Baku Region is a region in Azerbaijan, which includes the Absheron, Agsu, Baku, Haciqabul, Khyzy, Qobustan, and Shamakhi rayons.
Cities and Towns
- 1 Baku – Capital of the country whose historical center is UNESCO heritage.
- 2 Sumqayit – Due to its industrial plants, the Blacksmith Institute, a US environmental pollution agency, ranked the city as the first in the most polluted cities of the planet, both in 2006 and 2007.
- 3 Agsu – In the 18th century, it was one of the largest cities in Azerbaijan.
- 4 Shamakhi (Şamaxı) – A town that used to be the capital of the Medieval state of Shirvan. Famous for its traditional dancers, Şamaxı dancers, and its impressive mosque. An ancient history and once one of the key cities along the Silk Road.
- 5 Xirdalan – Absheron district capital, Xırdalan, is also home to the country's largest brewery, the Baltika Baku.
- 6 Novkhany
- 7 Qobu
Trains from Russia and Georgia arrive to Baku Central Station.
International bus arrivals are available from Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Iran, Belarus to the Baku International Bus Terminal.
Drivers commonly friendly with backpackers and road trippers, so auto-stop is option to get from Turkey and Georgia.
It is also possible to get to the region from Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan by sea. Vessels arriving to Port Alat.
The best way to explore the region and hole country is probably to rent a car. Famous rental services are available in Baku, but Aznur might just be your best choice.
The Baku Region is a great place for cycling. Azerbaijan also hosts the international Tour d'Azerbaidjan competition.
Azerbaijan has a well developed bus system within the country. Bus services are available from local terminals. There are many local buses from Baku available for day trips around the Baku Region.
Auto-stop is also an option to travel within the region.
There are several interesting sites here for a day trip from Baku.
- 1 Yanar Dagh (Yanar Dağ, Burning Hillside) (Take bus 147 from metro station Azadliq Prospekti or bus 217 from the Koroghlu metro station, both to their final destination). Yanar Dagh is a mountain that has been continuously on fire for one thousand years. The natural gas vents ensure that hot flames roar out of the sides of this hill even when it rains. Flames jet out into the air 3 m from a thin, porous sandstone layer. Adults 2 manat, children 0.20 manat, parking 1 manat.
- 2 Atashgah Fire Temple (Baku Fire Temple) (Take marshrutka 191 or bus 113 from Qara Qarayev metro station, or marshrutka 184 from Nariman Narimanov or Koroglu metro stations. Look out for Suraxani - abandoned? - suburban train station as the spot to get off. From Suraxani station walk about 100m and you can arrive at the temple). 9am-6pm. A fortified religious temple located in Suraxanı near Baku. Declared the country's historic-architectural state reserve in 2007. Adults 2 manat, children 0.20 manat, students 1 manat, 2 manat to take photos.
- 3 Tuba Shahi Mosque (Azerbaijani: Tuba-Şahi məscidi), Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev Street (Mardakan (Mərdəkan) township). Built in 1481.
- 4 Quadrangular castle, Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev Street off (Next to Tuba Shahi Mosque). This was built in 1187. The rectangular fortress is 22 m high. Its 76-step tower has two drinking water and 60 food wells. There is a circular tower 500 m away, is known as a “round fortress”. It is also called the “Six fortress” after Sheikh Abu Said Abulkheir. It is 12 m high. The Arabic inscriptions on it suggest that it was built by architect Abdulmajid Masud in 1232.
- 5 Industrial Wasteland (near Sumqayit). This is Sumqayit is quite known for, a lot of former industrial ruins. It offers some spectacular and picturesque sights, in the middle of which sometimes you can watch a herd of sheep. Be cautious of the dogs - if they get too close, pick up a stone (and throw), they will remember from the last painful experience and run off.
- 6 Absheron National Park (Abşeron Milli Parkı). A popular national park within the reach of Baku that allows for day trips. It houses a variety of species and flora, including tigers and a load of snakes that escaped from their cages a couple of years ago.
- 7 Qobustan National Historical-Artistic Reserve. Qobustan is best known for its rock petroglyphs (a UNESCO World Heritage site) and mud volcanoes. Max. 2 manat.
- 8 Gobustan Mud Volcano (2) (near Bash Alat (Baş Ələt)). One of the most spectacular mud volcano parks near Baku with a large mud pool further behind, and for free, contrary to the Qobustan National Historical-Artistic Reserve further north. Accessible via mud/dirt road from Bash Alat and the highway that can be used with a regular car, assuming it did and does not rain. Do not miss the mud lake. No admission.
- 9 Altyaghach National Park (Altıağac Milli Parkı).
There are many more mud volcanoes around Baku, which can be found by having a look at the common map providers like OpenStreetMap.
- 10 Calais (Kale-i) and Bugurt fortress (Gəleybuğurt) (20 km northwest of Shamakhi). Medieval fortress near the village of the same name, on top of the mountain. In the 16th century, the traveller Diovan Mario Antonello from Venice, noting that the fortress is inaccessible due to its location on the mountains, wrote that village is great.
- 11 Feast-Mardakan, Gayalar (Göylərdağ) (17 km south of Shamakhi). Hanega Mausoleum of the 12/13th century. The Hanega complex is located on the ancient trade route that once connected Shamakhi with other cities and towns of the Mideast.
- 12 Octagonal Mausoleums, Kalahana village (south of Shamakhi). The 17th century memorial complex consists of 8 octagonal stone mausoleums, each of which is covered by a pyramid tent. The area is about 150–250 m, and there were once nine mausoleums. Today, the 7 surviving mausoleums are in good condition and one is in dilapidated.
- The Absheron rayon is home to one of the best beaches in Azerbaijan, in Novkhany. There are many of luxury resort areas along the coast.
- 1 Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory (Şamaxı Astrofizika Rəsədxanası), Pirkuli (22 km from Shamakhi), ☎ , , . 09:00-22:00. Observatory located on the southeastern foothills of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, on the basis of the "Astrophysics" sector of the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, at an altitude of 1,435 m. Excursion includes a visit to the main building of the observatory and one of the telescopes. 2 manat (with a group of about 10 people).
Roadside cafés and restaurants are oases, and somewhat points of interests for travellers. You definitely will happy to discover islands of civilization while road tripping.
There are a lot of spring water points, especially near shrines and mountain areas. However, in south side of the region it can be a problem and only stores will be available.
- Northeastern Azerbaijan in the north. Famous for its location at the Caspian Sea, with beaches and resorts, and remote mountain villages.
- Sheki Region in the north west. Gateway to the Azerbaijani Caucasus.
- Southern Azerbaijan in the south west.
- Talysh Region in the south.
- Iran – Buses take international travellers onwards from Baku there.
- Turkmenistan – A ferry departs daily from Baku across the Caspian Sea to Turkmenbashi. This ferry has become somewhat of a sleeper hit with backpackers on the Silk Road, but is very uncomfortable and should only be taken by adventure-seekers.
- Kazakhstan – A ferry depart irregularly to Aktau (every 7–10 days maybe). Docks are located 2 km to the west of the old town in Baku. It is difficult to get tickets!