Uppsala County, Uppsala län, is located in eastern Svealand in middle Sweden, at the Baltic Sea. The county makes up most of the Uppland province; the south-eastern part belongs to Stockholm County. It borders Västmanland in the west, and Gästrikland in the north, and nearly has a quadripoint with Dalarna in the north-west.
As other Swedish counties, Uppsala County is divided between municipalities (kommuner), each with a dominant city or town.
- Uppsala is a millennial university city, with the largest cathedral in the Nordic countries.
- Östhammar is a coastal town, famous for the Walloon iron industry, and the northern outskirts of the Stockholm archipelago.
- Tierp is a quaint town between Uppsala and Gävle.
- Älvkarleby at the outlet of Dalälven River, considered the natural border to Norrland. The Dragon's Gate, a Chinese-themed hotel, can be found here.
- Knivsta, a modern suburb with heritage from the Viking age.
- Enköping, "Sweden's nearest city" with acclaimed public gardens.
- Håbo, with Bålsta as the municipal seat
- Heby, a rural municipality with deep forests
- Uppsala countryside, containing Carl Linnaeus' botanical garden.
- Roslagen is the coast and archipelago of Uppland, also consisting of Norrtälje and the northern Stockholm archipelago
Without tall mountains, Uppland was one of the last Swedish provinces (landskap) to rise from the Baltic Sea after the Ice Age. Still in 1,500 BC, at the beginning of the Iron Age, most of today's land surface was below sea level.
Around AD 1000 the kingdom of Sweden was founded with Sigtuna as its first capital, and as its religion. As Sigtuna was sacked by pirates in 1187, Stockholm was founded to protect Mälaren, and later became the national capital. Uppsala was the site of a pagan temple, which was torn down in the late 11th century, as Christianity arrived. A century later, the city became the seat of the Church of Sweden.
From the Middle Ages, Uppland was an international forerunner in metallurgy. In the early 17th century, blacksmiths from Wallonia founded several workshops around Östhammar, and forged weapons which were used to establish the Swedish Empire (see Nordic history).
Since the Industrial Revolution, Stockholm and Uppsala have grown, while the minor towns now function as extended suburbs of these cities. With nearly 1.5 million inhabitants, Uppland is Sweden's most populous province.
Though Swedish provinces are usually the foundation of folk culture and local patriotism, Uppland lacks a unifying identity, and very few inhabitants think of themselves as "Upplanders". Today, the province is much characterized by the gap between the bustle of Stockholm and Uppsala, and the quiet northern forests.
The search engine Resrobot can be used for all domestic public transport in the area.
- Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (Sigtuna) is Sweden's largest airport, with flights from all across Europe, North America and Asia. There are direct trains from Arlanda to Uppsala. Note that Arlanda has three train stations; these trains go from SkyCity between terminal 4 and 5.
- Stockholm-Bromma Airport (Stockholm/Västerort) mostly serves short-range flights. Bus to Stockholm.
Trains from Copenhagen, Oslo and Gothenburg end at Stockholm Central Station. Change train in Stockholm to go to Uppsala or Enköping. Tickets are sold by SJ. There are frequent trains from Stockholm to Uppsala, both SJ trains, and local Stockholm trains.
The architecture of and Uppsala.
Uppsala County has a large collections of palaces and castles, slott, most of them open to the public to some extent. Noblemen and industrialists built themselves buildings in rural Uppland.
- 1 Ekolsund Castle, ☎ . Located in Enköping municipality. Was the summer recidency of King Gustavus III. Has a famous arboratory which can be seen during pre booked tours.
- 2 Grönsö Manor, ☎ . The garden is open daily. Tours are at Sa & Su 25/5–17/9, and daily 24/6–13/8 at 13. 17th century castle by lake Mälaren which is the private recidency of the von Ehrenheim family. The palace interiors are only accessible trough guided tours. Garden:40SEK, Guided tour:150SEK.
- 3 Haga Castle, ☎ . Castle near Enköping which is today luxury a conference hall, hotel, SPA and restaurant. (Not to be confused with Haga of Solna!)
- 4 Skokloster Castle, ☎ . May & Sep: Sa & Su 11AM–4PM. Jun–Aug: Daily 11AM–5PM. located on a peninsula in Lake Mälaren a in the southern part of Uppsala County, it is one of the world’s finest baroque castles and the greatest private palace ever constructed in Sweden. Admissions to the castle are free for the ground floor while guided tours are 80SEK and audio guides are 40SEK.
- 5 Uppsala Castle, ☎ . It was built in the 16th century by the Vasa dynasty, both as a royal residency and as a military fortification . Some of the space is also being filled by Uppsala Konstmuseum (☎ . Daily 12–16) , a local art museum, and Fredens hus (☎ . W–F 15–18, Sa&Su 12–18); a museum housing exhibitions concerning peace, conflict and human rights. During the summer one can visit Vasaborgen (☎ . Open 10–18 daily June 11th–August 13th and on weekends late August.); Uppsala Castle's 16th century castle ruins. Due to its location on the top of Uppsalaåsen the Castle area offer some of the best views of Uppsala. Free admission to Konstmuseet & Fredens hus. Vasaborgen costs 100SEK.
- 6 Örbyhus Castle, ☎ . Tours: May 16–Sep 6: Saturday-Sunday at 1PM, Jun 23–Aug 2, Daily at 1PM and 3PM. Located in Tierp municipality. In 1577 the Swedish king Erik XIV died during his imprisonment here. According to legend he was poisoned through a plate of pea soup! The Castle area is free. Guided tours are 60SEK.
- Gårdsjö Moose tour (Gårdsjö Älgpark), Gårdsjö 127, Heby Municipality, ☎ . Opening hours vary greatly throughout the year. See calendar on their website. A wagon tour around a 25-hectare (~60-acre) enclosed area populated by 10 moose. The tours take about one hour and are in Swedish and English. It is also possible to stay overnight in a cottage within the moose territory. Adults: 240SEK, Children 3-12: 120SEK, Children 0-2:Free.
- See also: Nordic cuisine
A maritime province, fish has been a staple of the Uppland cuisine. Today, however, most wholesale of fish is done in Gothenburg.