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Europe > Caucasus > Nagorno-Karabakh > Agdam


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Ruins of Agdam
The mosque survived the conflict and is a now political sore spot

Agdam is a deserted, ruined city in Southern Azerbaijan under the control of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh. The residents fled approaching Armenian troops over 20 years ago. After its capture, it was destroyed, after which Armenians began collecting building blocks and other materials to rebuild their own towns after the war. It has been called the Hiroshima of the Caucasus, though virtually no lives were lost there. Tourists are prohibited from entering Agdam without permission due to its close proximity to Azerbaijan border; however, this rule is often unenforced in practice.

The town has not been settled since the Karabakh republic treats it not as part of the republic but more as a buffer zone that might be given back in a peace treaty some day.

Get in[edit]

A taxi should cost something between 8000-12000 dram. It is up to the driver if he takes the risk to take you there. It is also easy to hitchhike into Agdam from nearby Stepanakert. However, tall grasses throughout the city make it difficult to find your way, and hitchhiking out can be moderately challenging.

Get around[edit]

Tall weeds makes visibility difficult during parts of the year. Try to locate the minarets of the Agdam Mosque and walk towards them. Climb to the top of a minaret in order to better orient yourself.


The Agdam Mosque was one of the few buildings not destroyed after its capture. The main chamber is inhabited by cattle, and is very plain. A climb up a terrifying flight of stairs to the top of one of the minarets, however, is worth the effort. From the top of the minaret you will have an opportunity to see most of the abandoned city. A must do.

An old mural on the side of a building a few hundred meters from the mosque is a reminder of the city's once vibrant past. Difficult to find, but don't miss it.




Unless offered food and drink by one of the friendly Armenian families that picnics here, there will be nowhere to get supplies.



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