The Old Town of Edinburgh represents the historic core of the Scottish capital, built eastwards of the Castle Crag, along the Royal Mile to Holyrood. This article also covers the areas to the immediate south and west of the Old Town - Southside, Tollcross and Bruntsfield.
The Old Town is well connected to the rest of Edinburgh by bus. Numerous taxi ranks can also be found, although beware, Edinburgh taxis are expensive and the ride is soon costly.
From the New Town, it's a short walk along North Bridge from the east end of Princes Street; up the Mound (quite steep!) alongside the National Galleries; or up Lothian Road from the west end of Princes Street.
- Edinburgh Castle, ☎ . Open daily Apr-Oct 9:30AM-6PM, Nov-Mar 9:30AM-5PM. Edinburgh Castle, home to the Edinburgh Tattoo, is a magnificently situated royal fortress located on one of the highest points in the city. The castle has been continuously in use for 1000 years and is in excellent condition. The audio tour, which costs £3 per headset, is extremely detailed and worth hiring, providing both location based and chronologically based commentary on the castle. Highlights include the Honours of Scotland (the Scottish Crown Jewels) and the ancient St Margaret's Chapel. There are also concerts on the castle esplanade (in the same stands as the Tattoo). Admission Jun-Sep/Oct-May: adults £15/£14, concessions £12/£11.20, children £8.50/£8.20 (2011 prices).
- Abbey and Palace of Holyroodhouse, ☎ , fax: +44 20 7930-9625, e-mail: email@example.com. The Palace is a royal residence, and hosts the Queen's Gallery containing a collection of art from the Royal Collection. The Palace is best known as the home of Mary Queen of Scots and as the site of the murder of Mary's secretary Rizzio, allegedly by her husband Lord Darnley. The Palace opens at 9:30AM and closes at 6PM April to October and 4:30PM during the rest of the year. Palace admission is £10 adults, £6.50 concessions, and £4.00 children. Separate admission to the gallery is £5 adults, £4 concession and £3 children. Joint admission to the gallery and the palace is £11 adults, £9 concessions and £5.50 children.
- St Giles' Cathedral. The Royal Mile, between Edinburgh Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse— The historic City Church of Edinburgh is also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh and takes its name from the city's patron saint. St Giles' is Presbyterianism's Mother Church and contains the Chapel of the Order of the Thistle (Scotland's chivalric company of knights headed by the Queen). The building bears a distinctive crowned spire and was first officially dedicated in 1243, although a church probably existed on the site since before the 9th century.
- Behind St. Giles' Cathedral, within the Parliament House home of the Scottish Supreme Courts, explore the 1639 Old Parliament Hall where the earlier meetings of the Scots Estates, or Parliament, took place, prior to the enactment of The 1707 Act of Union (of the Parliaments of Scotland and England).
- Mary King's Close. Warriston's Close (opposite St Giles' Cathedral), open daily except Christmas Day. A slice of Edinburgh's medieval history, preserved since being closed over in the 18th century - watch out for the haunting.
- North Bridge. Offers spectacular views of the city skyline.
- Gladstone's Land. In the Lawnmarket at the top of the Royal Mile. It is a 17th century Old Town tenement (known as a 'Land') decorated with period furniture. It has an impressive painted ceiling.
- Greyfriars Kirkyard. A very old graveyard in Old Town off the Southwest corner of George IV Bridge. It contains some impressive, ancient grave markers and fantastic views of the surrounding Old Town. Many folk, of course, will be drawn here by its links to Greyfriars Bobby, that loyal little dog brought to worldwide fame by Walt Disney. The grave of Thomas Riddell is said to be the inspiration of Tom Riddle from J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter.
- The Scottish Parliament (eastern end of the Royal Mile, opposite the Palace of Holyrood House). A unique building (designed by the Spanish (Catalan) architect Enric Miralles) with a £431 million price tag which is much higher than the original back-of-an-envelope estimate. Highly controversial among Scots, who consider it either a daring showpiece of postmodern architecture or a national embarrassment. Free access to an exhibition, and the Debating Chamber on non-business days. It is necessary to get (free) tickets to watch the Parliament in session from the Public Gallery.
- Camera Obscura. Castle Hill. Over 150 years old, the Camera Obscura focuses light from the top of the tower onto a large dish in a dark room below, allowing a 360 degree view of all of Edinburgh! The tower is also host to a fun and quirky gallery of optical illusions. Great views of the city from the top of the tower.
- The Edinburgh Dungeon, 31 Market Street. The scariest attraction in Edinburgh featuring 11 shows and 2 rides about Scotland's horrible history: William Wallace, Mary King's Ghost, the cave of Sawney Bean, Burke and Hare and more.
Museum and galleries
- National Museum of Scotland, ☎ +44 131 247 4422 typetalk 18001 0131 247 4422, fax: +44 131 220 4819, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 10AM - 5PM Monday to Saturday with extended opening to 8PM on Tuesdays; and 12PM - 5PM Sundays.. The museum mixes innovative modern architecture with the best of Scotland's heritage. The Royal Museum has a magnificent airy Victorian atrium now with the Millennium Clock at one end - arrange to be there when it is chiming. Exhibits in the Museum of Scotland include Scottish pottery and weapons from the Roman era and the Renaissance. The museum has recently reopened after major rebuilding. The roof terrace on the seventh floor (free access) offers nice views over Edinburgh. free, charges for some tempoary exhibitions.
- Anatomical Museum, University of Edinburgh, Doorway 3, Medical School, Teviot Place. Open on the last Saturday of each month between 10.00am – 4pm (last admission 3.30pm). Closed June/July and December. The Skeleton of William Burke is on display. Together with William Hare he killed at least 16 people in 1828 and provided them for dissection. The museum also shows life and death masks from famous scientists, politicians and murderers. Free entrance.
- The Reid Museum of Instruments. Sat 10:00-13:00 and Wed 15:00-17:00. Closed around Christmas and New Year. Additional opening times during the International Festival: Mon-Fri 14:00-17:00. Displays about 1000 instruments from Britain, Europe and other places. Free entry.
- Talbot Rice Gallery, University of Edinburgh, Old College, South Bridge, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Tue-Fri 10am - 5pm, Sat 12 - 5pm. Free entry to all exhibitions.
- Fruitmarket Gallery, 45 Market Street (behind Edinburgh Waverley Rail Station). M-Sa 11AM-6PM, Su noon-5PM. The Fruitmarket Gallery aims to find the most appropriate way to bring artists and audiences together. It is a not-for-profit organization and a registered charity. Free.
- Surgeons' Hall Museums, Nicolson Street (opp. Festival Theatre), ☎ +44 131 527 1711/1600, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Closed until Summer 2015 for renovations. The permanent exhibitions comprise of The Pathology Museum, The History of Surgery Museum and the Dental Museum.
- Visit the Meadows, Edinburgh's (modest) version of Central Park. Always awash with activity, the Meadows is the perfect place to relax, read a book, get drunk, or play some football. Tennis courts are available for hire at the eastern end of the park.
- Walk down the Royal Mile from Edinburgh Castle to the Palace of Holyroodhouse. The Royal Mile is the backbone of the sixteenth century Old Town] and most of the buildings date from this period. Take the time to divert from the main route down some of the many small "closes" that run off the Royal Mile to each side. There are plenty of bars along the length of the Royal Mile, where you can relax over a pint of Edinburgh Ale and/or a classic single malt.
- Walk around Holyrood Park which is just East of the Old Town. Created by King James the VI in the 16th century, it is like a Scottish landscape in miniature, containing Arthur's Seat, an extinct volcano with wonderful views from the summit, three lochs, and the stunning Salisbury Crags.
- Follow a ghost walk around the back streets surrounding The Royal Mile and learn about the sinister goings on of Edinburgh's past. These tours are generally excellent and are highly recommended.
- Take a tour through the South Bridge Vaults which date back to 1788.
- There are free walking tours that set off periodically from the High Street Starbucks. They are in a variety of languages and take about 3 hours, with a stop for lunch. Tickets are free, but the tour guides appreciate tips. Even with a generous tip for the guide, these are still a far cheaper way to see the city than most bus tours, and they give you a much more personal experience.
- Around the end of May the Edinburgh College of Art opens its doors and exhibits the works on art, design and architecture of their students (Degree Show).
Music and Theatre
- Usher Hall, Lothian Road, ☎ . (Box office)The concert hall in Edinburgh which regularly features The Royal Scottish National Orchestra.
- Royal Lyceum Theatre Edinburgh, 30b Grindlay Street, ☎ . (Box office)
- Traverse Theatre, 10 Cambridge Street, ☎ . (Box office)
- King's Theatre, 2 Leven Street, ☎ . (Box office)
- Festival Theatre, 13/29 Nicolson Street, ☎ . (Box office)
- Reid Concert Hall, Bristo Square, ☎ . The Reid School of Music (University of Edinburgh) offers free lunchtime concerts (usually starting at 1:10 pm and lasting for about one hour and taking place at the Reid Concert Hall) at irregular intervals. Check the calendar for details on these events and additional concerts.
You don't need to go to the faceless chain stores and multinationals that line the main shopping streets in the New Town. Support local Edinburgh businesses and take home a fantastic and unique memento of your trip.
- Victoria Street, and the east end of the Grassmarket is where the Old Town's best shopping experience can be found. A clutch of independent business can be found here, and it is highly recommended that you avoid overpriced tourist traps on the Royal Mile and make a beeline for here. The best include Oddities, a must visit for the Scottish hipster, Analogue, a fantastic bookstore/art-space, Red Door Gallery, where some of the quirkiest (and best) gifts in Edinburgh can be purchased. Last but not least, Armstrongs, a local institution, has all the vintage clothing you could ever want.
- Cockburn Street (pronounced "co-burn") has many small alternative shops.  is one of the city's best independent music stores. Support your local record shop! Route One is a great skate/alt clothing store. Whiplash Trash, as the name suggests, is one of the Old Town's more risque stores. Beyond Words is a brilliant bookstore specialising in photographic titles. You will not be disappointed. Underground Solushn is a great little record store dealing mainly in dance/electro music.
- The Pubic Triangle is usually best avoided, due to its proliferation of lap-dancing establishments, but during the day you can find a number of great shops here. It can be found at the intersection of Lady Lawson Street and West Port, near the western end of the Grassmarket. A gaggle of second-hand bookstores adorn this area, as well as Pageant is a great new clothing boutique, and Focus is a skatewear/skateboard store situated at the western end of Grassmarket.
- The Royal Mile especially the higher end near the castle, has many tourist-oriented shops selling Scottish souvenirs from postcards to whisky and kilts. These shops help reinforce stereotypes that a modern Scotland is trying to shake off.
- Edinburgh Farmers Market, Castle Terrace. Every Saturday 9am to 2pm. A variety of delicious food like freshly made burgers, hog roasts and local bakery products is offered, as well as Scottish produce such as cheese, beer, fish, meat and fruits/vegetables.
- Kebab Mahal (Smarter than your average Kebab Shop - and an Edinburgh institution), 7 Nicolson Street. "Diner" type establishment which serves kebabs as well as curries. Eat in or take-away. Run by Muslims so there are lots of vegetarian options but no alcohol license. Popular with students as it's close to the University.
- Baked potatoes (tatties) are also a Scottish staple. Some say the best in town can be found at the Tempting Tattie, 18 Jeffrey Street. A tattie stuffed with enough fillings for a family of 4 can be had for under 5 pounds.
- Meadowood Oriental Cafe, 15 Bread Street. Five minute walk from Princess street, fantastic range of juices, soups.
- Oink, 34 Victoria Street (and also 82 Cannongate). This small eatery does one thing, the pulled pork sandwich, and it does it extremely well. No chips, no crisps, no sides, just pork, sauces and a roll. It's quite cheap, with £5 getting you a sandwich and a drink.
- Edinburgh Central Mosque Kitchen, 50 Potterrow (just off George Square). A classic student hangout, with meat and vegetable curry available for around £3.50.
- Kampong Ah Lee - Malaysian Delight, 28 Clerk Street. Tasty Malaysian dishes such as Roti Canai, Satay, Nasi Lemak, Laksa, Rendang, etc. Most main dishes around £6-8.
- Chang Thai Restaurant, 29 Cockburn Street, ☎ . 1 Craig's Close, Tel "", restaurant that offers a complete Thai dining experience.
- Bangalore Tandoori Restaurant, 52 Home Street. Tollcross. Open since 1984, the Bangalore offers South Indian dishes from a traditional menu.
- Cafe Marlayne, 7 Fishmarket Close. Chic and intimate French bistro serving up exquisite French cuisine.
- Petit Paris, 38-40 Grassmarket. Traditional French restaurant complete with chequered tablecloths and whitewashed walls.
- David Bann's Vegetarian Restaurant. 56-58 St Mary's Street. Imaginative and tasty vegetarian food; some courses are suitable for vegans. Main courses cost about £10.
- Mezbaan, 14 Brougham Street. Tollcross. A South Indian restaurant and a rare treat because it serves Indian "street food" dishes such as dosas. There also can't be very many restaurants in the world serving (vegetarian) haggis pakoras. And they are as tasty as they are rare!
- Suruchi Restaurant. 14a Nicolson Street. Traditional Indian cuisine but the menu also features Scottish dishes with an Indian twist. Look out for their Haggis Pakora!
- Thai Orchid, 5A Johnston Terrace. Thai food, with vegetarian options.
- The Bombay Bicycle Club, 6 Brougham Street. Average Indian restaurant offering the usual array of Indian and curry dishes. Attentive staff.
- The Elephant House, 21 George IV Bridge.. One of Edinburgh's more famous cafes, which shamelessly cashes in on being where J.K. Rowling wrote much of the first Harry Potter book.
- Among a good Chinese restaurants is the The Panda Inn in Bruntsfield just 100 metres up from The Kings Theatre.
- Round the side of the Kings Theatre is the Back Stage Bistro. Small, so book ahead. BYOB - "Scotmid" Store right across the road.
- The Witchery Restaurant. Just beside Edinburgh Castle, The Witchery is a small, beautiful candle-lit restaurant with fantastic food, excellent service and a wonderful wine list. Even their bread basket is a standout.
- There are many famous "traditional" pubs on the Grassmarket. Beware, however: these pubs are tourist traps and tend to be very popular with visiting stag and hen parties. Real Edinburghers tend to keep clear most of the time, other than to visit Dragonfly, a trendy and well-hidden cocktail lounge just up the street on West Port, which is arguably the city's best bar. This does mean, of course, that it can often get very crowded.
- The Royal Mile is another tourist trap, with many pubs here just not worth the bother. However, make time to visit The Jolly Judge on James Court, just off the Lawnmarket, and Albanach, which is on the corner of Cockburn Street and the High Street.
- Around George IV bridge you will find another selection of cool lounges including Villager, Vodka Revolution, and Bar Kohl. Villager is brought to you by the same people who own Dragonfly (see above).
- On the cusp between the Old and New Towns is The Wash which is situated near the top of the Mound. Popular with a slightly older crowd than you'll find in such a student-orientated city, it is quite a lively nightspot.
- The Bongo Club. Is also well worth a mention for travelers. A short hike down Holyrood Road towards the new Scottish Parliament, this is a great cafe style bar cum live music venue, with excellent club nights, especially the popular "Fast Punk Club".
- Cabaret Voltaire. On Blair Street is one of the city's most respected clubs, and also hosts regular gigs. Club nights are eclectic and cater to all tastes.
- GRV. Is a relatively new bar/club, situated on Guthrie Street (just down the alley that leads to the Cowgate). It describes itself as "an urban sanctuary for multi-media arts, creative culture and music in Edinburgh’s city-centre", but don't let that put you off, it is an excellent bar and venue.
- The Liquid Room. Is one of Edinburgh's most established nightclubs, and is situated on Victoria Street. It plays host to both regular gigs and popular club nights. "Evol", which takes place on a Friday night, is a well respected indie night. For a cheaper, more student orientated indie night, try their Wednesday night club "Indigo".
- Yellow Card at The Tron (on Hunter Square) will cost you only £2 if you are a student but gives you discount on almost every drink in the pub. The same card can be use with many other pubs around the country with a Yellow Card sign (the other "Yellow Card" pub in Edinburgh is The Crags, situated opposite the Commonwealth Pool on Dalkeith Road).
- General debauchery can be found on the Cowgate which runs under the South and George IV bridges. Numerous clubs and bars line this street, which gets very, very crowded at weekends. Rush, which is situated on Robertson's Close just off the Western end of the Cowgate, has cheap drinks deals all the time, and is a favourite with students at the nearby halls of residence. Faith is a standard nightclub, with reasonably priced drinks, but sadly, not many other redeeming qualities. Siglo is just across from Faith, and is a similar establishment.
- Opium, 71 Cowgate, EH1 1JW. 8PM-3AM. Opium is one of the staples of the Cowgate and a haven for those of a more alternative persuasion. The music is rock, with a jukebox downstairs and a DJ upstairs. It runs a popular rock karaoke night on Mondays. Opium has very cheap drinks details and gets very busy on the weekends. free.
- Doctors and Sandy Bells on Forest Road offer good ales and pub food in a relaxed atmosphere. Sandy Bells also has live folk music every night.
- The Pear Tree offers a great beer garden for summer months, and a mix of university students and residents all year round. Or check out The Blind Poet next door.
- The Jazz Bar, 1A Chambers Street (just off South Bridge), ☎ . 3AM 7 nights. Edinburgh's famous, quadruple award-winning live music venue has a lovely warm internal ambience and wide-ranging audience demographic. Featuring a lot more than 'jazz', there's multiple back-to-back gigs a day, seven nights a week, with acoustic, jazz, funk/soul and other good music, to 3AM every night. A popular weekly feature is their Monday night 17-piece Big Band.
- Budget Backpackers Edinburgh. 37-39 Cowgate. Regularly voted top 5 in the world due to its cheerful and friendly staff and modern amenities. It's a bit crowded and don't expect the internet to work. From £18.
- Euro Hostel Edinburgh, ☎ . Kincaid's Court, Guthrie Street. In Cowgate, open every summer from June 8th until September 2nd. Budget accommodation in 43 apartments used as student residences during term time.
- Brodies Hostels, 93 High St, ☎ . Perfect location on the Royal mile. Clean, safe and friendly.
- The Dunedin Guest House, ☎ . Priestfield Road, West of Old Town. This is relatively expensive (around £50-£90 for a double room), but with a beautiful decor and friendly staff.
- Best Western Plus Bruntsfield Hotel, 69 Bruntsfield Place, ☎ . Traditional boutique hotel with contemporary touches and a brasserie restaurant & bar. Free parking & free WiFi. From £75.00 per night.
- The Melvin House Hotel, ☎ . 3 Rothesay Terrace. Traditional hotel with lovely views. From £79 per night
- Ten Hill Place Hotel, 10 Hill Place, ☎ . Award winning hotel created from a fusion of a traditional Edinburgh Georgian terrace with a modern and fairly stylish new development, 78 bedrooms no less, and 3 stars too. From £68 per night.
- The Sheraton Grand Hotel, ☎ . 21 Festival Square. Against the backdrop of majestic Edinburgh Castle, the Sheraton Grand Hotel and Spa combines city centre convenience with warm Scottish hospitality.
- Radisson Blu Hotel, 80 High St, ☎ . The Royal Mile. Less than a five-minute walk from major shopping and business districts, and the Edinburgh International Conference Centre is only a short taxi ride away.
- Hotel Missoni, ☎ . 1 George IV Bridge. Situated on the Royal Mile and designed by Rosita Missoni.
- Central Library, George IV Bridge (opposite the National Library of Scotland), ☎ , fax: +44 131 242 8009, e-mail: email@example.com. Mo-Th: 10AM-7:45PM, Fr: 10AM-4:45, Sa: 9AM-12:45PM. Closed Sun. The Learning Centre at the Central Library has 16 computers with free internet access, also MS Office applications. If there is no PC free when you visit it's possible to reserve a slot later that day. Free (Charge for printing).
- The Jolly Judge, 7 James Court, ☎ . Lawnmarket (Royal Mile, near the Castle), open daily, mid-afternoon until 11:30PM (later on weekends). No computers, but free wireless connection for those with the right equipment and know-how (no support); may be too busy on Thursdays and weekends for extended web sessions.
- The Forest, 141 Lauriston Place, Tollcross, ☎ . Open daily 10AM-11PM.. Volunteer run arts cafe with WIFI.