Chirripó National Park is named after Cerro Chirripó (Chirripó Peak), of the Talamanca Mountain Range, which is also Costa Rica's highest mountain at an altitude of 3,820 m (12,538 ft).
With a particular climate that has only two seasons, a dry one approximately from December to April and a wet one from May to November, this national park is among the most exciting ones for locals and tourists alike. This is based on the fact that in order to get to the summit (Cerro Chirripó) the visitor has to walk along a 16.5-km uphill trail from the town of San Gerardo de Rivas to the park ranger's refuge in the Los Crestones sector and save energies for the next 5-km walk from there to the peak. Considering that Chirripó is the 38th most prominent peak in the world, this journey is a once in lifetime experience.
It is also a great way to explore the mountainous climate, fauna, and flora of this Central American nation.
During the dry season the upper regions are susceptible to fires. The latest recorded events have occurred in 1953, 1958, 1976, 1977, 1981, 1992, and 2012. The event of 1992 affected over 20 km² (5000 acre) of vegetation and forced the administration to close the park for four months.
Augustin Blessing was the first white person who climbed the Chirripo Mountain back in 1904.
The national park contains the highest peak of Costa Rica. This makes it the 38th highest peak in the world, and the highest in the range between Guatemala and the Andes. Chirripo National Park boast great biodiversity, including Talamanca forest and Costa Rican Páramo forest.
Flora and fauna
In lower altitudes you find a dwarf cloudforest habitat. From 3400 m up the vegetation changes and to higher altitudes plants and shrubs as opposed to forest. The Resplendent Quetzal may be seen in the lower cloudforest regions. Monkeys, toucanets, trogons and several other species may be found in the lower altitudes.
From January till April dry. May - December very humid. On the top it could be very cold (down to -9 C°).
You are not allowed to hike up to the Refugio after midday.
Fees and permits
Entrance and one night overnight stay at the Refugio costs ~ US$20. Permits must be obtained in San Gerardo de Rivas.
Following the main trail will take up to 12 hours in poor conditions for slow hikers. Fit or experienced hikers may complete it in 6-7 hours. Follow the sign that says "Trail to Chirripo" and begin the La Cuesta del Agua uphill stretch for 2 hours. The climb crests at Monte Sin Fe. Finish the trek for the day at the Chirripo Shelter and Base Camp, 6 km below the summit. Rise the next day before dawn and trek the rest of the way to the summit. It will take about 1-2 hours to do the ascent.
La Amistad International Park Cloudforest, Costa Rica Paramo, Monte Sin Fe, Rabbit Valley, Cerro Terbi. You will get a vista of the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean from the top on a clear day.
Hike up the highest mountain of Costa Rica.
This operates on a pack it in, pack it out philosophy. There is no place to purchase food, so you must bring all your own supplies on the hike.
The Chirripo Shelter/Base Camp offers basic bunk accommodations in a shared facility. Registering in advance with the park service in San Gerardo de Rivas will ensure that there is adequate space for the night you intend to stay. Be sure to bring sleeping bags with you.
At an altitude of roughly 3,450 m (11,320 ft) there is a lodge where you can stay overnight and then hike up to the peak in the morning.
Tent camping is prohibited.
It is best not to hike alone, and recommended to go with a local guide. The weather conditions can create an extreme (and cold) environment on the top of the peak and having a knowledgeable guide can be an asset in an emergency. Adventure Life[dead link] offers guided 3- and 4-day packages with accommodations at Pelicano Lodge before and after the summit.
- San Isidro de El General - Walk down to the exit and take the bus back.