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Gulbarga, now known officially as Kalaburagi (Kannada: ಗುಲಬರ್ಗಾ), is one of the major cities in Karnataka State.


This city was annexed to the sultanate of Delhi in the early fourteenth century, first by General Ulugh Khan and then by Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq. After the sultan's death, it fell to the Bahmani kingdom (of which it was the capital between 1347 and c. 1424) and, upon the break-up of that power, to Bijapur.

Gulbarga is derived from Persian language, in which Gul means flower and berg means leaf, thus making Gulberga once a land of lavish living. It is also known as Kalburgi which means the land of stones (kal means stone in Kannada).


The city of Gulbarga was founded by the Bahmani Sultans in the 14th century as their capital and was called as Ahsenabad. Its name was later changed to Gulbarga during Nizam rule.

Get in[edit]

By rail[edit]

Gulbarga can be reached by Indian railways,; it is connected to all major cities of India.

  • 1 Kalaburagi Junction railway station. Kalaburagi Junction railway station (Q16891948) on Wikidata Kalaburagi Junction railway station on Wikipedia

By road[edit]

It has got very good bus service connection to Mumbai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad. NH 150 and NH150a pass through this city.

By plane[edit]

Gulbarga has a domestic airport.

  • 2 Kalaburagi Airport. Gulbarga Airport (Q5617269) on Wikidata Kalaburagi Airport on Wikipedia

Get around[edit]

Map of Gulbarga


  • 1 Gulbarga Fort (Bahmani Fort) (By auto, taxi from railway station and central bus stand). Historic fort dating back to 1347. A large mosque, the Jama Mosque, was built inside the fort in 13667. Gulbarga Fort (Q5617266) on Wikidata Gulbarga Fort on Wikipedia
  • 2 Haft Gumbaz. Group of tombs of the Bahmani dynasty built during the 14th and 15th centuries. The tombs are examples of early Indo-Islamic architecture. Haft Gumbaz (Q107619089) on Wikidata Haft Gumbaz on Wikipedia




Gulbarga's newly opened malls typically have high(er) end stores retailing apparel, footwear, and consumer electronics.

  • Asian Mall (Behind K.B.N. Hospital)
  • Kandoor Mall (Sardar Vallabhai Patel Chowk)
  • Karnataka Housing Board Shopping Complex (Pragati Colony, Ring Road)
  • Shardha Mall
  • Old supermarket near mahbas masjid.
  • Sarafa Bazar (Gold market)
  • Old Vegetable market
  • Gunj Area


Tahari (Rice stuffed with meat and spices), Sorghum Bread, Various Lentiles, especially Toor Dall (piegeon pea) Wheat flour bread, Bajra Bread, Over all food in gulbarga is rich in spices.



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