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Huangzhong (湟中; Huángzhōng; Tibetan: Tsongkha or Lushaer) is a town near Xining, Qinghai Province.


Huangzhong is about 28km southwest of Xining, and although small, it is very important to Tibetans. This is the birthplace of Tsongkhapa (Je Rinpoche), the founder of the Dalai Lama's Gelukpa (Yellow Hat) order, and it is the site of Ta'er Si Monastery, one of the six greatest Gelukpa monasteries. There are many Han and Hui in the town itself but the area around the monastery is full of tourists mingling among the throngs of Tibetan pilgrims who flock to the site from across the Amdo (Eastern Tibet) region.

Get in[edit]

Bus leaves from Xining Gymnasium (体育馆; Tǐyùguǎn) every half hour throughout the day til evening. The bus takes about one hour to travel to Huangzhong.

  • 1 Huangzhong County Bus Station (湟中县汽车站), 429 Heping Road (和平路429号), +86 971 2232712.

Get around[edit]


Main entrance of Ta'ersi (Kumbum Monastery)
  • 1 Kumbum Monastery (塔尔寺 Tǎ'ěrsì). Perfectly situated and beautifully appointed throughout the monastery with frescoes and murals. Butter sculptures, frescoes and padded embroidery are the three treasures of the monastery. Kumbum means A Hundred Thousand Buddha Images in Tibetan, and it is one of the six great Gelukpa monasteries boasting enormous influence in both the religious and secular life of the Amdo (Eastern Tibet) region. The present 14th Dalai Lama studied at this sacred site. ¥80.
  • 2 Tibetan Culture Museum (藏文化馆), A1 Yingbin Road (迎宾路A1号) (700 metres east of the Huangzhong County Bus Station), +86 971 2235111, +86 971 2233000. 09:00-17:00. ¥60.


  • Four Summons Ceremonies (At Ta'er Monastery). Four times annually with large visits of pilgrims, sunning a large portrait of Buddha, butter sculpture shows and Buddhist philosophy debates (provided you speak Tibetan).



To the left and downhill from the entrance to Ta'ersi there is a small area of tourist shops and a scattering a traditional Tibetan restaurants.


Here, you can buy yark acidophilus milk, only ¥2 per bottle, the taste is very good.


  • Kumbum Hotel (Kumbum Fandian) (In the Monastery). Tibetan-style guesthouse popular with pilgrims.
  • Ta'ersi Hotel (Ta'ersi Binguan). Where most tour groups end up.

Go next[edit]

The bus station is about 2-3km down the road from the monastery towards Xining. Bus 909 goes to Xining directly. During the day many taxis wait near the entrance to Ta'er Monastery and will leave to Xining only when full. In the evening, taxis wait down the street across from Huangzhong County Hospital. They should not charge much more than ¥50-60 for the trip, so expect to pay about ¥15 per person.

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