Isaan

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Isaan (อีสาน; also Isan, Isarn and even Esarn), Thailand's northeast region, is an often overlooked part of the country. There's no coastline, so there are no beaches to lure sunseekers. Isaan, however, is a multicultural area where Laos, Cambodia and Thailand meet, and has a rich history. Isaan is mainly an agricultural region.

Regions[edit]

Regions of Isaan
Northern Isaan
The great Mekong Valley, the national parks of Loei, Ban Chiang, Nong Khai, Wat Phra That Phanom.
Central Isaan
Also known as the Chi River Basin, the highway from Bangkok ends here in Khon Kaen.
Southern Isaan
Centred around bustling Nakhon Ratchasima, the Mun River Basin is home to Khao Yai National Park and the beautiful Khmer architecture of Phanom Rung and Phimai.

Cities[edit]

  • Khon Kaen — centre of the Isaan region, Mittraphap Rd (Rte 2) passes the edge of the town centre
  • Loei — known for its numerous high hills, mountains and is one of Thailand's vineyards
  • Nakhon Phanom — bordering Laos along the Mekong
  • Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat) — the chaotic hub of Isaan, gateway from central Thailand
  • Nong Khai — gateway to Vientiane and the lovely Mekong Valley
  • Roi Et — home to the tallest standing Buddha image of the world, Phra Phuttha Rattana Mongkhon
  • Surin — known for its annual elephant parade and Khmer temples
  • Ubon Ratchathani — almost always shortened to simply "Ubon", gateway to the Cambodia-Laos border
  • Udon Thani — also known as "Udon", best known for the archaeological site Ban Chiang

Other destinations[edit]

Understand[edit]

Isaan is a wonderful part of Thailand to visit if you tire of Khao San Road, one temple after another, or the beaches. The relative isolation and underdevelopment of the area means that Isaan is a good place to get off the beaten track and encounter Thailand's agricultural underpinnings and natural scenery.

Climate[edit]

Talk[edit]

While the national language Thai is used in schools and thus well-understood, the local Isaan language, which is a dialect of Lao, is predominant. Khmer is also widely spoken in areas near the Cambodian border. Although the person you meet in the market might speak little or no English, it's more likely than not that they are already bilingual or multilingual.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

The airports of Khon Kaen, Nakhon Phanom, Roi Et, Sakon Nakhon, Ubon Ratchathani, and Udon Thani can be reached by plane from Bangkok.

By bus[edit]

Frequent bus services go everywhere.

By train[edit]

Regular train services connect Bangkok with Ubon Ratchathani (via Nakhon Ratchasima, Buriram, Surin, Si Saket and other stations along the way) and Nong Khai (via Khon Kaen, Udon Thani, etc).

Get around[edit]

Depending on where you're coming from and where you want to get to, buses, minibuses, songthaews, motorbikes, and bicycles are all good options.

The train system is also a good way to get around, however the number of locations served is limited.

See[edit]

Sala Kaew Ku, Nong Khai

There are many attractions in Isaan:

Do[edit]

  • Isan Explorer 087-6439018, e-mail: . This local tour company has day and overnight trips in and around Khon Kaen. They follow a slow travel approach and include stops at villages, temples, and markets on all tours to allow people to truly experience the local culture.

Eat[edit]

Clockwise from top right: Sticky rice, minced pork larb, som tam and raw vegetables on the side

Isaan cuisine borrows heavily from Laos and is distinctly different from central Thai cooking, although there has been a considerable amount of cross-pollination. Perhaps the best-known Isaan dish is som tam (or tam mak hung in Lao/Isaan), a spicy salad prepared from unripe papayas. While Thais prepare this with dried shrimp, in Isaan the preferred style is with preserved crab (puu) or mudfish, an acquired taste. Other characteristic dishes include roast chicken (kai yaang), sticky rice (khao niaw) and a wide variety of cold meat, mint and lemon juice "salads" known as larb.

A word of warning: Isaan food is known even among Thais for being fiery hot!

Drink[edit]

The main drink in Isaan is a wonderful concoction which combines orange juice with chilli peppers and rum. It is a must-try for all visitors.

Stay safe[edit]

Violence occasionally flares up along the Cambodian border, mainly near Preah Vihear, as Cambodia and Thailand squabble over a small patch of disputed territory.

Go next[edit]

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