Jan Mayen is an island between Greenland and Norway in the Arctic Ocean, administered by Norway. The island has 18 inhabitants, employed by the Norwegian Armed Forces or the Norwegian Institute of Meteorology. Special permission is needed to visit the island.
This desolate, mountainous volcanic island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who supposedly dicovered it in 1614 (though earlier claims have been reported). It was visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, and the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg volcano (2,277 meters) resumed activity in 1970; it is the northernmost active volcano on Earth.
Arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog.
There is an 1600m unpaved airstrip. No commercial flights. A NDB (JAN 362kHz) is available for air traffic.
There are no natural harbors. The Kvalrossbukta and Båtvika bay are often used for getting on shore using rubber zodiacs. A Norwegian company called EcoExpeditions used to organise trips from Iceland to Jan Mayen . However, in recent years they have stopped because of new regulations. When asked about new expeditions, EcoExpeditions answered:
Due to new regulations on Jan Mayen camping is not permitted in the protected area. Camping in the "work area" is possible but this is around 20 km one way (plus over 2 km vertical) from the summit. No camps can be established on the way to the summit. This means that it will be very difficult to climb Beerenberg and return safely.
There is no economic activity on Jan Mayen. Jan Mayen is a Norwegian tax free zone.
There are no public accommodations on Jan Mayen.
The harsh Arctic climate and occasional volcanic activity are the greatest hazards.