Kaliurang is in Central Java.
Kaliurang, when Mount Merapi is not erupting and making this town a prohibited zone, is the equivalent of a Hill station or Hills retreat where in colonial times, wealthy residents of Yogyakarta or Surakarta would have holiday or weekend homes here. Also the local rulers would have had their residences in the cooler air on the southern side of the volcano.
In the 1960s and 1970s, when southern eruptions were not a regular occurrence at all, a number of the places to stay developed legendary status. Vogels was the place to stay, and regular updates of Bill Moon's Indonesia Handbook would have details of the southern approach to the night walks to the peak of the Volcano.
The 1990's and 2000's south flowing eruptions and gasseshave tended to make a significant dent in the liveability and general access to Kaliurang.
It is advisable to investigate the condition of the volcano, and general accessibility of the town.
When the eruptions were not spewing southwards, it was also the location of one of the 4 or 5 observation posts of the Volcanological survey. The post is named after the hill, Plawangan - and when there is clear air, and no euptive gases heading south, a very good view of the southern slopes of the volano are possible from the Plawangan hill. Another hill just west of Plawangan is Turgo, where a mysticall and significant islamic saint is buried.
The largest nearby city is Yogyakarta located 25 km (16 miles) south. Starting in Yogyakarta, Jalan Kaliurang is the road that goes all the way to this location.
Walking in the cool air of the higher ground is the best way to experience the place.
- In the nearby village of Kaliadem, there is a Merapi volcano museum and a jeep trail from where tourists can see the destructive forces that shaped the landscape from the last major eruption.
- Ullen Sentalu Museum (Museum Ullen Sentalu). Ullen Sentalu is a museum about the Yogyakarta royalty with lush gardens. There are collections of personal items, letters, artwork, and batik that are available for viewing. English speaking guides are included with the admission ticket price.
There are many small hotels and villas for rent.
- The town is basically at the end of the road, any further go next would be down the hill and return to Yogyakarta.