Largest Store" on the large signs outside, this is the flagship store of the national chain and covers an entire city block. Its holiday window displays are so popular that they usually have a corporate sponsor. One useful tip for visitors is to go to the Macy's guest center on floor 1 1/2 and they will give you a guest card that discounts virtually everything in the store by 11%.
- 17 One Times Square, 1475 Broadway (at 42nd St). Originally the second-tallest building in the world when it opened in 1905, One Times Square was constructed to be the headquarters for The New York Times, a function it would serve for less than ten years. The annual Times Square ball drop is performed from the roof of this building. And you can't miss the famous Dow Jones news and sports zipper (the first news ticker in the world) attached to its lower facade.
- 18 Times Square, Broadway and 7th Avenue, stretching from 42nd to 48th Streets ( to Times Sq–42 St). A place filled with video screens, LED signs, and flashing lights; a world wonder or a tourist nightmare depending on your perspective, the "new" Times Square is a family-friendly theme park of themed restaurants, theaters and hotels, as well as a developing business district. The lights and signs can be viewed anytime, but the most enchanting experience comes when one visits Times Square at night, as all the signs and screens are ablaze with color. Times Square is also well known for its famous New Year's Eve ball drop. Those looking for the seedy Times Square of years past will find it around the Port Authority Bus Terminal, and on Eighth Avenue to the west.
- 19 TKTS Booth, 1564 Broadway (at 47th St, at the north end of Times Square), ☏ . Booth: tickets for evening performances Tu 2-8PM, M and W-Sa 3-8PM, Su 3-7PM; tickets for matinee performances W-Th and Sa 10AM-2PM, Su 11AM-3PM. A ticket booth selling discounted Broadway and off-Broadway shows. However, the cheaper tickets aren't the only attraction, as the back of the booth is a large, red-lit glass staircase facing Times Square, which serves as a set of bleachers and offers an excellent opportunity to get above the street and just watch the crowds and flashing signs. Above the booth is a video screen with a live feed of the top step, giving you a chance to appear (if only briefly) on one of the many signs in Times Square.
- 2 Hershey's Times Square, 1593 Broadway (at 48th Street), ☏ . You are able to purchase all types of chocolate goodies and Hershey-themed products at this store. A few dollars can also get you a personalized message scrolled across their zipper outside on the store's facade. Hershey stores are all over the country but this particular store is the largest Hershey's store in the world. It has three floors of pure chocolate, and Hershey's products.
- 3 M&M's World New York, 1600 Broadway (at 48th St), ☏ . Daily 9AM-Midnight. You can purchase all types of M&M goodies and M&M-themed trinkets here.
- 1 Birdland Jazz Club, 315 W 44th St (between 8th & 9th Avs; Subway: to 42 St/Port Authority), ☏ . This historic club (though not at the original location of W. 52 St.) — universally acknowledged as one of the top jazz venues in the city — features a great lineup of justly famous performers and has good acoustics. Expect to pay a fair price for that quality.
Uptown/Upper Manhattan and Bronx
Central Park is northeast of Broadway. Like Midtown East, Broadway will just touch its southwestern corner, which is Columbus Circle.
- 20 Time Warner Center, 10 Columbus Circle (Broadway and 59th Street; Subway: trains to Columbus Circle), ☏ . M-Sa 10AM-9PM; Su 11AM-7PM. Has the Mandarin Oriental Hotel for dining, drinks, and Chihuly chandeliers. It also has a small, ultra-high-end mall with luxury shops and Botero sculptures. In the basement is a large Whole Foods Market, and there is seating for eating their prepared food and salad bar items (cheaper than eating in a restaurant). Or better yet, on nicer days, pick up a prepared meal to go and venture across the street to Columbus Circle or Sheep's Meadow in Central Park for a nice outdoor meal.
- 21 Juilliard School of Dance, Drama, and Music, 65th St (between Amsterdam and Columbus), ☏ . One of the foremost conservatories of those disciplines in the United States.
- 2 Merkin Concert Hall, 129 W. 67th St. (between Amsterdam and Broadway), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Box office hours: Su–Th noon–7PM; F noon–3PM; Sa the Box Office opens one hour prior to curtain time. Important and fairly prestigious venue for classical music, much of it contemporary, and various other kinds of performances. The hall seats about 250 people and has good acoustics for chamber music. This hall is near Lincoln Center but is not part of it; instead, it is part of the Kaufman Music Center, which also runs music schools for children.
- 22 Ansonia (Formerly the Ansonia Hotel), 2109 Broadway (Between 73rd and 74th Sts.). This pretty 17-story Beaux Arts building was completed in 1904 and designed to be New York City's first air conditioned hotel. It was a residential hotel, and housed a number of very famous people, including the Hall of Fame baseball player, Babe Ruth; the Italian tenor, Enrico Caruso; the modernist composer, Igor Stravinsky; the Italian conductor of the NBC Symphony, Arturo Toscanini; and writers Theodore Dreiser and Isaac Bashevis Singer. The building is now a condominium.
- 23 Central Savings Bank building, 2112 Broadway (Occupies the block between 73rd and 74th Sts. between Broadway and Amsterdam). This building, which is occupied by Apple Bank for Savings, is a notable Italianate palazzo whose stone facades and metal-barred windows are meant to ooze a sense of security.
- 3 Beacon Theatre, 2124 Broadway (between 74th and 75th Sts), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Box Office hours: M-Sa 11AM - 7PM; if an event starts before 1PM, the Box Office will open 1 hour before event start time; if an event starts after 6:30PM, Box Office will remain open 30 minutes after event start time. Sunday: Closed, except that if an event takes place on Sunday, the Box Office will open at noon or 90 minutes before the event start time (whichever is earlier) and remain open 30 minutes after event start time for Will Call and tickets sales for the evening's event only. This is a major music performance venue for big-time solo acts and groups, and many, many famous artists have performed there, including The Rolling Stones, Jerry Garcia, Aerosmith, Michael Jackson, James Taylor, Radiohead, Queen and the Allman Brothers. Prices are not cheap, and tickets sometimes sell out well in advance.
- 24 Apthorp, 2211 Broadway and 390 West End Avenue (79th-78th Streets, Broadway to West End), ☏ . A beautiful early 20th-century high-rise luxury apartment building, taking up the entire square block between 78th and 79th Sts. between Broadway and West End Avenue. Its companion, the Belnord, takes up the square block between 86th and 87th Sts. between Broadway and Amsterdam. Both buildings were completed in 1908, at a time when the Upper West Side was still full of wide open spaces.
- 25 Nicholas Roerich Museum, 319 W. 107th St, ☏ . Tu-Su 2PM-5PM.
- 26 Columbia University (centered around Broadway and 116 St. Visitors center is in Low Library, Room 213), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Visitors center: M-F 9AM-5PM. A famous Ivy League college that has existed since British colonial times, when it was called King's College.
- 27 Barnard College (across Broadway to the west). One of the Seven Sisters colleges, and is affiliated with Columbia University.
- 28 Teacher's College, 120th Street (between Broadway and Amsterdam). Affiliated with Columbia, Teacher's College is an architectural gem with its block length Beaux Arts and neo-Gothic façades.
- 29 Manhattan School of Music (122nd St. and Broadway). Another conservatory of music.
- 30 Hispanic Society of America, 613 W 155th St (on Audubon Terrace, west of Broadway between 155th and 156th Sts; Subway: to 157 St; Bus: M4, M5, or Bx6 SBS), ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Closed for renovations until fall 2019. A museum and library devoted to Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin American art and culture. Free.
- 31 Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center, 3940 Broadway (NE corner of Broadway and West 165th St). M-F 10AM - 5PM. Once the Audubon Ballroom where Malcolm X was assassinated with 21 gunshots. Only a part of the facade of the original building remains (Columbia University demolished the building in 1992). The location now houses a memorial to Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz, with a stated goal of advancing human rights and social justice. It also features a 63-foot mural depicting Malcolm X's life.
- 32 Dyckman Farmhouse, 4881 Broadway (at 204th St; Subway: to Inwood–207th St), ☏ . Apr–Aug: Th–Sa 11AM–4PM, Su 11AM–3PM; Sep–Oct: Th–Sa 11AM–4PM; Nov–Mar: F Sa 11AM–4PM. The former residence of William Dyckman, who owned several hundred acres of farmland covering much of what is now Inwood and Washington heights. Nestled incongruously at the otherwise unremarkable corner of 204th and Broadway, the farmhouse has been converted into a small museum of life in early Manhattan and hosts various programs for the neighborhood. The "Hessian Huts" in the back yard are a leftover from the British occupation of Manhattan during the Revolutionary War! Free; donations accepted.
In Bronx, the street goes through the neighborhoods of Marble Hill, Kingsbridge and Fieldston.
- 4 Van Cortlandt Park, Broadway, Jerome Ave, City Line, Van Cortlandt Park South. It is the fourth largest park in New York City and home of America's oldest golf course. The Van Cortlandt House is the Bronx's oldest building. The largest freshwater lake in all of NYC is in the park. It also has numerous sports fields and ball courts, children's playgrounds, running tracks, and the Riverdale Equestrian Center. During the summer time you’ll find the locals barbecuing and throwing parties in the park.
- 33 Philipse Manor Hall, 29 Warburton Ave., ☏ . A Colonial-era manor house which today serves as a museum and archive, offering many glimpses into life before the American Revolution.
- 34 Untermyer Park, 945 North Broadway. Greek gardens, canals, reflecting pools and other created "ruins". Untermyer Performing Arts Council produces live performances in the park. The performances are admission free and are done throughout the summer. Special concerts throughout the year are announced on their website.
- 5 Old Croton Aqueduct. Go hiking or biking on the aqueduct's trailway. The original water supply to New York City is now a walking trail that runs from Croton-on-Hudson in the north to Yonkers in the south. Over the 180 years since it was built, portions have disappeared from the downtown areas of several river towns, but it is mostly intact through Hastings-on-Hudson. Two shops sell maps of the trail: Good Yarns at 8 Main St. and The Office Ink at 572 Warburton Ave.
The village offers gorgeous views of the Hudson River from various viewpoints downtown and up in the hills, including the edge of the New Jersey Palisades. The waterfront is a wide expanse of grass, barbecue pits and a playground for relaxing and enjoying the sun. You can see the tall skyscrapers of Manhattan from the water's edge. There are lots of cute shops downtown for window shopping or actual purchasing. Walk the Croton Aqueduct trail for spying on gorgeous homes and estates of all times and architecture.
- 35 The Stiner-Ross House (a bit west of Broadway). Commonly called the Octagon house, located off of the Aqueduct, offers some mild thrills for architecture buffs.
- Odell's Tavern (along Broadway). Built in the 1690s, is a less interesting building with greater significance. Among other things, it was where the newly created State of New York's Committee of Safety met to discuss General George Washington's defeat in the Battle of Long Island.
- 36 Lyndhurst, 635 South Broadway, Tarrytown (look for entrance sign on Route 9 about 1/2 mile south of the Tappan Zee Bridge), ☏ . Mid-April through October, T-Su and holiday Mondays, 10AM-5PM. November through mid-April, Sa and Su only, 10AM-4PM. A Gothic-styled mansion, formerly home of railroad baron Jay Gould. Lyndhurst is now a property of the National Historic Trust. Lyndhurst is often decked out for holidays with themed events like a Victorian Halloween and Fairytale Christmas. The grounds are host to special events: antique, garden, craft (usually spring and fall), kennel club, and automobile shows. The Gothic exterior has been used in vampire movies like House of Dark Shadows, 1970. This National Historic Landmark has 67 acres of grounds and walking trails that are open to the public every day from dawn until dusk. House tours are available Spring through Fall. The schedule varies so see website for details. Mansion: adults $10, seniors $9, students 12-17 with adult $4, children under 12 with adult free. Grounds only: $4..
- 37 Andre Captor’s Monument, N Broadway. Revolutionary War site. A monument marks the spot where 3 Americans captured British spy John André, exposing Benedict Arnold's treasonous plot to turn over West Point to the British. Also the spot in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" where Ichabod Crane first encounters the Headless Horseman.
- 38 Philipsburg Manor Upper Mills, 381 N Broadway, ☏ . April 1 to October 28 daily (closed Tu) 10AM-5PM, last tour at 4PM. October 29 to December 31 daily (closed Tu) 10AM-4PM, last tour at 3PM. March weekends only 10AM-4PM last tour at 3PM.. Historic Dutch manor and mill restored to its appearance in the late 17th/early 18th century. In "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", Ichabod Crane saunters beside the manor's millpond with the "country damsels" of the neighborhood. This is also the departure point for tours of Kykuit. Adults $10, senior (62 +) $9, children (5-17) $6..
- 39 Rockefeller Estate. Open mid May through the beginning of November, weekdays 10AM-3PM (Closed Tu), weekends 10AM-4PM. Guided tours of the main house, Kykuit, and its gardens and art galleries, are available through Historic Hudson Valley. All Kykuit tours depart from Philipsburg Manor, 381 N Broadway. adults $22, seniors $20, children under 17 $19 (no children under age 10).
- 40 Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, 540 N Broadway, ☏ . Gates open M-F 8AM-4:30PM, Sa-Su 8:30AM-4:30PM. Pay a visit to Washington Irving, Andrew Carnegie, Walter Chrysler, William Rockefeller, and Elizabeth Arden in their final abodes. The style of architecture ranges from Victorian rural at the cemetery's south end to grand neo-classical mausoleums at the north end. Free maps are available in literature boxes at the cemetery office and at the cemetery's south gate.
- 41 Old Dutch Church and Burying Ground, 430 N Broadway. The church has been in continuous use since around 1690, except for a few years during the American Revolution. Free guided tours of the burying ground from Memorial Day Weekend through the end of October, Sundays at 2PM. Self-guided tour book Tales of the Old Dutch Burying Ground is sold at the Philipsburg Manor museum shop. This is the spot where Ichabod Crane sought sanctuary from the Headless Horseman. If you happen to be here after dark, keep in mind that ".the Headless Horseman. it was said, tethered his horse nightly among the graves in the churchyard." Park inside adjacent Sleepy Hollow Cemetery.
If you've reached the end of the itinerary in Sleepy Hollow and have a car, you could continue straight north along U.S. Route 9 across northeastern New York state all the way to the Canadian border. By public bus you can explore nearby towns around Westchester County.
If you on the other hand are standing at the southern end of Broadway, you can explore southern Manhattan on land, take a ferry to Liberty Island (where the Statue of Liberty is), Ellis Island, Governors Island, Staten Island or Brooklyn – the latter is also accessible by subway or by crossing the iconic Brooklyn Bridge.