Dhanbad is a city in Jharkhand. It is also considered as coal capital of India.
The coalfields around Dhanbad are known as Jharia coalfields. It covers an area of around 448 sq km, the total reserve of coal is estimated at 5,000 million tonnes. Jharia coalfields are the only major source of coking or metallurgical coal in the country. There are 112 coal mines in the district. Jharia town adjacent to Dhanbad is considered a separate town administratively. Munidih Colliery is the largest colliery in India. ONGC is using CBM (Coal Beded Methane) for producing electricity at many places of Dhanbad. Tata Power along with DVC is setting up 1050 MW Thermal power plant in Dhanbad. It has chemical plants, other industries, and produces Mica and many different minerals.
The nearest commercial airport is at Ranchi, 170 km from Dhanbad kolkata 250 km. Patna is 325 km away. Dhanbad has an airstrip for small planes. MDLR airlines and Air india is also planning to launch domestic services.
Kolkata is 259 km from Dhanbad. Some of the convenient trains connecting Kolkata and Dhanbad are:
- 2019/2020 Howrah-Ranchi Shatabdi Express (no train on Sunday)
- 3317/ 3318 Black Diamond Express
- 3029/3030 Coalfield Express.
Some of the long distance trains passing through Dhanbad are:
- 2301/2302 Howrah New Delhi Rajdhani Express (no train departing Howrah on Sunday, no train departing New Delhi on Friday)
- 2313/2314 Sealdah New Delhi Rajdhani Express.
- 2381/2382 Howrah-New Delhi Poorva Express (train departing Howrah on Wednesday, Thursday, Sunday; train departing New Delhi on Monday, Tuesday, Friday)
- 2311/2312 Howrah Delhi Kalka Mail
- 2321/2322 Howrah Mumbai Mail (via Allahabad)
- 3009/3010 Howrah Dehra Dun Doon Express
- 3151/3152 Sealdah Jammu Tawi
- 3025/3026 Howrah Bhopal (departing Howrah on Monday, departing Bhopal on Wednesday)
- 1448/1449 Howrah Jabalpur Shaktipunj Express
- 1159/1160 Howrah Gwalior Chambal Express (departing Howrah on Tuesday, Wednesday, Sunday; departing Gwalior on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday)
- 9306/9305 Howrah Indore Shipra Express (departing Howrah on Monday, Thursday, Saturday; depating Indore on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday)
- 2942/2941 Asansol Ahmedabad Parashnath Express (departing Asansol on Thursday, departing Ahmedabad on Tuesday)
- 3403/3404 and 3405/3406 Ranchi Bhagalpur Vananchal Express
- 8621/8622 Patna Hatia Pataliputra Express
- 8624/8623 Hatia Rajendranagar Express.
For train timings etc. check with Indian Railways.
Dhanbad is just off the Grand Trunk Road (NH 2). One can drive into Dhanbad from Govindpur or Rajganj. It is connected via Chas and Bokaro Steel City to Ramgarh and via Chas and Muri to Ranchi. Most of the important cities and towns of Jharkhand Bengal and Bihar have bus links with Dhanbad. It has a large bus station about 2 km from the railway station. Luxury volvo buses plie between Dhanbad-kolkata,Dhanbad-Ranchi. Auto rickshaws are popular transport links with neighbouring towns and in the coalfields, but these are generally overcrowded. Autos are now used for transportation and as compared to Trekkers they are more economical.
Hired cars and taxis are available at the railway station 24/7. Auto rickshaws are also available till late at night. This is also a cheap mode of transport as rickshaw wallahs demand more.
Languages spoken in the area are Hindi, Bengali,Maithili,Bhojpuri, Punjabi and Santhali. Dhanbad is a cosmopolitan city with people from all over the country. English is understood in most of the areas of visitor/business interest.
- Topchanchi (Located 37 km from Dhanbad). In Topchanchi, tourists can see an artificial lake that was excavated along the base of the slant of the Parasnath Hill in 1915. This lake was created to supply water to Jharia. Visitors can also go to Gomoh, which is 6 km from the Topchanchi Lake. Gomoh is the place where on 18th January 1941 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose embarked on the train for his departure from India. To honour this event, a statue of Netaji has been set up in the Topchanchi market.
- Maithon Dam (About 52 km. from Dhanbad). Maithon Dam is the biggest Dam of Damodar Valley Corporation. This dam has been built to control flood in the Barakar River. The reservoir of Maithon Dam is spread across 65 sq. km. In the mid of this reservoir, there is an island. A rest house has been built on this island. Boating & fishing facilities are also available in this reservoir. There is a Deer park and Birds garden near this Dam these are also of a tourists importance.
- Panchet Dam (About 54 km from Dhanbad). This is the longest dam of Damodar Valley Corporation. Garh Panchakot beside the lake has lodging facilities.
- Chati Gobindpur. The village is located in Govindpur development block, contains two ancient pillars which are locally associated with Emperor Asoka and the Afghan Chief Sher Shah.
- Gopalpur. The village lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda development block. It contains an ancient pillar said to date back to the time of Emperor Asoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Asoka himself.
- Meva. The village is situated in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block. It contains ancient pillars said to date back to the time of Emperor Ashoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Ashoka himself.
- Panrra. The village, which also lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block, it said to have derived its name from the Pandavas. According to local legend the Pandavas spent some period of their exile in hiding at this place. The village contains an ancient temple of Lord Shiva known as Pandeweshar Mahadev. The temple is believed to have been constructed by Hindu King at a much later day.
- Jhinjhipahari. The village is situated in Baghmara development block. It is said that an ancient temple of Lord Shiva was found when the mines here were being worked.
- Tetulia. Just near the Damodar River in the Dhanbad district, there is a spring of hot water.
- Chark Khurd. The village, situated about 10 km from Tundi on the Dhanbad-Govindpur -Giridih Road, is noted for its hot spring.
- Bhatinda Fall (14 km from Dhanbad railway station).
- Lilori Sthan (Near Katras - is about 22 km from Dhanbad railway station). It is famous for Goddess Kali temple
- Two types of Coal Mines – the open cast and underground. Advance permission has to be procured from Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.  for visiting any of their mines. Sudamdih is worth a visit.
- Sudamdih Colliery.
- Indian School of Mines. ISM is an institute of national importance, located in Dhanbad. It was established in 1926.
- Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Digwadih, Dhanbad. CIMFR, Dhanbad is one of the national laboratories of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India. This laboratory was established in 1956 for carrying out Research and Development work in the field of mining and cognate subjects to make mining safe, productive, environment friendly and economical as well as reduce health hazards to miners and environmental pollution and degradation created due to mining and associated industrial activities.
Carnivals are arranged by Lions Club, Rotary Club and other clubs, mostly in winter and these are open to visitors also.
Dhanbad is surrounded by beautiful picnic spots. People are very helpful and friendly and love visitors.
- Charak Pathar is a popular picnic spot. This is a village, which falls under the development block of Govindpur in the district of Dhanbad. The place gets its name from an old white stone boulder called Charak Pathar.
The shops are well stocked and are are laden with a huge selection of jeans, leather bags and casual wear. You can visit the city centre where you can find all major brands, for example Spyker,Reebok,Adidas,United colours of Benetton, Bata. Dhanbad already has two outlets of Vishal Mega Mart and BIG BAZAAR at Saraidhela, with space of 20000 to 40000 sq feet. You will see Reliance fresh in almost every part of the city.
- Hotel Skylark - Flavours Restaurant, Bank More, Dhanbad (Near Railway Station), ☎ . 9.00-23.00. Multicuisine restaurant, vegetarian food, non-vegetarian food, Jain food
- Madhulika, Bank More, 9-Shanti Bhawan, Bank More, Dhanbad, ☎ .
- Take Home, Saraidhela (1.5 Km from Indian school of mines main gate). till 11PM. Veg and non-veg. Try Hyderabad Chicken Biryani(Rs 80). With the great Hyderabadi taste.*
Mani's Food Court, city center (near combined building). The central food court of the city centre has vegetarian food and recently added a separate section for non-vegetarians.
- Hotel Skylark, Bank More, Dhanbad, ☎ .
- Seventeen Degree, Bank More. A very urbane restaurant with a separate bar. One can enjoy delicious meal in a great ambiance at reasonable price here.But you have to take risk if you bring your guest here because of the unprofessional under trainee staff and lack of management control, don't forget to bring your own pack of cigarrette otherwise you have to buy a whole pack of 20 on a 40% premium. ouch
- Aroti, Hirapur Dhanbad.
- Hotel Hindustan International, 0.5 km from Bank More. Comfortable and reasonable priced A/c and Non A\c Rooms
- Hotel Rock, Bank More, ☎ .
- Hotel Sky Lark, Bank More, ☎ .
- Hotel Vashundhara, Hirapur, ☎ .
- Hotel Susant International (near puja Cinema Hall), ☎ .
- Hotel Madhulika, Bank More, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Comfortable and A/c Rooms.
- Sindri – is about 25 km from Dhanbad. It was home to one of the early fertliser plants set up in the country but since closed. Bihar Institute of Technology is located here.
- Parasnath Hills – highest peak in the state, 1,350 meters, is a Jain pilgrimage center, around 50 km from Dhanbad.
- Bokaro Steel City - 50 km from Dhanbad.
- Asansol - 60 km from Dhanbad.