Penang, renowned as the Pearl of the Orient, is a state on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Geographically, the state consists of Pulau Pinang, or Penang Island, and Seberang Perai, the mainland strip facing the island, which are separated by a small stretch of the Strait of Malacca.
Penang is rich in culture and history, with a unique mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and British influences. Visitors will find Penang brimming with charming historic buildings, ornate religious sites, sandy beaches, kampungs surrounded by rice paddies, vast unbeaten jungles, all topped with a splash of bustling city life. Hailed as the food capital of Malaysia and sometimes likened to Singapore fifty years ago, Penang has become a popular destination with plenty on offer for those who visit.
Penang Island (Pulau Pinang)
- Georgetown – The capital of Penang; a favourite spot for tourists as it has many attractive pre-Second World War houses and shophouses, as well as 19th century churches, temples, mosques, and colonial buildings. George Town is a UNESCO World Heritage site (it was inscribed as one of the Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca together with the city of Melaka).
- Air Itam – A largely residential town just west of the capital. The area is often visited by tourists heading to Penang Hill and Kek Lok Si Temple, but is also home to some exceptional local food.
- Batu Ferringhi – Located on the northern coast of Pulau Pinang, this area is home to white sandy beaches and luxurious hotels. A favourite spot for both locals & tourists. The nearby resort town of Tanjung Bungah and the fishing village of Teluk Bahang are also included here.
- Balik Pulau – literally "Back of The Island" in Malay; a small town nestled among Malay villages, fruit orchards, and padi fields. Popular for it's Assam Laksa, Durian, and Nutmeg. Favourite spot for countryside cycling.
- Bayan Lepas – Penang's main electronic manufacturing area and location of its international airport. Georgetown's satellite town.
Mainland (Seberang Perai)
- Butterworth – mainland gateway to Penang, directly across the Straits of Malacca from Georgetown
- Bukit Mertajam – capital of Seberang Perai Tengah district
- Bandar Perda – 20 minutes from Butterworth and 15min from Penang Bridge
- Nibong Tebal – capital of Seberang Perai Selatan district
- Simpang Ampat – a small town famous for its nearby seafood at Bukit Tambun and Batu Kawan
- Seberang Jaya – satellite township
- Tasek Gelugor – a small town 20 minutes from Butterworth
Penang was part of the Malay sultanate of Kedah until 1786, when Captain Francis Light built a fort at the site of present-day Georgetown and managed to get the island ceded to the British East India Company. The island, along with Malacca and Singapore, was one of the three British Straits Settlements.
The name Penang comes from the Malay word Pinang, means the betel nut (槟榔） tree (Areca catechu). The name Pulau Pinang translated literally from Malay means "betel nut island". The original name of Penang was Pulau Ka-satu or "First Island", it was renamed to Prince of Wales Island on 12 Aug 1786 to commemorate the birthday of the Prince of Wales, later, George IV. During the early and middle part of the last century, Penang Island was also known as "The Pearl of the Orient".
The capital, Georgetown, was named after King George III of Great Britain. Today, Penang has the highest population density in Malaysia and is the only state where ethnic Chinese are in the majority. The state of Penang today has the third-largest economy amongst the states of Malaysia, after Selangor and Johor.
The cargo trade has largely shifted down to Port Klang and Singapore since Penang lost its free-port status in 1969, but now Penang makes a good living off tourism and electronics manufacturing. The multi-national corporations that operate factories in Penang's Free Trade Zones include Intel, AMD, BBraun, Dell, Flextronics, Agilent, Osram, Motorola, Seagate, and Jabil Circuit. Penang was granted Cyber-City status on 21 June 2004. At the World Heritage Committee Session in July 2008, Georgetown and Malacca were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The state of Penang is made up of two parts, Penang Island, a turtle-shaped island in the Straits of Malacca 8km west of Peninsular Malaysia, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley), a rectangular-shaped district that is part of the mainland.
Georgetown is Penang's largest city. Development of the eastern coast of the island is slowly linking Georgetown, in the northeast, to the city of Bayan Lepas in the southeast. The northern coast, including Batu Ferringhi, is also being heavily developed and features the island's best beaches and resorts. The island's western side is still relatively undeveloped and has a serene "kampung" lifestyle (village) feel about it.
Penang, like the rest of Malaysia, has an equatorial climate. This means temperatures of between about 22°C/72°F (night) and 30°C/86°F (day), between 70% and 90% humidity, and an annual total rainfall of about 2,400mm. The driest months are usually January and February. The wettest period is usually from September to November with August also being quite wet; frequent thunderstorms can be expected in these months.
When to go
Penang's high season is around Christmas, New Year's Day, and Chinese New Year (check the lunar calendar; it could fall on the end of January or early to mid February), when the east coast of Malaysia is drenched and hordes of sun-seeking tourists descend on the island. Accommodation tends to be packed, and priced accordingly.
Pre-paid Airport Taxi Fares
Purchase your pre-paid coupon from the Airport White Taxi kiosk and then hand it to the taxi driver. Prices are subject to change.
A 50% surcharge applies between Midnight and 06:00.
Penang International Airport (IATA: PEN; ICAO: WMKP), formerly Bayan Lepas International Airport, is the third largest airport in Malaysia and situated in Bayan Lepas, about 16 km (9.9 mi) south of Georgetown. The airport is served by 15 airlines with flights operating to both domestic and international Asian destinations. Domestic flights include Johor Bahru, Kota Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Kuantan and Langkawi, served mostly by AirAsia  and a few destinations by Malaysia Airlines and Firefly. International flights also call at the airport from Banda Aceh, Bangkok, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Ko Samui, Medan, Phuket, Singapore, Surabaya and Taipei.
Ground transportation options to the airport fall under two categories, local taxis or the public bus system, Rapid Penang. Naturally buses are the cheaper option but if you do want a taxi head towards the taxi counter for a pre-paid coupon to your specific location. Several buses depart from the airport to different locations around the island. If heading to Georgetown take bus 401 or 401E to Weld Quay (Not to Balik Pulau), with Bus 401E being an express bus. KOMTAR or Weld Quay (the terminus) are good areas to alight from the bus as most other buses will also pass through these bus stops. The bus fare is RM2.70 each way and ensure that you have exact fare as the bus driver cannot give you change.
Penang is connected to the mainland and the North-South Expressway by the Penang Bridge, one of the longest bridges in Asia. There is no toll for vehicles heading to the mainland, but vehicles headed to the island must pay a toll as follows: motorcycles: RM1.40, cars: RM7, vans and buses with two axles and four wheels: RM12.
The nearest train station to Penang is Butterworth train station and is operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu (Malayan Railway or KTMB). Tickets for all services can be booked at train stations, the Butterworth ferry terminal or on-line . It is recommended that you do not book the train at the last minute (Booking can be accepted as early as 2 months in advance) as you will find the service becomes quite full usually around a week before the trains departure. This is especially true for the overnight sleeper cars. timetable of all trains along this route.
Once at Butterworth train station you can simply walk to the local port and take take the ferry to Georgetown on Penang. For more information on this service see the Penang Port section below. The other alternative is to take a taxi from the train station to the island itself, via Penang bridge. However this does cost more than the ferry service.
From Singapore/Kuala Lumpur
There is one train service (Ekspres Rakyat) from Singapore that departs daily from Woodlands train station at 08:45, stops over in Kuala Lumpur at 14:56, and continues on to Butterworth arriving at 21:20. There is also a day service (the Sinaran Utara) that originates in Kuala Lumpur, leaving at 08:45, and arrives at Butterworth at 16:15. Additionally, there is also an overnight train (the Senandung Mutiara) which departs from Kuala Lumpur at 23:00 and arrives at Butterworth train station at 06:30. This service does include sleeper cars as well as seating options for those who do not mind sleeping on a seat.
Be aware that train tickets purchased from Singapore to any location in Malaysia will be charged in Singapore dollars at a 1:1 ratio of the Malaysian ringgit price. Therefore a ticket that is RM20 in Malaysia will cost SGD20 in Singapore, which is charged in ringgit, costing RM50. There are three ways which can help you avoid this:
- Cross the border by road from Singapore and then board the train at Johor Bahru.
- Buy a train ticket from Singapore to Johor Bahru and purchase a subsequent ticket from Johor Bahru onwards.
- Book a return ticket from Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur-Singapore-Kuala Lumpur will be charged in ringgit and is still cheaper than a one-way ticket from Singapore if the first leg of the trip is not used.
There is currently one overnight train that departs from Bangkok Hualamphong (the Ekspres Antarabangsa) at 14:45 Thai Time and arrives the day after at 13:51 Malaysian Time. The trains are air conditioned and comprise of sleeper cars only and a restaurant car.
A day train also departs from Hat Yai train station in Thailand 16:00 Thai time and and arrive at Bukit Mertajam, a nearby station to Butterworth, at 21:47 Malaysian time. From here you can reach Butterworth station or Penang by taxi.
Buses in Georgetown arrive/depart at the new bus terminal at Sungai Nibong, a fifteen-minute ride from the center, and about ten minutes from the airport. A taxi to the centre costs RM20. Rapid Penang bus 301 and 401E goes to KOMTAR and Pengkalan Weld (Weld Quay). Major coach operators include Fivestars with online booking  ,Konsortium, Plusliner / Nice, Transnasional, and Mutiara.
The trip from Kuala Lumpur's Pudu Raya bus station or Kota Bharu, Perhentian Islands each cost around RM35 and take around 5-6h. Buses to/from Johor Bahru and Singapore take 10h and cost RM60 or SGD45.
It's possible to travel by bus to and from Thailand. Tickets are available from travel shops in and around Penang Road. Some prices and journey times are:
- Krabi - RM59, 8h
- Phuket - RM76, 12-14h
- Bangkok - RM125, 18h.
Minivan service is more expensive than bus service and is available between Georgetown and cities in Thailand such as Ko Phi Phi, Phuket, Trang, Surat Thani, Krabi, Ko Samui, Ko Pha Ngan, Bangkok and Hat Yai (RM40) on daily basis. Service is available to the Perhentian Islands for RM130-150, boat included.
Langkawi Ferry Services operates twice daily ferries between Swettenham Pier in Georgetown, on Penang Island, and Langkawi, with the first days service stopping via Pulau Payar en route. Ferries are scheduled to depart from Langkawi at 14:30 (via Pulau Payar) and 17:15 while from Georgetown at 08:15 (via Pulau Payar) and 08:30, taking around 2h 45min. Fares cost RM60 (RM115 return) for Adults and RM45 (RM85 return) for children. Tickets for the ferry can be booked online here.
Swettenham Pier in Georgetown is the cruise terminal of Penang, with many cruises calling here from other cities in the region. Star Cruises is a primary operator at this port with common itineraries including a 1 night cruise on the high seas or a 3 night cruise to Krabi and Phuket before returning to Georgetown. The port is also a frequent stop for round-the-world and major regional cruises often originating from Singapore, Hong Kong, Australia, Europe and North America. Typically these cruises allow a port visit in Georgetown for several hours before continuing to another destination. Refer to individual cruise companies for details of these cruise routes and the duration of stay at each port.
One of the best ways to sight see is to walk around Georgetown; but wear light clothes, start early in the morning, and put on plenty of sun-block during the daytime. When crossing the roads, remember to look both ways, even on a one-way street.
RapidPenang, the local bus service, features new buses. All bus stations and bus stops which are serviced by the RapidPenang buses are labelled with proper signboards to ensure user-friendliness. Buses are somewhat frequent on the main artery to Batu Ferringhi. Rapid Penang bus 101 bound for Teluk Bahang goes through midtown Pulau Tikus, (northwest end of) Gurney Drive, Tanjung Tokong, Tanjung Bungah, Batu Ferringhi and terminates at the Penang National Park entrance. Avoid so-called 'minibuses' because they usually go as far as Tanjung Bungah and can be poorly maintained.
Rapid Penang bus 203 and 204 to Air Itam (RM1.50 adult) departs westward on Lebuh Chulia (the main backpacker hotel road) or southbound from the KOMTAR building are handy for visiting both Kek Lok Si Temple and Penang Hill (Bukit Bendera) Funiciular Base Station, approximately 30mins south west of the city center. The driver will inform you of when to alight. Bus 204 departs from the funicular base station to return to Komtar and onward.
The main hub for buses in Georgetown is KOMTAR, the tallest building in town. The secondary hub is located at the Pengkalan Weld (Weld Quay) ferry terminal. All buses depart from the ferry terminal will stopover at KOMTAR, but downtown-bound buses destined for KOMTAR may not go all the way to the ferry terminal; ask the bus operator. There is a new long-distance bus terminal at Sungai Nibong, refer to by bus entry.
Municipal Council of Penang Island  provides a free shuttle bus service in Georgetown which runs approximately between the Pengkalan Weld ferry terminal and KOMTAR every 20 min daily 6AM-12am, (including Sundays & public holidays). Visit  for more details.
Also, foreigners can purchase a Rapid Passport  for only RM30 and enjoy a week of unlimited travel onboard all rapid Penang buses.
These three-wheeled human-powered vehicles might be the best idea for a pleasant city tour. One can stop at any point to take a photo or buy souvenirs. Many trishaw riders are also excellent 'tour guides'. Negotiate the fare first before getting on a trishaw; it is advisable to hire them by the hour for extended sightseeing.
If you wish to travel between the mainland and Penang Island then the Penang Ferry Service is a cheap and unique option to take. The ferry operates between Butterworth at Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal on the mainland and Georgetown's Raja Tun Uda ferry terminal at Weld Quay (Pengkalan Weld) on Penang Island. Ferries depart every 10-20 minutes between 05:20–00:40 daily with the fare to Georgetown costing RM1.20 for adults or RM0.60 for children. The fare to Butterworth is free. From both ports, Rapid Penang Buses are nearby to help connect you to the rest of the mainland or Island.
Car rentals may be a viable option, especially if you are planning to get off the beaten track and explore the western or southern coast of the island. Take note that Penang Island has quite a number of one-way streets and narrow roads. Many Penangites ride motorbikes and a minority of them have disregard for pedestrians, cars, and even their own lives, so you must be very careful when driving on the roads. Avoid driving during the rush hours 07:30-09:30 and 17:30-19:30. Motorcycle riders can be undisciplined and tourists should be extra vigilant of them.
Taxis in Penang are equipped with meters and by law they are mandated to use them, but practically all drivers will refuse to turn them on. Always haggle with the taxi driver and agree on a price beforehand.
At some high-end hotels, particularly on Batu Ferringhi, you may find blue SUVs marked "Teksi Executif" (Executive Taxi). These taxis do use the meter, but are hard to find on the streets.
Almost all locals in Penang are able to speak Malay, the national language of Malaysia. The ethnic Chinese in Penang (who form the majority) usually speak a localized variant of Hokkien known as Penang Hokkien, which Minnan speakers from Taiwan and Fujian may have some difficulty understanding due to the slang and some loan words from Malay. Most ethnic Chinese are also able to speak Mandarin, and many are also able to speak Cantonese. Ethnic Indians usually converse with each other in Tamil and ethnic Malays usually converse with each other in Malay, but quite a good number of Indian and Malay Penangites can converse in Hokkien.
English is spoken fluently by most professionals and businessmen, as well as by service staff working in hotels and tourist attractions. Most other locals under the age of 50 will be able to communicate in broken English, supplemented by non-verbal forms of communication such as pointing and gesturing. When in doubt, gravitate toward younger locals, as the Commonwealth variety of English is a required subject in Malaysian schools. Nearly all teenagers or adults in their 20s or 30s should be able to speak reasonably fluent English.
See Georgetown for attractions located in town; this covers only sights elsewhere around the island.
- Kek Lok Si-Temple of Supreme Bliss (极乐寺). A sprawling hillside structure that is reputed to be the largest Buddhist temple in South-East Asia, with the khmer/thai/chinese style Ban Po Thar (Ten Thousand Buddhas Tower) (RM4 to top via stairs) and various Buddha images in the main temple complex. Furthermore, a mini-funicular train (RM4) connects to the summit of the hill featuring a giant 36.5m high statue of Kuan Yin, the Goddess of Mercy. The current bronze version was completed after donations from mainland Chinese in 2003. Currently, there is scaffolding around the statue although the canopy has been completed. The reason for this is said to be that there is resentment in some areas that the canopy now stands taller than the state mosque, but this is unconfirmed. Photographers will find it well worth the inclined elevator ride up. During the Chinese New Year period, the temple is decorated with hundreds of lanterns which turns it into a night-time wonderland. Located near the village of Air Itam; a taxi from Georgetown will set you back RM 20-25; catching a bus from the station next to the Komtar will cost you RM2 (take Rapid Penang bus no. 203 to Air Itam, the last stop). The complex reeks of commercialism with shops at every level and Buddhists may find little sacred at this site. Try to avoid the busy weekends.During the fifteen days of Chinese New Year the temple is colourfully lit and opened to the throngs of tourist and worshippers until 23:00. Unmissable!
- Bukit Bendera (升旗山), Penang Hill. Probably has the best view of Georgetown and the Penang Bridge, especially at night. Go up via the Penang Hill Railway (Return fare: Malaysians - Adult RM8, Child RM4; foreign tourists: Adult RM30, Child RM15). Duration of journey, is about 10 min; frequency is every 30 min. The service runs from 6:30AM-9PM daily. Take Rapid Penang bus no. 204 to the last stop (RM2) to get to the lower station. The train, which was upgraded in 2011, is a fascinating little cable train service that lifts you out of the heat and humidity of the coastal plain and up to a fabulous view and cool breezes. The 19th-century English travel writer, Isabella Bird, called the temperature on the hill 'delicious' because it can be very much cooler than on the plains. More than a century later, Ms. Bird's statement still holds true. The more adventurous (and fit) may want to hike up the hill (remember to take along water). There are several starting points for a trek up the hill including from the Moon Gate (about 300m from the entrance of the Botanical Gardens) and from inside the Botanical Gardens itself (just before the Reservoir, steep steps behind small bridge, jump from road over water drainage canal). Trail to the top takes 2-3 hr depending on how lucky you will be with choice at junctions, there is no signage. You can also walk up the 5km long boring paved road which begins beside the entrance to the Gardens. When you reach the summit, you can walk around the hilltop, stop for tea, enjoy a leisurely lunch (soft drink can RM2, many meals from RM4), buy a souvenir, try to photograph Georgetown and the Strait, or simply breathe deep lungfuls of cool, clean hill air. Leave a good 2-3 hr to get to the top and return once buying your ticket. The trains can be crowded and you may have to wait some time in queue at the bottom and top, so try to avoid weekends.
- Penang Botanic Gardens,Jl Kebun Bunga, , ☎ +60 4 227-0428 (for group tour arrangement), Fax:+60 4 228-6075 firstname.lastname@example.org. Open daily, 05:00-20:00. Take Rapid Penang bus no.10 from KOMTAR for RM2. The gardens were established by Charles Curtis of Britain way back in 1884; it's generally known as the Waterfall Gardens by the local community because of a little waterfall located within it. Many locals will come to the gardens to perform their daily exercises like walking, jogging, jungle trekking, aerobic dance, and to practice Tai Chi, (太极) or Qi Gong, (气功). The wild monkeys are supposed to be there but not to be seen. The garden hosts an annual international floral fest as well as a world music festival. . Free admission.
- Amazing Nibong Tebal. See the synchronised flashes of light gently hovering over mangrove trees that line the river bank. The specific species of mangrove tree which attracts these fireflies is the berembang (sonneratia caseolaris). Firefly watching at Sungai Kerian is increasingly drawing visitors and the fire fly is an icon of Nibong Tebal. The fireflies emit light at the lower abdomen not only to attract mates but also to scare away predators. Their abdomens are filled with a chemical called lucibufagens which in fact tastes pretty nasty.
- Bukit Jambul, (Orchid, Hisbiscus & Reptile Garden), Persiaran Bukit Jambul. ☎ +60 4 644-8863, Fax:+60 4 644-2236, +60 4 228-5733. Daily 9:30AM-6:30PM (last admission at 5:30PM). This garden is close to Hotel Equatorial and is about 10 minutes from Penang International Airport. You can pose for a picture with Malaysia's largest tame snake, a rare Albino Python or watch the Snake Show on weekends and public holidays, 11:30AM-3:30PM. Adult RM5 and children RM2.
- Little India, Covering an area around Lebuh Queen, Lebuh Chulia and Jalan Pasar (Market Street), Little India is an ethnic Indian enclave. Sri Mahamariamman Temple, the oldest Hindu temple in Penang, is in this neighborhood. Walking on the streets you can't avoid smelling Indian spices and hearing Bollywood music. The area is very lively: one might say it is the noisiest part of Georgetown with the sights, sounds, aroma and foods of India.
- Penang Butterfly Farm, ☎ . 830 Jl Teluk Bahang. Opens 365 days a year, Mon–Fri 9AM-5:30PM, Sat, Sun and public holidays 9AM–6PM. Houses a large collection of tropical butterflies, as well as rare tropical insects, scorpions, snakes, fish, lizards, and other reptiles. Also features an art and artifact gallery, souvenir shop and a cafe. Admission price is RM27 for adult and RM12 for children (your driver gets a commission of RM4 per adult foreigner and RM2 per child foreigner/adult Malaysian)
- Fisheries Department Research Institute Aquarium, ☎ , fax: +60 4 626-2210. Batu Maung. Daily 10AM-5PM. Adult RM5, children (7-12 years old) RM2, free admission for children under 7. A medium-sized aquarium that showcases mostly fish found in regional waters. Nothing fancy but quite informative and enjoyable.
- Penang Bridge, (槟威大桥). With a span of 8.4 km over water, it is one of the longest bridges in the world in Asia. The bridge connects the island to the mainland (Seberang Perai) and offers great views of the port and city. You are not supposed to stop on the bridge but many people use the emergency stop areas for a quick photo shoot. The bridge opened to public in 1985 and still is a major national landmark for Malaysia. A second, even longer bridge, is due to be ready by 2012.
- Pulau Jerejak Resort (Jerejak Island), ☎ , fax: +60 4 659-7700, e-mail: email@example.com. Also known as the Alcatraz of Malaysia, because the island was once the location of the Jerejak Prison. This beautiful 362 hectare tropical island, is located directly across the channel from the Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone, on the south eastern coast of Penang island. The island is now open to the public as a recreational resort. Numerous outdoor activities including nature & historical trekking, mountain biking, and archery are available; personal care such as aromatherapy massage, tired foot treatment, body scrub are also available. Unfortunately, you are advised not to swim in the sea around the Jerejak island because it is not quite clean. Ferries from Penang start operations at 6:30AM and continue until 12:30PM. Return trip fare for guests with room / event reservations: Adult RM6, Children RM3. Day trippers: Adult RM16 (include meals), Children RM3. Various accommodation option available: tent for 2 person costs RM80 per night, 2-bed room RM115, chalet RM220 or promotional 3D/2N package for 2 person costs RM499.
- Snake Temple, (蛇庙), built in 1850 in memory of the renowned Chinese monk Chor Soo Kong. The Snake Temple is situated in the small town of Bayan Lepas on the edge of a highway and is famous for the fact that it has pit vipers living within the temple grounds. Legend has it that Chor Soo Kong, who was also a healer, gave shelter to the snakes of jungle. After the completion of the temple, snakes appeared on their own accord. Today, the snake population of the Temple of the Azure Cloud is very small, due to the urbanization of the area, but you can still see them coiled up on the altar tables, and you can touch them, if you are brave enough. Originally, the snakes were said to be rendered harmless by the smell of the burning incense, but today, to be safe, the resident vipers are devenomed. There is a snake museum beside the temple where there are snakes galore and you can see a staff member occasionally handling an albino Burmese python. Museum admission RM5 for adults, free admission for temple (9AM-6PM). Take Rapid Penang bus 401 or 401A from KOMTAR
- War Museum Lot 1350, Mukim 12, Batu Maung, ☎ +60 4 626-5142, 391-0067 Fax:+60 4 626-4142, +60 4 644-8015. Daily 9AM-7PM (last admission). Located at southeastern tip of Penang, it is a large abandoned military fortress built in 1930s by the British to protect the southern approaches to the island. The British Royal Engineers and a work force of local laborers blasted and dug into the hill to create a fort with underground military tunnels, an intelligence and logistic center, halls, offices, ventilation shafts, artillery firing bays, sleeping quarters, cook houses as well as an infirmary.
- Tropical Spice Garden - The Tropical Spice Garden, which is in a 8 acre valley fronting the shores of Teluk Bahang showcases a landscaped garden that consists of tropical plant collections from all over the world. The garden has over 100 varieties of tropical spice and herb plants and a huge collection of other exotic flora.
- Fort Cornwallis - This brick-and-mortar fort was first built using bakau wood in 1786 by the British under Captain Francis Light at the site where they first landed. The fort was upgraded in 1793 to its current state. Located by the sea at the Esplanade (Padang Kota Lama in Malay), the fort has a small lighthouse, a chapel, and a gunpowder bunker within its walls. Several old cannons (including one that is believed by some locals to have magical 'fertility' powers) can still be found at the fort. There are also small displays of artifacts recovered from archaeological digs inside the fort. This well-preserved historical site is open to the public from 9AM to 6:30PM on Mondays to Saturdays. Admission costs RM3.00 (adult) and RM1.00 (children).
- Toy Museum, Jl Tanjung Bungah, (10 km northwest of Georgtown beside the Copthorne Hotel, take Rapid Penang bus 101 or 103 from KOMTAR) - there are more than 100,000 toys on display. open daily 9AM-8PM, admission fee RM20 for adults (2012).
- Tropical Fruit Farm. 25-acre farm lies in the scenic hills near Balik Pulau. You can view the many kinds of fruit trees there and sample fresh fruit at reasonable price. A small stall near the entrance sells fresh fruit juice and fruit dishes. You can also enjoy a great view of the north-western coastline of the island.
- Penang Durian Farm. Located about 10 min from the Teluk Bahang Dam, the farm offers a durian buffet (early reservation required) and a variety of tropical fruits during the local fruit & durian season (May - Aug).
- Penang Bird Park, ☎ . Jl Todak (near the Sunway Carnival Mall), Bandar Seberang Jaya. - A small bird park located on the mainland (Seberang Perai) about 10 min from the Penang Bridge. Take a walk under nice shady trees and view dozens of kinds of birds including ostriches, sea eagles, peafowls, hornbills, flamingos, macaws, and grey parrots. There are also two walk-through aviaries and a fish pond. Some of the enclosures do need a touch of paint, but kids should love this place. Open daily from 9AM-7PM
Events and festivals
- Hari Raya Puasa.
- Chinese New Year. Fourteen days later, during the full moon, there is a festival in which the gods from numerous temples around the island are brought out for a procession, with the route including Chulia St.
- Thaipusam. A Hindu festival celebrated mostly by the Tamil community on the full moon in the Tamil month of Thai (Jan/Feb).
- Vesak, (Wesak). A Buddhist festival celebrated mainly by the Chinese community on the full moon of the 5th or 6th lunar month. It is characterized by a street parade. Temples will typically be filled with devotees and there will be a variety of activities by the various Buddhist associations and societies on this day.
- Penang International Dragon Boat Festival. Staged annually since 1979 and has successfully attracted teams from all over the world including Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, the Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Canada, and the USA. The event is now usually held at the Teluk Bahang Dam.
- Penang Bon Odori Carnival. A Japanese traditional carnival usually with drum and dance performances.
- The Feast of St. Anne. Late July at St. Anne's Church, Bukit Mertajam. A Christian religious festival that includes a candle-light procession at the church.
- Nine Emperor Gods vegetarian festival, held at Taoist temples for 9 days of the 9th lunar month in the Chinese calendar, normally at the end of Sept or Oct.
- Deepavali. The Hindu Festival of Lights which, according to legend, celebrates the triumph of Lord Rama over the demon Raavana.
- Penang Floral Festival. Held at the Penang Botanic Gardens annually.
- Songkran (Thai water festival). Held around Wat Chayamangkalaram Buddhist Temple in April every year.
Beaches - The secluded beaches of Pantai Kerachut, Muka Head, and Teluk Kampi are located on the northern coast. There is an old lighthouse at Muka Head beach. You can reach these beaches by either hiking (1 - 3 hours) or by hiring a fisherman's "sampan" (boat) from the small village of Teluk Bahang. The village itself has a kilometer-long beach and a small Scout campsite.
- Jungle Trekking & Camping - Enjoy walking through the reserve forest in Teluk Bahang, go to the northwestern cape of the island where there are unspoiled beaches and an old lighthouse. For a quicker and more relaxed way to reach the secluded beaches there, approach the locals at Kampung Nelayan for boat rides to beaches like Muka Head, Pantai Kerachut, and Teluk Kampi. Kampung Nelayan is located less than 1km down the road northwest of the small roundabout located at Teluk Bahang.
- Bukit Jambul (Golf & Country Club), ☎ , fax: +60 4 644-2400, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 2 Jl Bukit Jambul, . Course designer: Robert Trent Jones Jr.
- Pearl Island Country Club, ☎ , fax: +60 4 646-6999. 8 Persiaran Kelicap. Course design: Pacific Coast Design (Aust).
- Bukit Jawi Golf Resort, ☎ , fax: +60 4 582-2613. Lot 414, Mlk6 Jl Paya Kemian Sempayi, Sungai Jawi, Seberang Prai Selatan, (email@example.com).
- Watersports are on the agenda for many visitors, although the waters are a bit too murky for scuba diving and a bit too calm for surfing or more extreme pursuits. Swimming is OK along most of the northern coast especially near the international-class hotels as they do their best to keep the beaches and water clean. You can also try out jet skis and parasailing near most of the hotels along Batu Feringhi beach.
- Cycling (Explore Balik Pulau), 597 Jl Sungai Pinang, Air Putih, ☎ . Explore Balik Pulau (the visitor centre in Balik Pulau) offer daily guided cycling tour around Balik Pulau countryside area. Depart 4.30PM daily from visitor centre.
- Night Activities can be found in Upper Penang Rd or UPR. It is a very popular place to be at night among locals and tourists alike. It is located just opposite the famed Eastern And Oriental Hotel and beside the City Bayview Hotel.
- Bukit Jambul Complex, (Bukit Jambul area ). 414 shops, Mydin-hypermarket, food court, an amusement centre, 6 cineplexes and a 40-lane bowling alley.
- Queensbay Mall. Bayan Baru. Opened in December 2006, it is the island's largest mall. It is located next to the sea opposite Pulau Jerejak and is about 20 min drive from the centre of Georgetown. Five levels of retail and 8 levels of parking, Jusco as its anchor tenant, 17 junior anchors, a cineplex, many restaurants and more than 500 retail merchants.
- Gurney Plaza, Gurney Drive. An upmarket shopping mall in Georgetown. The second largest mall on Penang. Includes a 12-screen cinema.
- Prangin Mall (Located next to KOMTAR building). Features 167 shops
- Penang Time Square. It opened on Oct 2009.
- Sunway Carnival Mall. On Mainland.
- 1st Avenue. It's located next to Prangin Mall.
- Straits Quay. British-style architecture..
- Flea Market at Lorong Kulit.
- Pasar Malam (Night Market) (along Batu Ferringhi). 8PM-12midnight.
- Little Penang Street Market (at Upper Penang Rd, near the E&O Hotel). 10AM-5PM. Held on the last sunday of each month, the Little Penng Street Market has some unique wares, foods and souvenirs to purchase and is also a local arts and music event.
- Popular Book Co., Komtar. Also has stores at Gurney Plaza, Queensbay Mall and Bukit Jambul.
- Borders, Queensbay Mall, Persiaran Bayan Indah, Bayan Lepas, 11900 Penang.
- Tan Mark Book Centre, 283 Jalan Burma.
- MPH Book Store, Gurney Plaza, Gurney Drive.
Penang is widely considered the food capital of Malaysia and is a melting pot of cuisines. The obvious mix of Malay, Chinese, Peranakan/Nonya and Indian cuisine has a strong presence along with a variety of other international fare. Penangites live to eat and will eat anywhere, provided the food is exceptional. Often some of the best food can be found along the side of a busy road or even down an inconspicuous alleyway. The rule of thumb is to be adventurous with your tongue, look at the condition of the stall and its surroundings. If in doubt where to eat, go where the the locals eat and ask around for recommendations.
If you have been to Singapore or other parts of Malaysia you may see some familiar names, but don't be fooled as some dishes in Penang are quite different from what you may get elsewhere. With that in mind, many dishes that are common throughout Malaysia are also present in Penang, which can be found under Malaysian cuisine. The following is a list of some, but not all, common and popular Penang dishes.
- Assam Laksa is a far cry from the sweet, coconut Singapore version. The broth of this noodle soup is packed with tamarind (assam), Lemongrass, galangal and flaked fish and is typically garnished with pineapple, mint, onion, prawn paste and a generous helping of chilli. The combination is utterly unique, powerful and will have the uninitiated breathing fire. The coconut variety, called Curry Mee, is also available in Penang.
- Char Hor Fun (炒河粉) is a local dish with flat rice noodles (kway teow) in a delicious broth of beaten eggs and seafood bits. Goes best with pickled green chillies.
- Char Kway Teow (炒馃条) is the ever popular stir-fried (char) flat rice noodle (kway teow) dish found throughout Malaysia and Singapore, often mixed with prawns, cockles, bean sprouts and vegetables, with an egg mixed in on request. Exceptional versions of this dish can be found all over Penang, with the best typically coming from roadside stalls, Hawker centers and coffeeshops, or Kopitiams.
- Hokkien Mee (福建面) in Penang bears little resemblance to the stir fried dish of the same name found in Singapore or Kuala Lumpur. It is a soup based dish filled with rice and egg noodles, pork, prawns, vegetables, bean sprouts, a hard boiled egg and fried shallots. Mee Udang is the Malay version of Hokkien Mee.
- Kway Teow Th'ng (粿条汤) contains flat rice noodles (kway teow) in a clear chicken soup (th'ng) with slices of chicken, pork, fish cake and garnished with chopped spring onions. Some also include duck meat or even offal, but you can request for them to leave it out.
- Lobak, or Lor bak (卤肉), comprises of minced pork wrapped in tofu skin and is very famous in Penang. Similar to a sausage, you can also choose the accompanying servings of prawn fritters, tofu, fish cakes, Taiwan sausages or even century eggs. They are all fried up and served with chilli sauce. At street stalls you just grab what you want and give to the chef to cook.
- Lor Mee (鹵麵) is a dish unique to Penang comprising of yellow noodles in sticky brown coloured gravy and commonly served with sliced chicken breast and pork. Some vendors may also include offal in the in their lor mee, but as always you can request for it to be left out.
- Mee Sotong is a popular local dish found specifically at the the Kota Selera Hawker Center, near Fort Cornwallis. The dish contains egg noodles served squid, shallots and a fishy, spicy sauce. A wedge of lime is usually given to add extra zing to the dish. You can also find this dish at several other hawker centres.
- Nasi Kandar is literally white rice (nasi) with anything else you want with it. Typical sides include to add include curries, fried chicken or fish, prawns, squid, hardboiled eggs and vegetables and is often completed with splashes of various curry sauces. It may not be a particularly pretty dish, but it is loved by Malaysians. Be warned that adding too many sides can make the dish quite expensive. Many Penangites have their own favourite stall, which are sometimes open 24 hours, so if ask around for their recommendation.
- Oh Chien, or Or Chen, is simply an oyster omelette, is a very popular dish among Penangites. You can find it all over at hawker centres, Chinese coffeshops and some seafood restaurants. It is typically mixed with chives, radish and dash of soy sauce, fish sauce and white pepper before cooking.
- Rojak can refer to two different dishes. Chinese rojak (or just rojak at hawker stalls) is a salad of raw mango, pineapple, cucumber, white turnip, fried bean curd and topped with peanuts a dark thick sauce of shrimp paste and sugar. The ingredients do vary slightly between stalls. Pasembor, also called Indian rojak, is found mostly at Mamak stalls. It consists of cucumbers, fried dough fritters, bean curds, prawn fritters, hard boiled eggs, bean sprouts, cuttlefish and topped with a sweet thick, spicy peanut sauce.
- Satay, or Sate, obviously is the famous meat-on-a stick that is found all over Malaysia. Often you can find chicken or beef satay, but what makes Penang different is that the Chinese vendors also serve up pork satay. Once cooked over hot coals they are served with a fresh salad of cucumbers, onions and a spicy-sweet peanut dipping sauce. Some place will also serve it with compressed rice.
- Seafood is not exactly a dish, but considering much of the state lined by coastline, it is no surprise that it is a big player in Penang cuisine. Seafood is used in all local cuisines, from Indian tandoori prawns, to Chinese black pepper crab or even the Malay grilled fish (ikan bakar). Seafood restaurants are common along the coastline, particularly around Batu Ferringhi and Teluk Bahang along the north coast or Batu Maung to the south.
Snacks and sweets
- Ais Kacang, also known as ABC or Air Batu Campur, is a concoction of shaved ice, red beans, grass jelly, sweet corn and attap palm seed. It is finished with lashings of coconut milk or evaporated milk, palm sugar syrup (gula melaka) and other coloured syrups.
- Biscuits and Pastries - Traditional biscuits such as Tambun Pneah (淡文饼), Beh Teh Sor (马蹄酥), Heong Pneah (香饼), Pong Pneah (清糖饼) and Tau Sar Pneah (豆沙饼). Coconut tart, If you have eaten egg tart before then instead of the egg put in some coconut and voila! You get coconut tart and definitely the best is at Cintra Lane.
- Cendol, or Chendol, is somewhat like ais kacang. Shaved ice is topped with mushy red beans, green coloured rice flour noodles, coconut milk and palm sugar syrup (gula melaka). It is simple, sweet and satisfying, particularly on a hot sunny day.
- Durian is a popular local fruit that is much loved or much hated depending on your taste. The odour of the fruit is distinctive and pungent with the flesh often described as rich, sweet and creamy by some while others liken it to warm garlic ice cream. Stalls in markets and by the roadside often sell pre-packaged flesh or the whole fruit itself. There are several fruit farms located around Balik Pulau which are good places to sample the fruit and to find out about the various durian varieties. You can also find durian in various sweets including ice creams, cakes and biscuits, with the flavour being much more subtle than the fruit itself.
- Kaya is a jam-like spread made of eggs and coconut milk. Can really be spread on anything, but is often eaten for breakfast on toast. To impress the locals, order some kaya toast with runny eggs and a strong cup of coffee (kopi). You can also find kaya in many pastries and sweets.
- Nutmeg (豆蔻) is commonly grown in Penang and a favourite among locals. Preserved nutmeg strips, either in dry or wet form, are eaten as a snack and the rind is used to make nutmeg juice, or Lau Hau Peng. It is also used in traditional medicine, with nutmeg oil or balm used for illnesses related to the nervous and digestive systems.
Penang is famous throughout the country for its Chinese bakeries. For ethnic Chinese tourists from Singapore or elsewhere in Malaysia, a visit to one of these bakeries is a must, and friends and office colleagues would generally be expecting some pastries as souvenirs from someone returning from a trip to Penang.
|This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:|
Much of Penang's accommodation options can be found along the northern area of Penang Island, with bargains to be found in Georgetown and Batu Ferringhi. Take note that advertised prices often do not include the 6% government tax and 10% service charge that is required by law for hotels. Informal accommodation, such as small hostels and simple home stays may not be required to include this additional charge. Advertised prices will often show a plus-plus after the ringgit amount, to indicate the charges are excluded from the price. As such, prices advertised as RM30++ will actually cost RM34.80.
Most of Penang's budget accommodation is in the form of backpacker hostels, located in Georgetown, within and near the historical core of the city. There is a large concentration of hostels located along and around Lebuh Chulia, Jalan Muntri and Lorong Love. Many of the hostels are within charming and slowly decaying historic shops that have been renovated to house guests. In terms of price, expect to pay around RM25–40 for a dorm bed, RM50–60 for a single private or RM60–100 for twin and double private rooms. Most of the better hostels will at least have shared bathroom facilitates, air-con, Wi-Fi and a simple breakfast.
For those who do not favour hostels, there are a few budget hotels available scattered throughout the state. The notable Tune Hotel that is found throughout Malaysia is located in Georgetown, just outside the historical city area. Budget hotels are generally simple, a little worse for wear, but still livable, and have the advantage of a private ensuite.
Mid-range beach accommodation can be found in Batu Ferringhi and Tanjung Bungah, typically those that are not located directly next to the beach front. In some cases, Mid-range hotels are not much better than some of the better budget hotels and it may be worth paying a little more for a more luxurious hotel. Heading to Balik Pulau offers a much more laid back experience with a small range of home stays situated among rice paddies, fruit farms and kampungs (villages) to a couple of more expensive retreats.
Penang has a modest range of luxury hotels for those who can afford it, including the Eastern & Oriental Hotel, founded by the same people who opened the famous Raffles Hotel in Singapore. Beach resorts are also common luxury options, with most found along the beach strip of Batu Ferringhi and prices are fairly competitive. There are a few business hotels located in Bayan Lepas which are located near the airport and the Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone.
Those intending to stay in Penang for an extended period of time should note that prices, particularly on Penang Island, are quite high for Malaysian standards. Some hotels and resorts offer long term stay options, typically with certain discounts and perks included, but these options do tend to be somewhat expensive. Better value options can be found in private housing blocks, or Condos, which are typically located within suburban areas and more expensive options near the waterfront, particularly around Gurney Drive in Georgetown and Tanjung Bungah.
- Penang Tourism Action Council, ☎ , fax: +60 4 263-1020, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 56th Floor, KOMTAR,
- Tourism Malaysia, .
- Penang Tourist Centre, Bangunan Penang Port Bhd, Pesara King Edward. ☎ +60 4 261-6663
- Penang Development Corporation Tourism Division, 1 Persiaran Mahsuri, Bayan Baru. ☎ +60 4 643-2111, Fax:+60 4 643-2405
- Tourism Information Centre, Level 3, Concourse KOMTAR. Phone:+60 4 261-4461
- Tourism Malaysia Penang Branch, 56th Floor, KOMTAR. Phone:+60 4 261-0058 / 264-3494. Fax:+60 4 262-3688 email@example.com
- The Penang Old House, (Heritage guest house), Central George Town. , (firstname.lastname@example.org).
- Ambulance - Police - Fire: ☎ 999
- Rescue (Civil Defense): 991
- All the abovementioned numbers: ☎ 112 from mobile phones
- Tourist police:, ☎ +60 4 222-1522
- Telegram service: ☎ 100
- International and domestic operator assisted service: ☎ 101
- Directory enquiry service: ☎ 103
- Multilingual international service: ☎ 198
Penang is relatively a very safe place for travellers, however like in any other place, Penang has its share of crime, so common precautions must be taken against snatch-thieves and scams. Some other precautions:
- Don't walk alone in dark and deserted places.
- Don't accept rides from Kereta Sapu (passenger car / unlicensed taxi).
- Don't carry valuables in motorbike-baskets.
- Don't leave valuables in hotel rooms.
- Don't place valuables on restaurant tables.
- Do be wary of snatch-thieves - especially when wearing jewelry and/or carrying bags. Some of these felons practice the art of 'ride-by' snatching of ladies' handbags which can result in serious injury to the victim. So ladies: walk against traffic and keep the handbag on the side away from the road or better still, don't carry one.
- Do be wary of the (sometimes aggressive) long-tail macaques at the botanical gardens.
- Be careful about your surroundings in waters off Batu Feringhi beach, where you may be harmed by unregulated jet skis and/at other water activities.
- Look both ways when you cross the road.
- But don't be too paranoid and enjoy Penang.
- Immigration Dept Georgetown Office, Beach St, ☎ , fax: +60 4 262-8090.
Consulates in Penang
- Indonesia, 467 Jl Burma, ☎ .
- Japan, Level 28, Menara, BHL, 51 Jl Sultan Ahmad Shah, ☎ , fax: +60 4 226-1030. M-F 8:30AM-12:30PM, 2PM-5PM. Closed on Public Holidays. Visa counter: 8:30AM-12PM, 2PM-4PM.
- Thailand, 1 Jl Tunku Abdul Rahman, ☎ +60 4 226-8029, +60 4 226-9484, fax: +60 4 226-3121, e-mail: email@example.com. Office hour for visa applications: 9AM-noon, closed on Malay and Thai holidays.
- Pulau Aman - A small island between the first Penang Bridge and the new bridge. The ferry is at Batu Kawan's Batu Musang Jetty (you need own transport to get there- 45 min drive from Georgetown). The 5min boat trip costs RM6 for a return journey. M-F the boat departs Batu Musang for Pulau Aman at 10:00, 13:00, 16:00 and 19:00. The trip from Pulau Aman for Bukit Tambun at 08:00, 12:00, 15:00 and 18:00. On weekends, the boats are always running. For enquiries, you can contact the Seberang Perai Fishermen Association at +60 4 397-9796 or +60 4 530-7185. Most locals come here to enjoy the live Mantis Prawn of your choice (relatively cheap vs price on Penang island) and bring to the restaurant for them to steam. The Mee Udang is popular too. There's also some hiking treks and it's a good place for fishing.
- Hat Yai - South Thailand
- Langkawi - A popular tourist destination famous for beach resorts
- Taiping- a town at North of Perak state
- Phuket- at South Thailand
- Medan - at Sumatra, Indonesia. There is no ferry to Medan anymore, since the price of flights to Medan became cheaper than the ferry. You can go to Medan by airplane with several airlines.
- Bangkok - If planning going on into Thailand, your best bet is to hop on the Butterworth_Bangkok International Express. It's dirt cheap (RM112-Lower Berth), very comfortable, super clean sheets, and blankets laundered after each use) and wide cosy beds. Train leaves everyday at 14:20 from Butterworth Station and arrives in Bangkok just about time for lunch the next day. You can, of course, jump off at Surat Thani (if going to the islands of Koh Samui and Phanga), arriving in the wee hours of the night like 03:00 or 04:00, as well as Hua Hin around 07:00. It's however not worth your while for short trips such as Hatyai because all tickets are charged at sleeping berth prices and your berth is only readied at Hatyai station stopover.