The Ahom Kingdom was based in the Brahmaputra Valley in Northeast India and ruled the area for nearly six centuries from 1230 to 1828. The kingdom was founded by the Tai prince Sukaphaa, who migrated over the Patkai hill range from Mong Mao, a state covering parts of present-day Yunnan, China and northern Myanmar. The Ahoms saw many bordering empires and kingdoms rise and fall as they held on for 598 years. Most notably, the kingdom was known for successfully resisting Mughal expansion into its territory during the 17th century.
The cultural heritage left by the Ahom rulers have become major points of attraction in Assam and other northeastern states.
- 1 Charaideo. Charaideo was the first Ahom capital established in 1253. The earliest tumuli (burial mounds) of Ahom royalty are found in the city.
- 2 Golaghat.
- 3 Guwahati.
- 4 Jorhat.
- 5 Sibsagar. Then known as Rangpur, Sibsagar was the capital from 1699 to 1788. The city contains many well-preserved palaces and monuments from the Ahom era.
- 6 Tezpur.