Weimar is the town of Goethe and Schiller and is found in Thuringia (Thüringen) state, Germany. It is one of the all-time favorites with German school classes (or rather their teachers) because of the high density of both cultural (Goethe, Schiller) and historic (Weimar republic, a former Nazi concentration camp close by) sights.
Weimar is a small town with lots of tourists, most of whom come in on coaches for day-visits. Roads can be congested in the mornings and evenings.
The best and most convienent way is by train. Deutsche Bahn offers direct long-distance-train connections from Berlin, Leipzig, Erfurt and Frankfurt. Regional trains connect from Göttingen and Jena, Gera. Weimar Hauptbahnhof is about a kilometre from Goetheplatz, in the city's center: you can
- walk: A pleasant ten-minute stroll downhill is a good way to stretch your legs after the train-ride. Cross the square in front of the station and walk down Carl-August-Allee. Go around the right of the building at the end of this road (the Neues Museum), and continue walking in the same direction, now on Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse, continue across the crossing and you soon find yourself in the city centre.
- take a bus: lines 2, 3, 3A, 3B, and 6 will bring you to Goetheplatz within a few minutes. One-way tickets cost €1.60.
Travelers with Thüringen-Ticket and VMT-Hopper-Tickets can use this ticket on the local transport, too.
Weimar is connected to the Autobahn A4.
The Leipzig Halle Airport (IATA code LEJ) is the closest airport for all intents and purposes. It is an international airport, with most major cities one stop away. from the airport take the S-Bahn to either Leipzig or Halle main-station (if you arrive in Leipzig you have to go up the escalators to change to long distance and regional trains, as the tunnel only serves S-Bahn) and change onto long-distance or regional trains there. The Sachsen-Ticket is valid for the S-Bahn as well as for all regional trains (RE and RB) in Saxony, Sachsen-Anhalt and Thüringen, so unless you are in a hurry it is probably your best option.
Weimar also has some domestic bus lines passing through
Weimar is small and the best way to get around is by foot or by bike. The city has a public transport system but as a tourist you won't need it. At night taxis come in handy when you feel lost and they are used to cater tourists.
Weimar is one of the most historic sites in Germany. It was home of Goethe and Schiller, the two most famous German poets and writers. The first fully democratic German constitution that was enacted was passed in Weimar's national theatre, hence the name Weimar republic for the period of 1919-1933 in German history. Later Weimar became one of the centres of the Bauhaus architecture movement along with Dessau.
- Bauhaus-University Weimar and the Haus am Horn. part of the Bauhaus Sites protected by UNESCO
- Stadtschloss (City Castle). Home of the biggest sponsor of Goethe and Schiller. Art gallery.
- Anna Amalia Bibliothek - Unique library and art selection, famous for it's rococo style. A fire in 2004 did great damage but the library reopened in 2007.
- Nationaltheater. Foundation place of the first German democracy in 1918 and successor of the Weimar Hof theatre where Goethe's premiers took place. Well known theatre today.
- Park an der Ilm. A picturesque garden with Goethes summer house. Lie down on the lawn and enjoy the scenery.
- Belvedere. A charming park with summer castle a short distance to the south of the city.
- Goethe–Schiller Monument (in the Theaterplatz). This is a very famous statue of two of the most important Romantic German writers.
- Bauhaus-Museum, Theaterplatz. Weimar is the birthplace of Bauhaus
The best thing is to take a guided tour through the town as most buildings have a story. Either you have time or plan a tour through all buildings of interest.
The nation of thinkers and poets (Land der Dichter und Denker) became a country of judges and hangmen(Richter und Henker) in the period from 1933-45. To complement the experience of Weimar, the cultural capital, make the short trip to the Buchenwald Memorial just 10 kilometers outside town. This is a good experience to see how close genius and nightmare of German history can come.
- Weimar Haus: Das Geschichtserlebnis (The History Experience), Schillerstr. 16. An excellent introduction to Weimar.
- pèlerinages Kunstfest Weimar. annual event during late summer, four weeks full of cultural events and activities.
- Zwiebelmarkt. traditionally a harvest market this is today Weimar's biggest fair, one weekend every year in mid October.
The market square is the home of the centuries-old and extremely tasty Thueringer Bratwurst, which can be bought at one of the many sausage stands during the day. It is widely considered a delicacy. The area is also famous for its cakes, such as the Zupfkuchen, all widely available generally costing around €1.
There are many good restaurants in the city catering to the tourist market selling all manner of cuisine, and with the compact nature of the city you can never be far away from the food you are wanting.
- Pizzeria Da Antonio, Windischenstraße 33, Weimar. 10.00-24.00. A friendly, cheap Italian restaurant with 90 main dishes to choose from, including 45 types of pizza and many salads or pasta dishes. Average dish price €6-7.50, 0.5l of soft drink or beer around €2.50. Main dishes all between €4.50-9.00.
In the Hauptbahnhof there is a snack bar where you may find an excellent iced tea.
- DJH Jugendherberge Am Poseckschen Garten, Humboldtstr. 17, ☎ , fax: 03643 850793, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Near the historical graveyard, this hostel is a bit out of the way. A ten minute walk will bring you downtown, though, and bus-line #6 stops nearby too (Cranachstrasse). ~€20.
- Das Hababusch Hostel, Geleitstr. 4, ☎ , fax: 03643 402615, e-mail: email@example.com. Check-in: 9am, check-out: 10am-noon. Very central, affordable but a little grungy. It is altogether quite small, so it's a good idea to book ahead of time if possible. €12.50 (dm) / €17.50 (d) / €22.50 (s).
- Labyrinth Hostel Weimar, Goetheplatz 6, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Central, Weimar's first private hostel. Prices from €13, a bed in a double costs from €20 (+tax, +linen fee).
- Comfort Hotel Weimar, Ernst-Busse-Straße 4, ☎ . In the northern part of Weimar, 10 minutes drive from the city centre, and has its own free car park. Easy access A4 motorway (Autobahn A 4) or the local public transport system.
- Best Western Premier Grand Hotel Russischer Hof, Goetheplatz 2, ☎ , fax: +49 (0)3643-774840, e-mail: email@example.com.
- Tourist-Information Weimar, Markt 10 (right on the market square where the city hall (Rathaus) stands), ☎ , fax: +49 3643 745420, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Jena is just a quarter of an hour away by car, as is Erfurt.
- The drive to Leipzig takes less than an hour.
With a direct connection (no change of trains), Göttingen can be reached in under two hours.
- Halle, about 45 minutes away, has some great things to see. Largest city in Saxony-Anhalt, birthplace of Handel and has a few castles.