Ashtarak is located at the intersection of roads leading to Gyumri and Yerevan. Due to such a convenient location the settlement appeared here long time ago. However, it didn't play any significant role until the second half of the twentieth century, when Ashtarak acquired the status of a city and started to host Institute of physics of Armenian Academy of Sciences. The name of the city means "a tower" in Armenian.
Ashtarak does not look like the regional center nowadays: it's a sleepy town, where it's easier to meet a chicken rather than a car. A trip here is a good opportunity to escape a rush of Yerevan for a few hours.
Public transport is the cheapest option and provides good connections.
- 1 Ashtarak Bus Station, Yerevan Street. Stop in front of the now abandoned Soviet-era bus station. Buses to Vanadzor don't call here nor go through the city, but bypassing it to the north.
From specific destinations:
- Yerevan – There are minibuses #502, #503 departing from Yerevan's Kilikia Bus Station. The price is 250 dram (2019). Ask the driver to stop at Ashtaraki Hraparak (the main square), otherwise you'll be dropped out at the not so centrally located bus station.
Taxi drivers will be happy to drive you from Yerevan to Ashtarak or anywhere else. Approximate price range from the center of Yerevan is 2,200-2,500 dram.
The road from Yerevan to Ashtarak is M1 motorway (4-lane road in a good condition). There is another quite OK road from Echmiadzin (17 km), which is convenient if you want to visit Echmiadzin and Ashtarak on the same day from Yerevan.
Everything is within walking distance.
- 1 Karmravor Church (Surb Astvatsatsin), 30 Abovyan str. (from the river, take the Karmravor road across the Ashtarak Bridge and follow the road up the hill until it reaches the walled church to the right; there is a large cemetery further east). The church was built in the mid-7th century and has been preserved without significant alterations. It features a single reddish clay tile domed roof (hence the name Tsiranavor, which means "reddish"). There are ancient khachkars around the church, and a stone gates with preserved engravings. It is a small church but quite interesting.
- 2 Surb Sarkis Church (Saint Sarkis Church of Ashtarak), St. Sargis str. (at a promontory overlooking the Kasagh River Gorge). S. Sarkis was built in the 19th century supposedly upon older foundations. It looks to be a new church because of extensive restoration work, but a small number of the older original stones carved with decorative relief and inscriptions (replaced with new stone and now sitting next to the foundation of the building) show its age to be much older. It offers a fine view to the three churches of Tsiranavor, Spitakavor, and Karmravor.
- 3 Surb Mariné Church (Saint Marianeh Church), Smbat Shahaziz str. (more central to the town). S. Mariane was built in 1271 or according to some sources 1281. It has a beautiful umbrella dome that rests above.
- 4 Ashtarak Bridge (directly below the church of S. Sarkis, at the point where the Karmravor road crosses the Kasagh River). The reddish stone arch bridge was built in 1664 as part of the old road to Yerevan. It features two equal sized smaller pointed arches on either side of a larger central pointed arch.
- Kasagh River Gorge Monuments.
- 5 Spitakavor Church (along the Kasagh River, at the top of the gorge). Spitakavor meaning "whitish" is a triple-aisled basilica built in the 5th-6th centuries (most likely between 540-557). The front façade is whitewashed and has a lengthy inscription. Walls remain but the roof has since collapsed. Note: Some confusion about the name of the churches of Spitakavor and Tsiranavor has seemed to have occurred due to the misplacement of the Russian markers located inside the two structures. The ruins aren't impressive: if you aren't an expert, you can skip it.
- 6 (down the street south two houses and to the left where it dead-ends). Tsiranavor meaning "apricotish" is a small church built between the 13th to 14th centuries. Its roof has since collapsed, but walls remain. It also doesn't look very appealing and can be skipped.
- 7 Central square. The center life in this quiet town. There is a monument to Catholicos Nerses of Ashtarak, a taxi rank and a pair of nice pre-revolutionary buildings.
- 1 House museum of Perch Proshyan, 10 Proshyan str.. Perch Proshyan, the writer of the second half of the 19th century, was born here. There is a funny milepost at the entrance showing distances to the Hermitage, the Louvre and other world-famous museums.
- 2 Learn to cook Syrian-Armenian fusion cuisine in Old Ashtarak restaurant, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Classes are available daily 10:00-20:00; reservations must be made 24 hours in advance. The history of Old Ashtarak Restaurant reflects various layers of the history of Ashtarak and of the forced relocations of Armenians and their everlasting quest to live in their homeland. Using a recipe perfected and passed down through generations, Talar will teach you how to make the popular ishli kufta and filo pastry.
- Tatoents Qotuk (Tatoents Qotuk is at 1 Sajumyan Street in one of the old districts of the town of Ashtarak - Puchur Kucha (literally translated as “small street”), which is known at least since the 19th century, if not earlier), ☏ , , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Classes are available daily 10:00-21:00; reservations must be made 48 hours in advance. Tatoents Qotuk is one of the most historic and cozy corners of Ashtarak, in a two-story house, with a 200-year-old, seven-arched cellar, now used as a restaurant. Here you can taste delicious local food, take part in different cooking classes and enjoy their captivating storytelling and warm hospitality.
- 1 "Pascal & Diodato", 12 Abovyan str. (right at the entrance to the complex Karmravor). One of the few options in Ashtarak to eat. The choice of dishes according to Armenian standards are rather big, espresso, desserts. Good reviews, WiFi.
- 2 "Pirozhok" ("Пирожок"), Aram Manukyan str.. Simple eatery near the bus station.
- 3 Ashtaraki Dzor Restaurant Complex. Well worth a stop for a reasonably priced meal and night-time entertainment show, all outdoors, and long popular with Armeniansm, though perhaps in decline.
- 4 Old Ashtarak (Hin Ashtarak), 31 Ghapantsyan St., ☏ . Nicely restored old Ashtarak house with garden, offering good Arabic cuisine at reasonable prices.
- 1 OME anti-cafe (ՕՄԷ), 25 Ghapantsyan St., ☏ . 11:00-23:00. Beautiful old traditional style house with garden hosting an anti-cafe. You pay by the hour and get free drinks and snacks. Games available. Non-smoking.
There is only one very average hotel in Ashtarak, but Yerevan with plenty of sleeping options is half an hour's drive away.
- 1 Hotel "Ashtarak", 16 Sisakyan str., ☏ . A big Soviet hotel with a very little renovation. Deluxe rooms look better, but they're significantly more expensive.
- Echmiadzin – There are bus services leaving from the bus station. The journey only takes ½ hr.
- Oshakan Village – A little down the river. Here the creator of the Armenian alphabet, Mesrob Mashtots, is buried in the village church.
- Mughni – Just north along the river (and highway), with an interesting church where alternating colors of stone form black and red bands around the cupola.
- Hovhannavank Monastery – Further north in Ohanavan village. This restored monastery is perched atop the cliffs and has a great view of Mt. Ara.
- Saghmosavank Monastery – Just east of Artashavan village shares the same great views of the gorge and Mt. Ara. You can hike from one to the other in the gorge. Great architecture, carvings, details.
- Aparan – Much further north is this town, whose inhabitants are the butt of jokes which pin them as not the brightest folk. The very ancient, black Kasagh basilica church, just a few meters from the main highway is worth dropping into on your way to Lori Marz.