Asia > East Asia > South Korea > South Jeolla
South Jeolla (전라 남도, 全羅南 - Jeollanam-do) is the southwesternmost province of mainland South Korea.
Jeollanam-do (South Jeolla) is a province in the southwest of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Jeolla province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea. Gwangju was the capital of the province, until the provincial office moved to the southern village of Namak, Muan County in 2005.
- 1 Muan - South Jeolla's administrative capital
- 2 Gwangju - South Jeolla's main city
- 3 Gwangyang
- 4 Hampyeong - Home of the famous Korean butterfly festival
- 5 Mokpo
- 6 Naju
- 7 Suncheon
- 8 Yeosu
- 1 Jindo Large island near the end of the peninsula
- 2 Hongdo One of South Korea's most remote islands and national park, reachable by boat from Mokpo
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by the Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.
There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometers long. The regions produces some of the most popular marine products in South Korea, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation.
The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin create a large granary. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province. A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province.
- Muan airport in Mokpo has the most domestic and international flight options in this region, mainly from Shanghai and Beijing in China.
- Gwangju airport has a limited selection of domestic flights to Seoul Gimpo, Yangyang and Jeju island.
- Yeosu airport has many flights to Seoul Gimpo and a couple of weekly flights to Jeju island.
South Korea's high speed train, the KTX, now has two separate lines running through South Jeolla:
- Honam Line: Seoul all the way to Jangseong, Gwangju, Naju and Mokpo (3 hours)
- Jeonla Line: Seoul all the way to Gokseong, Guryegu, Suncheon, Yeocheon and Yeosu
- The town of Boseong is noted for its Green Tea production.
- The Hwasun Dolmen sites (prehistoric burial sites), that are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List