Burhanpur (Hindi:बुरहानपुर, Urdu:برہان پور) is a city in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located on the eastern bank of Tapti river and is the capital of Burhanpur district. A city with not many tourists, Burhanpur is a city rich in history.
There is a rich history connected to this city. Excavations in this city unearthed artifacts dating back to the pre-historic ages. Burhanpur was an important city under the Rashtrakuta rulers.
Burhanpur was discovered in 1388 by Malik Nasir Khan, a ruler of the Farooqi dynasty and named the city after Sufi saint Shaikh Burhan-Ud-Din. Later it became the capital of the Khandesh dynasty. Miran Adil Khan II, a king of this dynasty, built a significant number of forts in this city. In 1601, Mughal Emperor Akbar annexed Khandesh sultanate and Burhanpur came under the Mughal rule, becoming the capital of the Khandesh province. In 1609, Akbar's son Jahangir appointed his son Parviz as the governor of the Deccan region, who chose Burhanpur as the administrative headquarters. Shah Jahan also spent a considerable amount of time in Burhanpur after he was expelled following the death of Jahangir.
In 1681, Shivaji's son Sambhaji attacked the city and looted the Muslim population of all their wealth. But he was executed by Aurangzeb for this crime. After the disintergation of the Mughals the city was taken by Pesha Baji Rao, a Maratha ruler. After the fall of the Marathas, the city went to Holkars, Scindias and ultimately to the British.
Though there is no airport in Burhanpur, some of the airports nearest to the cities are as follows.
- 1 Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, Nagpur. It is an international airport located in Nagpur, 362 km from the city.
- 2 Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport, Indore. An airport in Indore, 190 km from Burhanpur
- 1 Burhanpur Station. The only railway station in Burhanpur. Trains arrive and leave the station regularly.
- Dargah-E-Hakimi (Syedi Hakimuddin Bohra Dargah), Dargah-E-hakimi,Burhanpur. (Autos and Dargah buses are easily available from station). 5.30AM-11PM. Syedi Abdul Qadir Hakimuddin (1665-1730 AD) is the holy dawoodi bohra saint who is buried in Burhanpur, India. His grave is visited by pilgrims from all over the world. The tomb complex 'Dargah-e-Hakimi' includes mosques, gardens, and international class accommodation facilities for visitors.