Asia > East Asia > China > Northeast China > Jilin
- For other places with the same name, see Jilin (disambiguation).
Jilin (吉林, Jílín）Province forms the central part of northeast China and is part of what was once known as Manchuria. Jilin borders Heilongjiang Province to the northeast Russia to the east, North Korea to the southeast, Liaoning to the southwest and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
Jilin contains eight prefecture-level cities and one autonomous prefecture:
- Changchun (长春; Chángchūn) — subprovincial city and capital of Jilin Province.
- Baicheng (白城; Báichéng)
- Baishan (白山; Báishān)
- Ji'an (集安市) Large city on the North Korean border, and historical second capitol of the Korean Goguryeo kingdom
- Jilin City (吉林; Jílín) — home of the Rimmed Trees of Jilin, one of the four major natural wonders of China
- Liaoyuan (辽源; Liáoyuán)
- Siping (四平; Sìpíng)
- Songyuan (松原; Sōngyuán)
- Tonghua (通化; Tōnghuà)
- Yanji (延吉市; Yánjí) — in Yanbian, a Korean Autonomous Prefecture
- Jingyuetan National Forest Park - eight Branches of Manchukuo in the heart of Changchun
- Changbaishan National Nature Reserve - home to Heaven Lake
- Songhuahu National Park - premier ski area of Jilin Province
- Xianghai National Nature Reserve - over 100 swamps and a wide range of wildlife
- Yanbian - An autonomous Korean prefecture.
Jilin province has two public airports, Yanji Airport (YNJ IATA) and Changchun Longjia International Airport (长春龙嘉国际机场) (CGQ IATA). Each receives domestic flights as well as international flights from Seoul in South Korea. Changchun also has a route to Tokyo, Japan. Changchun City is 31 kilometres, and Jilin City is 71 kilometres form Changchun Longjia International Airport.
Landmarks and buildings
- Goguryeo Ancient sites — the remains of the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo. The Goguryeo are credited as the ancestors of the Korean people. These sites include including Wunu Mountain City, Guonei City and Wandu Mountain City; fourteen imperial tombs; twenty-six noble tombs; a General's Tomb; and the monument to the nineteenth Emperor of the Koguryo Kingdom, which are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Most of these are around Tonghua.
- Puppet Emperor's Palace (偽皇宮 Wei Huang Gong) — the former residence of Puyi, the last emperor of China and the Puppet Emperor of Manchuco on behalf of the Japanese. In the north east of Changchun.
- Wen Miao Confucian Temple — in Jilin City.
Parks and nature
- Longtou Mountain — these hills contain ancient Tombs including the Mausoleum of Princess Zhenxiao and royal tombs of the Balhae kingdom. It is in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.
- Rimmed Trees of Jilin — the trees are extolled as one of the four major natural wonders of China along with the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River, the landscape of Jilin and the Stone Forest of Yunnan.
Museums and exhibitions
- Meteorite Museum — in 1976, Jilin was hit by a heavy Meteorite storm. Many of the stones were collected and placed into this museum. The largest stone weighs 1,775kg and is thought to be the largest Meteorite in existence to date.
- Jilin Ice Lantern Festival — not as famous as the festivals in Harbin but still worth a visit (during mid-January)