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Europe > Nordic countries > Norway > East Norway > Hedmark

Hedmark

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Hedmark is a landlocked inland county in East Norway. This is an area with big rivers, long valleys, wide lakes, fertile flatlands and deep forests. The landscape is generally mellow and unlike Norway's the wild western edge. There big mountains and high plateaus in the north.

Hedmark.png

Towns[edit]

Map of Hedmark
  • 1 Hamar - the regional centre
  • 2 Elverum
  • 3 Trysil - Norway's largest ski resort
  • 4 Brumunddal Brumunddal on Wikipedia
  • 5 Kongsvinger - small town arund 17th century fortress
  • 6 Tynset

Other destinations[edit]

  • 1 Lake Femunden Femund on Wikipedia - Norway's second biggest lake, about 60 kilometers long and up to 9 km wide, 600 meters above sea level, the main outflow is to Sweden and ends up in Gothenburg. A passenger boats operates on the lake in summer. The uninhabited area between the lake and Sweden is protected as a national park.
  • 2 Østerdalen valley Østerdalen on Wikipedia - the big valley that makes up most of Hedmark, home to Glomma, Norway's biggest river.

Understand[edit]

Hedmark is moose land
Storsjøen lake in Rendalen valley

Hedmark together with Oppland are landlocked counties and makes up the great interior between Oslo and Trondheim. The county stretches some 400 km south to north. High mountains and plateaus separate Hedmark and Oppland from Trøndelag and Western Norway, the border with Sweden is less distinct as it mostly runs through forest and mellow landscape.

There are no big cities, only the smallish regional capital of Hamar. Hedmark is dominated by the river Glomma and its valley Østerdalen. Glomma is Norway's largest river and unlike many other rivers it flows slowly down the big valley partly creating wide meanders. In the west lake Mjøsa is shared with Oppland county and the outflow of Mjøsa joins Glomma on the flatlands North-East of Oslo. Mjøsa is Norway's widest lake and at 450 meters also one of the deepest in Europe. Mjøsa stretches like a fjord for 120 kilometers between Lillehammer and Eidsvoll. Most of the water in the lake is below sea level. Despite the great inflow of water, Mjøsa's great volume means that the water needs 5 years to flow through lake.

The second major river of Hedmark is Trysil river that flows into Sweden. There are several other lakes in the area, notably Femunden (the second widest in Norway) and Storsjøen.

Hedmark stretches from the shores of lake Mjøsa to the border with Sweden. The southern section are some of Norway's rare flatlands and an important agricultural district with stately ancient old farms. Hedmark has some notable uplands and mountains in the north such as Rondane and high plateaus separating Østerdalen and Gudbrandsdalen valleys. Hedmark largely consists of mellow land covered by wide forests. The landscape is dominated by the big rivers flowing north to south. Most transport runs along these river valleys and transport in the east-west direction is hampered by mountains, high plateaus, bogs and wide forests.

The Hedmark forests are home to Norway's largest population of elk ("elg"), so drivers should be extra aware at twilight. The european elk (known as "moose" in North America) is the biggest wild animal in Norway and the bull can be well over 500 kg. The bull has long legs and a crash can cause serious harm on a small vehicle.

Hedmark has a largely continental climate and the northern areas like Tynset have some of Norway's lowest temperatures in winter. Temperatures can in winter drop below -40°C. During winter months temperatures are around -7°C on average in the south and -11°C in the north. Hedmark has a relatively dry climate and the northern corner is one of the driest places in Europe. While climate is dry in terms of modest precipitation, the long cold or cool season (usually with snow cover) the land is still fertile and green. Summers are pleasently mild in the lowlands (average 16°C) and in the valleys.

Talk[edit]

Farm land along the shores of lake Mjøsa

All residents speak Norwegian, some with a hint of Swedish. English is understood and spoken by most adults.

Get in[edit]

The south-west corner of Hedmark, along Mjøsa lake, is well connected to all main transport options. Hamar sits on Norway's main transport corridor south-north. The E6, Norway's main road, is a motorway between Hamar, Oslo airport, central Oslo and Sweden (Gothenburg). The main railway line from Oslo at Hamar connects to Dovrebanen (Dovre line, the main line north) and to Rørosbanen (Røros line).

By plane[edit]

There is no airport with scheduled flights in Hedmark.

  • The closest for most of the county is Oslo airport, a major international airport with flights from the USA, Asia and major European cities. Direct trains to Hamar, and with a change to Kongsvinger.
  • Røros just north of the county line has a small airport operated by Widerøe.
  • Trondheim airport is the closest international airport for the northern part of the county.

By rail[edit]

Mjøsbrua bridge connects east (Hedmark) and west (Oppland) shores of lake Mjøsa, and replaced the ferry
  • NSB's regional trains run 1-2 times per hour between Oslo and Lillehammer. They stop at the Oslo airport and in Hedmark they stop at Tangen, Stange, Hamar and Brumunddal.
  • NSB intercity trains go between Oslo and Trondheim, 3-4 times per day. They stop in Hamar.
  • NSB regional trains go between Hamar and Røros, 3-4 times per day. They stop at several places, like Elverum and Tynset.
  • NSB regional trains go between Oslo and Kongsvinger, stopping at several places.
  • SJ intercity trains go Oslo-Stockholm, stopping in Kongsvinger.

By bus[edit]

The long-distance coach operator Nor-Way Bussekspress operates extensively throughout the county, serving Østerdalen valley, Trysil and other destinations. From Oslo, Timeekspressen operates to Elverum.

By car[edit]

E16 border crossing.
  • Road 3 (Østerdalen road) runs through all of Hedmark nort-south and connects to E6 south of Trondheim. This is the main alternative to E6 between Oslo and Trondheim.
  • Road 25 connects to road 66 from Västerås in Sweden, border crossing at Støa
  • Road E16 is the east-west european route Bergen-Oslo Airport, Gardermoen-Kongsvinger-Gävle. Border crossing east of Kongsvinger. E16 connects Hedmark to Oslo Airport, Gardermoen.
  • Road 27 (Venabu/Rondane road) from Gudbrandsdalen at Ringebu is mountain pass through the high plateau, named national tourist route.

Get around[edit]

Mjøsa tower (Brumundal) is at some 85 meters the tallest wooden house in the world. The building includes a hotel, flats and a swimming pool. Next to road E6.
  • Hedmark Trafikk is the local bus operator (website in Norwegian only). Route info also on rutebok.no (available in English).
  • Røros railway line: NSB trains Hamar-Røros with stops in Elverum, Tynset and over a dozen more places inside Hedmark.

See[edit]

Lake Femunden and surroundings. Some of unspoiled areas around the lake are protected as national park.
  • Femunden—A lake surrounded by a national park near the border with Sweden.
  • 1 Norsk skogbruksmuseum (Norwegian Forestry Museum), Elverum. A national museum for forests and wilderness in Norway.
  • 2 Vang kirke i Ridabu (Vang church at Hamar). This monumental church is nicknamed Hedmark cathedral. With some 1000 seats it is one of the largest churches built in the countryside (now within the town of Hamar) and still one of the biggest in Norway. Because of the octagonal style and wide span without supporting columns the church has a great volume inside. The ceiling is about 500 square meters. The octagonal style was popular in Norway at that time (1810).
  • 3 Sollia kirke (Sollia church). Small log-built church in baroque style (1738) at isolated Sollia village. Decorated interior.
  • 4 Stor-Elvdal kirke (Stor-Elvdal church). Wooden church in neoclassical style (1821) in Stor-Elvdal district. Known as Østerdal Cathedral because of its size and monumental style.
  • 5 Vikingskipet (Hamar Olympic Speed Skating Rink), Hamar. Vikingskipet ("The Viking Ship") looks like an upside down viking ship hence the name. It is an indoor multi-use sport and event venue in Hamar, Norway. It was built as the speed skating rink for the 1994 Winter Olympics, and has since hosted events and tournaments in ice speedway, rally, association football, bandy, ice sledge speed racing, flying disc and track cycling. Fine location at the water front in Hamar. Clearly visible from the motorway. Now Hamar's main landmark. Vikingskipet on Wikipedia
  • 6 Jutulhogget (Jutulhogget canyon), Road 3 (Car park some 400 meters from road 3). Jutulhogget is a 2.4 kilometres long and 200 meters deep canyon that cuts through a mountain ridge between two parallel valleys. The canyon created by the rupture of the dam of a proglacial lake about 10.000 years ago. The canyon is an unusual habitat and is protected as a nature reserve. Jutulhogget is one of the biggest canyons in Northern Europe. The name means something like "the giant's cut with an ax". Jutulhogget (Hedmark) on Wikipedia

Do[edit]

Skibladner, the world's oldest paddle steamer (1856), calling at Hamar.
Søln is a landmark summit and fine hiking area between Rendalen and Femunden.
  • Trysil has one the largest skiing resorts in Norway.
  • Femundsmarka national park and surroundings is a gently rolling partly forested landscape. The wide Femunden lake, several other lakes and gentle rivers make this area popular for canoe paddling. The national park itself is only available hiking. There are handful of lodges within the area. Hiking into Sweden also possible.
  • Skibladner (the world's oldest paddle steamer), +47 6114 4080. Late June to mid-August. The steamer is in operation during the summer months on the Mjøsa lake just south of Lillehammer. Voyage between Lillehammer, Moelv, Gjøvik, Hamar and Eidsvoll. From 180kr adult; children free.
  • 1 Road 27, toll-free: free. County road 27 from Ringebu to Folldal along Rondane.
  • 7 Tron (Tron summit). Tron (or Tronfjellet) is a prominent summit in Alvdal/Tynset. There is a toll road to the summit open in the summer built while installing a broadcasting antenna in the 1960s, this Norway's second highest road. There is a fine panorama from the summit.

Stay safe[edit]

Norway is generally a very safe place to visit. Hedmark is peaceful countryside and quiet small towns, and at least as safe as anywhere else in Norway. Be careful around waterfalls (slippery rocks and cliffs). Uplands such as Rondane can occasionally be cool (down to 0°C) even in summer, bring a rucksuck with warm clothes if you go hiking for more than 1 hour.

Go next[edit]


This region travel guide to Hedmark is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!