Download GPX file for this article
50.1212.35Full screen dynamic map

From Wikivoyage
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Františkovy Lázně is a small, beautiful spa town of 5,500 people (2019) in the Cheb district in West Bohemia. It is a short journey from Cheb and Mariánské Lázně. The core of the spa town has Classicist, Empire and Historicist buildings.

Understand[edit]

The three spa towns in West Bohemia – Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně and Františkovy Lázně – are known as the West Bohemian Spa Triangle. Františkovy Lázně was founded in 1793. The name is pronounced "frantɪʃkɔvɪ laːzɲɛː".

History[edit]

The salutary effects of the surrounding springs were known from the late 14th century on. The physician Georgius Agricola (1494–1555) mentioned the mineral water available to Eger citizens. About 1705, an inn was erected at the site of a mineral spring later known as Franzensquelle.

In 1793, the town was founded under the name Kaiser Franzensdorf, after Emperor Francis II (German: Franz II), and later renamed Franzensbad, under which name it became a famous spa (Bad). The spa was founded by Eger-based doctor Bernhard Adler (1753–1810). He promoted the expansion of spa facilities and the accommodation for those seeking healing and promoted the transformation of the swampy moorland with paths and footbridges to well-known sources.

The town council of Eger made the extension of Franzensbad as a health resort possible. The result was an extensive recreation area, with easy access from the city of Cheb. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the most famous guests in the early days; his visits to Franzensbad with Johannes Urzidil were extensively reported in the book Goethe in Böhmen (1932). Another famous visitor was Ludwig van Beethoven, who was accompanied by Antonia Brentano and her family.

During the 19th century, patients included numerous aristocrats, especially Russian nobles, and at the same time widely known doctors bolstered the reputation of Franzensbad as a therapeutic resort. A public spa house was built in 1827. After World War I, the town's reputation began to fade. Then part of the new state of Czechoslovakia, the spa lost much of its patronage and was hit hard by the Great Depression of 1929.

After World War II, the German-speaking population was expelled under the Beneš decrees; many of them settled in Bayreuth in the German state of Bavaria. The spa, renamed Františkovy Lázně in Czech, was nationalized under the rule of the Communist Party. After the Velvet Revolution of 1989, a stock company was established to revive the status of Františkovy Lázně as a venue for international guests.

Spa[edit]

The local natural mineral water has a relatively high content of dissolved carbon dioxide. The effects of the carbonic baths are shown in the better performance of the cardiovascular system, in the mild decrease of blood pressure in the pulse, in the lower occurrence of chronic inflammatory processes in the body, and also in terms of rheumatics, and in the improved blood circulation in tissues and the vegetative stabilisation.

The local mud treatments represent a traditional curative method which has thermal, chemical and mechanical effects. The mud treatment consists of a thick mushy combination of mud and mineral water which is heated up to a temperature which is significantly higher than body temperature. The treatment has a positive effect on mobility of muscles and pain.

Get in[edit]

By train[edit]

See also: Rail travel in the Czech Republic

  • 1 Františkovy Lázně Nádraži. from Prague, the SuperCity Pendolino is direct and terminates here. It is about every two hours on working days. Journey time: 2 hr 47 min. Base fare: 343 Kč. Discounts for groups and advance booking on the eshop of České dráhy.

Get around[edit]

Map of Františkovy Lázně

On foot[edit]

In the centre, especially in the historic part of the town, everything is easily accessible on foot.

See[edit]

[3] late Classical style buildings

Do[edit]

  • 1 Aquaforum, 5. května 19, +420 354 206 500. 09:00 - 21:00. The complex Aquaforum is relaxing, swimming, children's and outdoor pool, indoor and outdoor whirlpool, water wall massage, air massage benches, water cave, pearl air, the air tube chairs. 130 Kč for two hours.
  • 2 Miniature golf. 13:00 - 18:00. Season: May - September. 60 Kč.
  • 3 INGO Casino AG, +420 354 500 000. 15:00 - 04:00. The casino offers games such as Roulette, Caribbean Poker, Black Jack and slot machines.

Buy[edit]

  • 1 LIDL. 08:00 - 20:00. Only discounter in the city.

Eat and drink[edit]

Sleep[edit]

Budget[edit]

Mid-range[edit]

Splurge[edit]

Connect[edit]

Local telephone code is 354. There are some restaurants with Free WiFi.

Go next[edit]

West Bohemian Spa Triangle

This city travel guide to Františkovy Lázně is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.