Bamako is the capital of Mali and straddles the Niger river. With a population of around 1.7 million, it's the largest city in Mali and one of the largest in West Africa.
Bamako has been continuously inhabited by humans since prehistoric times. In 1883 it was conquered by French troops, and in 1908 became the capital of French Sudan.
The city has only a few paved main roads (goudrons), the rest of the city's roads are unpaved, and get dusty during the dry season (November to May) and muddy during the rainy season, offering breeding grounds for malaria-carrying mosquitoes.
The city can be hard to navigate through due to the lack of road signs, the complicated layout of the streets and the one way system in the city. The roads are very crowded both with motor vehicles and motorcycles who appear to fill every available space possible. Traffic police are particularly vigilant and will sometimes appear to enforce very arbitrary traffic rules. They are usually on motorcycles as well so it is unwise to try and outrun them in your vehicle as they will easily catch up.
Often the best way to navigate around the city is to hire a taxi-motorcycle to lead you to your destination. These are relatively cheap and depending on the distance can be as low as CFA 100. There is no meter and price is negotiated upfront.
Unemployment rates are high.
- 1 Bamako-Sénou Airport (BKO IATA) (roughly 15 km (30–40 minutes) from the city centre). With flights from Paris on Point Afrique (cheap) and Air France (less cheap). Flights to Europe are also offered by Royal Air Maroc, via Casablanca—the main drawback to this option is that the flight from BKO to Casablanca leaves at 03:35. Taxi rides should cost about CFA 7000 from the city. Passengers flying Air France should consider pré-enregistrement, or early check-in. This can be done at the Air France office on the day of the flight, between 10:00 and 17:00. The office is located at Square Lumumba. Luggage is dropped off and boarding passes issued right then and there, as would happen at the airport - minus the crowds and the hassle!
Bamako is at the end of the railway line from Dakar in Senegal which used to transport passengers across western Africa. However, as of 2020, there are no passenger services at all to Bamako. There have been several announcements of a renewed service from the western city of Kayes but no trains have yet materialised. Rehabilitation of the full line from Dakar is unlikely to happen in the coming years.
- 2 Bamako railway station, Rue Baba Diarra. Colonial-era station built in 1924.
Bus travel to Bamako is possible but often gruellingly slow. Some buses offers air condition, most don't. Segou and Mopti are common destinations, a journey time of about ten hours. International services are available from most regional capitals, with journey times of up to 40 hours it can be a very memorable, if quite unpleasant, experience.
Bamako has two major bus stations, with Sogoniko handling the most traffic.
- 3 Sogoniko Bus Station (Gare Routière De Sogoninko), Avenue de L'unite Africaine OUA (South of the river, along RN7).
- 4 Djikoroni Bus Station (Gare Routière De Djikoroni).
- Mali National Park (take highway RN1 north out of downtown). This park sits slightly above the city under the outcrops of the Koulouba plateau and incorporates both the botanical garden and zoo along with a trail network. Located adjacent to the National Museum and Presidential Palace Complex, it is a patch of green in the overall arid area.
- 3 Point G Hill (somewhere above the botanical garden and zoo, on the Koulouda plateau (inquire locally)). Houses caves with rock paintings, and offers good views across the city.
- 4 National Museum of Mali (Musée national du Mali), Place de la Liberté, ☏ . 09:00-17:00. Dating back to 1953, when it was known as the Sudanese Museum, this attraction on pleasant grounds displays ethnographic exhibits on the peoples of Mali with displays on masks, textiles, statues, and contemporary art from including Iba N’Diaye (Senegal), Outtara Bakari (Côte d’Ivoire), Koraïchi Rachid (Algeria), Malangatana (Mozambique) and Boghossian Skunder (Ethiopia). Might help to know some French to read placards, although English guides may be available. Entrance fee 3000 CFA for foreigners.
- 5 Museum of Women Muso Kunda Museum, ☏ . Tu-Su 09:00-18:00. Portraits and items related to women and Malian life.
- 6 Grand Mosque of Bamako.
- 7 Sacred Heart Cathedral. Dates to 1907 (although current cathedral built in 1925) after a Catholic mission nearby was relocated here.
- 8 Monument of Independence. open all hours. This is a rather remarkable looking monument to the independence of Mali, complete with a minaret on top. But watch out for heavy traffic in the area.
- 9 BCEAO Tower. The tallest building in Mali (20 floors high), with Neo-Sudanic architecture and features reminiscent of the Sudan-Sahelian architecture of mosques in Djenne and Timbuktu. A readily visible landmark on the Bamako skyline.
- 10 Bamako Coura. The birthplace of Modibo Keïta, the first president of Mali, credited as the "father of independence", nowadays the neighborhood consists of a Christian cemetery and an evangelical Protestant church.
- 11 King Fahd Bridge (Pont du Roi Fahd).
At the end of each January, Bamako hosts the finish line to the gruelling trans-Sahara rally, the Budapest-Bamako. Hundreds of rally cars and motorcycles arrive in the city on the last Sunday of January.
- 1 Casino de l'Amitie a Bamako (Friendship Casino of Bamako), Avenue de la Marne, Bamako Mali. Sa 11:00-04:00, Su-Th 11:00-03:00, F 14:00-04:00. In case you want to see what a Malian casino is like (apparently this is acceptable in Malian culture?) Gambling machines, roulette, even a restaurant with fine dining.
- 2 Cultural Palace Hamadou Hampaté Ba (Palais de la Culture Amadou Hampaté Ba). The national performing arts centre in Mali, the centre hosts various performances.
Prices are not fixed, and for many goods bargaining is expected. Beware, sometimes for common items (like food) the first price mentioned is just right. On the market it might be a good idea to first ask a couple of times at different stands before actually buying something.
Near the area of Bamako-Coura is the lively artisan market where traders from all over Bamako come to sell silver jewellery, leather, musical instruments and wood carvings. Prices are reasonable but the vendors expect their customers to bargain and enjoy it when they do. Once inside the market the atmosphere is relaxed and pleasant but be careful in the busy streets directly surrounding - it's easy to lose a bag to a thief.
Euros are widely accepted.
All the Ecobank ATMs in Bamako take Mastercard and Visa card for cash withdrawal.
- Pizzeria de Guido, Rue 250, off Blvd Nelson Mandela. Decent Italian restaurant - just don't expect taxi drivers to know where it is.
Love them or hate them, the French have left one decent legacy in West Africa: bread. Fresh delicious baguettes are ubiquitous, and travellers should not be worried about becoming sick because of the bread.
- Relax: Cafe with some indoor seating and a covered outdoor patio. Pastries, pizzas, sandwiches, steaks and good breakfasts. Reliable food and very casual. Located on the Rue de Koulikoro just a few doors down from the Azar and Fourmi supermarkets.
Vegetarians will have a hard time in Bamako. Asking for a meal without meat will usually be met with the kind of look reserved for children and elderly relatives one does not wish to upset. In a country where poverty is common and food is often scarce, turning down meat is an oddity.
That said, mornings beans, fries, and fried plaintains can be found streetside throughout the city. Morning, noon, and night you can find small streetside "cafes" where you can get a fried egg sandwich and some nescafe. Several varieties of fried dough are also easy to stumble upon. Lunch- rice and groundnut stew is most easy to find, in local restaurants a plate with meat shouldn't cost more than CFA 500, but can range up to CFA 1,500. Evenings you can find attcheke (cassava dish), spaghetti, beans, boiled eggs, and fries relatively easily.
Meat eaters will be pleased to learn beef and fish are exceptionally good. Beef kebabs and grilled Capitaine, a freshwater fish from the Niger river, are always a good choice. Chicken are usually left to fend for themselves, and tend to be on the scrawny side, especially compared to North American chicken. Although the situation is improving, you might want to avoid disappointment and just give chicken a miss while in Bamako. To avoid food borne illness, stay away as much as possible from fresh vegetables, and make sure your food is piping hot before eating it.
- Hotel Badala, Badalabougou (second road right after German Emabassy), ☏ . Very well run, little known restaurant/brasserie. Excellent food (the Pave du boeuf is yummy). Excellent service. Small pool, outside tables. Near the river. Prices are relatively high for Mali but in Bamako you need a treat sometimes!
You can eat like the locals for a few hundred francs CFA a day, or shop in one of the western-style supermarkets.
There is one main market, in the centre of town, and several smaller markets in Bamako.
Supermarket-style stores are generally run by Lebanese businessmen.
- La Fourmi Open 09:30-18:00
- Azar Open 09:30-18:00
- Supermarket Le Miniprix is actually the best one with the best service and with the lowest prices. They have a very clean store and are open 07:30-22:30. They also accept US/Canadian dollars and euro.
These stores will carry Western or Middle-Eastern goods, including cold cuts, fruit and vegetable, and dairy products including fresh milk and yogurt. Prices are generally higher than in Europe or the US, and choice more limited in a way reminiscent of a North-American convenience store.
There are many restaurants where you can get nice omelette sandwiches for about CFA 250.
Many street vendors sell bread, rice, fries, salad, grilled meat; however, use precautions while eating on the street.
- Le Bafing, Quartier du Fleuve opposite the Service d'Hygiène, ☏ . Bistrot/restaurant/bar in a small street. Eating in a courtyard. Very good and friendly service. Daily special includes local dishes, à la carte steak, fish or spaghetti. Well stocked bar. Recommended. around US$5 for main dishes.
- Assalam - ACI 2000 between the obelisk round point and Place Can. Lebanese- good schwarmas, hummus, brochettes- varied menu. Pleasant staff.
- 1 African Grill (next to Place de l'OVMS). Restaurant serving good authentic African cuisine, on a square just off a main road. Not luxurious but good. Beer and wine are available but, because of the proximity to a mosque, don't be surprised if on Fridays they ask you to keep the bottles out of sight on the floor. They have a second location at the Musée National. around CFA 3000 for main dishes.
- 2 Appaloosa, Rue 311 (In Quartier du Fleuve), ☏ . Restaurant and bar. One of the strangest sights on earth. Malians in velour cowboy hats and vests serve Tex-Mex dishes in the restaurant while blond Russian professional women work the bar. Must be seen to be believed. The food isn't bad either.
- 3 Poularco (In Hippodrome quarter, just off Rue Bla bla). Another Lebanese joint with slightly higher class food than the rest. Nice shawarmas, pizzas, and good mixed salads are on the menu here
Bamako has many Lebanese and Chinese restaurants.
- Bla Bla is where Bamako's upper crust go to relax and have a (expensive) cocktail or bottle of champagne. With a small but delicious African menu, a wide range of cocktails, and cold draft beer - it is one of the most popular restaurants to see and be seen. An entrée here is around US$15. Also this place frequently has art exhibitions for local artists.
- Le Terrace next door to the Bla Bla is a very large bar/lounge on top of a night club. Very good atmosphere and salsa music, dancing. Good pizzas and other fare.
- Le Relax is a popular Lebanese hangout in Hippodrome with quick food and free Wi-Fi access. Pizzas, shawarmas, and hummus are the stars in this menu.
- 4 [formerly dead link] Broadway Café, ☏ . A Western style restaurant which is pretty much the only place you can find a "real" hamburger with "real" cheese. Also on the menu are breakfast burritos, chicken wings, and shakes. Great if you are missing the comforts of home. Burgers only run US$4 without fries but expect to pay up to $12 for a full entrée.
- San Toro is a restaurant serving traditional Malian food and drink - no alcohol, but many ginger, tamrind and seasonal fruit based drinks. There is always live acoustic music there and the ambiance is very relaxed.
- Da Guido just after the Bla Bla Road becomes dirt, is a real Italian restaurant run by real Italians. Their oven fired pizzas are the best in Bamako and they also serve up hefty portions of delicious pasta. Expensive wine flows freely here. Walking into this place you will think you just walked into an Italian restaurant in Brookly with the Roman wall murals and brick floors. A good pizza will run you about US$15.
The Evasion Jazz Club can be pretty cool on Fridays and Saturdays. The Hippo d'Or (close to Hippodrome) is also a nice place for enjoying non-stop live music on Fridays and, even more, on Saturdays. There is a big casino near the Hotel L'Amitie. Ibiza, Blyblos and Terrace are still the hippest places to dance and drink. For some less seedy drinking establishments, try No Stress & Jet Set (formerly Privledge), which both have pool tables as well. Bla Bla and its twin in Badalabougou are known to get pumping on weekends.
Crazy Horse has some good food and is well priced.
- Ibiza, Rud Princess. Weekends from midnight. Around midnight the Malians come alive; this is a nice nightclub with a variety of dance music from international to local dance tracks.
- 1 Bed & Breakfast Ambassagou, Rue 592, Porte 171 (In Bacojicoroni quarter), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Nice, very clean rooms. 15min to centre, airport and bus station. Restaurants, bars, markets are in walking distance. Nice evening or morning stroll to the river Niger. Transfer to and from airport is possible. Owner Adama can help you with your excursions. single CFA 9,000; double CFA 13,500.
- L'Auberge Lafia, Near Place de la Nation. Decent double rooms with fan for CFA 10,000. Handy location - close to attractions in the city centre. Will arrange taxis to the airport.
- 2 Sleeping Camel, Rue 25, Port 80, Badalabougou (next to German embassy, near the old bridge on the south side of the river.), ☏ . Camping & hotel with dorm beds popular with trans-Africa truck groups, adventure motor bikers, and local expatriates. Wi-Fi, air-conditioned rooms, restaurant and bar available. River cruises can be arranged from the hotel. CFA 3,000 to pitch your tent, CFA 4,000 for the dorm, and up to CFA 22,500 for rooms..
- Mission Libonaise, ☏ . Budget, located in one of the many markets CFA 2500.
- Auberge Toguna, ☏ .
- 3 Comme Chez Soi, Porte 37, Rue 281/232 (in Hippodrome quarter, two street off Rue Bla bla after Station SNF), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Check-out: 12:00. Hotel opened 2010. While small with only five rooms, is probably one of the most inviting establishments in the city. Very nice pool and garden. Breakfast and internet included in the price. CFA 25,000.
- Hotel Dafina, Niaréla, rue 461, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. On a quiet street within walking distance of several restaurants (Vietnamese, Chinese, French) and a well stocked supermarket. Small swimming pool. Rooms are spread over several buildings around a courtyard. Ask to be shown some rooms before you make the decision. Some rooms are much nicer than others. A/C, slow internet access in business centre. Breakfast is OK but do not count on dinner or lunch. OK bar for a cold beer. c. US$45.
- Hotel Jamana, ☏ .
- Hotel Lac Débo, ☏ .
- Hotel Le Rabelais, ☏ . Has a pool, French restaurant and bar. Food good but not cheap. Make and sell their own ice cream! You can pay to use the pool if you're not staying there. The rooms are smallish but clean, air conditioned, with wireless internet. From CFA 38,000.
- Hotel Sahel Vert, Rue 209 Hippodrome (On Koulikoro Rd. just around the corner from Express). Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 12:00. A small African style guesthouse with outdoor bar, small swimming pool, thatch "pailotte" and free computer and Wi-Fi access for guests. In a safe and convenient location for Hippodrome ventures. Serves up traditional Malian meals (grilled chicken, fish and kebabs) for a reasonable cost. CFA 20,000-25,000.
- Hotel Yamey, ☏ .
- Le Relais, Route de Koulikouro, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Rooms are small and make sure that you get a room at the garden side otherwise don't bother unless you like to get up early with the traffic noise. Italian restaurant on ground floor is good but pricey for Bamako. Advantage is the Azar supermarket next door and the café/restaurant le Relax. US$90.
- 4 Azalai Grand Hotel, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Swimming pool, tennis court, internet access. The hotel is by far one of the oldest in town. Nice-sized, very clean rooms with large windows that open. Good service. Restaurant reasonable but the breakfast buffet is a little overpriced. Both the jewellery lady and Tuareg crafts vendor in the lobby will try to massively overcharge you. Give them a miss: you'll do better at the Marché des artisans in town. Small book store in the lobby with a decent selection of Malian books and newspapers. Staff haven't figured out how to clean out the pool - give it a miss. Internet reliable and fast, by local standards.
- 5 Azalai Hotel Salam, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Most luxurious of the three Azalai hotels in Bamako, and one of the best in town. Very nice pool. Expensive but nice restaurant. Central air, big beds, colour TV, immaculate bathrooms. Hotel bar popular with "professional" women. From CFA 75,000.
- Laico Hotel de l'Amitié, Avenue de la Marne in city centre, ☏ . This is probably the plushest of all the hotels in Bamako along with the Radisson.
- Laico Hotel El Farouk, Boulevard du 22 Octobre 1946, Quartier du Fleuve, ☏ . Laico Hotels took this over from the Kempinski Hotel Chain.
- 6 Radisson Blu Hotel, Bamako, ACI 2000 Hamdallaye Hamdallaye, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. This is one of the newer hotels in Bamako with excellent, large rooms and free Wi-Fi throughout the hotel for guests. The ACI 2000 area of Bamako is however quiet and removed from the hustle+bustle of downtown. Prices starting at CFA 132 000.
In Bamako you have a high chance of encountering the police. You should always at least carry a copy of your passport and visa. It is often not sufficient to just show your driving license and this might lead to a ride to the police office - if you're not prepared to bribe your way out. Notice that the police often stops taxis.
If the price of the 'ticket' seems high (more than, say, CFA 5,000 for a minor offence), ask to go to the police station. There you can get an official receipt which shows the true price of the offence. Many locals consider it a moral issue to pay proper fines rather than grease the pockets of corrupt police.
If you go gradually (doni doni) you'll be able to drink Bamako's quite chemically tasting tap water. You shouldn't drink the unmarked sachets with water or syrupy water as long as you don't drink tap water—though the branded sachets of mineral water are fine (CFA 50).
Or you can avoid any hassles and drink bottled water. If you're sticking around town for a while, try buying bottled water by the case. The price will drop from about CFA 1500-1800 to CFA 600-700 per 1.5 litre bottle.
Clinique Pasteur is a more expensive toubab clinique, is fairly clean, and is within close proximity to the US Embassy in ACI 2000 area of Bamako. Dr Toure there speaks English, was medically trained in Canada and he can be reached via mobile at: +223 6674 0572. Bamako Grand Mosque. and don't trust Dr. Dolo with your pregnancy. Normally they want to have you taking all possible tests, and are notorious for recommending drastic unnecessary and expensive treatments. You first might want to consult a cheaper normal health centre like Clinique Farako in Hamdallaye, or the Centre Diagnostique (Dr. Catherine Cisse) near the old Pont de Martys. Even then, double check all recommendations online and with a doctor abroad before embarking on any treatment plan or surgery.
Embassies & consulates
- Canada, Immeuble Séméga, Route de Koulikoro, Commune II, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. M-Th 07:30-16:00, F 07:30–13:00.
- Greece, Porte 429 Rue 321 Moussa Travele, Quartier du Fleuve, B.P.: 1, Bamako, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- United States, ACI 2000, Rue 243, Porte 297, ☏ .
Siby is a town at a one hour's drive from Bamako on asphalt road. Once you are there in Siby, you may want a 4-wheel drive vehicle to explore the sandy roads to several touristic sites within a 30 minute drive. It has very nice scenery, rocks to climb, and the Saturday market. There is a historic grotto, a 45-minute hike to a mountain side, an natural arch where rock climbers can get a panoramic view of the city and countryside, a cascading waterfall and surprisingly cool pool which makes for a wonderfully fresh plunge, about a 30-minute drive from the city's main road.