Gulbarga is a district in Karnataka State. Gulbarga city is the administrative headquarters of the district. Originally included in the territory of the Kakatiyas of Warangal, the city was annexed to the sultanate of Delhi in the early fourteenth century, first by General Ulugh Khan and then by Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq. After the sultan's death, it fell to the Bahmani kingdom (of which it was the capital between 1347 and c. 1424) and, upon the break-up of that power, to Bijapur. With the conquest of the Deccan by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in the seventeenth century, it was again included in the sultanate of Delhi, but it was separated from Delhi by the establishment of Hyderabad state in the early eighteenth century. Dotting the city are many ancient monuments. In the eastern quarter are the tombs of the Bahmani kings; the most notable building is a mosque modelled upon that of Córdoba in Spain. Its colleges of arts, commerce, education, engineering, law, medicine, and science, and the women's college are all affiliated with Gulbarga University. Situated along the main rail line from Mumbai to Chennai, Gulbarga is a centre of the cotton trade, with ginning and pressing factories, and spinning and weaving mills. It also has flour and oil mills and paint factories. The majority of the population in the surrounding area is engaged in agriculture. The chief crops are millet, pulses (legumes), cotton, and linseed. Population (2001) 430,265.
This District in South India, contains Major Cement Factory of India , due to lime stone Mining which is the major raw material of cement, This Factories can be found around Sedam, Wadi, Malkhed, Shahbad.
Here the major language is Kannada. People here are very much familiar with Hindi, Marathi and Urdu languages.
Gulbarga is well connected by railway lines and roads. Gulbarga is an important rail head on the Central Southern Railway line connecting to Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai.
Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) buses are available from some major cities like Hubli, Bangalore and Hyderabad. There are couple of private buses also which give service through Multi-Axle Volvo buses.
Travel time from Bangalore to Gulbarga is 11 hours (Overnight journey) Travel time from Hyderabad to Gulbarga is 5 to 6 hours.
City is well connected by National Highways with Bangalore , which are 610 kilometres (380 mi) away from Gulbarga. Road distances to other cities within the state are: Basavakalyan-80 kilometres (50 mi), Bidar -120 kilometres (75 mi), and Bijapur - 160 kilometres (99 mi). Hyderabad 240 Kilometers
- Sharan basaveshwara temple is a famous Hindu temple which is located at the heart of the Gulbarga city. Sharan was the guru and Basav the shishya, who upheld the relation of guru shishyas. Lakhs of pilgrims visit this temple and a car festival is celebrated around the month of March - April. Every day dasoha (Anna dana) is conducting in this Temple.
- Hazrat Khwaja Bande Nawaz (R.A) mausoleum built by the then Bahamani King Ahmed Shah Wali. The 14th century Sufi saint Khwaja Bande Nawaz was a disciple of Hazarath Khwaja Pir Naseeruddin Mahmood, who is also popularly known as Chirag of Delhi. Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gesudiraz played an important role in preaching Islam in the Indian context during the 14th century,
- Gulbarga's old moated fort is in a deteriorated state, but it has a number of interesting buildings inside including the Jama Masjid Gulbarga, reputed to have been built by a Moorish architect during the late 14th or early 15th century who imitated the great mosque in Cordoba, Spain. The mosque is unique in India, with a huge dome covering the whole area, four smaller ones at the corners, and 63 smaller still all the way around. The fort itself has 15 towers.
- Sri Kshetra Ghangapur is a famous pilgrimage center of God Sri Sadguru Dattatreya, situated very close to Gulbarga. Thousands of pilgrims visit Ghangapur during the annual festival .
- Buddha Vihar of Siddarth trust, inaugrated by president of India, Pratibha Patil and Dalai lama on January 7,is another place of attractions in Gulbarga, attracting all ages of community.It is located about 2 KM from Gulbarga university, It has a big meditation hall
- The Uttaradi Matha of the Dwaita School of philosophy of Madhvacharya. The remains of one of its most prominent saints, Sri Jayatirtha, are buried in a Brindavana here. He was a commentator of the celebrated Anuvyakhyana of Madhvacharya, which itself is a commentary upon the Brahma Sutras. For this commentary, called Nyaya Sudha, he is popularly known as Teekacharya.
- Sannathi - It is famous for the Chandrala Parameshwari Temple and the excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India in the 1986. Sannati is also the place where Rishi Markandeya meditated and also composed parts of Markandeya Upanishad
- Malpuri: Malpuri also known as "mamu ki malpuri" is quite famous sweet of Gulbarga. It is best eaten when freshly hot, and the time to buy it fresh is around 4 o'clock afternoon
- Jolada Rotti: Jolada Rotti/Jowari Bhakri (Known as Sorghum in western world) is the staple diet of the region. It is prepared from jowar flour. Jolada Rotti or Jwarichi Bhakri is served with a traditional curry and spiced peanut powder. Generally, the food in Gulbarga is believed to be very spicy when compared with the rest of the state.
- Hoorana Holige : A variant of Puran Poli of Maharashtra. This is a sweet which is a specialty in the place and prepared on all festivals. It is kind of stuffed pancake. Chickpeas and Jaggery are ground and stuffed into wheat flour and then cooked. This is served with Mango pulp as a side dish.
List of Major Hospitals and health care centers:
- Annapoorna Nursing Home
- Avinash Shah Memorial Multispeciality Hospital & Research Centre - Jayanagar Sedam road.
- Banale Hospital
- Basaveshwar Hospital
- Dhanvantari Hospital - Opp. Sri Ram Mandir Jewargi Road Link.
- Government General Hospital
- Sangameshwar Hospital - Godutainagar
- Vaatsalya Hospital - RTO Circle
Pharmacies are dime a dozen and you should not have any problem locating one. You do not need any prescription for Modern Medicine Over the Counter drugs and ayurvedic medicine (proprietary and traditional), which are available for most common ailments like fever, headache, etc., But you will need prescription for other medicines, which are categorized as Schedule H drugs.
- Bidar Fort - The Bahamani Sultans Fort After shifting his Capital from Gulbarga to Bidar is at 130km
- Gol Gumbaz - The Famous Gol Gumbaz Located in Bijapur 149km from Gulbarga
- Bhadra Tiger Reserve
- Dakshina Kannada