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Abkhaz phrasebook

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Abkhaz (Аҧсуа бызшәа) is a Caucasian language spoken primilarily in Abkhazia. It is an extremely difficult language to read, which requires a lot of palatalization.

Pronunciation Guide[edit]

In the alphabet, whilst coming across a 'ә' letter, you need to palatalize it. To do this, round your lips as if you are trying to whistle, and utter the letter you are trying to say. There are many occasions where you are going to encounter this, and below is the alphabet from where it is present. Like Russian, when a reader comes across a 'ь', you need to pronounce the word heavily.

А а 
'a' as in "air"
Б б
'b' as in "bar"
В в
'v' as in "vent"
Г г
'g' as in "game"
Гь гь
Hard 'g'
Гә гә
Palatalized 'g'
Ӷ ӷ
'gh' as in "gamble"
Ӷь ӷь
Hard 'gh'
Ӷә ӷә
Palatalized 'gh'
Ӷә ӷә
Palatalized 'gh'
Д д
'd' as in 'dangle'
Дә дә
Palatalized 'd'
Е е
'e' as in 'everybody'
Ж ж
'zh' like 'leisure'
Жь жь
Hard 'zh'
Жә жә
Palatalized 'zh'
З з
'z' as in 'zebra'
Ӡ ӡ
'dz' like 'pizza'
Ӡә ӡә
Palatalized 'dz'
И и
'ee' as in 'eel'
К к
'k' as in 'cancer'
Кь кь
Hard 'k'
Кә кә
Palatilized 'k'
Қ қ
'q' as in 'Qatar'
Қь қь
Hard 'q'
Қә қә
Palatalized 'q'
Ҟ ҟ
'q' as in 'Qatar'
Ҟьҟь
Hard 'q'
Ҟә ҟә
Palatalized 'q'
Л л
'l' as in 'leg'
М м
'm' as in 'meet'
Н н
'n' as in 'nod'
О о
'o' as in 'orange'
П п
'p' as in 'peel'
Ҧ ҧ
Hard 'p'
Р р
'r' as in 'ring'
С с
's' as in 'sea'
Т т
't' as in 'tea'
Тә тә
Hard 't'
Ҭҭ
'th' as in 'thanks'
Ҭә ҭә
Palatalized 'th'
У у
'u' like 'pool'
ф Ф 
'f' as in 'find'
Х х
'kh' like cage
Хь хь 
Hard 'kh'
Хә хә
Palatalized 'kh'
Ҳ ҳ
'h' as in 'hello'
Ҳә ҳә
Palatalized 'h'
Ц ц
'ts' as in lets
Цә цә
Palatalized 'ts'

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Common signs


OPEN 
ИААРТУП
CLOSED 
иаркуп
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
Аха́ҵа
WOMEN 
Аҧҳәы́с
FORBIDDEN 
Hello. 
Бзиа збаша. (Bzia zbaşa )
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
Ушҧаҟоу? (Uşpakou ?)
Fine, thank you. 
итабуп ибзианы. ( itabup ibziani )
What is your name? 
(to a man) Уара́ иу́хьӡузеи? (to a woman) Бара́ ибы́хьӡузеи? (“WaRA YUkhdzuzey? BaRA ibYKHdzuzey?”)
My name is ______ . 
Сара́ ______ сы́хӡуп. (“SaRA _____ SYKHdzup”)
Nice to meet you. 
. )’’ ‘‘_
Please. 
. )’’ ‘‘_
Thank you. 
. ( )
You're welcome. 
. ( )
Yes. 
Ааи. (Aye. )
No. 
Мап. ( Map’)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. ( )
I'm sorry. 
. ( )
Goodbye 
Абзи́араз. (AbZIAraz.)
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
 ? ( ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ?)
Help! 
 ! ( !)
Look out! 
 ! ( !)
Good morning. 
Шьыжьбзи́а(қәа). (“ShyzhbZIAkwa. ) – The ending -kwa is for multiple people.
Good evening. 
Хәлыбзи́а(қәа). (KhwlybZIAkwa.)
Good night. 
. ( )
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( ?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
 ! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
. ( .)
Police! 
 ! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
. ( .)
I need a doctor. 
. ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? ( ?)

Numbers[edit]

1 - aky – акы́

2 - ôba - ҩба

3 - hpa - хҧа

4 - pshba - ҧшьба

5 - huba - хәба

6 - fba - фба

7 – byĵba - быжьба́

8 - aaba - ааба́

9 - juba - жәба

10 - juwaba - жәаба́

20 - ôajui - ҩажәа́

30 - ôajui juwaba - ҩажәи ́жәаба́

40 - ôynôajuа - ҩы́нҩажәа

50 - ôynôajui juwaba - ҩы́нҩажәи жәаба́

60 - hynôajui - хынҩажәа́

70 - hynôajui juwaba - хынҩажәи́ жәаба́

80 - pshynôajui - ҧшьы́нҩажәа

90 - pshynôajui juwaba - ҧшьы́нҩажәи жәаба́

100 - шәкы

200 - óysha - ҩышә

500 - huysha - хәышә

1000 - zkîy - зқьы

Time[edit]

now 
( )
later 
Нас (Nas )
before 
( )
morning 
( )
afternoon 
ҽы́нла ( )
evening 
уахы́нла( )
night 
а́ҵх( )

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
саа́́ҭк. ( )
two o'clock AM 
ҩсаа́ҭк. ( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
___амш__ day(s) 
( amsh)
_____ week(s) 
( )
__амза___ month(s) 
( amza)
_____ year(s) 
( )

Days[edit]

today 
иахьа́ ( )
yesterday 
иахы́ ( )
tomorrow 
уаҵәа́шьҭахь ( )
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
( )
Sunday 
амҽы́ша ( )
Monday 
ашәахьа́( )
Tuesday 
аҩа́ша ( )
Wednesday 
аха́ша ( )
Thursday 
аҧшьа́ша( )
Friday 
ахәа́ша ( )
Saturday 
аса́бша ( )

Months[edit]

January 
жьырны́ҳәа
February 
жәабра́н
March 
жәажәкы́ра
April 
мшаҧы́
May 
лаҵара́
June 
рашәара́
July 
ҧхынгәы́
August 
на́нҳәа
September 
цәыббра́
October 
жьҭаара́
November 
абҵара́
December 
ҧхынҷкәы́н

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
а́иқәаҵәа
white 
а́шкәакәа
gray 
ацәы́ш
red 
а́ҟаҧшь
blue 
а́иаҵәа
yellow 
ахьыҧштәы́
green 
ашьа́цҧштәы
orange 
апатырқа́лҧштәы
purple 
адәыкры́нҧштәы
pink 
агәи́лҧхтәы
brown 
а́хьаҧштәы

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
( )
...the airport? 
( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
( )
...restaurants? 
( )
...bars? 
( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
( )
Turn right. 
( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
( )
north 
( )
south 
( )
east 
( )
west 
( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
( )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
( )
...a telephone? 
( )
...a TV? 
( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
à la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
( )
I want ___сара истахуп__. 
(sara istakhup )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
акәты́жь ( )
beef 
( )
fish 
(апсыӡ )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
ашә ( )
eggs 
акәта́ӷь ( )
salad 
асала́ҭ( )
(fresh) vegetables 
ауҭраҭы́хқәа ( )
(fresh) fruit 
ашәы́р ( )
bread 
ача́ ( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
аҟәы́д( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink
ача́и ( )
juice 
аӡы́ ( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
аӡы(azi)
beer 
ауара́ш ( )
red/white wine 
аҩы́ ( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
аџьыкахы́ш( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
а́хәша ( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
даара ихаан (daara ikhaan )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
ауадка(auadka)
rum 
( )
water 
аӡы( azi)
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )
This Abkhaz phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!