South Norway, in Norway called Agder or Sørlandet, is the southernmost region of Norway. The coast of southern Norway (Skagerrak) is often called the Norwegian Riviera. The picturesque towns and the incredible archipelago is surrounding the Skagerrak - coast, inland is perfect for hiking and the mountains there are good opportunities for skiing in winter. All surrounded by beautiful nature scenery. The climate, particularly along the coast is mild compared to other places in the Nordic countries. Southern Norway has the highest number of recorded hours of sunshine per day in Norway.
- Arendal -- Coastal town
- Evje -- provisioning before entering Setesdal
- Farsund-- Coastal town, known for its rich architecture
- Flekkefjord-- Coastal town in southwest
- Kristiansand -- Largest city and centre of the area
- Lyngdal -- A pleasant small town by three fjords
- Lillesand -- A cozy small coastal town
- Mandal -- A small town in the souternmost part of Norway
- Risør -- Coastal town, known for white wood houses
The coast is lined with picturesque white-painted wood towns surrounded by lovely archipelago (skjærgård). The south coast is a favorite vacation area for Norwegians in the summer. It's easy to travel between the coast towns. Outside the towns, however, public transport is infrequent.
The inland is less visited, but those interested in trekking to pretty solitary lakes or whitewater activities - or mosquitoes - should give it a try. Relatively lowland of the coast gradually gives way to big valleys and high plateaus and real mountains. The interior and the coast has different character. Due to difficult transport the interior valleys, notably Setesdal, was long relatively isolated from the coast. Setesdal still takes care of its cultural heritage in terms of dialect, music, traditional clothing (for special occasions only) and silverware.
The coast is heated by the ocean and winters are relatively mild, while in the interior winters can be cold and heavy snowfall is common.
Population is concentrated along the coast close to the water where the towns are. In the interior there are only villages.
Most people will respond in English to any question you may have. Some Norwegians also speak some German, due to the proximity of the language, and that they study it in school.
Those interested in dialects, can observe the remarkable change up north along Setesdal, from the Danish-sounding Kristiansand dialect, to the very different north valley dialect that sounds more like Gaelic.
In several inland municipalities, a writing form of Norwegian usually associated with West Norway known as Nynorsk is the official form. Closer to the coast, the general rule is that people tend to speak a dialect more and more similar to East Norwegian dialects the further east you travel. East of Tvedestrand, a rolling r is applied while western areas use the voiced uvular fricative like in French and German.
There is one major airport of South Norway: Kristiansand (IATA: KRS).There are scheduled flights to four domestic destinations as well as Alicante, Amsterdam and Copenhagen. Connecting bus and coach services operate to Kristiansand, Lillesand, Arendal and Grimstad. Beware when getting plane tickets, not to mix up the city with Kristiansund much further north.
- Skien Airport, located 120 km east of Arendal. Flights only from Bergen. Access by taxi to central Skien and local buses, rutebok.no.
- Sandefjord Torp Airport , located 120 km east of Arendal. International low fare flights. Access by local buses, rutebok.no.
- Oslo Airport, located 300 km northeast of Arendal. Major international airport. See the below how to get in from Oslo.
Coach connections to Oslo and the towns along the western shore of the Oslo Fjord is excellent. Nor-Way Bussexpress  has 9 daily connections between Kristiansand and Oslo, Konkurrenten.no between 4 and 7 departures while Lavprisekspressen runs twice daily. You are guaranteed a seat - if the bus is full, the bus company will add an extra bus. Lavsprisekpressen provides online ticketing only. These express buses are usually just as fast as the trains to Oslo. To towns like Larvik, Tønsberg and Sandefjord you might arrive several hours later if you go by train. There's also infrequent express bus connections to Stavanger and up along the Setesdalen, with connections to cities such as Bergen and Haugesund. Regional buses run frequently along the coast, from Lyngdal and Lista in the west to Arendal in the east, run by several different bus companies.
The ferry company Color Line operate car ferries to Denmark, 2 times each day (3 times on Saturday - Monday) to Hirtshals. The trip takes 3 hours and 15 minutes, with the brand new Superspeed ferry operating the route. Prices soar in the summer. Fjordline compete on the same route seasonal from May to August.
The E18 is the main road between the area and Oslo. The road changes its name to E39 when it passes Kristiansand on its way to Stavanger. Route 9 starts in Kristiansand and takes you through the natural beauty of the Setesdal Valley to Haukeligrend on the Hardangervidda (Hardanger Plateau).
Regional trains connect Kristiansand to other cities and towns along the Southern Railway Line (Sørlandsbanen). Up to 8 trains daily depart for Stavanger, while up to 6 daily trains leave for the country's capital, Oslo. The trip from Kristiansand to Stavanger takes about 3 hours and the trip Kristiansand- Oslo between 4 1/2 to 5 hours. Trains both westwards towards Stavanger and eastwards to Oslo follow an inland route, meaning that travel to the towns along the coast is quite inconvenient by train. From Nelaug station, however, there is a corresponding local train to Arendal. There are lots of nice forest views and rural settlements, though. The train station in Kristiansand is situated right next to the town centre, the ferry terminal, and the bus terminal.
- For more information on driving, see the Driving in Norway article.
On foot, by car, bus, bike, motorcycle - or make your way at sea. Taxi is a rather expensive alternative. Local buses, tickets and info by AKT.
The beautiful landscapes of South Norway
- Norwegian coast of Skagerrak (part of the North sea), also called "The Norwegian Riviera", known for the beautiful archipelago
- Setesdal and the inland, where you will find forests and mountains, ski resorts, lakes and rivers suitable for fishing, rafting, canoeing and kayaking.
- Kristiansand Zoo and Amusement park [dead link] [dead link]
- Lindesnes Lighthouse
- Setesdalsbanen heritage railway, Vennesla
- E18 Risør - Tvedestrand - Arendal - Grimstad - Lillesand - Kristiansand
- E39 Kristiansand - Mandal - Lyngdal - Farsund - Flekkefjord
- Norwegian National Route 9 Kristiansand - Evje - Setesdal - Hovden
- Ferry Hirtshals, Denmark - Kristiansand
- Fishing in lakes, rivers or deep sea fishing in Skagerak.
- Sea rafting
- Strolling small towns
- Visit Kristiansand Zoo and Amusement Park [dead link] [dead link]
Norwegian cuisine is known for eclectic food with a good supply of many local ingredients. Try Norwegian seafood!
Local Norwegian beer, aquavit and cider. Or simply clean and fresh tap water.
In Kristiansand you may get into trouble if you try really hard. Also, if you travel by boat or in the winter mountains, make sure you know what you are doing. Otherwise, there are few dangers. Every year there are reports of foreign visitors that get into trouble in small boats at sea, fatal incidents also occur. The high moor-like plateaus can be difficult to navigate, particularly in bad weather. Map, compass and appropriate clothing is needed on hikes.
While the coast is relatively mild heavy snowfall and difficult driving is common also along roads E18 and E39. Driving in the interior in winter requires skills and experience.