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Homs (حمص) is the third largest city in Syria. Much of the city was destroyed or damaged during the ongoing Syrian Civil War, particularly during the Siege of Homs (2011—14). Rebuilding began in 2018.


With a population of 1.6 million, Homs is the third large city in Syria after the capital Damascus and Aleppo. It is centrally positioned in Syria and is home to Al-Baath University among other institutes. There are many restaurants and hotels. The old name for the city of Homs is "Emissa" or "Emizza" but in standard Arabic it is called "Hims" and "Homs" is its informal name.

Homs is the birthplace of Hashim al-Atassi, the Syrian nationalist and former president of Syria.

Get in[edit]

There is no airport in Homs; however, you can reach the city by taxi, private car, or bus from the airports at Damascus, Aleppo, or Lattakia, or other ports of you are arriving from outside of Syria. There are bus stations in every city which provide service to reach Homs.

There are no trains to Homs, however services from Damascus are expected to return during 2020 or 2021.

  • 1 Homs railway station.

Get around[edit]


  • 1 Citadel of Homs (قلعة حمص). Built on an ancient tell dating back to the 3rd millennium BCE, a castle has been standing here since Roman times. However, it is mostly associated with the medieval knight Usama ibn Munqidh and the castle is often referred to as Osama castle. The ancient structures where leveled during the 1830s and now only ruins remains. Citadel of Homs (Q3388317) on Wikidata Citadel of Homs on Wikipedia


  • 2 Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد). Noted for its Ottoman-Turkish architectural style, the mosque is dedicated to Khalid ibn al-Walid, an Arab military commander who led the Muslim conquest of Syria in the 7th century CE following the decisive Battle of Yarmouk, which put an end to Byzantine rule in Syria. Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque (Q4022343) on Wikidata Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque on Wikipedia
  • 3 Great Mosque of al-Nuri (جامع النوري الكبي). Great Mosque of al-Nuri (Q3397423) on Wikidata Great Mosque of al-Nuri (Homs) on Wikipedia


  • 4 Church of Saint Elian (كنيسة مار اليان), Tarafa bin al-Abd St. Greek Orthodox church consecrated in AD 432. Church of Saint Elian (Q3543998) on Wikidata Church of Saint Elian on Wikipedia
  • 5 Forty Martyrs Cathedral (كاتدرائية الأربعين شهيدا). The largest Greek Orthodox cathedral in the city. Forty Martyrs Cathedral, Homs (Q57727499) on Wikidata Forty Martyrs Cathedral, Homs on Wikipedia
  • 6 Saint Mary Church of the Holy Belt (كاتدرائية السيدة العذراء أم الزنار). Also known as Um Al Zennar (كنيسة أم الزنار), this Syriac Orthodox church was first consecrated in 59 AD. The current structure dates back to the 9th century AD. St. Mary Church of the Holy Belt (Q6416466) on Wikidata Saint Mary Church of the Holy Belt on Wikipedia


Go to the mountains, 45 km from the city center:

  • Mashta el Helou
  • Marmarita
  • Jwykhat
  • Crack des Chevalier

There you can enjoy the cool weather, the beautiful view, or camp if you have a tent. A camping permit might be needed.



There are many restaurants in Homs in Ghouta street and Hamra street and others near city center.

If you are just passing though the city, definitely try the labneh shawarma at the big food stall inside the Homs bus station.


You can find many pubs and bars to have a drink, specially in Al Hamidiya street, and some in Al hadara Street.

Try Arak the local Syrian drink


There are many hotels in Homs

  • Assafeer Hotel in Alinsha'at is the most popular (5 stars)
  • Homs Grand Hotel (HGH)
  • other cheaper hotels near the city center and the Damascus road (in Arabic:طريق الشام)
  • 1 Safir Homs Hotel (فندق سفير حمص), Ragheb Al Jamali St, +963 31 211 2400.

Stay safe[edit]

See the travel warning at Syria.

Go next[edit]

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