Azerbaijani or Azeri, a Turkic dialect, is the primary language spoken by most Ardabilis, although many people, especially the younger generation, can communicate in Farsi and English up to some level.
There is no train access to the city.
Extensive access to local spots are available through the bus station. Main destinations sorted by popularity are Tehran, Tabriz, Rasht, Mashhad as well as closer cities like Khalkhal, Astara, Meshkinshahr, Pars-abad in the bus station. You will find different companies in the main station serving transfer to different cities in the country. The cost does not chang highly between different companies, only you need to check about the timing of the departure. Don't be surprised if you find different buses heading same destination in the same time scheduled by different comanies. Buses are in general very comfortable, as there is compatition between companies to provide better services. You may be offered different options according to the comfortability of the buses, but don't worry if you are paying more as due to compatition prices are fairly low and services are good.
Unlike many countries you will find several taxi and private cars providing service to transfer passengers to cirties in the region. To explain it easier, it is very much similar to blablacar with no internet. You may find private car proposing ride to cities. They are usually safe as I did not hear any record of crime about that. Some of the providers are professional, if you want faster and more comfortable transfer, you may need to choose this option. Citis such as Tabriz, Astara, Khalkhal, Meshkin-shahr and Pars-Abad are the popular destinations, but you may find services towards Tehran as well. There is no main terminal for this purpose, as they are used to serve from four historical gates of the city (so called Astara gate, Meshkin-shahr gate, Tabriz gate and Khalkhal gate) so you might need to ask locals to find how to get access. Prices may vary according to destination and type of the car/taxi.
Ardabil is a touristic city visited for several reasons such as its climate, historical significance, its geopolitical situation and its nature. Hence you will find variant spots according to the motivation.
- The complex of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili is a World Heritage Site, comprising the following components: the mausoleums of Sheikh Safi and Shah Ismail I, Chini khaneh (meaning the house of chinaware), a mosque, Jannat Sara (meaning the house of paradise), Khanaqah (the house of Dervishes), Cheragh Khaneh (the house of lamps), Shahid khaneh (the house of martyrs) and Chelleh Khaneh (the place where devotees shut themselves up during the forty days of Lent). The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, the dome of which is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior.
- Masjid Jameh Ruins of once magnificent and unique Mosque.
- Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school This comlex dates back to Qajar period
- Ardabil Bazaar This beautiful Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam and a small yet mystifying mosque.
- Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e She Cheshmeh and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era.
- Imamzadeh Saleh mausoleum The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Saleh who is a descendant of a Shia Imam was built 250 years ago.
- Saint Mary church This Armenian orthodox church has a beautiful wooden main door and painted dome built in 1876.
- Mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il
- Babadavood anbaran- friday mosque
- Shorabil lake
The city is famous to have more hand-crafted products than industrial ones. You will find many artesanal products offered all along the city; different types of carpets, honey, different local sweets, stone jewelry, creme and dairy products famous as souvenirs from Ardabil.
lots of good food