Download GPX file for this article

From Wikivoyage
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Estonian (eesti keel) is a Finno-Ugric language spoken by roughly 1.1 million people in Estonia. Though closely related to Finnish and distantly to Hungarian, Estonian bears almost no resemblance to any other European language in either vocabulary or grammar.

The lack of Indo-European language structures makes Estonian a rather difficult language to learn. The fact that it has more words of Indo-European origin than Finnish, for instance, it is slightly easier to learn. Even though many people in Estonia (especially young people) speak English and many of the older generation understand Russian (though Russian has an association with the Soviet and Russian imperial times and starting a conversation with native Estonian speakers in Russian can be perceived as rude), an attempt at some basic phrases will definitely impress the locals and you will receive an enthusiastic welcome.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Written Estonian is based on the Latin alphabet and uses 24 letters:

a b d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s t u v õ ä ö ü

Additionally, the letters c, q, w, x, y, z, š and ž are used in loanwords, foreign proper names and quotes.

Pronunciation is fairly straightforward. Most words are pronounced as they are written, with a major exception being vowel length (see below).

Vowels[edit]

a
like a in father
e
like e in get
i
like ee in flee
o
like o in order
u
like oo in moon
ä
like a in hat
ö
like German ö, similar to e in her or ea in earn
ü
like German ü, something like ew in few, but there's no ü sound in Engish
õ
a uniquely Estonian sound pronounced with the tongue in the same position as the o sound, but with lips unrounded; kind of halfway between the e in get and the u in hung

The duration of vowel sounds can be short, long, or overlong, depending on the word. Short vowels are written with one letter, long and overlong vowels with two. Overlong vowels often change the pitch or stress of the syllable as well as the duration. There is no written distinction between long and overlong vowels. Example:

short sada (SAH-dah) one hundred
long saada (SAAH-dah) send!
overlong saada (SAAAH-dah) to get

Consonants[edit]

  • c, foreign letter, used only in names and foreign words. Pronounced as ts in hats, also, for example the place name Chicago is pronounced in the same way as in English.
  • h : silent at the beginning of a word; before a vowel like English h; before a consonant harshly pronounced guttural h
  • j : like y in yes
  • q, foreign letter, used only in names and foreign words. Sounds similar to k in kitchen
  • r : like r in trilled, like Spanish rr
  • s : like s in soap
  • š, foreign letter, but used in loan words. Sounds like sh in shoe
  • ž, foreign letter, but used in loan words. Sounds like s in measure
  • w, foreign letter, used only in names and foreign words. Sounds like w in Worry
  • x, foreign letter, used only in names and foreign words. Sounds like x in excite [ks sound]
  • b d f g k l m n p t v y z : pronounced as in English

Consonants can appear doubled, such as kk, pp, tt, etc., and are pronounced by inserting a glottal stop or prolonging the duration of the consonant.

Diphthongs[edit]

ae
as the 'ie' in "diet" [two sounds]
ai
as the 'ai' in "aisle"
äe
as the 'ae' in "aesthetic"

Stress[edit]

The first syllable of a word is always stressed, except in some foreign words such as Ameerika (ah-MEHH-ree-kah).

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

common signs


OPEN
Avatud
CLOSED
Suletud
Hello.
Tere. (TEHR-reh); Tervist. (TEHR-veest)
How are you?
Kuidas läheb?
Fine, thank you.
Hästi, aitäh.
What is your name?
Mis on sinu/teie nimi? (your [singular]/Your – polite version)
My name is ______ .
Minu nimi on ______ . (MEE-noo NEE-mee ohn _____ .)
Nice to meet you.
Meeldiv tutvuda.
Please. / You're welcome
Palun. (PAH-loon)
Thank you.
Tänan. (TA-nahn), Aitäh
Yes.
Jah. (YAHH)
No.
Ei. (ay)
Excuse me.
Vabanda. (VAH-bahn-dah, singular), Vabandage (plural or polite singular)
I'm sorry.
Vabandust. (VAH-bahn-doost)
Goodbye
Head aega. (HEH-ahd AH-eh-gah), meaning "have a good time!"
Goodbye (informal)
Nägemist (NAH-geh-mist), meaning "see you again!"
I can't speak [much] Estonian.
Ma ei räägi [palju] eesti keelt. (MAH ay RAA-gee [PAHL-yoo] EHS-tee KEHLT)
Do you speak English?
Kas sa/te räägid/räägite inglise keelt? (KAHS sah RAA-gee-th EENG-lee-seh KEHLT?/KAHS teh RAA-gee-teh EENG-lee-seh KEHLT?)
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Kas on keegi siin kes räägib inglise keelt? (kahs ohn KEH-key seen kehs RAA-keyeb EEN-klee-seh kehlt?)
Help!
Appi! Aidake! (IGH-dak-keh!)
Watch out!
Vaata ette!, or Olge ettevaatlik! (OHL-geh EHT-teh-vaaht-leek!)
Good morning.
Tere hommikust. (TEH-reh HOHM-mee-koost)
Good evening.
Tere õhtust. (TEH-reh HOOKH-toost)
Good night.
Head ööd. (HEH-ahd hird) [ööd-similar to the 'ird' in "bird"]
I don't understand.
Ma ei saa aru. (MAH ay sahh AH-roo)
Where is the toilet?
Kus on tualett? (KOOS ohn TWAH-let?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone.
Jäta/Jätke mind rahule. (YA-tah/YA-tkeh meend rah-HOO-leh)
Don't touch me!
Ära puuduta mind! (A-rah poo-OODOO-tah meend)
I'll call the police.
Ma kutsun politsei. (mah KOOT-soon poh-LEET-say)
Police!
Politsei! (poh-LEET-say)
Stop! Thief!
Stop! Varas! (stohp VAH-rahs!)
I need your help.
Ma vajan teie abi. (mah VAH-yahn TAY-ee-eh AH-bee)
It's an emergency.
See on hädaolukord. (sehh ohn ha-dow-LOO-kohrd)
I'm lost.
Ma olen eksinud. (mah OH-lehn ehk-SEE-nood)
I lost my bag.
Ma kaotasin oma koti. (mah kah-oh-TAH-seen OH-mah KOH-tee)
I lost my wallet.
Ma kaotasin oma rahakoti. (mah kah-oh-TAH-seen OH-mah rah-HAH-koh-tee)
I'm sick.
Ma olen haige. (mah OH-lehn HAI-geh)
I've been injured.
Ma olen vigastatud. (mah OH-lehn vee-gahs-TAH-tood)
I need a doctor.
Ma vajan arsti. (mah VAH-yahn AHRS-tee)
Can I use your phone?
Kas ma võin/võiksin sinu/teie telefoni kasutada? (kahs mah vehh-EEK-seen teh-ee-eh teh-LEH-foh-nee kah-SOO-tah-dah?)

Numbers[edit]

0
null (nool)
1
üks (ewks)
2
kaks (kahks)
3
kolm (kohlm)
4
neli (NEH-lee)
5
viis (veess)
6
kuus (kooss)
7
seitse (SAYT-seh)
8
kaheksa (KAH-hek-sah)
9
üheksa (EW-hek-sah)
10
kümme (KEWM-meh)
11
üksteist (EWKS-tayst)
12
kaksteist (KAHKS-tayst)
13
kolmteist (KOHLM-tayst)
14
neliteist (NEH-lee-tayst)
15
viisteist (VEESS-tayst)
16
kuusteist (KOOSS-tayst)
17
seitseteist (SAYT-seh-tayst)
18
kaheksateist (KAH-hek-sah-tayst)
19
üheksateist (EW-hek-sah-tayst)
20
kakskümmend (KAHKS-kewm-mend)
21
kakskümmend üks (KAHKS-kewm-mend EWKS)
22
kakskümmend kaks (KAHKS-kewm-mend KAHKS)
23
kakskümmend kolm (KAHKS-kewm-mend KOHLM)
30
kolmkümmend (KOHLM-kewm-mend)
40
nelikümmend (NEH-lee-kewm-mend)
50
viiskümmend (VEESS-kewm-mend)
60
kuuskümmend (KOOSS-kewm-mend)
70
seitsekümmend (SAYT-seh-kewm-mend)
80
kaheksakümmend (KAH-hek-sah-kewm-mend)
90
üheksakümmend (EW-hek-sah-kewm-mend)
100
sada (SAH-dah)
200
kakssada (KAHKS-sah-dah)
300
kolmsada (KOHLM-sah-dah)
1000
tuhat (TOO-haht)
2000
kaks tuhat (KAHKS TOO-haht)
1,000,000
miljon (MEEL-yohn)
1,000,000,000
miljard (MEEL-yahrd)
1,000,000,000,000
biljon (BEEL-yohn)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.)
number _____ (NOOM-behr _____)
half
pool (pohl)
less
vähem (VA-hehm)
more
enam (EH-nahm)

Time[edit]

now
nüüd (newd)
later
hiljem (HEEL-yehm)
before
enne (EHN-neh), ennem (EHN-nehm)
morning
hommik (HOHM-meek)
afternoon
pärastlõuna (PA-rahst-LUH-oo-nah)
evening
õhtu (UHH-too)
night
öö (just like longer ea in earn or i in bird)

Clock time[edit]

Estonia uses a 24 hour clock for most things

one o'clock AM
kell üks (kehl EWKS)
two o'clock AM
kell kaks (kehl KAHKS)
noon
keskpäev (KEHSK-pa-ehv)
one o'clock PM
kell kolmteist (kehl KOHLM-tayst)
two o'clock PM
kell neliteist (kehl NEH-lee-tayst)
midnight
kesköö (KEHSK-urr)

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s)
_____ minut(it) (MEEH-noot(-eet))
_____ hour(s)
_____ tund(i) (TOOND(/-dee))
_____ day(s)
_____ päev(a) (PIGHV(/-vah))
_____ week(s)
_____ nädal(at) (NA-dahl(/-laht))
_____ month(s)
_____ kuu(d) (KOOH(D))
_____ year(s)
_____ aasta(t) (AH-stah(t))

Days[edit]

today
täna (TAH-nah)
yesterday
eile (AY-leh)
tomorrow
homme (HOHM-meh)
this week
sel nädalal (sehl NAH-dah-lahl), see nädal
last week
eelmine nädal, möödunud nädalal (MERR-duh-nuhd NAH-dah-lahl)
next week
järgmisel nädalal (YARG-mee-sehl NAH-dah-lahl)
Monday
esmaspäev (ESS-mahs-paehv)
Tuesday
teisipäev (TAY-see-paehv)
Wednesday
kolmapäev (KOHL-mah-paehv)
Thursday
neljapäev (NEHL-yah-paehv)
Friday
reede (RREH-deh)
Saturday
laupäev (LAH-oo-paehv)
Sunday
pühapäev (PEW-hah-paehv)

Months[edit]

January
jaanuar (YAAH-noo-ahr)
February
veebruar (VEH-broo-ahr)
March
märts (MARTS)
April
aprill (AH-preell)
May
mai (MAH-ee)
June
juuni (YOO-nee)
July
juuli (YOO-lee)
August
august (AH-oo-goost)
September
september (SEHP-tehm-behr)
October
oktoober (OHK-toh-behr)
November
november (NOH-vehm-behr)
December
detsember (DEHT-sehm-behr)

Writing time and date[edit]

Estonia like most of Europe follow the 24 hour clock.

half past ...
pool (followed by the NEXT hour, as if "half til ...")

For instance: Half past six. - Pool seitse. (Half (un)til seven.)

a quarter past ...
veerand (same rule)
a quarter to ...
kolmveerand ... (literally "3/4 (of) ...")

Colors[edit]

black
must (muhst)
white
valge (VAHL-geh)
gray
hall (hahl)
red
punane (POO-nah-neh)
blue
sinine (SEE-nee-neh)
yellow
kollane (KOHL-lah-neh)
green
roheline (ROH-heh-lee-neh)
orange
oranž (OH-rahzh)
purple
lilla (LEEL-lah)
brown
pruun (proon)
pink
roosa (ROHH-sah)

Transportation[edit]

taxi
takso (TAHK-soh)
airplane
lennuk (LEHN-nook)
airline
lennufirma (LEHN-noo-feer-mah)
bus
buss (booss)
car
auto (OW-toh)
ferry
praam (prrahhm)
train
rong (rrohng)
truck
veoauto (VEH-oh-ow-toh), rekka
boat
paat (pahht)
ship
laev (LAH-ehv)
tram
tramm (trrahm)
trolleybuss
troll, trollibuss (TROHL-lee-booss)
bicycle
jalgratas (YAHL-grah-tahs)
motorcycle
mootorratas (mohh-TOHR-rah-tahs)

Buying Tickets[edit]

Where can I buy tickets?
Kust saab osta pileteid? (koost saahb OHS-tah PIH-leh-tayd?)
I want to travel to...
Ma tahan sõita ... (mah TAH-khahn SOE-ee-tah)
Do I need to book/make a reservation?
Kas mul on vaja broneerida/teha reservatsiooni? (kahs muhl ohn VAH-yah BROH-nehh-rih-dah/TEH-hah REH-sehr-vah-tsyohh-nih?)
Is it sold out?
Kas see on välja müüdud? (kahs sehh ohn VAH-Lja MEWW-dood?)
Any tickets available?
Kõik piletid on saadaval? (KEW-ihk PIH-leh-tihd ohn SAA-dah-vahl?)
I'd like to book/reserve a seat to...
Soovin broneerida / reserveerida koha... (SAW-vihn BROH-nea-rih-dah / REH-sehr-vea-rih-dah KOH-hah)
I'd like (a)...
Sooviksin ... (SAW-vihk-sihn ...)
...one-way ticket.
...ühe suuna pilet. (EW-heh SOO-nah PIH-leht), ...ühe otsa piley.
...return ticket.
...edasi-tagasi pilet. (EH-dah-sih-TAH-gah-sih PIH-leht)
...two tickets.
...kaks piletit. (kahks PIH-leh-teet)
...1st. class ticket.
...esimese klassi pilet. (EH-siy-me-sey KLAHS-sih PIH-leht)
...2nd. class ticket.
...teise klassi pilet. (TAY-seh KLAHS-sih PIH-leht)

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____?
Kui palju maksab pilet _____? (kooi PAH-lyoo MAHK-sahb PEE-leht...?)
One ticket to _____, please.
Üks pilet _____, palun. (ewks PEE-leht..., PAH-loon)
Where does this train/bus go?
Kuhu see rong/buss sõidab? (KOO-hoo sehh rohng/boos suhh-ee-dahb?)
Where is the train/bus to _____?
Kust väljub rong/buss _____? (koost VAA-lyoob rohng/ boos...?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____?
Kas see rong/buss peatub _____? (kahs sehh rrohng/ booss PEH-ah-toob...?)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave?
Millal väljub rong/buss _____? (MIHL-lahl VA-lyoob rrohng/ booss)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____?
Millal saabub rong/buss _____? (MIHL-lahl SAHH-boob rrohng/ booss)

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ?
Kuidas ma saan _____ ? (KUY-dahs mah sahhn?)
...the train station?
...rongijaama? (RROH-gih-yahh-mah?), raudteejaama, jaama
...the bus station?
...bussijaama? (BOOS-sih-yahh-mah?)
...the airport?
...lennujaama? (LEHN-noo-yahh-mah?)
...downtown?
...kesklinna? (KEHS-klihn-nah?)
...the youth hostel?
...noortehostelisse? (NOHHR-teh-hos-tehl-lesah?)
...the _____ hotel?
... _____ hotelli? (HOH-tehl-lih?)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?
...Ameerika/Kanada/Austraalia/Briti konsulaati? (AMEHH-rih-kah/ KAH-nah-dah/ OWS-trahh-lyah/ BRIH-tih KOHN-soo-lahh-tih?)
Where are there a lot of...
Kust ma võiksin leida...? (koost mah VEHIHK-sihn LEI-dah)
...hotels?
...hotelle? (HOH-tehl-leh)
...restaurants?
...restorane? (REHS-toh-rah-neh)
...bars?
...baare? (BAHH-reh)
...sites to see?
...vaatamisväärsusi? (VAHH-tah-mihs-vahhhr-soo-sih?)
Can you show me on the map?
Kas sa/te näitaksid/näitaksite mulle kaardil? (kahs teh NAIH-tahk-sih-teh MOOL-leh KAHHR-dihl?)
street
tänav (TA-nahv)
Turn left.
Pööra vasakule. (PUHR-rah VAH-sah-koo-leh)
Turn right.
Pööra paremale. (PUHR-rah PAH-reh-mah-leh)
left
vasak (VAH-sahk)
right
parem (PAH-rrehm)
straight ahead
otse edasi (OHT-seh EH-dah-sih)
towards the _____
_____ suunas (SOO-nahs)
past the _____
_____ mööda (MUHH-dah)
before the _____
enne _____ (EHN-neh)
Watch for the _____.
Jälgige _____. (YAL-gee-geh)
intersection
ristmik/risttee (REES-meek/REEST-tehh)
north
põhi (PUH-hee)
south
lõuna (LUHWOH-nah)
east
ida (EE-dah)
west
lääs (laahs)
uphill
ülesmäge (EW-lehs-ma-geh)
downhill
allamäge (AHL-lah-ma-geh)

Taxi[edit]

Taxi!
Takso! (TAHK-soh)
Take me to _____, please.
Viige mind _____, palun. (VEE-geh mihnd, PAH-loon)
How much does it cost to get to _____?
Kui palju maksab sõit _____? (kuy PAH-lyoo MAHK-sahb syiht?)
Take me there, please.
Viige mind sinna, palun. (VEE-geh mihnd SIHN-nah, PAH-loon)
Please stop here.
Palun lõpetage siin. (PAH-loon LY-peh-tah-geh seen)

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available?
Kas teil on vabu kohti? (kahs tayl ohn VAH-buh KOH-tih?)
How much is a room for one person/two people?
Kui palju maksab tuba ühele/kahele inimesele? (kuy PAH-lyuh MAHK-sahb TUH-bah EW-heh-leh/KAH-heh-leh IH-nih-meh-seh-leh?)
Does the room come with...
Kas toa juurde kuulub/kuuluvad... (kahs twah YOOHR-deh KOOH-loob/KOOH-loo-vahd)
...bedsheets?
...voodilinad? (VOHH-dih-lih-nahd?)
...a bathroom?
...vannituba? (VAHN-nih-too-bah?)
...a telephone?
...telefon? (TEH-leh-fohn?)
...a TV?
...televiisor? (TEH-leh-vee-sohrr?), telekas
May I see the room first?
Kas ma tohin enne tuba vaadata? (kahs mah TOH-heen EHN-neh tubah SEH-dah VAAH-dah-tah?)
Do you have anything quieter?
Kas teil on mõni vaiksem? (kahs tail ohn MER-nee VAYK-sehm?)
...bigger?
...suurem? (SOO-rehm?)
...cleaner?
...puhtam? (POO-tahm?)
...cheaper?
...odavam? (OH-dah-vahm?)
OK, I'll take it.
Olgu, ma võtan selle. (OHL-goo, mah VEHRR-tahn SEHL-leh)
I will stay for _____ night(s).
Ma jään _____ ööks. (errks)
Can you suggest another hotel?
Kas te saate soovitada mõnda teist hotelli? (kahs teh SAAH-teh SAW-vee-tah-dah MUHN-dah tayst HOH-tehl-lee?)
Do you have a safe?
Kas teil on seif? (kahs tayl ohn sayf)
...lockers?
...kapp? (kahpp)
Is breakfast/supper included?
Kas hommikueine/õhtueine kuuluvad selle juurde? (kahs HOHM-mee-kweh-ee-neh/EWW-tweh-ee-neh KEWW-loo-vahd YEWWR-deh?)
What time is breakfast/supper?
Mis kell on hommikueine/õhtueine? (mihs kehll ohn HOHM-mih-kweh-ee-neh/IH-tweh-ee-neh)
Please clean my room.
Palun, koristage mu tuba. (PAH-loon, KOH-rihs-tah-geh moo TOO-bah)
Can you wake me at _____?
Kas te ärataksite mind kell _____? (kahs teh A-rah-tahk-sih-teh mihnd kehll_____?)
I want to check out.
Ma soovin ennast välja registreerida. (mah SOHH-vihn EHN-nahst VA-lyah REH-gihs-trehh-rih-dah)

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?
Kas te võtate vastu Ameerika/Austraalia/Kanada dollareid? (kahs teh VEW-tah-teh VAHS-too AH-mehh-rih-kah/OWS-trahh-lyah/KAH-nah-dah DOHL-lah-rayd?)
Do you accept British pounds?
Kas te võtate vastu Briti naelu (naelsterlinguid)? (kahs teh vehh-TAH-teh VAHS-too BRIH-tih NAH-eh-loo (NAH-ehls-tehr-lihn-gayd)?)
Do you accept credit cards?
Kas te võtate vastu krediitkaarte? (kahs teh VEHH-tah-teh VAHS-too KREH-dihht-kaar-teh?)
Can you change money for me?
Kas te saa(ksi)te mulle raha/valuutat vahetada? (kahs teh saa(ksih) teh MOOL-leh RAH-hah/VAH-loo-taht VAH-heh-tah-dah?)
Where can I get money changed?
Kus ma saa(ksi)n raha/valuutat vahetada? (koos mah saa(ksih)n MOOL-leh RAH-hah/VAH-loo-taht VAH-heh-tah-dah?)
Can you change a traveler's check for me?
Kas te saa(ksi)te mulle reisitšeki/akreditiivi vahetada? (kahs teh saa(ksih) teh MOOL-leh RAY-siht-sheh-kih/AHKREH-dih-tiih-vih VAH-heh-tah-dah?)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed?
Kus ma saa(ksi)n reisitšeki/akreditiivi vahetada? (koos mah saa(ksih) n RAY-siht-sheh-kih/AHKRE-dih-tiih-vih VAH-heh-tah-dah?)
What is the exchange rate?
Milline on valuuta kurss? (MIHL-lih-neh ohn VAH-loo-tah KOO-rahs?)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?
Kus on (üks) rahaautomaat? (koos ohn (ewks) RAH-haaow-toh-maht?)

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please.
Laud ühele/kahele (inimesele), palun. (LAH-ood EW-heh-leh/KAH-heh-leh (IH-nih-meh-seh-leh), PAH-loon)
Can I look at the menu, please?
Kas ma saaksin vaadata menüüd, palun? (kahs mah TOH-hihn VAA-dah-tah MEH-newwd, PAH-loon)
Can I look in the kitchen?
Kas ma tohin vaadata köögis? (kahs mah TOH-hihn VAA-dah-tah KEHH-gihs?)
Is there a house specialty?
Kas teil on eriroog? (...)
Is there a local specialty?
Kas teil on kohalik eriroog? (...)
I'm a vegetarian.
Ma olen taimetoitlane. (...)
I don't eat pork.
Ma ei söö sealiha. (...)
I don't eat beef.
Ma ei söö veiseliha. (...)
I only eat kosher food.
Ma söön ainult koššertoitu. (...)
I only eat halal food.
Ma söön ainult halaltoitu. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard)
Kas te saate seda vähese ravaga teha, palun? (...)
fixed-price meal
fixed-price meal (...)
à la carte
à la carte (...)
breakfast
hommikusöök (...)
lunch
lõuna(söök) (...)
tea (meal)
tee (...)
supper
õhtusöök (...)
I want _____.
Ma soovin _____. (...)
I want a dish containing _____.
Ma soovin rooga milles oleks _____. (...)
chicken
kana (...)
beef
veiseliha (it is often simply called "loomaliha" (animal/cattle meat)) (...)
fish
kala ( )
ham
sink (...)
sausage
vorst (...)
cheese
juust (CHOO-st)
eggs
munad (...)
salad
salat (...)
(fresh) vegetables
(värsked) köögiviljad ("juurviljad" referres to vegetables the tubers or roots of which are eaten like potatoes or beetroot) (...)
(fresh) fruit
(värsked) puuviljad (...)
bread
leib (laib)
toast
röstsai (...)
noodles
nuudlid (NUH-dlihd)
rice
riis ( )
beans
oad (oahd)
May I have a glass of _____?
Kas ma saaksin klaasi _____? (...)
May I have a cup of _____?
Kas ma saaksin kruusi _____? (...)
May I have a bottle of _____?
Kas ma saaksin pudeli _____? (...)
coffee
kohv (...)
tea (drink)
tee (...)
juice
mahl ("jook" referres to light juice)(...)
water
vesi (...)
mineral water
mineraalvesi (...)
(bubbly) water
(gaseeritud) vesi (...)
beer
õlu (...)
red/white wine
punane/valge vein (PUH-nahne/vahl-geh vain)
May I have some _____?
Kas ma saaksin natuke _____? (KAH-s mah SHAK-sin nah-too-ke ____?)
salt
sool (soel)
black pepper
must pipar (MOO-st pee-par)
butter
või (...)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Vabandage, kelner? (...)
I'm finished.
Ma olen lõpetanud. (...)
It was delicious.
See oli maitsev. (sehh OH-lih MAIT-sehv)
Please clear the plates.
Palun koristage taldrikud (ära). (PAH-loon KOH-rihs-tah-geh TAHL-drih-kood ('A-rah'))
The check, please.
Arve, palun. (AHR-veh, PAH-loon)

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol?
Kas te serveerite alkoholi? (...)
Is there table service?
Kas on lauateenindus? (...)
A beer/two beers, please.
Õlu/kaks õlut, palun. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please.
Klaas punast/valget veini, palun. (...)
A pint, please.
Üks pint, palun. (...)
A bottle, please.
Üks pudel, palun. (...)
whiskey
viski (...)
vodka
viin (...)
rum
rumm (...)
water
vesi (...)
club soda
mullivesi (...)
tonic water
toonik (...)
orange juice
apelsinimahl (...)
coke (soda)
koola (...)
Do you have any bar snacks?
Kas teil on (baari)suupisteid? (...)
One more, please.
Palun, üks veel. (...)
Another round, please.
Another round, please. (...)
When is closing time?
Millal on sulgemisaeg? (...)

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size?
Kas teil on seda minu suuruses? (...)
How much is this?
Kui palju see maksab? (...)
That's too expensive.
See on liiga kallis. (...)
Would you take _____?
Kas te võtaksite _____? (...)
expensive
kallis (...)
cheap
odav (...)
I can't afford it.
Ma ei saa seda endale lubada. (...)
I don't want it.
Ma ei soovi seda. (...)
You're cheating me.
Te petate mind. (...)
I'm not interested.
Ma pole huvitatud. (..)
OK, I'll take it.
Olgu, ma võtan selle. (...)
Can I have a bag?
Kas ma saaksin koti? (...)
Do you ship (overseas)?
Kas te transpordite (üle mere)? (...)
I need...
Mul on vaja... (...)
...toothpaste.
...hambapastat. (...)
...a toothbrush.
...hambaharja. (...)
...tampons.
...tampoone. (...)
...soap.
...seepi. (...)
...shampoo.
...šampooni. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen or ...)
...valuvaigistit. (...)
...cold medicine.
...nohurohtu. (...)
...stomach medicine.
...kõhu(valu)ravimit. (...)
...a razor.
...žiletti/pardlit. (...)
...an umbrella.
...vihmavarju. (...)
...sunblock lotion.
...päikesekreemi. (...)
...a postcard.
...postkaarti. (...)
...postage stamps.
...postmarke. (...)
...batteries.
...patareisid. (...)
...writing paper.
...kirjutuspaberit. (...)
...a pen.
...pastakat, pastapliiatsit. (...)
...a pencil.
...(harilikku) pliiatsit (...)
...English-language book.
...ingliskeelset raamatut. (...)
...English-language magazine.
...ingliskeelset ajakirja. (...)
...an English-language newspaper.
...ingliskeelset ajalehte. (...)
...an English-Estonian dictionary.
...Inglise-Eesti sõnaraamatut. (...)

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car.
Ma tahan/soovin rentida autot. (...)
Can I get insurance?
Kas ma võin saada kindlustust? (...)
stop (on a street sign)
stop (...)
one way
ühesuunaline liiklus (one way traffic)
yield
teed andma (...)
no parking
parkimine keelatud (parking denied)
speed limit
kiiruspiirang (...)
gas (petrol) station
bensiinijaam (...), tankla (...)
petrol
bensiin (...), kütus (...)
diesel
diiselkütus(...), diisel (...)

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong.
Ma pole midagi valesti teinud. (...)
It was a misunderstanding.
See oli arusaamatus. (...)
Where are you taking me?
Kuhu te mind viite? (...)
Am I under arrest?
Kas ma olen arreteeritud (aresti all)? (...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
Ma olen Ameerika/Austraalia/Briti/Kanada kodanik. (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
Ma soovin rääkida Ameerika/Austraalia/Briti/Kanada saatkonnaga/konsulaadiga. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer.
Ma soovin rääkida advokaadiga. (...)
Can I just pay a fine now?
Kas ma võin nüüd lihtsalt trahvi ära tasuda? (...)
This Estonian phrasebook is a usable article. It explains pronunciation and the bare essentials of travel communication. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.