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The Pernambuco Interior is a region of Pernambuco, Brazil.



It includes:

  • Sertão: A semi-arid and sparsely populated region where the legendary bandit Lampião once roamed.
  • São Francisco Valley: A fertile area in the middle of the Sertão surrounding the Velho Chico, which is literally the "hottest" wine-producing region in the world.
  • Agreste: The eastern part of Pernambuco's interior is an area of transition between the Sertão and the Zona da Mata, with rich local culture and large festivities.


Map of Pernambuco Interior


  • 1 Serra Talhada   has many opportunities for hiking and extreme sports, but also beautiful churches
  • 2 Triunfo — a green oasis in the otherwise arid Sertão region

São Francisco Valley

  • 3 Petrolina – the region's largest, most modern city is a good base to explore the valley.


  • 4 Bonito — a city in the mountains with beautiful waterfalls
  • 5 Caruaru — famous for its huge São João celebrations in June
  • 6 Gravatá — a city with many historical buildings
  • 7 Brejo da Madre de Deus — famous for the open-air Nova Jerusalém theater where the Passion of Christ is performed

Other destinations




The São Francisco river has great importance in history and particularly in folklore. That history is celebrated in song, legend and souvenirs based on the carrancas, a kind of gargoyle placed on the prow of the gaiola boats and intended to scare away river demons from the boat. Tourist shops far from the river have modernized replicas and miniatures of the vanishing originals. The stories of river demons and monsters persist today.

From Paulo Afonso to the historic town of Penedo (Alagoas), the river lies at the bottom of a gorge or steep sided valley. Piranhas, a nearby town, was once the terminus of a railway. The town has a number of abandoned historical buildings from that period. They have been restored and are emerging as a tourist attraction.

The area crossed by the river is vast and sparsely populated, but several towns lie on the river. Beginning in Minas Gerais, the river passes by Pirapora, São Francisco, Januária, Bom Jesus da Lapa, the twin cities of Petrolina and Juazeiro, and Paulo Afonso. The hinterland is arid and underpopulated, so most of the towns are small and isolated. Only Petrolina and Juazeiro have grown into medium-sized cities and have become prosperous because of fruit production based on irrigation.

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This region travel guide to Pernambuco Interior is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!