- 1 Brindisi — has been a major port for trade with Greece and countries further east since antiquity
- 2 Carovigno — a centre of olive oil production
- 3 Fasano — home of the national archaeological museum of Egnatia
- 4 Oria — home to a 13th-century castle, it was once an important Jewish community
- 5 Ostuni — commonly referred to as "the White Town" because the vast majority of its houses, and the medieval walls, are painted white
Brindisi's Papola-Casale airport has daily connections with major Italian and European cities.
There are two main railways in the province:
- the Bari Lecce line, part of the Adriatic Railway.
- the Taranto-Brindisi line
Both lines are managed by RFI and join in Brindisi.
The province of Brindisi is crossed by numerous provincial and state roads. The capital is the crossing point between the three major road arteries of the province: the state road 7 Via Appia, which connects Brindisi to Taranto, the state road 16 Adriatica, which connects the major capitals of the Adriatic coast, including Brindisi, and the State road 613 Brindisi-Lecce, which connects Brindisi to Lecce.
Various bus lines, largely managed by STP Brindisi, connect all the municipalities within the provincial territory and the various tourist resorts.
Ostuni remains in 2021 one of the main tourist attractions in the province of Brindisi. Because of its characteristic beauty, especially the historic centre, it is called the "white city". The beaches of Ostuni have received the FEE Blue Flag for about 10 years thanks to the quality of their waters. Ostuni, still protected by its town walls, is noted for its citadel, its cathedral and numerous mansions.
Oria, with its 13th-century castle built by Frederick II, is one of the province's main attractions.
Castles are present almost in every county, from the important ones born as powerful fortification systems to those built as residences of some sovereigns, to others transformed over time into fortified houses or baronial palaces.
Archaeological areas of the Messapian and Roman times are present throughout the provincial area, with necropolis, baths, roads, city walls and domus, have provided numerous finds (coins, ceramics, statues) now kept in museums. The most important museum is the National Archaeological Museum of Egnazia, in Fasano.
In cities such as Francavilla Fontana, San Vito dei Normanni, Ceglie Messapica, Cisternino, Mesagne and Ostuni there are important examples of architecture dating back to the Romanesque and Baroque periods.
Among the best Brindisi beaches there are: Torre Guaceto and the whole area of Ostuni beaches.
There is no shortage of protected natural areas such as Torre Guaceto and the Coastal Dune Park from Torre Canne to Torre San Leonardo.
The cuisine of the province of Brindisi is linked to the agricultural and fishing tradition. Very famous is the city of Ceglie Messapica which boasts an established gastronomic tradition thanks to the numerous restaurants, many of which are of considerable caliber and counted by the best gastronomic guides. Many dishes are flavoured with spices and herbs that grow spontaneously in the area (such as rosemary, and thyme).
The province of Brindisi is known for several wines: Aleatico di Puglia DOC, Ostuni DOC, Brindisi Rosso DOC, Brindisi Rosato DOC and Puglia IGT.
The Appian Wine Route was also created for wine. It passes through the territories of Ostuni, San Vito dei Normanni, Latiano, Mesagne and Brindisi, where it is possible to see indigenous vines such as the black Malvasia of Brindisi, Sangiovese, Negroamaro, Ottavianello di Ostuni and Susumaniello.