Tigrinya phrasebook

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Tigrinya is spoken in Eritrea by the Tigrinya people, where it is the official language, and in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia.


Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Hello. 
. ( )
How are you? 
ከመይ ኣለኻ ? (to men) ከመይ ኣለኺ ? (to women) ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
ደሓን እየ. ( )
What is your name? 
መን’ዩ ሸምካ ? (to men) መን’ዩ ሸምኪ ? (to women) ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
ስመይ….ይበሃል. ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
ጽቡቕ ሌላ. ( )
Please. 
በጀኻ (to men) በጃኺ (to women) ( )
Thank you. 
የቐንየለይ. ( )
You're welcome. 
ገንዘብካ (to men) ገንዘብኪ (to women) ( )
Yes. 
እወ. ( )
No. 
ኣይኮነን. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
ይቅሬታ ግበረለይ! (to men) ይቅሬታ ግበርለይ! (to women) ( )
I'm sorry. 
ይቅሬታ! (to men) ኣይትሓዘለይ (to women) ( )
Goodbye 
ሰላማት ( )
Where are you from? (country of origin) 
ካበይ መጺኻ  ? (to men) ካበይ መጺኺ ? (to women) ( )
I can't speak Tigrinya. 
ትግርኛ ኣይፈልጥን. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
እንግሊዝኛ ትዛረብዶ ? (to men) እንግሊዝኛ ትዛረቢዶ ? (to women) ( ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
እንግሊዝኛ ዝዛረብ ሰብ ይርከብዶ? ( ?)
Help! 
ርድኡኒ! ርድኡኒ! ( !)
Good morning. 
ደሓንዶ ሓዲርካ (to men) ደሓንዶ ሓዲርኪ (to women) ( )
Good afternoon. 
ከመይ ውዒልካ (to men) ከመይ ውዒልኪ (to women) ( )
Good evening. 
ከመይ ኣምሲኻ (to men) ከመይ ኣምሲኺ (to women) ( )
Good night. 
ልዋም ለይቲ ( )
I understand. 
ተረዲኡኒ ( )
I don't understand. 
ኣይተረድኣኒን ( )
Where is the toilet? 
ኣበይ ኣሎ ሽንቲ ቤት? ( ?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
በይነይ ግደፈኒ! (to men) በይነይ ግደፍኒ! (to women) ( .)
Don't touch me! 
 ! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
ፖሊስ ጸውዕ! (to men) ፖሊስ ጸውዒ! (to women) ( .)
Police! 
ፖሊስ ! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
ማህሰይቲ ኣሎኹ ( .)
I need a doctor. 
(ኣነ) ሓኪም የድሊየኒ ኣሎ ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? ( ?)

Numbers[edit]

ሓደ ( )
ክልተ ( )
ሰለስተ ( )
ኣርባዕተ ( )
ሓሙሽተ ( )
ሽዱሽተ ( )
ሸውዓተ ( )
ሸሞንተ ( )
ትሽዓተ ( )
10 
ዓሰርተ ( )
11 
ዓሰርተ ሓደ ( )
12 
ዓሰርተ ክልተ ( )
13 
ዓሰርተ ሰለስተ ( )
14 
ዓሰርተ ኣርባዕተ ( )
15 
ዓሰርተ ሓሙሽተ ( )
16 
ዓሰርተ ሽዱሽተ ( )
17 
ዓሰርተ ሸውዓተ ( )
18 
ዓሰርተ ሸሞንተ ( )
19 
ዓሰርተ ትሽዓተ ( )
20 
ዕስራ ( )
21 
ዕስራን ( )
22 
ዕስራን ( )
23 
ዕስራን ( )
30 
ዕስራን ( )
40 
ኣርባዓ ( )
50 
ሓምሳ ( )
60 
ስሳ ( )
70 
ሰብዓ ( )
80 
ሰማንያ ( )
90 
ተስዓ ( )
100 
ሚእቲ ( )
200 
ክልተ ሚእቲ ( )
300 
ሰለስተ ሚእቲ ( )
1,000 
ሽሕ ( )
2,000 
ክልተ ሽሕ ( )
1,000,000 
ክልተ ሽሕ ( )
1,000,000,000 
ቢልዮን ( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
( )
half 
ፍርቂ ( )
less 
ዝበዝሐ ( )
more 
ዝወሓደ ( )

Time[edit]

now 
ሕጂ ( )
later 
ደሓር ( )
before 
( )
morning 
ንጉሆ ( )
afternoon 
መዓልቲ ( )
evening 
ምሸት ( )
night 
ለይቲ ( )

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ ደቒቕ ( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
_____ day(s) 
_____ መዓልቲ ( )
_____ week(s) 
_____ ሰሙን ( )
_____ month(s) 
_____ ወርሒ ( )
_____ year(s) 
_____ ዓመት ( )

Days[edit]

today 
ሎሚ ( )
yesterday 
ትማሊ ( )
tomorrow 
ጽባሕ ( )
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
ኣብ ዝመጽእ ሰሙን ( )
Sunday 
ሰንበት ( )
Monday 
ሰኑይ ( )
Tuesday 
ሰሉስ ( )
Wednesday 
ረቡዕ ( )
Thursday 
ሓሙስ ( )
Friday 
ዓርቢ ( )
Saturday 
ቀዳም ( )

Months[edit]

January 
ጥሪ ( )
February 
ለካቲት ( )
March 
መጋቢት ( )
April 
ሚያዝያ ( )
May 
ግንቦት ( )
June 
ሰነ ( )
July 
ሓምለ ( )
August 
ነሓሰ ( )
September 
መስከረም ( )
October 
ጥቅምቲ ( )
November 
ሕዳር ( )
December 
ታሕሳስ ( )

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
ጸሊም ( )
white 
ጻዕዳ ( )
gray 
ሕሙኽሽታይ ( )
red 
ቀይሕ ( )
blue 
ሰማያዊ ( )
yellow 
ቢጫ ( )
green 
ሓምላይ ( )
orange 
ሓምላይ ( )
purple 
ሊላ ( )
brown 
ቡናዊ ( )

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
ከመይ ገይረ ናብ … ይኸይድ ? ( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
መዕረፊ ኣውቶቡስ ( )
...the airport? 
መዕረፊ ነፋሪት ( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
ሆተል _____? ( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
ሆተላት ( )
...restaurants? 
ቤትምግቢታት ( )
...bars? 
ቤት መስተታት ( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
ንጸጋም ተጠወ ( )
Turn right. 
ንየማን ተጠወ ( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
መራኽቦ መንገዲ ( )
north 
ሰሜን ( )
south 
ደቡብ ( )
east 
ምብራቅ ( )
west 
ምዕራብ ( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
መደቀሲ ክፍሊ ኣሎኻ ዶ? ( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
ንሓደ / ንክልተ ሰብ ክንደይ ይክፍል? ( )
Does the room come with... 
ኣብ እዚ ክፍሊ … ይረክብዶ ( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
ባኞ ( )
...a telephone? 
ተለፎን ( )
...a TV? 
ቲቪ ( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
መቐመጥ ገንዘብ ኣሎኻ ዶ ( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
ቁርሲ ( )
lunch 
ምሳሕ ( )
supper 
ድራር ( )
I want _____. 
ደልየ ( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
ደርሆ ( )
beef 
ስጋ ከብቲ ( )
fish 
ዓሳ ( )
ham 
ስጋ ሓሰማ ( )
sausage 
ግዕዝም ( )
cheese 
ፎርማጆ ( )
eggs 
እንቋቑሖ ( )
salad 
ሳላጣ ( )
(fresh) vegetables 
ኣሕምልቲ ( )
(fresh) fruit 
ፍሩታ ( )
bread 
( )
toast 
ጥቡስ ባኒ ( )
pasta 
ማካሮኒ ( )
spaghetti 
ስፓገቲ ( )
rice 
ሩዝ ( )
beans 
ዓተር ( )
Hamburger 
ሃምበርገር ( )
Orange 
ኣራንሺ ( )
Apple 
ቱፋሕ ( )
Banana 
ባናና ( )
Pineapple 
ኣናናስ ( )
Grapes 
ወይኒ ( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
ጥርሙዝ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
ኩባያ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
ጥርሙዝ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
coffee 
ቡን ( )
tea (drink
ሻሂ ( )
milk 
ጸባ ( )
juice 
ጽማቝ ( )
(bubbly) water 
ማዕድናዊ ማይ ( )
(still) water 
ማይ ( )
beer 
ቢራ ( )
wine 
ነቢት ( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
ክንደይ’ዩ ዋግኡ እዚ? ( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
ክቡር ( )
cheap 
ሕሱር ( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
እዚ ኣይደልን ( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
ኣነ .... የድሊየኒ ኣሎ ( )
...toothpaste. 
መሕጸብ ስኒ ( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
ሳሙና ( )
...shampoo. 
ሻምፑ ( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
ኣስፕሪን ( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
መላጸ ( )
...an umbrella. 
ጽላል ( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
ቲምብር ( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
ወረቐት ( )
...a pen. 
ፕሮ ( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
በንዚን ( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )
This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

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