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Uyghur phrasebook

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Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچە/Uyƣurqə/Уйғурчә/Uyghurche) is mostly spoken in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of northwestern China, with further native speakers numbering about 30,000 found in neighbouring Kazakhstan.

Spread of the Uyghur language in China

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Uyghur pronunciation is fairly straightforward except for the sounds "gh" and "x" which might need some practice.

Vowels[edit]

A, a - as in "palm"

E, e - as "a" in "cat"

Ë, ë - as in "pen" (also spelt as É é)

I, i - as "ee" in "see"

O, o - as in "not"

Ö, ö - same as in German

U, u - as in "groove"

Ü, ü - same as in German

Consonants[edit]

B, b - as in "bunk"

D, d - as in "door"

F, f - as in "fold"

G, g - as in "go" (This is always pronounced hard in Uighur.)

H, h - as in "heart"

J, j - as in "jam"

K, k - as in "kite"

L, l - as in "lemon"

M, m - as in "matter"

N, n - as in "nose" (Never the "ng" sound of "pink"! Uyghur has another letter that is the "ng" sound of "pink".)

P, p - as in "peach"

Q, q - like k but further back in the throat (IPA: /q/)

R, r - a rolling "r" sound, as in Spanish "burrito"

S, s - as in "salad"

T, t - as in "taco"

W, w - as in "weather"

X, x - as "ch" in Scots "loch" or German "Bach"

Y, y - as in "yoghurt"

Z, z - as in "zoo"

CH, ch - as in "chair"

GH, gh - like French "r" (IPA: /ʁ/)

NG, ng - like "ng" in "singing", not like "ng" in "finger" (That is the NGG, ngg, which is pronounced like 'ng' in 'finger'.)

SH, sh - as in "shore"

ZH, zh - as "s" in "pleasure"

' - glottal stop. as "h" in "uh-oh" (IPA: /ʔ/)

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Common signs


ئوچۇق (OCHUQ) 
open
تاقاق (TAQAQ) 
closed
ENTRANCE 
entrance
EXIT 
exit
ئىتتەرمەك (ITTERMEK)
push
تارتماق (TARTMAQ) 
pull
ھاجەتخانا (HAJETXANA) 
toilet
ئەر (ER) 
man
ئايال (AYAL) 
woman
مەنئى قىلىنغان (MEN'I QILIN-GHAN) 
forbidden
Hello. (Greeting) 
Essalamu eleykum. (formal, usually between Muslims)
Hello. (Answering) 
We'eleykum essalam. (formal, usually between Muslims)
Hi! 
Yaxshimusiz!
How are you? 
Yaxshimusiz.
How are you? 
Qandaq ehwalingiz?
Fine. 
Yaxshi.
So-So. 
Belen.
I'm fine, thanks! 
Yaxshi, rehmet!
Thank you (very much)! 
(Köp) rehmet!
You're welcome! (for "thank you") 
Tüzütt qilmang!
Good morning! 
Xeyirlik etigen!
Good evening! 
Xeyirlik kech!
Welcome! (to greet someone) 
Qarshi alimiz!
Hey! Friend! 
Hey! Adash / aghine!
I missed you so much! 
Sizni bek sëghinip kettim!
What's new? 
Nime boldi?
Nothing much! 
Hëch ish!
Excuse me ...! 
Kachurung ...!
Good night! 
Xeyirlik kech!
See you later! 
Kiyin körüsheyli!
Good bye! 
Xeyr xosh!

Asking for Help and Directions[edit]

Can you help me? 
Manga yardam Qlarsizmu?
Can I help you? 
Sizga yardam kirakmu?
Where is the bathroom / pharmacy? 
Hajatkhana / dorikhana Qayarda?
Go straight! then turn left / right! 
Udul minging! Anden solgha burlung/ong gha!
I'm looking for John. 
Man Jon ni izdawatiman.
One moment please! 
Birdam saqlap turung!
Hold on please! (phone) 
Birdam kutup turung!
Come with me! 
Buyaqqa kiling / Man bilan billa minging!

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
.
Don't touch me! 
 !
I'll call the police. 
.
Police! 
 !
Stop! Thief! 
 ! !
I need your help. 
.
It's an emergency. 
.
I'm lost! 
Man ezip Qaldim.
I lost my bag. 
.
I lost my wallet. 
.
I'm sick. 
.
I've been injured. 
.
I need a doctor. 
.
Can I use your phone? 
 ?

Numbers[edit]

بىر, bir
ئىككى, ikki
ئۈچ, üch
تۆت, töt
بەش, besh
ئالتە, alte
يەتتە, yette
سەككىز, sekkiz
توققۇز, toqquz
10 
ئون, on
11 
ئونبىر, onbir
12 
ئون ئىككى, on ikki
13 
ئون ئۈچ, on üch
14 
ئون تۆت, on töt
15 
ئون بەش, on besh
16 
ئون ئالتە, on alte
17 
ئون يەتتە, on yette
18 
ئون سەككىز, on sekkiz
19 
ئون توققۇز, on toqquz
20 
يىگىرمە, yigirme
30 
ئوتتۇز, ottuz
40 
قىرىق, qiriq
50 
ئەللىك, ellik
60 
ئاتمىش, atmish
70 
يەتمىش, yetmish
80 
سەكسەن, seksen
90 
توقسان, toqsan
100 
يۈز, yüz
200 
ئىككى يۈز, ikki yüz
300 
ئۈچ يۈز, üq yüz
1,000 
مىڭ, ming
2,000 
ئىككى مىڭ, ikki ming
1,000,000 
مىليون, milyon
1,000,000,000 
مىليارد, milyard
1,000,000,000,000 
تىرىليون, trilyon
number ____ (train, bus, etc.) 
نومۇر, nomur
half 
يېرىم, yërim
less 
ئاز, az
more 
كۆپ, köp

Time[edit]

now 
.
later 
.
before 
.
morning 
.
afternoon 
.
evening 
.
night 
.

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
.
two o'clock AM 
.
noon 
.
one o'clock PM 
.
two o'clock PM 
.
midnight 
.

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
.
_____ hour(s) 
.
_____ day(s) 
.
_____ week(s) 
.
_____ month(s) 
.
_____ year(s) 
.

Days[edit]

today 
.
yesterday 
.
tomorrow 
.
this week 
.
last week 
.
next week 
.
Sunday 
.
Monday 
.
Tuesday 
.
Wednesday 
.
Thursday 
.
Friday 
.
Saturday 
.

Months[edit]

January 
يانۋار, Yanwar
February 
فېۋرال, Fëwral
March 
مارت, Mart
April 
ئاپرىل, April
May 
ماي, May
June 
ئىيۇن, Iyun
July 
ئىيۇل, Iyul
August 
ئاۋغۇست, Awghust
September 
سىنتەبىر, Sintebir
October 
ئۆكتەبىر, Öktebir
November 
نويابىر, Noyabir
December 
دىكابىر, Dikabir

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
.
white 
.
gray 
.
red 
.
blue 
.
yellow 
.
green 
.
orange 
.
purple 
.
brown 
.

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
.
One ticket to _____, please. 
.
Where does this train/bus go? 
.
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
.
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
.
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
.
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
.

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
.
...the train station? 
.
...the bus station? 
.
...the airport? 
.
...downtown? 
.
...the youth hostel? 
.
...the _____ hotel? 
.
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
.
Where are there a lot of... 
.
...hotels? 
.
...restaurants? 
.
...bars? 
.
...sites to see? 
.
Can you show me on the map? 
.
street 
.
Turn left. 
.
Turn right. 
.
left 
.
right 
.
straight ahead 
.
towards the _____ 
.
past the _____ 
.
before the _____ 
.
Watch for the _____. 
.
intersection 
.
north 
.
south 
.
east 
.
west 
.
uphill 
.
downhill 
.

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
.
Take me to _____, please. 
.
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
.
Take me there, please. 
.

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
.
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
.
Does the room come with... 
.
...bedsheets? 
.
...a bathroom? 
.
...a telephone? 
.
...a TV? 
.
May I see the room first? 
.
Do you have anything quieter? 
.
...bigger? 
.
...cleaner? 
.
...cheaper? 
.
OK, I'll take it. 
.
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
.
Can you suggest another hotel? 
.
Do you have a safe? 
.
...lockers? 
.
Is breakfast/supper included? 
.
What time is breakfast/supper? 
.
Please clean my room. 
.
Can you wake me at _____? 
.
I want to check out. 
.

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
.
Do you accept British pounds? 
.
Do you accept Euros? 
.
Do you accept credit cards? 
.
Can you change money for me? 
.
Where can I get money changed? 
.
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
.
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
.
What is the exchange rate? 
.
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
.

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
.
Can I look at the menu, please? 
.
Can I look in the kitchen? 
.
Is there a house specialty? 
.
Is there a local specialty? 
.
I'm a vegetarian. 
.
I don't eat pork. 
.
I don't eat beef. 
.
I only eat kosher food. 
.
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
.
fixed-price meal 
.
a la carte 
.
breakfast 
.
lunch 
.
tea (meal
.
supper 
.
I want _____. 
.
I want a dish containing _____. 
.
chicken 
.
beef 
.
fish 
.
ham 
.
sausage 
.
cheese 
.
eggs 
.
salad 
.
(fresh) vegetables 
.
(fresh) fruit 
.
bread 
.
toast 
.
noodles 
.
rice 
.
beans 
.
May I have a glass of _____? 
.
May I have a cup of _____? 
.
May I have a bottle of _____? 
.
coffee 
.
tea (drink
.
juice 
.
(bubbly) water 
.
(still) water 
.
beer 
.
red/white wine 
.
May I have some _____? 
.
salt 
.
black pepper 
.
butter 
.
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
.
I'm finished. 
.
It was delicious. 
.
Please clear the plates. 
.
The check, please. 
.

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
.
Is there table service? 
.
A beer/two beers, please. 
.
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
.
A pint, please. 
.
A bottle, please. 
.
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
.
whiskey 
.
vodka 
.
rum 
.
water 
.
club soda 
.
tonic water 
.
orange juice 
.
Coke (soda
.
Do you have any bar snacks? 
.
One more, please. 
.
Another round, please. 
.
When is closing time? 
.
Cheers! 
.

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
.
How much is this? 
Buning bahasi Qancha?
That's too expensive. 
.
Would you take _____? 
.
expensive 
.
cheap 
.
I can't afford it. 
.
I don't want it. 
.
You're cheating me. 
.
I'm not interested. 
.
OK, I'll take it. 
.
Can I have a bag? 
.
Do you ship (overseas)? 
.
I need... 
.
...toothpaste. 
.
...a toothbrush. 
.
...tampons. 
. .
...soap. 
.
...shampoo. 
.
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
.
...cold medicine. 
.
...stomach medicine. 
. ...
...a razor. 
.
...an umbrella. 
.
...sunblock lotion. 
.
...a postcard. 
.
...postage stamps. 
.
...batteries. 
.
...writing paper. 
.
...a pen. 
.
...English-language books. 
.
...English-language magazines. 
.
...an English-language newspaper. 
.
...an English-English dictionary. 
.

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
.
Can I get insurance? 
.
stop (on a street sign
.
one way 
.
yield 
.
no parking 
.
speed limit 
.
gas (petrol) station 
.
petrol 
.
diesel 
.

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
.
It was a misunderstanding. 
.
Where are you taking me? 
.
Am I under arrest? 
.
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
.
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
.
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
.
Can I just pay a fine now? 
.

Learning more[edit]

This Uyghur phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!