The park has a total area of 3,568 km, and spans the provinces of Lampung, Bengkulu, and South Sumatra. Together with Gunung Leuser National Park and Kerinci Seblat National Park it forms a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.
Flora and fauna
The park is home to many endangered species, including:
- Sumatran Elephant (about 500 animals, or 25% of the total remaining population of this subspecies live in the park)
- Sumatran Striped Rabbit (all recent records of this poorly known species have been from the park)
- Sumatran Rhino (an estimated 60-80 Sumatran rhinos live in the park; approximately the same number live in Gunung Leuser National Park, and when combined the two parks account for the majority of this species' population)
- Sumatran Tiger (approximately 40 adult tigers or 10% of the remaining Sumatran tigers live in the park).
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