The Alentejo (ah-lehn-TAY-zhu, meaning 'beyond the Tagus River'), is a beautiful, mostly agricultural region, remarkable for its wide horizons, filled with soft hills that change color along the year, from deep brown to green with white, red and purple, to golden. Sunsets and the light play are stunning. As the warmest weathered region in Portugal, its inhabitants are known for their slow-paced, easy-going lifestyle and song-like accent, that are in great harmony with the Alentejo's calm-inducing topography. So, if you are there, do like the Alentejanos, and do it slowly. No stress, please.
The main city is Evora, in Central Alentejo, with historic monuments,churches and museums. Also in Alentejo, in the Évora region, was one of the development centers of early European megalithism (standing stones).
- Alentejo Central — the central eastern portion
- Alentejo Litoral — the coastal portion with sandy beaches and estuaries
- Alto Alentejo — the northeastern portion
- Baixo Alentejo — the southeastern portion
- Lezíria do Tejo — the northwestern portion
- 1 Évora – regional capital, district capital, university city with several museums and Roman temple ruins at the top of a commanding hill
- 2 Beja – historic city, district capital
- 3 Castelo de Vide – a beautiful fortified castle town on an adorable mount
- 4 Comporta – gateway to wildlife reserves and white sandy beaches
- 5 Coruche
- 6 Elvas – a very historic city near Guadiana river, across from Badajoz
- 7 Estremoz – one of the "three marble towns" of Alentejo, with a marble castle
- 8 Marvão – another beautuful castle town, perched by a craig.
- 9 Monsaraz
- 10 Santiago do Cacém
- 11 Terena
- 12 Zambujeira do Mar – a fishing village and the site of international music festival Sudoeste
Mostly rural, with some urban areas. Generally hotter than other parts of Portugal.
Most places may be reached by bus from Evora but for some of the mountain areas including Marvão and Castelo de Vide you will need to get first to Portalegre.
- Alqueva Dam on the Guadiana near Portel.
- Marble structures in the three "marble towns" of Estremoz, Borba and Vila Viçosa.
- Megalithic monuments — More than 1000 are found in Alentejo, of which the most important can be visited.
- Neolithic ruins — Cave paintings and Stonehenge-era structures are scattered across the countryside near Évora.
- The west coast is one of the most beautiful beach zones, that has (so far) survived without the savage tourism industry that destroyed the Algarve. Be sure to visit Vila Nova de Mil-Fontes or one of the little towns around.
- In the summer (august), if you are a rock fan, try to catch the Sudoeste Rock Festival, near Zambujeira.
- Don´t miss the beautiful village of Marvão, with its wonderful castle and fantastic museum.
- Évora is a world Heritage place. Don't miss it!
Wines from the Alentejo region are very popular among the Portuguese people, so take the chance to know them!
The local drink, the production of which was illegal until recently, is a form of liqueur called medronho, made from the small, round, red fruit of the same name. It is very strong and should be sipped, rather than gulped.
Among all the Alentejo region you will find a lot of wonderful places to stay.