Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines, the center of governance, education, religion and finance in the country. Sprawling, congested and polluted will likely be the first words to enter your mind when you think of Manila but don't let that impression stop you from exploring its places of interests: its churches; its diverse and complicated culture; colonial history; gigantic malls; bustling markets; hidden architectural gems and vibrant nightlife. Take the opportunity to explore Manila and make your own personal connection with the city.
Manila is distributed into 16 territorial districts, which are all original towns except one, the Port Area District. Each district is glorified through its history, culture and cuisine.
The eight districts of the City of Manila (not to confuse with Metropolitan Manila) north of the Pasig River are:
- Tondo — One of the most densely populated areas of the country and home to several Chinese schools in Manila. Known as one of the best food tripping area in the city due to its abundant Chinese food stalls/restaurants.
- Binondo — The oldest Chinatown in the world, famous for its authentic Chinese and Hong Kong cuisine. Its church is a fascinating fusion of Spanish Baroque & Chinese styles as shown in its pagoda bell tower.
- San Nicolas — Shares Divisoria Market with other co-district, it is the hub for the adventurous shoppers that may venture for cheap and wholesale bargains.
- Santa Cruz — Is on the edge of the Manila Chinatown, which is the district of usual frenzied mix of commercial and residential premises. It's where Escolta starts - the main artery that used to be Manila's old Wall Street and 5th Avenue during the early American Colonial period to the 1960s.
- Quiapo — Originally known as Downtown Manila, it is home to Plaza Miranda, Manila's original answer to Trafalgar Square. It is also a place famous for flowers, herbal remedies, love potions, fortune tellers, religious items, as well as electronic goods.
- Sampaloc — Known as the University Belt. The education center of Manila, home to numerous universities.
- San Miguel — Still part of the University Belt it is where the Malacañan Palace is located, the official executive seat and residence of the sitting Philippine President. It is also the birthplace of the famous and namesake San Miguel Beer.
- Santa Mesa — The residential area of Manila, home to the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. A small but busy cluster of blocks in this district hosts a number of short-time love hotels and motels.
- Port Area — The country's chief seaport consisting of North and South Ports, where warehouses are arrayed elbow to elbow along docking and refueling stations for all ships, ferries, and cruise liners, and where one can witness the dramatic sunset of Manila Bay.
- Intramuros — Taken from the Spanish words, intra & muros, literally means "within the walls". Known as the History Town of the Philippines and considered as Old Manila itself during Spanish times. This district contains numerous Spanish colonial attractions such as the Fort Santiago, San Agustin Church, Casa Manila, and many more.
- Ermita — One of Manila's tourist district, once known as the only Red Light District converted into a major tourist area which contains some of the most historically and culturally significant landmarks and institutions of the country such as the Rizal Park, Manila Ocean Park, National Museum of the Philippines, and the Manila Hotel.
- Malate — One of Manila's center of tourism, recreation and entertainment, home to several cheap and expensive hotels, large shopping malls, educational institutions and also shares a portion to the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex which resembles Beijing's Tienanmen, Moscow's Red Squarehome and Singapore's Marina.
- Pandacan — District home to many of the country's literary and musical geniuses, originally named after the pandan plant species.
- Paco — A working class district that started out as Little Tokyo during the Spanish era. Home to the Paco Train Station and the Paco Park, which was the former municipal cemetery of Old Manila.
- Santa Ana— Known as Sapa in ancient times, this district is the old capital of Namayan Kingdom which is the precursor of modern Metro Manila and used to be a quiet upmarket residential neighborhood comparable to Chelsea district in London during the American colonial era, but now a blighted working class district.
- San Andres Bukid — Also known as St. Andrew Fields as its English translation sounds more pleasant to the ear, was previously part of Santa Ana. It is also home to San Andres Market - another major public market, famous for it's variegated fruit stalls and a little bit touristy ambiance.
Manila is often described as the only capital city in Asia that’s not exotically Asian. A foreigner may be surprised that a local looks just like any Asian, but wears mostly T-shirt & jeans, can speak English, reads and writes in Roman text, and is not at home with chopsticks. Manila is known for being a city where the old meets the new. Here you'll find Spanish colonial churches, old-fashioned museums and neo-classical buildings versus modern shopping centers, stylish art museums and glass-stained skyscrapers. Its blend of urban development and historical heritage had made Manila's image unique and attractive.
For over three centuries Manila was colonized and administered by Spain which left an enduring architectural heritage throughout the Philippines, especially with respect to churches, forts and other colonial buildings which can still be seen in the ruins of Intramuros, built in the late 16th century. Manila began as a settlement on the banks of the Pasig River, and its name originates from "Maynilad," referring to the mangrove plant known as nilad, which was abundant in the area. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, Manila was home to Muslim-Malays. In 1571, 50 years after Magellan's discovery of the islands, Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi claimed the Philippines as a colony and established Manila as its capital. Manila was also briefly colonized by the British for two years. Manila was also part of the Spanish East Indies until 1898, when the U.S. took over the Philippines after the Spanish-American War.
Manila was first sought by the Spaniards, then the Americans. The Spaniards wanted a counterbalance to the expanding Portuguese empire which had almost taken a big slice of the pie in the lucrative Spice Trade. They got it through Manila, so strategically placed between China together with the rest of Asia, and Mexico - the next closest transit point for goods onwards from Asia to Europe.
Its location seemed a well thought out choice. Legazpi took five years after arriving in the Philippines and settling in Cebu in 1565 to mull over before deciding to finally move up north to Manila in 1571 and make it the capital of the new territory. By numbers, it shortened the traveling distance to the other side of the empire in Acapulco. Manila is also in a much easy and straighter drafting reach for sailing ships to catch the Pacific Trade Winds as they blow northeastward to Japan for Acapulco and blow precisely at San Bernardino Strait for the westward-bound return trip without being diverted any farther. Most importantly, Manila is much closer than Cebu to China.
When Mexico pushed for its independence from Spain and finally shoved her out, the Philippines' glittering importance began to dwindle due to the discontinuance of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade, cutting off the Acapulco to Vera Cruz segment and it accelerated more when the Suez Canal was opened enabling the Chinese exports to go in the opposite direction and making Singapore the most important transit hub to Europe in the region. A token administration was just maintained in Manila which confined it to the doldrums being one of the unreachable and hard to maintain colonies of Spain. Until a new imperialist era dawned, emboldened countries embarked on a new competition for raw materials and market.
Netherlands, Britain, & France were already there now with Germany, lurking somewhere and fit to fill in the voids about to be vacated by waning superpowers. Germany was already sniffing its way around the Pacific Ocean like a shark smelling a kill when the US, spurred by the windfall of acquiring Hawaii and which desperately wanted a toehold in Asia for her trade, notably with Japan and China, grabbed the first opportunity of coveting the Philippines. The Philippines once more, so strategically placed as the soon-to-be-linchpin of American imperialism extended her colonial servitude to the US.
With the dynamic geo-politics working, the Philippines and Manila in particular prove to be manna from heaven as Japan begins to flex her muscles. The result, the Philippines served as first line of defense for Australia and the mainland US to buy time and it really proves more beneficial as another realignment was in force after World War II when communism comes into the scene and is threatening to swallow the whole of East Asia except Japan, putting the Philippines as a buffer zone for whatever adverse contingency and as long as the Manila leadership sides with the US, things will be OK.
Now that communism is under control and every country on both sides of the Pacific seemed to be embracing free market economy, all of Southeast Asia are grinding strong and busy buzzing. The factors of time, location, and distance are not a consideration anymore and what needs to be important is that Manila is as peaceful, orderly, productive, and creative as all her neighbors to win visitors' attention.
Being a city with its ears and antennae acutely tuned in to American and some European trends, and in the forefront of modernization and constant cultural refinement more than any other city in Southeast Asia or Asia as a whole, Manila witnessed or hosted innovations - political, cultural, civic etc.
Manila sits on an archipelago just at the edge of the Asian continent, some 14° 35' N, 121º 00 E'. It’s 700 miles (1,100 km.) or 2 hours flight time from Hong Kong, 1,400 miles (2,200 km.) or 3:15 hours from Bangkok, 1,500 miles (2,400 km) or 3:35 hours from Singapore, 1,900 miles (3.000 km) or 4:15 hours from Tokyo, and 1,800 miles (2,800 km.) from 4:25 hours from Beijing.
Ever so physically endowed, it is sitting in the throes of two notoriously dangerous volcanoes - Pinatubo to the north, which made headlines in 1991 when it spewed dust all over the world and dropped global temperature by 2°, and Taal to the south which always makes headlines every decade or so, while this city straddles the Pacific Rim of Fire underneath. What more, it lies in the path of the tropical monsoon bringing those more and more powerful typhoons during the second half of the year. It is fringed to the south by the idyllic Lake Bai - a veritable scenic showcase of Hispanized native folk and traditional culture, and farther south by cool and refreshing Lake Taal.
The City of Manila is in the western part of Metro Manila. It is bordered on the west by Manila Bay, to the north by Navotas, Quezon City and Caloocan City, to the east by San Juan and Mandaluyong City and to the south by Pasay and Makati.
The Philippines have only six border crossings all of which are accessed only by sea, and all are all the way down south namely Bongao and Turtle Islands in Tawi Tawi, Taganac and Balabac in Palawan, and Batunganding and Tibanban, Davao del Sur. It is highly unlikely that foreigners will go to the trouble of crossing these border stations on their way to Manila by boat from Malaysia or Indonesia, its only close neighbors. The most reasonable and practical way to reach Manila is by air.
- Main article: Ninoy Aquino International Airport
Ninoy Aquino International Airport is situated 6 km. from the Tourist Belt Areas of Malate & Ermita while it's 10 km. from hotel areas of Ayala Center in Makati City. Arrival procedures are swift and there are ample hotel buses and limousines available for tourists.
There are buses outside the arrival area heading to downtown Makati City and Quezon City via EDSA or Efipanio de Los Santos Ave.. This arrangement is preferable for those with only one light backpack heading for the mentioned areas.
Airport metered taxis are colored yellow, and have the right to stop and pick up passengers and line up the porte cochere area as you step out of the arrival hall. Each departing taxi is registered by a dispatcher. The base fare is ₱70. White city taxis may be hailed either by going back up to the departures level at Terminals 1-3, or by walking out of the terminal onto the street at Terminal 4.
Manila is the hub of the Philippine ferry network, and ferries to most major cities will stop at the Manila South Harbor, the city's main passenger seaport. Several companies operate ferries to Manila from points throughout the Philippines, and cruise ships occasionally stop in Manila throughout the year. Around the capital are numerous attractions for people desiring a quick daytrip away from the hustle and bustle of this mega-metropolis.
Manila is accessible by three of the major train lines in Metropolitan Manila: the Philippine National Railways (PNR) which passes from Sta. Ana and ends at the terminal station in Tutuban; the older Light Rail Transit 1 (LRT-1/Yellow Line); and the newer Light Rail Transit 2 (LRT-2) which has a terminal at Recto Ave. and passes through Quezon City from the V. Mapa station.
Provincial bus companies also operate their own terminals which are dispersed throughout the city. They concentrate mostly in EDSA in Cubao District, Quezon City for those destined north (Northern, Central, and Southern Luzon, the Bicol Region including Catanduanes & Masbate Islands), around the junction of EDSA and South Superhighway for those destined south (Southern Tagalog Bicol Region), and around the Sampaloc District in Manila for those heading north.
Filipino is the language of the locals. It is the chosen language at home to most. It is also the language of the media and movie industries as Manilans watch TV and movies and read newspapers in Filipino. Being one of the common denominators of the locals, Filipino based from Tagalog shares with English, the other most popular.
English is widely spoken in urban areas of the Philippines. It comes second as a medium of instruction in any institution. It is the language of the government, and the preference for written communication, be it in school or business.
Tourists who have just arrived here can easily catch up with the latest gossip news in the local tinsel town, as well as government scuttlebutts, as there are plenty of English version newspapers and magazines.
In Binondo, Manila's Chinatown district, Hokkien is widely spoken while Mandarin might also be known as it is taught in Chinese educational institutions. It is fast becoming the third most important language following Filipino and English, unseating Spanish.
Spanish used to be the official language of the Philippines and deteriorated to the language of the old time generations, one time used to be taught for a 12-unit course in all university curriculi. A tertiary education is not complete unless one takes the whole course and must at least have basic conversation skills. Now, Spanish is practically dead, but the language has somehow percolated through the Filipino vocabulary which is now about 10% Spanish derived.
Filipino being 100% based from Tagalog grammar and more or less 50% from Tagalog vocabulary, is a hodge podge of other Philippine languages, setting aside English, Spanish, Malay, Sanskrit, Arabic, & Chinese. Here are the main ones that one might detect being spoken by neighbors or seatmates, Manila, being the Tower of Babel and melting pot of the country.
Manila's economic growth has attracted people from provinces with a delusion that a better life can be attained in the city, these people had brought a diversity in Manila's culture from their hometowns with tongues that speka Ilocano from the Ilocos regions, Pampango from Pampanga, Bicolano from the Bicol Region, Hiligaynon from Western Visayas, Cebuano from Cebu and Waray from Leyte and Samar.
Taglish has been part of everyday life of Manilans as they try to grapple with expressing themselves the easiest and the most effective way, mix n' matching English words and phrases with Tagalog and vice versa. It used to be frowned upon by teachers but as the quality of education deteriorates, they too found themselves committing the same sin since this new wave of teachers are also a product of the younger half-baked generation.
The assault on purists comes both ways, those who have inadequate schooling in English at lost for words, and on the other side, those specifically bred and schooled in the US establishing their foothold back in the country struggling with their broken Tagalog, or finding experiences and descriptions that can't be expressed in Tagalog, throwing in some English words and phrases as filler. It so happened that being "foreign", "western", and "American", they are more endeared and adorable to the grounded natives, their way of speaking becoming the "in" thing. Also, English being at the forefront of technological and cultural development, produces new words and experiences that can't be purely translated.
Movie personalities being role models are more of the culprits as they magnify the popularity of Taglish.
If you need to use public transportation try sakay.ph, it will show you the right type to your destination.
Manila is crossed by three lines of the Strong Republic Transit System (SRTS), Metro Manila's (partially) integrated railway network. The SRTS Yellow and Purple lines, operated by the Light Rail Transit Authority, cross through Manila city proper, converging at the intersection of Rizal Avenue and C.M. Recto Avenue. The Yellow Line, also known as LRT Line 1 (LRT-1), serves Malate, Ermita, Quiapo, Binondo and Santa Cruz, while the Purple Line, also known as MRT Line 2 (MRT-2 or LRT-2), serves Quiapo, Sampaloc and Santa Mesa. Most tourist sites are along the Yellow Line.
Metro Manila's main regional passenger train station is Tutuban in Tondo. From Tutuban station, the Philippine National Railways (PNR) operates the Commuter Express (Commex), also referred to as the SRTS Orange Line. Fifty trains serve the commuter service daily, with the line crossing through Tondo, Sampaloc, Santa Mesa, Paco and San Andres before extending to Metro Manila. There is an interchange with the Yellow Line at Blumentritt station, and with the Purple Line at Santa Mesa station.
The Manila Train Guide has a map that shows connections between train lines and points of interest in Metro Manila.
Fares on the SRTS are distance-based, with the base fare being ₱12 for the Yellow and Purple Lines, and ₱10 for the Orange Line. Each line has a differing fare structure:
- Yellow Line: ₱12 for the first four stations, ₱15 for more than four stations. A journey on the Yellow Line from Vito Cruz, the first station on the line within the City of Manila, to Abad Santos, the last station within city limits, is ₱15.
- Purple Line: ₱12 for the first three stations, with an increase of ₱1 depending on the number of stations crossed thereafter. A journey on the Purple Line from Recto to V. Mapa (the last station within city limits) is ₱12.
- Orange Line: ₱10 base fare with increases of ₱5 depending on the distance from Tutuban station. Travel on the Orange Line within the City of Manila, from Tutuban to Vito Cruz (not to be confused with the Vito Cruz station on the Yellow Line), as well as points in between, is charged the ₱10 base fare.
Single-journey and ₱100 "stored value" tickets may be purchased at LRT stations. Stored value tickets are valid for six months after first use. The LRT has full fare integration for stored-value tickets: stored-value tickets purchased for use on one line are also valid on the other line. However, this does not extend to single-journey tickets, which are only valid for one line, and the Orange Line, which uses a separate paper-based ticket system.
By bus or jeepney
Several city and provincial bus routes either cross through or terminate in Manila. Most buses which serve Manila proper will cross through the Lawton bus terminal, which is conveniently located in front of the Central Terminal LRT station. Routes include points in Metro Manila, Laguna, Cavite and Bulacan, and bus fares normally begin at ₱10.
Manila city bus routes are not numbered. However, the bus route is prominently displayed on the side of the bus as well as on the dashboard, listing both the route's endpoints and major points in between which will be served by that particular route. When in doubt, ask the bus conductor if a particular bus will go to a particular destination.
Manila is also served by several jeepney routes, some of which ply the routes previously served by Manila's pre-World War II tram system. The Lawton bus terminal is also a major jeepney terminal, with several jeepneys either crossing through, terminating or originating here. Fares begin at ₱8.50 for the first four kilometers. Like buses, jeepney routes are not numbered, but the route is prominently displayed on the sides of the jeepney as well as on the dashboard, and drivers, or specialized barkers announce their destination and departure at route origins.
Taxis (usually marked by the words 'taxi' on the sides of sedan cars) are plentiful and easy to find. During peak hours, it will be difficult to find an empty one, so find a taxi-stand where people form orderly lines and wait for empty taxis to pull up. It is advisable to have a general idea of how much your trip would cost, and ask the taxi driver as you board how much will it cost (approximately) to get to your destination. Taxi drivers have been known to not switch on their meters as the journey starts, only to tell passengers to pay a fare that is two or three times the normal rate.
In general, be prepared with the name of your destination, a rough map with landmarks and an estimate of the fare before attempting to board a taxi on Manila roads.
By tricycle or pedicab
Tricycles and pedicabs are, in the City of Manila, limited to short distances as it can access hard-to-reach areas. Tricycle and pedicab terminals are found throughout the city: major points for taking tricycles and pedicabs within the downtown area include the Lawton bus terminal, the area around Doroteo Jose and Recto LRT Stations, Tutuban railway station, Plaza Lacson in Santa Cruz, and Plaza Lorenzo Ruiz in Binondo. Tricycle and pedicab terminals are normally located alongside jeepney terminals and LRT stations.
By law, tricycles and pedicabs must display a fare matrix which displays fares to areas served by the vehicle, and is normally adhered to for short distances. For longer distances, it is not uncommon to negotiate the fare beforehand with the driver.
In Ermita, Intramuros and Binondo, it is still possible to ride a calesa, or traditional horse-drawn carriage. While no longer used as a meaningful form of transport by most locals, calesas are useful for navigating through narrow streets (similar to tricycles and pedicabs), as well as getting a feel of transport in colonial Manila. Fares are negotiated beforehand with the cochero (driver), and a one-hour ride for two people normally costs around ₱50-70.
The main tourist sites of Manila are mostly located along Manila Bay.
- Baywalk - South of the Luneta is the renovated Baywalk a linear park adjacent to Manila Bay. Restaurants formerly on the actual baywalk have been moved inwards to allow a clear view of Manila's legendary sunsets.
- Bonifacio Shrine - A shrine in honour of Andres Bonifacio who was one of the Filipinos who struggled and fought for freedom for the country against the Spanish forces.
- Chinatown - Manila has one of the largest and oldest Chinatowns in the world, where one can find exotic Chinese goods and delicious cuisine.
- Coconut Palace - a residence commissioned and built along the waterfront by First Lady Imelda Marcos for Pope John Paul II's visit in 1981. While open to the public at some point, it is currently (as of June 2011) occupied by the current Vice President and still open for public visits (by appointment by calling the Office of the Vice President, leaving a return call number and waiting for a confirmation).
- Intramuros - At the northern end of the Bay lies the remnants of the old walled Spanish settlement of Manila, Intramuros (Spanish for 'within the walls'). Intramuros contains some of the city's most interesting museums, ruins, and churches including the Manila Cathedral and San Agustin Church one of the most finest churches in the city.
- Mabini Shrine - Apolinario Mabini's former home. Mabini was a Lawyer and fought for Philippine Independence. During the American Occupation, this home became the first intellectual headquarters of the First Philippine Republic.
- Malacañan Palace - Manila is the host of the official residence of the president of the Philippines. While heading your way here, you will see wonderful places. People can roam the garden afterward.
- Manila Hotel - Just outside Intramuros and on the edge of Manila Bay is the beautiful and historic Manila Hotel, a legacy of the American colonial era and the place where General Douglas MacArthur made his home before World War II.
- Plaza San Luis - A commercial complex consisting five house; Casa Manila, Casa Urdaneta, Casa Blanca, Los Hidalgos and El Hogar Filipino. Plaza San Luis showcases Filipino-Hispanic Architecture. Other than Souvenir shops there is a museum in Casa Manila.
- Roxas Boulevard - A wide boulevard which runs along the shores of Manila Bay, it is known for its view of Manila's famous sunsets and stretch of coconut trees. The boulevard offers a wide selection of hotels, restaurants and significant cultural landmarks.
- University of Santo Tomas (Unibersidad de Santo Tomas (UST)). This University is oldest and first University in the whole of Asia and the Philippines. It was used as a camp by the Japanese during their occupation where the imprisoned about 10,000 people even though it only can hold 4,000.
- Quezon Memorial - An Ethnic-Islamic inspired mausoleum and monument honoring the first formally recognized President of the Philippines. It is surrounded by parks and playgrounds as well as good native-inspired restaurants and horticulture, herbal medicine seedling stalls. The exotic durian is sold in one of the stalls.
- Manila Metropolitan Theater -  The Manila Metropolitan Theatre or MET is an art deco building designed by the Filipino architect Juan M. de Guzman Arellano, and inaugurated on December 10, 1931, with a capacity of 1670. The theater is located on Padre Burgos Avenue, near the Manila Central Post Office. Renovated under the auspices of Imelda Marcos, it now falls back under the management of neglect and decadence.
- Manila Central Post Office -  Designed by Filipino architect Juan Marcos de Guzman Arellano, located in a very prominent visual and commanding spot of the first Civic Center in Manila and could have been perfect location for a Senate building, the Post Office building was built in neoclassical architecture in 1926. It was severely damaged in World War II, and rebuilt in 1946 preserving most of its original design. It is located in the Intramuros district of the city, at the bank of the Pasig River. The front of the building faces the Liwasang Bonifacio plaza (now known as Plaza Lawton).
Manila has seen a drastic improvement in its museum offerings with the recent renovation of old favorites such as the National Museum of the Filipino People and the Ayala Museum. Other must-see museums in the city are the Bahay Chinoy (Chinese House), Casa Manila, San Agustin Museum and the Museum of Filipino Political History, the "Museo Pambata" children's museum'.
- National Museum of the Philippines (Pambansang Museo), P. Burgos Ave, ☎ . Built and opened in the 1900s The museum showcases significant collections from archaeology, arts, cultural properties, zoology, botany and many more. This museum boasts of amassing over a million artifacts but in actual, only 125 pieces or so are on show. An optimist would describe something as a glass half full, and for one, this museum is less than half full for one would see halls and halls of empty space. A floor would have just about a maximum of two utilized halls with displays in it. As in anywhere in the Philippines, things are forever in transition. At the entrance is somewhat an apology board explaining that there's supposed to be three separate buildings - this one and the one facing it as showcases for anthroplogical and archeological artifacts while the third one, the former Senate Building functioning as the National Art Gallery where paintings and sculptures are to be housed. There is no time frame when will this wishful thinking be achieved.
- The National Art Gallery version as explained, took over the premises of the former Senate Building and the repository of works of Filipino masters. The more than life-sized painting of Juan Luna titled "Spolarium", a powerful imagery in the mold of classical theme and Romanticist in style is the museum's version of "Mona Lisa", meaning the most priced Philippine artwork.
- Museum of Philippine Political History (National Historical Institute Museum), T.M. Kalaw Ave. Includes documents such as the signing of Independence displayed in a holy grail-like showcase.
- Metropolitan Museum of Manila (Met Museum), Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Complex, Roxas Blvd, ☎ (02) 521-1517. Monday to Saturday 9AM to 6PM. Inaugurated during Imelda's heyday, it used to display works by Caravaggio. This premiere art museum of Manila showcases both traditional, hispanic and modern art through its exhibits. Located along Roxas boulevard, across the Manla Yacht club.
- Bahay Tsinoy.One of Manila's well-known museums, here one can see the Chinese lives and contributions in the history of the Philippines.
- Museo Pambata, Roxas Boulevard corner South Drive Manila, Philippines 1000 (From EDSA, turn right on Roxas Boulevard then take a U-turn on T.M. Kalaw Street. From Quiapo, take Quezon Bridge going to Padre Burgos Street then turn left on Roxas Boulevard. Or you may take the LRT or a jeepney (A. Mabini route), get off on United Nations Avenue, and walk to Roxas Boulevard. Museo Pambata is right beside the U.S. Embassy), ☎ +63 (2) 523-1797 or 98, 536-0595. 8AM - 5PM (August to March) 9AM - 5PM (April to July). The Museo Pambata is a children's interactive museum, the first of its kind in the Philippines. Opened in 1994, Museo Pambata is the dream come true of Nina Lim-Yuson, who was inspired by the Boston Children’s Museum to open up a similar facility in Manila. P 100.00.
- Rizal Park Right outside the walled city is Rizal Park more widely known as the Luneta. The Luneta is the venue for the national museums, bayside restaurants, an open-air theater featuring free classical music concerts and acclaimed international films, a planetarium, an open gym for early morning jogging and tai chi enthusiasts, or a night ballroom, as well as Japanese, Chinese, Filipino gardens, an orchidarium, an aquarium, and a children's museum. It is a popular meeting spot for family picnics and lovers' trysts, and was the site of the execution of Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines, as well as the inaugural grandstand for the incoming President.
- Paco Parkwas actually built as a final resting place for Spanish families residing in Manila. After Jose Rizal's execution, his remains were sent and buried here, which is today commemorated by a monument in the park. It is now a public park with jogging lanes and open air concerts, and is also a popular venue for weddings. It is accessible by taxi and bus, as well as a 10 minute walk from the LRT United Nations Ave. station.
- Arroceros Forest Park Situated in the heart of downtown Manila, Arroceros Forest Park is a 2.2-hectare piece of land behind the old art deco Metropolitan Theater. Arroceros got its name, which means “rice dealers,” from the rice trade along the Pasig riverbank during the early colonial period.
Nature and Wildlife
- Manila Zoo. Is rather decrepit, and in need of drastic renovations. The Manila Zoo covers an area of 0.055 square kilometers. Accessible via Quirino LRT station.
- Manila Ocean Park is a much better maintained marine wildlife facility which was recently opened in 2008 and is located behind the Quirino Grandstand at Rizal Park. The 8,000 square metres (86,000 sq ft) oceanarium is larger than the Sentosa Underwater World oceanarium in Singapore, and features a 25 metres (82 ft) underwater acrylic tunnel. Mostly accessible by taxi, but can be walked if you are in the vicinity of Rizal Park.
- Balara Grounds
Spanish Colonial Churches
Baroque colonial churches where once proud showcases of the past especially before World War II but the wanton destruction of the Japanese and the equally guilty American soldiers during the Battle of Manila in 1945 dissolved all that except for a handful remaining. Lack of maintenance, vandalism, theft, and no proper awareness, guidance, or education by administering priests and architects who undertook renovation blunders (multiplied more incidents in the provinces) complicated the already pathetic state of remaining churches.
- San Agustin Church
- Manila Cathedral
- Malate Church
- Santa Ana Church
- Binondo Church
- Santa Cruz Church
- San Nicolas Church
- Tondo Church
- Basilica of San Sebastian - The only all steel church of the Asia, the Europeans were tired of building the church over and over again after fires and earthquakes, they finally decided to build the cathedral in solid steel. The materials were ordered from Europe while the architect is Gustav Eiffel; the architect of the Eiffel tower in France. Its Gothic architecture might make you think you're somewhere in the middle of Europe.
- Parish Church of St. Joseph - See the Las Piñas Bamboo organ here.
- Pasig Cathedral
- St. Peter & Paul Church of Makati
- Guadalupe Nuevo Church
- San Felipe Neri Church of Mandaluyong
- Santuario de Santo Cristo Church of San Juan
- San Bartolome Church of Malabon
Iglesia ni Cristo Churches
Aside from the interesting Spanish Colonial Churches, there is one group of church-structures belonging to the Iglesia ni Cristo, a homegrown reformist church established by a Manilan named Felix Manalo in 1914 that is uniquely Filipino somewhat parallels with the Latter-Day-Saints Mormons (its cultish-ness and disciplined regimen demanded from its congregation), that merit some curiosities. These unique churches have two outstanding features: that they are kept in pristine white condition (with some little color highlights), and they soar to the sky like those gothic cathedrals, or Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, or the Salt Lake Temple in Utah. In some cases, they jot out in the middle of a green countryside off the suburbs of Metro Manila. But even in the midst of urban jungle in Manila, one can't help but notice its towers and sphires projecting through the clouds among the busy skyline.
No name yet is given to this architectural style but it may safely be called Philippine Gothic Revival and the churches show the usual suspects of Gothic tracery, lacework, and rosettas, with the emphasis of verticality and noticeable indigenous geometric motifs as substitute. The detailing is tasteful and awesome.
Its "Vatican" is located in the New Era District of Quezon City and can be easily seen from about two to three miles away from all directions heralding in a Cinderella-like castle fashion, their main shrine and headquarters.
Manilans are mostly very pious Catholic people. On a different angle, being afflicted with problems and ailments, Manilans may not have much alternative and feel that some things are just out of their control and the best way is to ask for answers and solutions to their favorite saints. It would be interesting to note that some streets leading to a patron saint's home church are extra tight during their special days.
For the anthropologically curious, it also provides a good peek into the daily life of the locals, young and old, men or women. It alo reveals a facet trait of the Filipino - being fatalistic and true blue believer of some higher spirits.
- St. Jude Thaddeus Shrine, San Miguel District, Manila - Near Malacañan Palace, this church is the busiest on Thursdays.
- Our Lady of Perpetual Help Shrine, Baclaran District, Pasay City. - Near the border of Parañaque and served by LRT lines, this Church is the liveliest on Wednesdays much more especially so because the surrounding area is carpeted by a flea market.
- The Black Nazarene Minor Basilica, Quiapo District, Manila - Its feast day is on January 9 but its special day of the week falls on Fridays.
- Intramuros Tour - visit the Walled City starting from Fort Santiago. Inside is the Rizal Shrine, honoring the country's National Hero, Jose Rizal - polymath, doctor, engineer, scientist, artist, linguist, propagandist, and most of all, an avid traveler who was incarcerated in exactly that same cell before he was executed, now transformed into his shrine. His patriotism and nationalist advocacy preceded that of Mahatma Gandhi's by about 20 years. His shrine houses his memorabilia. Other places to see are the Plaza Mayor, Plaza de Roma, Ayuntamiento, Palacio del Gobernador, and the Manila Cathedral. San Agustin Church needs more than a passing glance. The monastery-church complex houses priceless collection of religious art. Across is Plaza San Luis Complex comprising a group of houses replete with authentic furnishings of the colonial period. Trace the walls of the city and the interestingly unique gates of the walls, eight in all and stopping at Parian Gate, the gate leading to Bahay Tsinoy, meaning House of the Filipino-Chinese, Philippines' version of the Peranakan House in Singapore or Malacca. The House-Museum extolls also the economic, political, and cultural, among other things, from the humble beginnings to, achievements and contributions of the Filipino-Chinese community.
- Rizal Park Tour - Designed by Daniel Burnham, this park is the Philippines' answer to Paris' Jardin des Tuileries or Washington Mall. Gaze at Rizal Monument, a must stopping point for Heads of State visits, the Japanese & Chinese Gardens, the National Museum, the Planetarium, the Ocean Park, the Museo Pambata, as well as the Quirino Grandstand, the oath-taking stand for Presidential inaugurations.
- Downtown Manila Tour - This tour starts at Bahay Nakpil on Bautista St. in Quiapo, on a turn-of-the-century house, then to Plaza Miranda, now teeming with vendors of religious, herbal merchandizes, as well as fortune tellers and prayer proxies as you make your way to the Quiapo Basilica housing the Black Nazarene. Stroll to Raon, Villalobos, and Palanca Sts. on your way to Quinta Market and the Ile de Toule (Ilalim ng Tulay) for handicrafts and souvenirs. Pass by Carriedo and Juan Luna Sts. another commercial strips towards Chinatown at Binondo where it ends in Binondo Church, the heart of town.
- Malate & Ermita Tour - Cover this area starting from Plaza Rajah Sulayman and Malate Church, a quaint baroque church, then meander in any direction along Adriatico, Mabini, Del Pilar Sts., and Roxas Blvd. Make sure to stop at San Andres Market.
- CCP Complex Tour - Probe into the mind of Imelda Marcos by strolling, jogging, or biking into the reclaimed CCP Complex where a menagerie of her showcase art-beauty-culture projects stands, albeit not in its spic-n'-span condition. See Districts/Malate' and Understand sections. These public buildings except for the Cultural Center Building or Theater for the Performing Arts, used to be accessible but have now been reduced to being admired from the outside. The Coconut Palace, always unpredictably closed, is now open for viewing, albeit by appointment.
- Skyscraper Gazing Tour - Tour the three major skyscrapers clusters of Metropolitan Manila via EDSA starting from Ayala Center in Makati, diverting to Eastwood, then back again to EDSA to Ortigas Center. There are alternative routes connecting these three. As you go along, you will be arching back your neck and staring upwards. Manila has seen another period of construction boom in practically the busiest areas in the metropolis (and these areas are just a sample) with an upward sales growth of condominium units. Be discreet on taking photos. Just like in traumatized New York or Los Angeles, here in Manila, skyscrapers and camera equals trouble. People here are not used to seeing a lot of tourists and mostly will have some second thoughts why you are doing this thing, unless you are white.
- Electric Chariots Tour of Intramuros - tour in style, meaning in segway rented from White Knight Hotel, Intramuros.
- City Tour of Metro Manila Via LRT - This do-it-yourself tour provides a panoramic view of the city from a different vantage point, exactly from a moving elevated train about 15 feet above street level. It comes in three lines - Line-1 (Yellow) for the North to South Route, Line-2 (Purple) for the East to West Route, and Line-3 (Blue) for the circumferencial route. For an all female-tour, LRT has an exclusive all female coach just for discerning takers.
Fiestas & Festivals
- New Year Welcoming Festival
- Chinese New Year Welcoming Festival, Chinatown, Binondo District
- Oblation Run, University of the Philippines Campus, Diliman District, Quezon City
- Feast of the Black Nazarene and Caroza Parade, Quiapo District, Manila, January 9
- Feast of Santo Nino, Tondo District, Manila, 3rd Sunday of January
- Bulaklakan Festival, Muntinlupa, January 1
- EDSA People's Power Revolution Commemoration
- Manila Summer Sea Sports Festival, March
- Lenten Week or Semana Santa, Catholic Churches throughout Metropolitan Manila
- Santacruzan Festival
- Flores de Mayo
- Pilgrimage to the Shrine of Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage
- Philippine Independence Day Celebration
- Feast of Christ The King
- La Naval Fluvial Parade
- All Souls & Saints Day Celebration, Cemeteries through Metropolitan Manila
- Marian Festival in Intramuros
- Misa De Gallo
- Christmas Day
- Metro Manila Film Festival
- Pageant of the Three Kings
- Bota De Flores, Ermita District, Manila
Cash and Credit
The unit of currency is the Peso, and judging by the impressive performance of the economy and its big foreign currency reserves, the peso is at US$1 to ₱41 and dollar is still "sliding down". Bill denominations are in ₱20, ₱50, ₱100, ₱500, & ₱1000 while coin denominations are in 25¢, 50¢, ₱1, ₱5, & ₱10. 25¢ is found very common nowadays since the jeepney fare has now increased to a base fare of ₱8.50 (Mar.'12).
Banks and money changers are available in the airport but it's better to change money outside where competition abound. Money changers are everywhere and most homecoming Filipinos prefer to change them here than in banks or, Western Union or M. Lhuillier. There is no commission. The farther it is from the Tourist Belt Area, and the nearer it is around a town or city public market, the better the exchange rate is. Safety is not a problem especially if you change them during busy hours (safety in numbers). Be sure to count everything and put them safe in your person before you leave the premises.
Money can be withdrawn from ATMs. The Philippines are one of the countries with the most available ATM machines per capita.
HSBC Bank ATMs are the only ones without a ₱200 fee for Overseas bank cards, and also the only ones which allow customers to take out up to ₱40000 per use.
Credit cards are accepted almost everywhere, especially at all upmarket shops.
Public markets are one microcosm of Manila. Practically, Manilans from all walks of life come here to buy their everyday needs. They are as lively and colorful as any market in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, or Vietnam. Generally, they are divided into wet and dry sections and another section for dining. Dining is very cheap and can be wholesomely hygenic. Just look out for the huge block of ice dragged along the floor on its way from the delivery truck to a stall. If you see one delivered in that manner, never mind, don't eat there, ever. Joking aside, a filling meal will cost you as little as US$1.25.
One of the experiences that you must try in Manila is shopping and the best way to get a feel for Manila shopping is to go to a ‘tiangge’, a market of stalls where everything can be bargained. There are a lot of flea markets scattered around the city catering to handicrafts, clothes, antiques, and curio souvenirs. Market! Market!, St. Francis Square, Greenhills Shopping Center and Tiendesitas are examples of popular flea markets. These flea markets offers almost everything: gadgets, clothes, bags, shoes, food, furniture, antiques, jewellery and even books which are all often sold at cheaper prices.
Aside from flea markets and bazaars, Manila is also home to modern and western-type shopping malls which offers branded products, these are mostly located in the commercial, financial and cultural districts of Ermita and Malate which are known for being a premier shopping destination in Manila. Robinsons Place Manila is the largest shopping mall in the city, it is a modern shopping mall located in the district of Ermita and is home to a wide collection of international and local retail shops, restaurants and entertainment facilities. Harrison Plaza is also located in the district of Ermita, it is considered to be the first and oldest shopping mall in the country. The SM City North EDSA which is located in the neighboring city of Manila, is the largest shopping mall in the country and in Southeast Asia as well. The second largest shopping mall in the country is the SM Mall of Asia, this shopping mall has much to offer for every visitor, it has international and local retail stores, a ferris wheel, a Science Discovery Center, an IMAX theater and an ice skating rink.
Other major shopping malls in the city are SM City Manila, SM City San Lazaro, Robinsons Otis and Lucky Chinatown Mall. Manila is known for being a major shopping hub of the Philippines, from modern shopping malls to colorful and traditional markets, its all here in Manila.
If you happen to see just about every Tom, Dick, and Harry in a blighted neighborhood in Manila wearing Abercrombie & Fitch get-up & Levis jeans, chances are its original and bought at Ukay Ukays. How can they afford it? Ukay Ukay is the answer. It's the Philippines' answer to Salvation Army. Nowadays, they are everywhere and Manilans love them. It's actually a contraction of the Tagalog word "Hukay" meaning to dig, the description for the exact action done while rummaging through the bins of clothes. But there are actually no bins installed in those stores, only clothes neatly hanged on the racks. For less than $2, one can find hand me down good qualities of branded wear. The more enterprising provide home delivery and roaming services by hanging them on racks installed on pedicabs, as they make the run on neighborhoods. Judging by the unafforable cost of living to most of the middle class and the soaring gasoline prices, they may be here to stay.
It's also great for the budget tourist who would not want to have the hassle of packing and carrying tons of clothes by simply buying them here, then discarding them somewhere as his piles of souvenirs accumulate.
Street Food/Comfort Food - Stationary
Street Food is often described as "Pamatid Gutom" or food to tide over, something to temporarily hush a stomach growl, sold at small food stalls, food stands, or food carts set up in places with high amount of pedestrian traffic. Cheap and rushed, it could be something commuters can chew & swallow, or gulp in seconds while transferring from one route to another, or from station to station, with a quick standing stop at a sushi, siomai, barbecue, or hotdog stall.
The variety of street food available is tremendous and may reward the truly adventurous traveler. Some notable examples are the following:
- Boiled Eggs
- Balut – boiled duck embryo, generally safe to eat as the whole duck egg is intact and well cooked. The sight of the fully formed duckling complete with wings, ribbed feet and beak may not be too easily swallowed by the squeamish however.
- Penoy – boiled regular chicken egg.
- Quail Egg – boiled quail egg.
- Grilled Meat Cuts
- Barbecue – the term barbecue in the Philippines usually means bite size pieces of pork marinated, skewered and charcoal grilled. Chicken barbecue (bbq for short) is also common.
- Isaw, Helmet, Adidas and Betamax - grilled chicken (or pork) intestines, head, feet, and blood with funny names, respectively.
- Atay, Balun-balunan, Puso - body parts liver, gizzard, heart.
- Deep Fried Meat Balls
- Bola Bola – deep fried balls with variations such as fish, squid, pork, chicken, beef, or combination. This is served with a sweet and spicy sauce or spiced vinegar.
- Kikyam – ground meat wrapped in bean curd sheets, then deep fried.
- Sausage – small cured meat cuts then deep fried.
- Hotdog – deep fried hotdog, in different sizes - nite size, jumbo, meat types or combinations.
- Waffle Hotdog - exactly American style.
- Siomai - meat dumpling wrapped in wonton wrapper with variations as either pork, shrimp, chicken, beef, sharks fin, or beef & shrimp.
- Siopao - steamed pork bun with stuffings such as asado, bola bola, or egg, or combination.
- Deep Fried – Batter Added
- Kwek Kwek and Tokneneng – boiled egg (duck, chicken or quail) covered in an orangey batter and deep fried in hot oil. Usually dipped in vinegar with onions, chili peppers and garlic.
- Ukoy - shrimp, mung sprouts, carrots or any veggie thrown in formed into flat pattie with a batter and deep fried.
- Sushi Rolls
- Boiled Saba – Philippine plantain, boiled.
- Banana Cue/Q – Philippine plantain fried in hot oil coated with caramelized brown sugar and served on a barbecue stick like a barbecue.
- Maruya – deep fried plantain slices held together by a batter.
- Turon – sweet spring rolled plantain with a slice of jackfruit flesh and brown sugar, deep fried.
- Root Crops
- Camote Cue/Q – sweet potato served the same way as banana cue/q.
- Kalingking - sweet potato cut french fries style, a handful are held together in batter and deep fried.
- Fresh Fruits
- Watermelon - sliced.
- Singkamas – sliced jicama topped with fermented shrimp.
- Pinya – sliced pineapple on stick.
- Mangga – sliced crunchy mangoes topped with salt or fermented shrimp.
- Guapple - giant guava the size of a big apple, sprinkled with salt, very crunchy.
- Pancake – simply slattered in margarine.
- Japanese Pancake – with variation filling.
- Crepe –with variation in fillings.
- Waffle– with variation in fillings.
- Native Cakes
- Puto Bungbong – exact Philippine version of the Puto Bambu sold at Pasar Seni in Kuala Lumpur and where "white" tourists are going gaga. Here, the mixture of grounded rice and sugar is steamed over a real bamboo over claypot heated by charcoal and not by industrial stove. Sold especially during the 9 days of "Misa de Gallo" a very long time tradition of early morning mass prelude to the eave of Christmas.
- Nilupak – a steady fixture along the streets abutting markets, this local pudding variety is made from sweetened pounded root crop tuber and formed in a style of mashed potato but with drier and stickier consistency.
- Palitaw - made out of glutinous rice that is ground to a paste, then formed to a thin oblong patty. This is dunked in boiling water until it rises, hence the name palitaw (to float or rise). Then it is rolled in grated coconut and then topped with a mixture of white sugar and roasted sesame seeds.
- Pichi Pichi - gelatinous cassava patties rolled in grated coconut.
- Ube Halaya
- Sapin Sapin
- Suman - glutinous sweet boiled and flavored rice or grated and boiled cassava wrapped in leaf. Can be sweetened or unsweetened and dipped in sugar or a coconut jam sauce.
- Asian Inspired Cakes
- Peanut Ampao
- Bread & Pastries
- Donut - plain fried ones sprinkled with sugar.
- Pan de Coco - a small bun filled with coconut gratings sweetened over a low heat.
- Ensaymada - a lighter and fluffier bun topped grated cheese and an icing mixture of butter and sugar
- Empanada - fried puff pastry with variation in sweet and savory fillings.
- Putopao - another Philippine product of fusion ingenuity, the common Chinese pao or bao or steamed meat bun has its dough substituted by steamed rice cake instead.
- Beverage or Palamig
- Gulaman - refreshing drink made from brown sugar syrup and water, made heavier by adding colorful squiggly pieces of jelly from agar agar sometimes mixed with evaporated milk.
- Sago - brown sugar syrup mixed on iced water with tapioca balls.
- Mix - Gulaman & sago.
- Buko Juice - coconut juice and shredgings.
- Melon Juice - grated melon and it's natural juice mixed in water, sugar, and evaporated milk.
- Creamed Palamig
- Buko Macapuno Cream - young sport coconut shredded/grated with very diluted mixture of cream and condensed milk, almost like evaporated milk, in a portable cup.
- Buko Macapuno Pandan Cream - likewise, with Pandan (screwpine flavor and/or jelly distinguished by its green color.
- Buko Macapuno and Nata de Coco Cream - likewise but added with Nata from coconut (the jelly formed from fermented coconut juice).
- Jelly Cream - an all-jelly cast, including Nata de Coco.
- Combined Macapuno & Jelly
- Sorbetes/Ice Cream
Low income workers patronize them the most as they commute to their homes, often taking two-hour trips. These are noted in the open streets where they are the cheapest and these are what most bloggers and media immediately see. But there are ones that are as even cleaner as those found in Bangkok or at par with those in hawker centers in Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia, or Japan and Korea.
This is one of the ultimate selections when it comes to Filipino comfort food. This is made out of noodles that are either boiled and has a variety of toppings or are sautéed together with its savory components. This can be found (albeit rarely) in small, clear plastic bags in the streets and are usually eaten on site with a fork. It has Chinese influences.
- Bihon Guisado - a sauté of garlic, onion, with boiled and shredded chicken breast or diced pork, with or without diced chicken/pork liver, carrots, and cabbage/Chinese cabbage, is poured with chicken stock and soy. Then rice noodles are put on the mixture and will be cooked until the stock is fully absorbed.
- Pancit Malabon - can be found by some highways by the bilao (winnowing basket). It is made with thick rice noodles coated in an egg and/or crab fat sauce, and topped anything desired like pork, seafood, cabbage, etc.
- Pancit Luglug or Pancit Palabok
Mall walkways and Food Courts offer a wide selection of Street Food menu and that is some notches less in worrying about hygiene. Expect the cost to be a little bit higher, although that would just come up to be in cents difference.
For a taste of street food without the accompanying risk, try out the following establishments:
- Balut Eggspress - serves balut, kwek kwek and one day old chicks, which are quite literally day old chicks marinated and fried in hot oil then eaten whole including the bones. They have a stall in the MRT Ayala Station.
- Nanay Q - serving special pork and chicken BBQ, liempo, grilled fish and shrimps. They also serve special Pinoy dishes such as Beef Caldereta, Menudo, Pinapaitan, Gambas and Sinigang. Sisig is also their specialty. They have branches at Robinsons Pioneer and Edsa Central. You may visit  for more info..
Carinderyas/Carinderias sound like Spanish style cooking but there is no relation to it. It's simply a collective term for a working class type of eating stall, now with table and seats for sit-in meals, more as a hole-in-the-wall or a makeshift school canteen (some may have wheels) for the lowly construction worker, the jeepney driver, or the student low and tight on budget. The style of presenting the food (no menus but some have posted menus) is laid out on a glass-covered or open counter in pots or deep square aluminum platters (for the more classy ones) and where the customer can just scan his eyes and choose what he wants.
Panaderyas/Panaderias are Bakeries dispensing bread and pastries. But the line is not clear if they are a separate class of their own or as Street Food. Goldilocks Bakeshop operate as a full-time restaurant but they can have some presence in malls as food stand types. Dunkin’ Donuts or Mister Donut also establish their presence as either a shop with dining tables or as a stand-alone stall.
This is a special class of Street Food distinguished from the stationary ones. Vendors roam around in their carts in a certain route and a specific time, as some food that are sold are time sensitive, meaning they can only be eaten say, in the morning, or as afternoon snack. Some of their itineraries are neighborhoods, where their target clientale are pre-school or school age children, and some are office blocks, where their prime targets are lady workers. There are only a few types of these food that are mobile.
- Taho - this ubiquitous mushy tofu, found in the whole Southeast Asia has this Philippine version topped with sugar syrup and tapioca balls. It's patronized by everyone, like children in the morning.
- Mais - boiled corn-on-the-cob sold in the early to late afternoon.
- Binatog - boiled glutinous corn topped with coconut milk, sugar, and fresh coconut gratings.
- Bola Bola - fried fish balls, small hotdogs, etc...
- Assorted Fruits
- Ice Cream or Dirty Ice Cream - sold in folksy carts, it announces its presence with a bell that looks more like a collector's item. Flavors are as native themed as its cart - mango, carabao cheese, pandan, and yam.
Breakfast in the city is described as dry - meaning not wet as in noodle and soup or porridge like what is taken in the morning in most Southeast Asian cities. More like an amalgam of the East and the West, specifically the American, Hispanic, and Malay, somehow as if McDonald's and Cuban entrees collided with Nasi Lemak to form these creations that are very catchy to begin with for they all end with "SILOG".
First, these are the key words in Tagalog: Sinangag for fried garlic rice and Itlog for egg more often sunny side up and rarely scrambled. They combine to form the portmanteau "SILOG". Along with these is the main item - meat or fish plus the given mainstays - Set A: lettuce-sliced tomato(s)-sliced cucumber(s), Set B: carrots and peas toppings over sinangag, Set C: achara or pickled unripe papaya and carrots, Set D: fried garlic or shallots over sinangag, or Set E: onion rings. The main items are as follows:
- Tapsilog - for tapa or cured beef jerky
- Dasilog - for daing or sun-dried fish
- Adosilog - for adobo (vinegar & soy sauce marinated chicken, pork or beef)
- Hamsilog - for ham
- Disilog - for dilis or fried smelt or anchovy
- Cornsilog - for corned beef
- Bacsilog - for bacon
- Bangsilog - for bangus or milkfish
- Bisteksilog - for beef steak
- Dangsilog - for danggit or rabbitfish
- Vicsilog - for vic or chinless hogfish
- Chosilog - for chorizo or Spanish style sausage
- Chiksilog - for fried chicken
- Embotidosilog - for embotido or Philippine-style meatloaf
- Shanghaisilog - for shanghai roll or Philppine-style fried srping roll
- Hotsilog - for hotdog or Philippine-style bloody red hotdog
- Longsilog - for longganisa or Philippine-style sausage (derived from Chinese style)
- Tosilog - for tosino or sugar/honey cured meat
- Masilog - for 'Ma Ling' brand Chinese luncheon meat
- SPAMsilog - for 'SPAM' brand luncheon meat
- Nuggetsilog - for chicken nuggets
- Porksilog - for chuleta or porkchop
- Lechonsilog - for roasted pork
- Liemposilog - for crispy pork
- Bangusilog - for fried milkfish
- Baloneysilog - for Bologna sausage
- Pusitsilog - for fried breaded squid rings or octopus tentacles, or plain midget squids
- Siomaisilog - for siomai ( a type of meat dumpling)
- Tuyosilog - for sun dried mackerel
- Isawsilog - for a piece of pork intestines
Of course, this is assisted with hot coffee, tea, or juice and a couple of morning bread called Pan de Sal (salted bread).
There are stalls or Carinderias/Carinderyas that specialize in this breakfast "SILOG" fare called "Tapsihan" named for the first type of these combo ever concocted, the tapsilog.
Snacks or nibblers called Chichireya or Papak while office workers multi-task and at the same time working and chatting. Also, it is eaten on long journeys or while watching movies or simply doing school work.
- Peanut - garlic-fried peanut
- Japanese Peanut
- Cornick - garlic-fried corn ear
- Green Pea - garlic-fried green pea
- Butong Pakwan - watermelon seeds
- Champoy - preserved dried fruits
- Kiamoy - dried plum preserved in licorice
- Cheese Curls - popular junk food
- Chippy - popular junk food
- Ampao - poprice that's molded in blocks by sugar syrup
When it comes to dining, in a nutshell, Filipino food can be described as timid in flavor, not much creativity. Food is trained to have only one dominant flavor - either the bitterness, the sweetness, the sourness, or the saltiness is enhanced. For some reason, the ingredients used don't have that wide range like those in Malaysia, Vietnam or Thailand, its closest neighbors. Filipinos are just as happy and contented to limit their range of ingredients, a people that never had a royalty. Practically all countries that had/have a monarchy developed their superior palate taste through the royal court. No particular doting attention is given no more than it fills the stomach of the ordinary hungry person.
In a close comparison on a vegetable & spice market tour between the Philippines and Vietnam, the Philippine counterpart is limited. For seasoning, Filipino dishes do not digress from the daily triumvirate of garlic, onion, and tomatoes, sometimes ginger. No cinnamon, anise, or cardamom. On the herb section, only parsley, spring onion, and lemon grass are popularly known to Filipinos, while in Vietnam, there are so many kinds of herbs used in the daily diet. One glaring observation, basil is not eaten fresh, only as seasoning sold as dry as a dead leaf. As a side note, the saw-leaf herb which is an everyday ingredient in Vietnam which happened to originate in Mexico, ironically skipped the Philippines during the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade.
Speaking of Acapulco, Mexicans drink tamarind as a beverage. Tamarind juice coming from the tamarind fruit, being as Asian as rice, is surpisingly absent in the Philippine beverage menu even though it is popular in Latin America and the rest of the Southeast Asian countries. However, it is used in a tamarind soup called sinigang in some areas of the city.
Noodle varieties are limited to a handful. Rice wrappers for spring roll is just one type, unlike in Vietnam. Having plenty of variation and versatility for example, the Vietnamese would use rice as sesamed crackers, or Mexicans would make their corn into taco shells, or Indians would use wheat as poppadoms.
Filipino food is safe to say more as a comfort food, a peasant food concocted at a time when all Filipinos were all living on agricultural-fishing existence, contented to eat simply on rice and one or two-dish meal - one dry and the other wet or soupy. Even if Filipinos have attained a higher degree of sophistication, the same ingredients are used and the same flavor is maintained.
Most sit-down and casual dining restaurants in Manila would fall under the mid-range category. But there are budget ones as well. For budget dining, just follow the office workers making a beeline to building basements, canteens, or carinderias (road side stalls) during lunchbreak almost everywhere in the city and even in high class Makati area. The men usually wear short sleeved Barong Tagalog and the ladies, like bank teller attires. These are not lowly workers but they pay lunch as cheap as US$1.00 complete with a clear broth, a dish, and a cup of rice enough to energize the office worker for the rest of the day. University canteens open to the public offer student meals and have resident nutritionists too. Along Recto and Nicanor Reyes Sts., the epicenter of downtown university belt cosmos, there are dime a dozen shops that offer complete and filling budget meals as low as ₱35 or US$0.80 (80 cents).
Manila as a national hub of regional cooking, has almost all its regions represented in eating establishments either exclusively or featured with the others. General restaurants, either catering for the working class or the elite, can offer varied dishes coming from every region and have assimilated in every one's palette taste. For example the northern region called Ilocos has its favorite fare called Pinakbet approved by practically everyone and has melted in every local's daily diet although it still sticks to be identified as an Ilocano fare.
The following are the regional dishes that have assimiliated into the restaurants, canteens, and carinderias in Manila.
- Northern Luzon Island Region or Ilocos (Ilocano) - Ilocanos are know industrious and thrifty brought about by the origina people who lived in limited cultivable strip of land bounded between the sea and the Cordillera mountain range.
- Pinakbet - vegetable dish seasoned with fermented fish
- Papaetan - tripe seasoned with bile secretion
- Dinengdeng -
- Central Luzon Island Region (Kapampangan) - Pampagueños lead in the art of cooking combining the best of Spanish and Chinese legacies.
- Relleno - stuffed fish or chicken
- Pastel -
- Cocido -
- Pansit Palabok - noodle dish
- They also excel in fine desserts:
- Turon de Casuy
- Leche Flan
- Biscochos Borrachos
- Central Luzon Island Region or Tagalog (Tagalog) - Tagalogs are generally good cooks too.
- Adobo - now considered as National Dish, it's pork, beef, or chicken marinated in soy sauce and vinegar.
- Sinigang - Philippines answer to Tom Yam, a meat, poultry, or seafood boiled in a variety of sour fruits (guava, ginger lily fruit, santol, in many cases, tamarind,etc.). Any combination is accepted.
- Dinuguan - internal organs of butchered animals and cooked with pork blood. (Note: eating animal organs was introduced by the Spaniards).
- Hipong Halabos - boiled shrimp
- Kari-Kari - beef parts flavored by vegetables and pounded peanut turned into sauce.
- Biya with Gata - fish cooked in coconut milk.
- Pangat - fish cooked without coconut milk.
- Southern Luzon Peninsula Region or Bicol (Bicolano) - Bicolanos are considered the hotties because they can tolerate chili more than any Filipinos. They also like coconut milk.
- Pinangat - sauteed seafood with coconut meat and hot pepper.
- Tanaguktok - fish stuffed with tomatoes, onions, and hot pepper wrapped in banana leaf.
- Gulay na Natong - Taro leaves cooked in coconut milk
- Bicol Express - very hot meat dish
- Western Visayas Islands Region or Iloilo (Ilongo) - The islands are fertile and more blessed with rain than the other Visayan islands and the waters abound with fish. Ilongos are the most creative in the Visayas when it comes to ccoking.
- Pansit Molo - soup with wanton like dumplings.
- Laswa - vegetables cooked in little water with fermented fish.
- Linagpang - broiled fish.
- Inasal - another fish cooked over charcoal.
- Kadyos - vegetables with fish or meat.
- Central Visayas Islands Region or Cebu (Cebuano) - Cebuanos live on these dry and barren islands and are corn eating rather than rice eating people. They have been influenced more by the Mexicans.
- Corn Suman - corn desert removed from the cob and rewrapped in the husk.
- Utap or Hojaldres - Cebuano biscuit.
- Eastern Visayas Islands Region or Samar-Leyte (Waray) - Warays are coconut milk lovers minus the hot chili pepper.
- Kinilao - raw fish in lime and vinegar.
Local Snack or Ice Cream Parlors
Some of the food offered by these parlors may be also be on restaurant menus (since these are categorically dessert items), those that specialize in local cuisine. But these parlors are also a separate category of their own. Goldilocks and Red Ribbon, super hygienic Americanized establishments stand out from the rest usually found in malls, and from the humble food stalls in the public markets where they originated. These two are basically bakeshops but they function as native ice cream parlors, serving more or less the following which are authentically or adaptively Filipino:
- Ice Cream- mostly serving never heard flavors at least in the western world such as purple yam, avocado, carabao cheese, coconut, or pandan.
- Sago Parfait - tapioca balls parfait.
- Creamed Coconut and Pandan flavored Jellies
- Almond Jellies Lychees - also with shaved ice.
- Sweetened Sport Coconut Flesh - also with shaved ice.
- Frozen Fruit Salad
- Halo-Halo - the queen of Philippine Snacks/Desserts, a Japanese invention of a salad of sweet beans and peas, jellies, and fruits and shaved ice found everywhere in the Far East. The Philippine version always has these ingredients - young sweetened coconut shreddings called Macapuno, nipa palm nut flesh or Kaong, Pinipig or toasted sweet rice, Ube or purple yam paste, Leche Flan or egg custard, and ice cream.
- Guinomis - Pinipig or toasted sweet rice and sago in coconut syrup and shaved ice.
- Mango Jam
- Mais Con Yelo (Hielo) - iced sweet corn porridge in syrup
- Saba Con Yelo (Hielo) - iced stewed plantain in syrup
- Langka Con Yelo (Hielo)- fresh jackfruit in syrup
- Mangga at Sumang Malagkit – Philippine version of the Thai mango and glutinous sweet rice. In this case the rice is steamed while wrapped in banana or palm leaf.
- Banana and Young Coconut Pies
- Leche Flan or Custard
- Mango Pudding
- Crema de Fruta - layered fruit cocktail cake.
- Cashew Tart
- Egg Bonbon
- Polvoron - some foreigners call this volcano candy because it inevitably spews the powdery concoction once the mouth is opened while chewing it, a Spanish shortbread from flour, sugar, carabao's milk, and nuts.
Even while the enlightened world hates McDonalds/Pizza Hut guts, Filipinos are great lovers of its dining style and menus - hotdogs on stick, hotdogs on bun, hamburgers, or cheeseburgers, pizzas, and spaghettis. Their pictures proliferate everywhere, be it as street food or sit-in meal. Manilans also love donuts in the personification of Mister Donut which has its creations not as sweet as its American competitions. On a side note, Philippine style spaghettis are done sweeter than normal.
Manila has most of the usual American fast food chains such as McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's, Pizza Hut, Subway, Dairy Queen, Shakey's Pizza, Taco Bell, Dunkin Donuts, TGIF, Italianni's, Outback, and KFC. Jollibee, the Filipino counterpart of McDonald's now ecclipsing it's once held dominant position, it is very common in Manila. It started out as a spoof spin-off of McDonald's, copying its menu and business model but substituting it with local ingredients (ex. mango pie for apple pie) and taking consideration of the local palate, now has become a billion dollar peso franchise business empire. Another spin-off of this business is Chow King, the same business model and packaging (styrofoams, plastics, and cardboards) but with Chinese influenced menus and has become as ubiquitous as Jollibee and McDonalds. Another spin-off to the spin-off is Mang Inasal, this time the theme is country or provincial style menu with packaging this time using banana leaf and cane and bamboo baskets as plates, and claypots as serving plates catering to native food lovers.
Coffeeshops such as Starbucks and Seattle's Best have also recently become quite common in malls and commercial centers. Meals could be as low as US$2 to 3 in most fast food joints. A typical burger meal with fries and a drink would fall under this range.
The Philippines has its own version of the Spanish Tapas but little is known about it outside the country even if Filipinos have invaded almost all corners of the globe, employed and even permanently residing in their host countries. Anyway, it's more or less the same kind of presentation - as a finger, toothpick, or fork food, and relevance - to accompany any alcoholic drink, mostly beer, on a social gathering between neighbors, relatives, work colleagues, peers, and clients and mostly fall under male-bonding or camaraderie social dining. It comes from the root word "PULUT" meaning "to pick up".
It is always served in a communal plate or bowl with plenty of forks (if it needs to pick up the food, otherwise finger is OK) arrayed on a plate like oars on a boat. If there's a need for a dipping sauce, then a bowl is also served with it to be used communally.
- Mani - (peanuts) are often sold boiled in the shell, salted. (Note that peanut is also called Mani in Latin America.)
- Balut - duck embryo.
- Fried & Boiled
- Tokwa't Baboy - tofu fried with boiled pork, all diced and mixed together then dipped in a garlic-flavored soy sauce or vinegar dip.
- Deep Fried
- Chicharrón - (also spelled chicharon or tsitsaron), pork rinds that have been salted, dried, then fried.
- Chicharong Bituka - pig intestines that have been deep fried to a crisp.
- Chicharong Bulaklak - similar to chicharong bituka it is made from mesenteries of pig intestines and has a bulaklak or flower appearance.
- Chicharong Manok - chicken skin that has been deep fried until crisp.
- Mani - (peanuts) deep fried in garlic, and may be spiced.
- Pea - all varieties from chick peas to endadame (not fried), same as peanuts.
- Kropeck - fish and shrimp crackers.
- Pusit - Squid
- Octopus -
- Hipon - Shrimp
- Isda - skewered fish, all sorts.
- Barbekyung Isaw - chicken or pig intestines marinated and skewered.
- Barbekyung Tenga - pig ears that have been marinated and skewered.
- Barbekyung Baboy or Pork Barbecue - skewered pork marinated in a usually sweet blend.
- Lechong Manok - skewered piece or rotisseried whole chicken marinated in a usually sweet blend.
- Betamax - salted solidified pork or chicken blood which is skewered.
- Adidas - which is grilled or sautéed chicken feet.
- Sisig- made from the pig's cheek skin, ears, liver, and even brains that are initially boiled, then grilled over charcoal and afterwards minced and cooked with chopped onions, chillies, and spices.
A very local drinking experience in Manila meant going to beer gardens or beerhouses as is commonly called. They are scattered mostly around the working districts of Sampaloc, Santa Mesa, Quiapo and even the tourist belt areas of Ermita and Malate. Every city in the metropolis has practically its own adult entertainment strip, block, or district where these establishments can be found. These are heavily sexualized. It's mostly working class men and those working in the military and police establishments who are the clientele with young sexy and provocatively dressed waitresses or euphemistically called GROs or Guest Relations Officers serving the customers. Some beer gardens take it up a level higher and have entertainment on the sides with scantily two-piece suit dancers taking turns on the stage. The kind of food served somewhat resemble the Spanish Tapas style ranging from the simple such as peanuts, corn, and peas - boiled or deep fried to mundane such as fried pork, beef, chicken to the adventurous such as other body parts - ears, gizzards, livers, hearts, intestines, brains, balls, blood, and what have you. They are categorized under the subject Pulutan.
For establishments resembling the western version of a pub, these establishments are concentrated in Remedios Circle in Malate district a very important hub of nightlife, as well as in Bonifacio Global Village in Taguig City, Tomas Morato in Kamuning District in Quezon City, and Eastwood in Libis District, Quezon City. Bohemian Malate, the older Ermita neighborhood and the Baywalk that stretches between them contains a variety of venues serving a combination of food, comedy, alcohol, and live music.
Karaoke and videoke bars are also very common as majority of Manilans are American Idol fans although one's living room can be easily converted into one.
The workforce in Manila covers everything from daily, minimum wage earners to expats being driven in BMWs. Standard working time varies, especially with the proliferation of Call Centers, but the usual working hours are 8AM-5PM. Given that the traffic within the Manila escalates exponentially as the day begins, it's always better to leave early for meetings.
There is also a local saying known as "Filipino Time" wherein it was expected that the attendee would be late by up to one hour. However, this has been significantly reduced through the years, although the bad traffic is usually (and realistically) cited as the main cause for missing one's appointment.
Makati City is the country's main CBD, or Central Business District, and, on every given weekday, it seems that all roads lead here. Multinational firms and big businesses hold offices here.
Ortigas Center, which cuts across the borders of Mandaluyong City, Pasig City and Quezon City, seems to be the alternative CBD, with companies such as the Asian Development Bank headquarters and the World Bank Manila office located in this vicinity.
Check for hotel listings in the appropriate districts
You can sleep in a Manila Hotel for as cheap as 500 peso per night if you wish. Don't expect many luxuries at this price though!
Manila has a lot of hotels, inns and apartelles. Most of these accommodations can be found within Roxas Boulevard overlooking Manila Bay, or in the districts of Ermita and Malate. Manila's hotel accommodations are 20 to 30 minutes away from the international and domestic airport.
There are many major international hotel chains which have a presence in Metro Manila. Rates are still generally cheaper here compared to the same class of hotels in western cities. A stay in these hotels however, would be considered a luxury by Philippine standards particularly since the cost is a month's income for some Filipinos.
Payphones are very common in the city center. The use of mobile phones is also very extensive. To use your mobile phone, it has to be at least a dualband GSM phone. Globe and Smart are the Philippine's largest mobile carriers and they invite you to use them as a roaming partner (inquire from your home carrier if they have Globe and Smart as a roaming partner).
To call anywhere within Metro Manila, simply dial the 7-digit telephone number from a payphone or a landline. If you need to call anywhere else within the Philippines, dial 0 + area code + telephone number. To make an international phone call, dial 00 + country code + area code + telephone number.
Internet cafes have become a common sight in Metro Manila. Most malls would have at least one internet cafe. Most internet cafes provide broadband speeds. Netopia and Pacific Internet are common chains. Netopia also has a branch at the MRT Ayala Station. Cheap overseas calls can be made at Netopia branches via their VOIP service.
Most coffee shops now also have WiFi services available so you can surf the net while sipping a cuppa. Airborneaccess.net and WIZ are the most common WiFi providers. Ask around if usage is free of charge, otherwise, as the case is often, you will have to buy an internet access card at the counter.
Manila is a city where one should exercise caution.
As a slum haven, Manila is one of the most blighted cities in Asia rivaling Calcutta, Bombay, and Dacca. Sufficient to say that it is not convenient to carefree wonder around as one would encounter sidewalks fringed with makeshift shanties that lead to a sudden turn into a labyrinth of squatter neighborhoods. It is very scary if not annoying encountering lolling group of male adult and teenage bystanders, although nowadays, these areas are most likely manned by village watchmen and everyone is more than willing to help and interact with lost strangers.
Nuisances that impedes a pleasurable walking tour are dirty and malnourished children who freely use the streets as their playground, manholes that were left open (or probably its cover stolen to be sold as metal scrap), dog feces, uncollected garbage, undisciplined cars and mostly jeepneys weaving in and out of the lanes as they pick up passengers, as well as political billboards.
A popular scam as of recent days is for someone to approach you and pretend they recognize you. They will say they work at your hotel (such as room service or security) and that they know you from there. They then say it is their day off and since they just happened to bump into you they want to show you something nice that is nearby. They may be very convincing even to experienced travelers. It is always a scam.
Another popular scam is for a con artist to befriend a tourist and offer to show them around, hang out, etc. After gaining the tourist's trust, the con artist then slips drugs into the tourist's food or drinks. The con artist then leads the drugged, groggy victim to an ATM and watches while he/she enters her pin. The con artist is then free to withdraw all the money from the account.
Get into a car or go anywhere with people only if you know them (even of they say that have helped you at the hotel on a previous occasion). Of course, if you ask them which hotel they will not be able to answer. They are best fended off if you just ignore them. If they persist, say, "Are you going to leave me alone or should I call the police?" That makes them leave quickly.
Theft is common, especially pick pocketing. You should act cautiously as you would in any other poor country, especially considering if you do not look Filipino. Thieves and scam artists are likely to see you as an easy target. However, most travelers from other Asian nations, especially from southeast Asia, should have no problem blending in with the crowd.
Never wear valuable jewelry or anything else to broadcast your wealth. Displaying an expensive mobile phone or digital camera out in the open is also a good way to attract thieves.
Embassies and Consulates
- China, 4896 Pasay Rd, Dasmarinas Village, Makati, ☎ , fax: +63 2 8452465, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Greece, 12th Floor, Sage House, 110 Rufino Str.Legaspi Village, Makati City, ☎ +632 817-4444, Emergencies: +639279677637, fax: +632 812-0202, e-mail: email@example.com.
- Japan, 2627 Roxas Blvd, Pasay City, ☎ , fax: +63 2 551-5780.
- Russia, 1245 Acacia Road, Dasmariñas Village, Makati, ☎ , fax: +63 2 810-9614, e-mail: RusEmb@i-manila.com.ph. Monday – Thursday 08.00-15.15 Friday 08.00-15.00.
- United States, 1201 Roxas Blvd, ☎ ACS +632 301-2000, fax: ACS +63 2 301-2017.
- United Kingdom, 120 Upper McKinley Road, McKinley Hill, Taguig City 1634, ☎ (+63) (2) 858 2200, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Puerto Azul, Cavite
- Marbella Beach, Cavite
- Caylabne, Cavite
- Gerthel Beach, Batangas
- Submarine Garden, Batangas
- Mahabang Buhangin Beach, Batangas
- Hugon Beach, Batangas
- Matabungkay Beach, Batangas
- Mt. Maculot, Batangas
- Calijon Falls, Batangas
- Mainit Hot Springs, Batangas
- Cueva Sitio, Batangas
- Ilijan Falls, Batangas
- Sepok Point, Batangas
- Bulalacao Falls, Batangas
- Old Churches and Museums Tour, Batangas
- Tinalunan, Batangas
- Tagaytay — is a city located on a ridge overlooking Taal Lake. The spectacular view of the Taal volcano in the middle of the lake, combined with the exquisite cuisine from the numerous ridge-side restaurants has made this a favorite weekend excursion for Manila residents. (roughly 1 hour from Ninoy Aquino International Airport)
- Mount Batulao is a popular trekking destination near Tagaytay, with the same nice views and cool weather, making for a nice dayhike. Other nearby dayhikes include Pico de Loro and Mount Maculot (which has nice views of Taal Lake).
- Trekking Mount Pinatubo, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. is a once in a lifetime experience, highly recommended for hiking enthusiasts. Travel two and a half hours north of Metro Manila and board a Filipino 4x4 jeep where you will experience a thrilling drive across Crow Valley, a moon-like terrain, with vast ash fields and rocky rivers. You will hike up towards the summit passing through sandy cliffs and up a mountain path. The views of the Crater Lake are absolutely breathtaking. On the way back you have the opportunity to visit an Aeta Village and enjoy interacting with one of the oldest indigenous tribes in the Philippines. The trip is a full day tour departing early in the morning. You will hike anywhere between 3 - 6 hours depending on your fitness.
- Scenic and Folkloric Lake Bai Tour. tour of idyllic towns of Lake Bai - Angono - art town, haven for painters specializing on romanticist and folk genre, notably the Blanco family; concentration of art galleries; Pagsanjan - shooting the rapids and ancestral homes, Biñan - coco pie, native pastries, and candies, Calamba - hometown of National Hero Jose Rizal and Charice - You Tube singing sensation.
- Taal — is a heritage town containing many Spanish period homes that were built from the spoils of coffee, sugar and other 19th century export crops. A number of these homes have been turned into heritage museums that allow one to imagine what life was like during those times.
- Antipolo City — Manilans make their annual summertime pilgrimage to the shrine of the Nuestra Senora dela Paz y Buenviaje (Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage) in this hilltop town. Once there, you can partake of the delicacies such as roasted cashew nuts and kalamay (glutinuous rice pudding). The Hinulugang Taktak Falls are nearby and prove a welcome respite to the city's hustle and bustle. On the way up to Antipolo via the Sumulong Highway are restaurants and bars which provide an excellent view of the Metro skyline. (around 1.5 hours from airport)
- Subic Freeport Zone — This former American military base has been converted into an industrial park and ironically, an eco-tourism zone. Within the confines of the freeport one can partake of practically all of the activities that most tourists generally experience in the Philippines: sun-tanning on white sand beaches, bay side dining, studying English, forest canopy walking, wreck diving, casino gaming, survival trekking with native Aeta guides, bar hopping, golfing, getting a massage (one spa even offers synchronized massage with two masseuses) and other spa treatments, outlet shopping, you name it. (around 3.5 hours from airport)
- Baguio — lies further north and up in the mountains of the Cordilleras. With its cool climate and pine trees, Baguio is said to be the summer capital of the Philippines. (around 8 hours from airport)