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Uyghur phrasebook

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Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچە/Uyƣurqə/Уйғурчә/Uyghurche) is mostly spoken in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of northwestern China, with further native speakers numbering about 30,000 found in neighbouring Kazakhstan.

Spread of the Uyghur language in China

Most younger Uyghur speakers in China are also able to speak Mandarin, so learning Uyghur is not necessary to communicate. That said, attempting to communicate in Uyghur will surely impress your hosts if they speak the langauge.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Uyghur pronunciation is fairly straightforward except for the sounds "gh" and "x" which might need some practice.

Vowels[edit]

A, a - as in "palm"

E, e - as "a" in "cat"

Ë, ë - as in "pen" (also spelt as É é)

I, i - as "ee" in "see"

O, o - as in "not"

Ö, ö - same as in German

U, u - as in "groove"

Ü, ü - same as in German

Consonants[edit]

B, b - as in "bunk"

D, d - as in "door"

F, f - as in "fold"

G, g - as in "go" (This is always pronounced hard in Uighur.)

H, h - as in "heart"

J, j - as in "jam"

K, k - as in "kite"

L, l - as in "lemon"

M, m - as in "matter"

N, n - as in "nose" (Never the "ng" sound of "pink"! Uyghur has another letter that is the "ng" sound of "pink".)

P, p - as in "peach"

Q, q - like k but further back in the throat (IPA: /q/)

R, r - a rolling "r" sound, as in Spanish "burrito"

S, s - as in "salad"

T, t - as in "taco"

W, w - as in "weather"

X, x - as "ch" in Scots "loch" or German "Bach"

Y, y - as in "yoghurt"

Z, z - as in "zoo"

CH, ch - as in "chair"

GH, gh - like French "r" (IPA: /ʁ/)

NG, ng - like "ng" in "singing", not like "ng" in "finger" (That is the NGG, ngg, which is pronounced like 'ng' in 'finger'.)

SH, sh - as in "shore"

ZH, zh - as "s" in "pleasure"

' - glottal stop. as "h" in "uh-oh" (IPA: /ʔ/)

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Common signs


ئوچۇق (OCHUQ)
open
تاقاق (TAQAQ)
closed
ENTRANCE
entrance
EXIT
exit
ئىتتەرمەك (ITTERMEK)
push
تارتماق (TARTMAQ)
pull
ھاجەتخانا (HAJETXANA)
toilet
ئەر (ER)
man
ئايال (AYAL)
woman
مەنئى قىلىنغان (MEN'I QILIN-GHAN)
forbidden
Hello. (Greeting)
Essalamu eleykum. (formal, usually between Muslims)
Hello. (Answering)
We'eleykum essalam. (formal, usually between Muslims)
Hi!
Yaxshimusiz!
How are you?
Yaxshimusiz.
How are you?
Qandaq ehwalingiz?
Fine.
Yaxshi.
So-So.
Belen.
I'm fine, thanks!
Yaxshi, rehmet!
Thank you (very much)!
(Köp) rehmet!
You're welcome! (for "thank you")
Tüzütt qilmang!
Good morning!
Xeyirlik etigen!
Good evening!
Xeyirlik kech!
Welcome! (to greet someone)
Qarshi alimiz!
Hey! Friend!
Hey! Adash / aghine!
I missed you so much!
Sizni bek sëghinip kettim!
What's new?
Nime boldi?
Nothing much!
Hëch ish!
Excuse me ...!
Kachurung ...!
Good night!
Xeyirlik kech!
See you later!
Kiyin körüsheyli!
Good bye!
Xeyr xosh!

Asking for Help and Directions[edit]

Can you help me?
Manga yardem Qilarsizmu?
Can I help you?
Sizge yardem kërekmu?
Where is the bathroom / pharmacy?
Hajetxana / dorixana qayerde?
Go straight! then turn left / right!
Udul mënging! Andin solgha / onggha burulung!
I'm looking for John.
Men Jon ni izdewatimen.
One moment please!
Birdem saqlap turung!
Hold on please! (phone)
Birdem kütüp turung!
Come with me!
Buyaqqa këling / Man bilen bille mënging!

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone.
Mëni yalghuz qoyung .
Don't touch me!
Manga tegme !
I'll call the police.
Saqchigha melum qilimen.
Police!
Saqchi!
Stop! Thief!
Toxta! Oghri!
I need your help.
Men yardimingizge muxtaj.
It's an emergency.
Jiddiy ehwal.
I'm lost!
Man ëzip qaldim.
I lost my bag.
Somkamni yüttüriwettim.
I lost my wallet.
Hemyanimni yüttüriwettim.
I'm sick.
Men aghrip qaldim.
I've been injured.
Men yarilandim.
I need a doctor.
Manga doxtur kërek.
Can I use your phone?
Tëlifoningizni ishlitip tursam bolamdu?

Numbers[edit]

1
بىر, bir
2
ئىككى, ikki
3
ئۈچ, üch
4
تۆت, töt
5
بەش, besh
6
ئالتە, alte
7
يەتتە, yette
8
سەككىز, sekkiz
9
توققۇز, toqquz
10
ئون, on
11
ئونبىر, onbir
12
ئون ئىككى, on ikki
13
ئون ئۈچ, on üch
14
ئون تۆت, on töt
15
ئون بەش, on besh
16
ئون ئالتە, on alte
17
ئون يەتتە, on yette
18
ئون سەككىز, on sekkiz
19
ئون توققۇز, on toqquz
20
يىگىرمە, yigirme
30
ئوتتۇز, ottuz
40
قىرىق, qiriq
50
ئەللىك, ellik
60
ئاتمىش, atmish
70
يەتمىش, yetmish
80
سەكسەن, seksen
90
توقسان, toqsan
100
يۈز, yüz
200
ئىككى يۈز, ikki yüz
300
ئۈچ يۈز, üq yüz
1,000
مىڭ, ming
2,000
ئىككى مىڭ, ikki ming
1,000,000
مىليون, milyon
1,000,000,000
مىليارد, milyard
1,000,000,000,000
تىرىليون, trilyon
number ____ (train, bus, etc.)
نومۇر, nomur
half
يېرىم, yërim
less
ئاز, az
more
كۆپ, köp

Time[edit]

now
hazir.
later
birdem turup.
before
baya.
morning
etigen.
afternoon
chüshtin kiyin.
evening
gugum.
night
kech.

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM
chüshtin burun bir.
two o'clock AM
chüshtin burun ikki.
noon
Qüsh.
one o'clock PM
chüshtin kiyin bir.
two o'clock PM
chüshtin kiyin ikki.
midnight
yërim këche.

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s)
_____ minut.
_____ hour(s)
_____ saet.
_____ day(s)
_____ kün.
_____ week(s)
_____ hepte.
_____ month(s)
_____ ay.
_____ year(s)
_____ yil.

Days[edit]

today
bügün.
yesterday
tünügün.
tomorrow
ete.
this week
bu hepte.
last week
aldinqi hepte.
next week
këler hepte.
Sunday
Yëkshenbe.
Monday
Düshenbe.
Tuesday
Seyshenbe.
Wednesday
Charshenbe.
Thursday
Peyshenbe.
Friday
Jüme.
Saturday
Shenbe.

Months[edit]

January
يانۋار, Yanwar
February
فېۋرال, Fëwral
March
مارت, Mart
April
ئاپرىل, April
May
ماي, May
June
ئىيۇن, Iyun
July
ئىيۇل, Iyul
August
ئاۋغۇست, Awghust
September
سىنتەبىر, Sintebir
October
ئۆكتەبىر, Öktebir
November
نويابىر, Noyabir
December
دىكابىر, Dikabir

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black
qara.
white
aq.
gray
külreng.
red
qizil.
blue
kök.
yellow
sëriq.
green
yëshil.
orange
apëlsin reng.
purple
binepshe.
brown
qongur.

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____?
_____ge baridighan bilet qanche pul?
One ticket to _____, please.
Bir dane _____ge baridighan bilet bëring.
Where does this train/bus go?
Bu poyuz/aptuz nege baridu?
Where is the train/bus to _____?
_____ge baridighan poyuz/aptuz nede?
Does this train/bus stop in _____?
Bu poyuz/aptuz _____da toxtamdu?
When does the train/bus for _____ leave?
.
When will this train/bus arrive in _____?
.

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ?
.
...the train station?
.
...the bus station?
.
...the airport?
.
...downtown?
.
...the youth hostel?
.
...the _____ hotel?
.
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?
.
Where are there a lot of...
.
...hotels?
.
...restaurants?
.
...bars?
.
...sites to see?
.
Can you show me on the map?
.
street
.
Turn left.
.
Turn right.
.
left
sol.
right
ong.
straight ahead
.
towards the _____
.
past the _____
.
before the _____
.
Watch for the _____.
.
intersection
.
north
shimal.
south
jenup.
east
sheriq.
west
gherip.
uphill
tik.
downhill
döng.

Taxi[edit]

Taxi!
Taksi.
Take me to _____, please.
Mëni _____ge apirip qoyung.
How much does it cost to get to _____?
.
Take me there, please.
.

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available?
.
How much is a room for one person/two people?
.
Does the room come with...
.
...bedsheets?
.
...a bathroom?
.
...a telephone?
.
...a TV?
.
May I see the room first?
.
Do you have anything quieter?
.
...bigger?
.
...cleaner?
.
...cheaper?
.
OK, I'll take it.
.
I will stay for _____ night(s).
.
Can you suggest another hotel?
.
Do you have a safe?
.
...lockers?
.
Is breakfast/supper included?
.
What time is breakfast/supper?
.
Please clean my room.
.
Can you wake me at _____?
.
I want to check out.
.

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?
.
Do you accept British pounds?
.
Do you accept Euros?
.
Do you accept credit cards?
.
Can you change money for me?
.
Where can I get money changed?
.
Can you change a traveler's check for me?
.
Where can I get a traveler's check changed?
.
What is the exchange rate?
.
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?
.

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please.
.
Can I look at the menu, please?
.
Can I look in the kitchen?
.
Is there a house specialty?
.
Is there a local specialty?
.
I'm a vegetarian.
.
I don't eat pork.
.
I don't eat beef.
.
I only eat kosher food.
.
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard)
.
fixed-price meal
.
a la carte
.
breakfast
.
lunch
.
tea (meal)
.
supper
.
I want _____.
.
I want a dish containing _____.
.
chicken
.
beef
.
fish
.
ham
.
sausage
.
cheese
.
eggs
.
salad
.
(fresh) vegetables
.
(fresh) fruit
.
bread
.
toast
.
noodles
.
rice
.
beans
.
May I have a glass of _____?
.
May I have a cup of _____?
.
May I have a bottle of _____?
.
coffee
.
tea (drink)
.
juice
.
(bubbly) water
.
(still) water
.
beer
.
red/white wine
.
May I have some _____?
.
salt
.
black pepper
.
butter
.
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
.
I'm finished.
.
It was delicious.
.
Please clear the plates.
.
The check, please.
.

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol?
.
Is there table service?
.
A beer/two beers, please.
.
A glass of red/white wine, please.
.
A pint, please.
.
A bottle, please.
.
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please.
.
whiskey
.
vodka
.
rum
.
water
.
club soda
.
tonic water
.
orange juice
.
Coke (soda)
.
Do you have any bar snacks?
.
One more, please.
.
Another round, please.
.
When is closing time?
.
Cheers!
.

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size?
.
How much is this?
Buning bahasi Qancha?
That's too expensive.
.
Would you take _____?
.
expensive
.
cheap
.
I can't afford it.
.
I don't want it.
.
You're cheating me.
.
I'm not interested.
.
OK, I'll take it.
.
Can I have a bag?
.
Do you ship (overseas)?
.
I need...
.
...toothpaste.
.
...a toothbrush.
.
...tampons.
. .
...soap.
.
...shampoo.
.
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen)
.
...cold medicine.
.
...stomach medicine.
. ...
...a razor.
.
...an umbrella.
.
...sunblock lotion.
.
...a postcard.
.
...postage stamps.
.
...batteries.
.
...writing paper.
.
...a pen.
.
...English-language books.
.
...English-language magazines.
.
...an English-language newspaper.
.
...an English-English dictionary.
.

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car.
.
Can I get insurance?
.
stop (on a street sign)
.
one way
.
yield
.
no parking
.
speed limit
.
gas (petrol) station
.
petrol
.
diesel
.

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong.
. مەن ھېچنىمىنى خاتا قىلمىدىم. Men hëchnimini xata qilmidim.
It was a misunderstanding.
U digen bir uqushmasliq.
Where are you taking me?
Mëni nege apirisen?
Am I under arrest?
.
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
.
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
.
I want to talk to a lawyer.
Adwokatim bilen körüshimen.
Can I just pay a fine now?
.

Learning more[edit]

This Uyghur phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!