The Ahom Kingdom was based in the Brahmaputra Valley in North-Eastern India and ruled the area for nearly six centuries from 1230 to 1828. The kingdom was founded by the Tai prince Sukaphaa, who migrated over the Patkai hill range from Mong Mao, a state covering parts of present-day Yunnan, China and northern Myanmar. The Ahoms saw many bordering empires and kingdoms rise and fall as they held on for 598 years. Most notably, the kingdom was known for successfully resisting Mughal expansion into its territory during the 17th century.
The cultural heritage sites left by the Ahom rulers have become major points of attraction in Assam and other northeastern states.
- 1 Charaideo. Charaideo was the first Ahom capital established in 1253. The earliest tumuli (burial mounds) of Ahom royalty are found in the city.
- 2 Golaghat.
- 3 Guwahati. Saraighat, a neighbourhood of Guwahati, was best known for the site of the naval battle in 1671, in which the Ahoms defeated the Mughals in the latter's final major attempt to expand their empire into Assam.
- 4 Jorhat. The final capital of the Ahom Kingdom and a thriving commercial metropolis during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the town was destroyed by invasions from the Burmese Empire and then the British soon after. However, there is Ahom architecture that has survived along with burial sites of well known Ahom generals.
- 5 Sibsagar. Then known as Rangpur, Sibsagar was the capital from 1699 to 1788. The city contains many well-preserved palaces and monuments from the Ahom era.
- 6 Tezpur.