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Indonesian phrasebook

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Map of where Indonesian is predominantly spoken. Dark blue: as a majority language. Light blue: as a minority language.

Indonesian (Indonesian: Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language and lingua franca of Indonesia, in addition to East Timor and places with a significant Indonesian diaspora such as Southeast Asia and the Netherlands. With over 230 million speakers, there are a lot of people to talk to in Indonesian.

Indonesian is closely related to Malay, and speakers of both languages can generally understand each other. The main differences are in the loan words: Indonesian has been mainly influenced by Dutch, while Malay has been mainly influenced by English. Both languages have lots of loan words from Sanskrit and other Indian languages, Arabic and Javanese.

Just like English, Indonesia uses the Latin alphabet system and Arabic numerals.

Understand[edit]

With over 230 million inhabitants dispersed in their local communities, the Indonesian language actually does not exactly serve as a mother tongue, as most of its speakers' first languages are local to their region, such as Javanese, Balinese, Betawi, Sundanese, Palembang, Bugis, and the many tribal languages of Papua. Its purpose is to be a language of unification between all the peoples of Indonesia, declared so since the Youth Congress on October 28, 1928.

Indonesia originates from the Malay language usually spoken in northeastern Sumatra, which was made famous by the Srivijaya Empire (7th-14th centuries), and then as a working language for trading ("pasar Malay", used in bazaars). As the origin comes from Malay, the two languages share many words in common, but when they were colonized by different countries, new words were formed from borrowings from their then-colonial overlords.

There are some varieties between local dialects of Indonesian, mostly caused by mixing Indonesian with local mother tongues, but these words are mostly used as a slang language that is heavily used on mass media and thus spoken by children and teenagers. This is especially common in Jakarta (the centre of the country's mass media), the rest of Java, Medan, and Eastern Indonesia. But that being said, all Indonesians can easily switch to the standard language, especially when talking with a foreigner.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Indonesian is very easy to pronounce: it has one of the most phonetic writing systems in the world, with only a small number of simple consonants and relatively few vowel sounds. One peculiarity of the spelling is the lack of a separate sign to denote the schwa. It is written as an 'e', which can sometimes be confusing.

In Indonesia, spelling reforms in 1947 and 1972 have officially eliminated several vestiges of Dutch in the otherwise very phonetic spelling, and the writing system is now nearly identical to Malay. However, the older forms remain in use to some extent (especially in names) and have been noted in parentheses below.

Stress usually falls on the second-to-last syllable, so in two-syllable words the first syllable is stressed.

Vowels[edit]

As Indonesians pronounce the letter “e” in two different ways, this guide will highlight both the regular and accented version in the phonetics.

vowel English equiv. vowel English equiv. vowel English equiv.
a art e vowel é say
i see o lock u pool

Consonants[edit]

Indonesian newspeak


One legacy of the Sukarno-Suharto era still affecting Indonesia is an inordinate fondness for vaguely Orwellian Newspeak-y abbreviations, chosen more for pronounceability than logic or comprehensibility. For example, the National Monument (Monumen Nasional) is universally known as Monas, the Jakarta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi capital region is called Jabodetabek and a police captain at the East Kalimantan HQ (Kepala Kepolisian Resor Kalimantan Timur) would be known as Kapolres Kaltim. Even the socialistic exhortation to stand on your own feet (berdiri diatas kaki sendiri) can be snappily rendered as berdikari and the humble fried rice nasi goreng can be chopped up into nasgor!

Others (not specified, in alphabetical order)

Baper (slang) 
Bawa perasaan (Put ahead emotions and feelings to everything)
Gordat (slang from West Java region) 
Goreng Adat (someone who is angry all the time without reasons)
Jamber 
Jam berapa? (What time is it?)
Kanker (not cancer)
Kantong kering (When you don't have money or have already spent too much)
Lola 
Loading lambat (Slow thinker)
Titi DJ 
Hati-hati Di Jalan (be careful on the way, Titi DJ is an established singer)


Common abbreviations:

Food/Beverages

Buryam 
Bubur Ayam (Chicken congee/porridge)
Es Jerman 
Es Jeruk Manis (Iced orange juice)
Ketoprak 
Ketupat toge digeprak (Vegetarian dish from Jakarta which consists of compressed rice cakes, tofu, rice vermicelli and bean sprouts drizzled with peanut sauce)
Migor 
Mie goreng (Fried noodles)
Nasgor 
Nasi goreng (Fried rice)


Popular highway/toll road names

Cipularang 
Cikampek-Purwakarta-Padalarang (Jakarta-Bandung toll road)
Jagorawi 
Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi (A highway/toll road link from the south of East Jakarta to Ciawi in West Java)
Jorr 
Jakarta Outer Ring Road (Jakartans usually say this as Jorr instead of saying it per capital letters)

Consonants that use the old spelling style are written in parentheses:

like 'b' in "bed"
bh 
like 'b' in "bed", only in Sanskrit borrowings
c (ch, tj) 
like 'ch' in "check"
like 'd' in "dog"
dh 
like 'd' in "dog", only in Sanskrit borrowings
like 'ph' in "phone"
like 'g' in "go"
like 'h' in "help"
j (dj) 
like 'j' in "job"
like 'k' in "keep"; at ends of words, a glottal stop like the stop some people use to pronounce To'enham Hotspur Football Club
kh (ch) 
like 'ch' in "loch"
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "mother"
like 'n' in "nice"
ng 
like 'ng' in "sing" (no hard 'g' sound)
ngg 
like 'ng' in "finger" ('ng' plus a hard 'g')
ny 
like 'ny' in "canyon"
like 'p' in "pig"; unaspirated (i.e., no explosive sound) at the ends of words
similar to the 'k' or 'kh' sound (almost always with "u". Only in Arabic borrowings)
like 'rr' in Spanish "perro" (trilled/rolled r)
like 's' in "sick"
sy (sj) 
like 'sh' in "sheep"
like 't' in "top"; unaspirated (i.e., no explosive sound) at the ends of words
the same as 'f' (like 'ph' in "phone")
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'cks' in "kicks"
y (j) 
like 'y' in "yes"
like 'z' in "haze"

Common diphthongs[edit]

ai 
like 'aye' in "eye" or "why"
au 
like 'ow' in "cow"
oi 
like 'oy' in "boy"

NOTE: when two vowels are beside each other, and it's not one of the above diphthongs, it must be pronounced as separate syllables

Note[edit]

In the pseudo-pronunciations below, glottal stops are shown as apostrophes, usually at the ends of words. Unaspirated consonants (always the letters T or P, usually at the ends of words) are shown in parentheses.

Grammar[edit]

Pronouns Singular Plural
1st Person Saya (SAH-yah) (formal)
aku (AH-koo) (informal)
Kita (KEE-tah) (when you include the person
you're talking to within a group)
Kami (KAH-mee) (when you don't include
the person you're talking to)
2nd Person Kamu (KAH-moo) (informal)
Anda (AHN-dah) (formal)
Kalian (KAH-lee-ahn)
3rd Person
Dia (DEE-ah) (informal) he/she

Beliau (BUH-lih-yow) (formal) he/she Ia (EE-ah) it

Mereka (muh-REH-kah)

Indonesian sentences structure is subject-verb-object. It more or less resembles English, but with more rules to follow, it actually looks more like Spanish!

In general, there are no grammatical gender and verb conjugation for person, number or tense, all of which are expressed with adverbs or tense indicators.

Saya makan nasi.
"I eat rice."

Adjectives are simply placed after the noun, not before. In this case, the word "goreng" means "fried":

Saya makan nasi goreng.
"I eat fried rice."

If you want to use an adverb, place it after the adjective (if any) or the verb. Use "dengan" (DUHNG-an) followed by the adjective:

Saya makan nasi (goreng) dengan gembira.
I happily eat (fried) rice. (lit: I eat (fried) rice with happy)

Negation marker ("tidak") (TEE-da') is placed before the verb:

Saya tidak makan nasi goreng.
"I don't eat fried rice."

Present continuous marker ("sedang") (suh-DANG) is placed before the verb; in case of a negative sentence, place it after "tidak":

Saya (tidak) sedang makan nasi goreng.
"I am (not) eating fried rice."

Past participle marker ("sudah") (SOO-dah) is also placed before the verb; in case of a negative sentence, the word is "belum" (buh-LUM):

Saya sudah makan nasi goreng.
"I have eaten fried rice."

If you use a place and/or time signal, they must be placed after the object. The place usually precedes the time signal. You can also place them at the beginning of the sentence, but only one of them is allowed. In this case, setiap hari means everyday.

You can also use a second adjective, but it must be joined by the word yang (lit: which is, that is, who is) after the first adjective. Usually the adjective types country & colour are put first before other adjectives:

Saya makan nasi di sebuah restoran Tionghoa yang kecil di seberang hotel saya setiap hari.
"I eat rice at a small Chinese restaurant in front of my hotel every day."

Question forms follow the simple structure of question word-pronoun-verb-object:

Apa yang kamu makan? : "What are you eating?
Di mana kamu makan nasi goreng? : "Where are you eating fried rice?"

Prefix attack

Having trouble finding a word in a dictionary? Trying dropping the extra cruft.

Prefixes: be-, bel-, ber-, di-, ke-, me-, mem-, men-, meng-, per-, se-, ter-

Suffixes: -an, -i, -kan, -lah, -nya

The official term of verb has the prefixes me-, mem-, or meng- and/or suffix -kan. You most often can leave these out if the root word is already a verb. Use the prefix ter- to state you did something accidentally or something that has been done, while di- is used for passive actions.

The prefix ber- though, must be used with an noun or adjective so that it means to have and to become, respectively. Use the suffix (-nya) after a noun if you think the speaker knows the definite object you are referring to, an equivalent to English's "the".

When plurals are in use, they're often simply a repetition of the singular form, connected by a dash. For example, mobil-mobil (cars) is simply the plural form of "mobil" (car). But, beware that some words are tricky enough to be a plural, while it is actually a singular, such as: laba-laba (spider) vs 'laba' (profit). To avoid confusion, it is better off to use "banyak" (many) instead as a plural form for all objects: banyak laba-laba (spiders).

Indonesian is a so-called agglutinative language, which means suffixes are all attached to a base root. So a word can become very long. For example there is a base word hasil which means "result" or "success". But it can be extended as far as ketidakberhasilannya, which means his/her failure: "ke"(the state of)-"tidak"(not)-"ber"(-ing)-"hasil"(success)-"an"(the state of, with ke)-"nya"(his/her). These are largely modular; "berhasil" means "to have (good) result", for example.

If all else fails, simply using standard subject-verb-object form and common particles, while disregarding prefixes and suffixes, is generally unambiguous. For example, to state your intention to find a train station, simply "saya mau pergi ke stasiun" (I; want to; go; to; the station) is both clear and polite.

Addressing people[edit]

Using direct terms for "you" is not always considered polite in Indonesia. To call anyone "kamu", unless you know them very well, is rude. Opt for an honorific instead.

Frequently used[edit]

Bapak (BAH-pah')/pak (pah'
The default honorific for males of the same age or older than yourself (same as Mr. in English): Pak Joko (Mr. Joko)
Ibu (IH-boo)/bu (boo
The default honorific for females of roughly the same age or older than yourself (same as Mrs. in English): Ibu Susi (Mrs. Susi)
Kakak (KAH-kah'
Informal form for younger males and females, it means older sibling.
Nak (Nah') or Adik (Ah-dih'
For children

Archaic forms[edit]

These are less frequently heard but, as a traveller, you may be addressed in this way.

Nona (NOH-nah
For single or young ladies (analogous to Miss in English). You might hear it shortened into Non.
Nyonya (NYO-nyah
For married or elderly ladies and formal for all females (same as Mrs., or Ma'am in US English usage). Rarely used, especially in big cities, though you might hear it shortened into 'Nyah' in some parts of Central and Eastern Java.
Tuan (too-AHN
Formal honorific for males, usually elderly. (same as Mr. or Sir in US English usage). Rarely used in everyday conversation. You'll mostly find it in the phrase 'tuan rumah', meaning 'host'.

Regional variants[edit]

Different forms of some of these words are used across the archipelago. The ones below refer to someone who is roughly your own age or slightly older. Broadly analagous to the Indonesian kakak, they are informal so, if in doubt, revert to bapak and ibu. You will hear them being used to address serving staff in restaurants and shops.

in Bali 
bli (blee) for males and mbok (uhm-BO') for females.
in Javanese-speaking communities 
mas (mahss) for a male and mbak (uhm-BAH') for a female.
in Sundanese-speaking communities (mostly West Java) 
akang (AH-kahng) for males, and teteh (TEH-teh) for females.
among Minang speakers (originally from West Sumatra) 
abang (AH-bahng) or uda (OO-dah) for males and uni (OO-nee) for females.
in Indonesian Chinese communities 
koko (KOH-koh) and cici (CHEE-chee), for male and female, respectively.

Phrase list[edit]

Unless noted as (informal), phrases in this phrasebook use the formal, polite Anda and saya forms for "you" and "I" respectively.

Basics[edit]

Common signs


BUKA 
Open
TUTUP 
Closed
MASUK 
Entrance
KELUAR 
Exit
DORONG 
Push
TARIK 
Pull
WC 
Toilet
PRIA 
Men
WANITA 
Women
DILARANG 
Forbidden
DILARANG MASUK! 
no entry
If it says dilarang, don't even think about it doing it
Hello. 
Halo. (HAH-loh)
Hello. (informal
Hai. (high)
Hello. ("Muslim") 
Assalamu 'alaikum (ah-sah-LAH-mu ah-LEH-koom)

note: if someone says this to you, you must reply back Wa'laikum salam (wah-ah-LEH-koom sah-LAHM) regardless of your beliefs, thus returning the wish of peace that was bestowed upon you. Not doing so is a serious breach of etiquette.

How are you? 
Apa kabar? (AH-pah KAH-bar?)
Fine, thank you. 
Baik, terima kasih. (bah-EE', TREE-mah KAH-see)
What is your name? 
Siapa nama? (see-AH-pah NAH-mah?)
My name is ______ . 
Nama saya ______ . (NAH-mah SAH-yah _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Senang bertemu Anda. (suh-NANG buhr-TUH-moo AHN-dah)
Please. (inviting someone to do something) 
Silakan. (SIH-lah-kahn)
Please. (asking for help with an action or service) 
Tolong (TO-long)
Please. (asking to be given something) 
Minta (MIN-tah)
Thank you. 
Terima kasih. (tuh-REE-mah KAH-see)
You're welcome. 
Sama-sama. (SAH-mah SAH-mah)
Yes. 
Ya (yah)
No. 
Tidak (TEE-dah'), Tak (tah')
Excuse me. (getting attention
Permisi (puhr-MIH-see)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Maaf. (mah-AHF)
I'm sorry. 
Maafkan saya. (mah-AHF-kahn SAH-yah)
Goodbye (to someone staying behind after you are gone) 
Selamat tinggal. (suh-LAH-mah(t) TING-gahl)
Goodbye (to someone leaving you) 
Selamat jalan. (suh-LAH-mah(t) JAH-lahn)
Goodbye (informal
Da-da. (DAH-dah)
See you 
Sampai jumpa (SAM-pigh JOOM-pah)

The shorter the better

Colloquial Indonesian shortens commonly used words mercilessly.

tidak → tak → nggak → gak 
no
tidak ada → tiada 
not have
sudah → udah → dah 
already
bapak → pak 
father; you (polite, for men)
ibu → bu
mother; you (polite, for older women)
aku → ku 
I (informal)
kamu → mu 
you (informal)

-ku and -mu also act as suffixes: mobilku is short for mobil aku, "my car". Note that shortened words are often less formal, and there for clarity, the standard form may be preferred.

In the case of an object pronoun, you can usually use the word kepada- which means "to be given to..." or punya- which means "to belong to ..." followed by the suffixes -ku means "me", "-mu" is you, "-nya" which refers to him/her, or God (the letter N must be capitalized in this case). Most often you can simply use the usual subject pronoun system though.

Can you speak {language}? 
Bisakah Anda berbicara bahasa ____? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah buhr-bee-CHAH-rah ba-HAH-sah ____)
English 
Inggris (ING-griss)
Chinese 
Mandarin (mahn-dah-RIN)
Dutch 
Belanda (buh-LAHN-dah)
Arabic 
Arab (AH-rahb)
Japanese 
Jepang (JUH-pahng)
What does ___ mean?
Apa artinya ____? (AH-pah AR-tee-nyah)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Adakah orang yang bisa bahasa Inggris? (AH-dah-kah OH-rahng yahng BEE-sah ba-HAH-sah ING-griss?)
I can('t) speak Indonesian [well]. 
Saya (tidak) bisa bicara bahasa Indonesia [dengan baik]. (SAH-yah (TEE-dah') BEE-sah bee-CHA-rah ba-HAH-sah in-doh-NEE-zhah [DUHNG-an BAH-ee'])
Speak more slowly, please
Tolong bicara lebih pelan. (TO-long bee-CHA-rah LUH-bee PUH-lahn)
I want to ask
Saya mau bertanya. (SAH-yah MAH-oo buhr-TAH-nyah)
Help! 
Tolong! (TO-long)
Wait! 
Tunggu! (TOONG-gooh!)
Look out! 
Awas! (ah-WAHSS)
Selamat pagi, Bali!
Good morning (dawn until about 11AM). 
Selamat pagi. (suh-LAH-mah(t) PAH-gee)
Good afternoon (from about 11AM until about 3PM). 
Selamat siang. (suh-LAH-mah(t) SEE-yahng)
Good afternoon (from about 3PM until dusk). 
Selamat sore. (suh-LAH-mah(t) SO-ray)
Good evening/night (between dusk and dawn). 
Selamat malam. (suh-LAH-mah(t) MAH-lahm)
Good night (if heading off to bed) 
Selamat tidur. (suh-LAH-mah(t) TEE-door)
How do you say ...? 
Bagaimana Anda mengatakan ...? (bah-GIGH-mah-nah AHN-dah muh-NGA-tah-kahn ...?)
What is this/that called? 
Ini/itu disebut apa? (EE-nee/EE-too dee-suh-BUT AH-pah?)/Ini/itu namanya apa? (EE-nee/EE-too NAH-mah-nyah AH-pah?)
I don't understand. 
Saya tidak mengerti. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' muh-NGUHR-tee)
Where is the toilet? 
Di mana kamar kecil? (dee MAH-nah KAHM-ar kuh-CHEEL?)
How much (does this cost)? 
Berapa harganya? (buh-RAH-pah HAR-gah-nyah)
What time is it (now)? 
Jam berapa (sekarang)? (jahm buh-RAH-pah (suh-KAH-rahng)?)

Problems[edit]

No means no

Indonesian has a number of ways to say "no".

tidak (tak, nggak
"Not" — used to negate verbs and adjectives.
Ada apel? (Do you) have an apple?
Tidak ada. (No, I) don't have.
Apel baik? (Is it a) good apple?
Tidak baik. (No, it's) not good.
bukan (kan
"No" — used to negate nouns.
Ini apel? Is this an apple?
Bukan. Ini jeruk. No, it's an orange.
belum 
"Not yet" — used when something has not happened (yet).
Sudah makan apel? Have you already eaten the apple?
Belum. No, not yet.
jangan 
"Don't" — to tell somebody not to do something.
Jangan makan apel! Don't eat the apple!
dilarang 
"Forbidden" — used mostly on signs.
Dilarang makan apel. Eating apple is forbidden.
Foreigner 
Warga Negara Asing (WAR-gah nuh-GAH-rah AH-sing) (literally: foreign citizen) or much more common by its acronym, WNA (way-en-ah).

NOTE: the commonly used word bule ("BOO-lay") usually refers to white Caucasians, but is a derogatory term as it literally means albino.

Leave me alone. 
Jangan ganggu saya! (JAHNG-ahn GAHNG-goo SAH-yah)
Don't touch me! 
Jangan pegang saya! (JAHNG-ahn PUH-gahng SAH-yah)
I'll call the police. 
Saya akan panggil polisi. (SAH-yah AH-kahn PAHNG-gihl po-LEE-see)
Police! 
Polisi! (po-LEE-see)
Stop! Thief! 
Berhenti! Maling! (Buhr-HUHN-tee! MAH-lihng!)
Hey! Pickpocket! 
Hey! Copet! (heh! CO-peh(t)!)
I need your help. 
Saya minta tolong. (SAH-yah MEEN-tah TO-long)
It's an emergency. 
Ini darurat. (EE-nee dah-ROO-rah(t))
I'm lost. 
Saya tersesat. (SAH-yah tuhr-SUH-sah(t))
I lost my bag. 
Saya kehilangan tas saya. (SAH-yah kuh-HEE-lahng-ahn tahss SAH-yah)
I lost my wallet. 
Saya kehilangan dompet saya. (SAH-yah kuh-HEE-lahng-ahn DOM-peh(t) SAH-yah)
I'm sick. 
Saya sakit. (SAH-yah SAH-ki(t))
I've been injured. 
Saya terluka. (SAH-yah tuhr-LOO-kah)
I need a doctor. 
Saya perlu dokter. (SAH-yah PUHR-loo DOCK-tuhr)
May I use your phone? 
Bolehkah saya pakai telepon Anda? (BO-leh-kah SAH-yah PAH-keh TEH-luh-pon AHN-dah?)

At the doctor's[edit]

Please be careful with my heart

The word hati (HAH-tee) in Indonesian has some very different meanings, thus be careful when using the word for one meaning or another!

  • "heart" in the romantic or abstract sense is hati
  • the "heart" that is the organ that pumps blood around your body is jantung (JAHN-toong)
  • another meaning for "hati" in Indonesian is liver. In a restaurant, the dish sambal goreng hati is liver in a spicy sauce
  • the word for "be careful" is hati-hati
Take care! There are lots of children
Doctor 
Dokter (DOCK-tuhr)
Nurse 
Perawat (PUH-rah-wah(t)) or suster (SUS-tuhr)
Hospital
Rumah sakit (ROO-mah SAH-ki(t))
Medicine
Obat (O-bah(t))
Emergency room (ER)/Accident and Emergency (A&E)
Unit Gawat Darurat, normally pronounced UGD (oo-gay-day)
Pharmacy/drugstore/chemists
Apotek (AH-po-teh')
I am sick. 
Saya sakit (SAH-yah SAH-ki(t))
My _____ hurts
____ saya sakit (" ____ SAH-yah SAH-ki(t)")
Painful 
nyeri (NYUH-ree)

Body parts


Hands 
tangan (TAHNG-ahn)
Arms 
lengan (LUHNG-ahn)
Fingers 
jari (JAH-ree)
Shoulder 
pundak (POON-dah') or bahu (BAH-hoo)
Feet 
kaki (KAH-kee)
Toes 
jari kaki (JAH-ree KAH-kee)
Legs 
tungkai (TOONG-kai)
Nails 
kuku (KOO-koo)
Body 
tubuh (TOO-booh) or badan (BAH-dahn)
Eyes 
mata (MAH-tah)
Ears 
telinga (tuh-LING-ah) or kuping (KOO-ping)
Nose 
hidung (HEE-dung)
Face 
wajah (WAH-jah) or muka (MOO-kah)
Head 
kepala (kuh-PAH-lah)
Neck 
leher (LEH-hehr)
Throat 
tenggorokan (TUHNG-go-ro'-ahn)
Chest 
dada (DAH-dah)
Abdomen 
perut (PUH-root)
Hip/Waist 
pinggang (PING-gahng)
Buttocks 
bokong (BO-kong) or pantat (PAHN-tah(t))
Back 
punggung (POONG-goong)
Sick/uncomfortable 
sakit (SAH-ki(t))
Itchy/ticklish 
gatal (GAH-tahl)
Swollen 
bengkak (BUHNG-kah')
Sore 
radang (RAH-dahng)
Bleeding 
berdarah (buhr-DAH-rah)
Dizzy 
Pusing (POO-sing)
Swallowed 
Tertelan (tuhr-tuh-LAHN)
Fever 
demam (DUH-mahm)
Cough 
batuk (BAH-too')
Sneeze 
bersin (BUHR-sin)
Diarrhea 
diare (dee-ah-REH)
Vomiting 
muntah(MOON-tah)
Cold/flu 
pilek (PEE-luh')
Cut/wound
Luka (LOO-kah)
Burn
Luka bakar (LOO-kah BAH-kahr)
Fracture
Patah tulang (PAH-tah TOO-lahng)

Numbers[edit]

Cardinal numbers[edit]

Indonesian uses points/full stops for thousands and commas for decimal places, as in continental Europe.

Knowing numbers is useful for instance when shopping on a market
nol (nol). You will often hear the word kosong (KO-song) meaning empty
satu (SAH-too)
dua (DOO-ah)
tiga (TEE-gah)
empat (UHM-pah(t))
lima (LEE-mah)
enam (UH-nahm)
tujuh (TOO-jooh)
delapan (duh-LAH-pahn)
sembilan (suhm-BEE-lahn)
10 
sepuluh (suh-POO-looh)
11 
sebelas (suh-buh-LAHSS)
12 
dua belas (DOO-ah buh-LAHSS)
13 
tiga belas (TEE-gah buh-LAHSS)
20 
dua puluh (DOO-ah POO-loo)
21 
dua puluh satu (DOO-ah POO-loo SAH-too)
30 
tiga puluh (TEE-gah POO-loo)
50 
lima puluh (LEE-mah POO-loo)
80 
delapan puluh (duh-LAH-pan POO-loo)
100 
seratus (suh-RAH-tuss)
120
seratus dua puluh (suh-RAH-tuss DOO-ah POO-loo)
200 
dua ratus (DOO-ah RAH-tuss)
500 
lima ratus (LEE-mah RAH-tuss)
1000 
seribu (suh-REE-boo)
1100 
seribu seratus (suh-REE-boo suh-RAH-tuss)
1152 
seribu seratus lima puluh dua (suh-REE-boo suh-RAH-tuss LEE-mah POO-loo DOO-ah)
1200 
seribu dua ratus (suh-REE-boo DOO-ah RAH-tuss)
1500 
seribu lima ratus (suh-REE-boo LEE-mah RAH-tuss)
2000 
dua ribu (DOO-ah REE-boo)
2100 
dua ribu seratus (DOO-ah REE-boo suh-RAH-tuss)
5000
lima ribu (LEE-mah REE-boo)
10,000 
sepuluh ribu (suh-RAH-tuss REE-boo)
11,000 
sebelas ribu ("SUH-buh-lass REE-boo")
20,000 
dua puluh ribu (DOO-ah POO-loo REE-boo)
A 50,000 rupiah banknote (written in shops as Rp50.000,- or sometimes just 50.)
49,000 
empat puluh sembilan ribu (UHM-pah(t) POO-loh suhm-BEE-lahn REE-boo)
50,000 
lima puluh ribu (LEE-mah POO-looh REE-boo)
100,000 
seratus ribu (suh-RAH-tooss REE-boo)
150,000 
seratus lima puluh ribu (suh-RAH-tooss LEE-mah POO-looh REE-boo)
156,125 
seratus lima puluh enam ribu seratus dua puluh lima (suh-RAH-tooss LEE-mah POO-looh UH-nahm REE-boo suh-RAH-tooss DOO-ah POO-looh LEE-mah)
250,000 
dua ratus lima puluh ribu (DOO-ah RAH-tooss LEE-mah POO-looh REE-boo)
500,000 
lima ratus ribu (LEE-mah RAH-tooss REE-boo)
1,000,000 
satu juta (SAH-too JOO-tah)
1,005,000 
satu juta lima ribu (SAH-too JOO-tah LEE-mah REE-boo)
2,500,000 
dua setengah juta (DOO-ah STUHNG-ah JOO-tah)
1,000,000,000 
satu milyar (SAH-too MIL-yar)
1,000,000,000,000 
satu trilyun ("SAH-too TRIL-yoon)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
nomor _____ (NO-mor)

Ordinal[edit]

The only special word in this case:

1st
pertama("puhr-TAH-mah")

Subsequently, use the suffix "ke-" followed by the number:

2nd
kedua ("kuh-DOO-ah")
3rd
ketiga ("kuh-TEE-gah")

Other words[edit]

half 
setengah (STUHNG-ah)
quarter 
seperempat (suh-puhr-UHM-pah(t))
three quarter 
tiga perempat (TEE-gah puhr-UHM-pah(t))
percent
persen (PUHR-sehn)
less 
kurang (KOO-rahng)
more 
lebih (LUH-bee)

Time[edit]

Jam Gadang clocktower, a major landmark of Bukittinggi
now 
sekarang (suh-KAH-rahng)
later 
nanti (NAHN-tee)
before 
sebelum ("suh-BUH-lum")
after 
sesudah/setelah ("suh-SOO-dah/suh-TUH-lah")

Clock time[edit]

Indonesia uses a 24-hour format. So AM is 00.00 to 11.59, and PM is 12.00-23.59. In practice, however, people are also fine with telling time in 12-hour formats as long as the phase of the day is indicated (see below). For a half hour, look at what number the hour hand will be next.

What time is it now?
Jam berapa sekarang? (JAM buh-RAH-pah suh-KAH-rahng?)

NOTE: the word time, when used to tell how many times or multiplications, is kali ("KAH-lee"). The word itself literally means waktu (WAH'-too)


(Optional) Dawn (01.00-04.59)
dini hari (DEE-nee HAH-ree)
Morning (01.00-10.59)
pagi (PAH-gee)
Midday and early afternoon (11.00-14.59)
siang ("SEE-ahng")
Late afternoon (15.00-18.59)
sore/petang (so-REH/PUH-tahng)
Evening (19.00-00.59)
malam ("MAH-lahm")

01.00 
jam satu pagi (jahm SAH-too PAH-gee)
02.00 
jam dua pagi (jahm DOO-ah PAH-gee)
02.01 
jam dua lewat/lebih satu (menit) (jahm DOO-ah LEH-waht/LUH-bee SAH-too MUH-nih(t))
02.15 
jam dua seperempat/jam dua lewat lima belas(jahm DOO-ah suh-puhr-uhm-PA(T)/jahm DOO-ah LEH-wa(t) LEE-mah buh-LAHSS)
02.20 
jam dua lewat duapuluh (jahm DOO-ah LEH-wat DOO-ah POO-looh)
02.30 
jam setengah tiga (jahm STUHNG-ah TEE-gah)
02.40 
jam tiga kurang dua puluh (jahm TEE-gah KOO-rahng DOO-ah POO-looh) The equivalent of saying "twenty to three"
02.45 
jam tiga kurang seperempat/jam tiga kurang lima belas (jahm TEE-gah KOO-rahng suh-puhr-UHM-pa(t)/jahm TEE-gah KOO-rahng LEE-mah buh-LAHSS)
12.00 noon 
tengah hari (TUHNG-ah HAH-ree)
13.00 
jam satu siang (jahm SAH-too SEE-ahng)
14.00 
jam dua siang (jahm DOO-ah SEE-ahng)
00.00 midnight 
tengah malam (TUHNG-ah MAH-lahm)

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ menit (MUH-nih(t))
_____ hour(s) 
_____ jam (jahm)
_____ day(s) 
_____ hari (HAH-ree)
_____ week(s) 
_____ minggu (MING-goo)
_____ month(s) 
_____ bulan (BOO-lahn)
_____ year(s) 
_____ tahun (TAH-hoon)
in ____ 
____ lagi (____ LAH-gee)

Days[edit]

Beach in Java

A week is from Monday to Sunday, although in calendars, it is Sunday to Saturday.

today 
hari ini (HAH-ree EE-nee)
yesterday 
kemarin (kuh-MAH-rin)
tomorrow 
besok (BEH-so')
the day after tomorrow
lusa (LOO-sah)
the day before yesterday
kemarin lusa (kuh-MAH-rin LOOH-sah)
this week 
minggu ini (MING-goo EE-nee)
last week 
minggu lalu (MING-goo LAH-loo)
next week 
minggu depan (MING-goo duh-PAHN)
Sunday 
Minggu (MING-goo)
Monday 
Senin (suh-NIN)
Tuesday 
Selasa (suh-LAH-sah)
Wednesday 
Rabu (RAH-boo)
Thursday 
Kamis (KAH-mihss)
Friday 
Jumat (JOO-mah(t))
Saturday 
Sabtu (SAHB-too)

Months[edit]

January 
Januari (jah-noo-AH-ree)
February 
Februari (feh-broo-AH-ree)
March 
Maret (MAH-ruh(t))
April 
April (AH-prihl)
May 
Mei (May)
June 
Juni (JOO-nee)
July 
Juli (JOO-lee)
August 
Agustus (ah-GUS-tuss)
September 
September (sehp-TEHM-buhr)
October 
Oktober (ock-TO-buhr)
November 
Nopember (no-PEHM-buhr)
December 
Desember (deh-SEHM-buhr)

Writing time and date[edit]

Date[edit]

First one should write the day, after that the month and then the year.

August 17th 1945 
17 Agustus 1945

Colors[edit]

Colorful clothes made of the traditional fabric batik
black 
hitam (HEE-tahm)
white 
putih (POO-teeh)
gray 
abu-abu (AH-boo AH-boo)
red 
merah (MEH-rah)
blue 
biru (BEE-roo)
yellow 
kuning (KOO-ning)
green 
hijau (HEE-jow)
orange 
jingga/oranye/oren (JING-gah/o-RAH-nyah/OH-rehn)
purple 
ungu (OO-ngoo)
brown 
coklat (CHOCK-lah(t))
gold
emas (uh-MAHSS)
silver
perak (PEH-rah')
light
terang (TUH-rahng) or muda (MOO-dah)
pink
pink (pin') or merah muda (MEH-rah MOO-dah)
dark
gelap (GUH-lahp) or tua (TOO-ah)

Transportation[edit]

Traffic in Jakarta

Bus and train[edit]

Train
Kereta (kuh-REH-tah)
How much is a ticket to _____? 
Berapa harga karcis ke _____? (buh-RAH-pah har-GAH kar-CHIHSS kuh _____?)
I want to buy one ticket to _____, please. 
Saya ingin membeli satu karcis ke _____. (SAH-yah IHNG-in muhm-BUH-lee SAH-too kar-CHIHSS kuh _____)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Kereta/bus ini ke mana? (kuh-REH-tah/beuss IH-nee kuh MAH-nah?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Di mana kereta/bus ke _____? (dee MAH-nah kuh-REH-tah/beuss kuh _____?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Apakah kereta/bus ini berhenti di _____? (AH-pah-kah kuh-REH-tah/beuss IH-nee buhr-HUHN-tee dee _____?)
What time does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Jam berapa kereta/bus ke _____ berangkat? (jahm buh-RAH-pah kuh-REH-tah/beuss kuh _____ buh-RAHNG-kah(t)?)
What time does this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Jam berapa kereta/bus ini sampai di _____? (jahm buh-RAH-pah kuh-REH-tah/beuss IH-nee SAHM-pigh dee _____?)

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
Bagaimana saya pergi ke _____ ? (Bah-GIGH-mah-nah SAH-yah puhr-GEE kuh ____)
...the train station? 
...stasiun kereta api? (STAHS-yoon kuh-REH-tah AH-pee?)
...the bus station? 
...terminal bus? (TUHR-mihn-ahl beuss)
...the airport? 
...bandara? (bahn-DAH-rah)
...downtown? 
...pusat kota? (POO-sah(t) KOH-tah)
...the _____ hotel? 
... hotel _____ ? (HO-tehl ____)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British embassy/consulate? 
... Kedutaan Besar/Konsulat Amerika/Kanada/Australia/Inggris ? (kuh-DOO-tah-ahn buh-SAR/KON-soo-lah(t) ...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Di mana ada banyak... (dee MAH-nah AH-dah BAHN-yah')
...hotels? 
...hotel? (HO-tehl)
... inn? 
...penginapan (puhng-ihn-AHP-ahn)
...restaurants? 
...rumah makan/restoran? (ROO-mah MAH-kahn or REHST-tor-ahn)
...bars? 
...bar? (bar)
...sites to see? 
...tempat-tempat wisata? (TUHM-pah(t) TUHM-pah(t) wee-SAH-tah?)
Can you show me on the map? 
Bisakah Anda tunjukkan di peta? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah TOON-jook-kahn dee PEH-tah?)
street 
jalan (JAH-lahn)
left 
kiri (KEEH-ree)
right 
kanan (KAH-nahn)
straight ahead 
lurus (LOO-rooss)
towards the _____ 
menuju _____ (muh-NOO-joo)
past the _____ 
melewati _____ (muh-LEH-wah-tee)
before the _____ 
sebelum _____ (suh-BUH-loom)
after the ____ 
sesudah ____ (suh-SOO-dah)
near the 
dekat _____ (DEH-kaht)
in front of 
di depan _____ (dih duh-PAHN)
Intersection in Yogyakarta
intersection 
persimpangan (puhr-sim-PAHNG-ahn)
(over) there
(di) sana ((dih) SAH-nah)
(over) here
(di) sini ((dih) SEE-nee)
north 
utara (oo-TAH-rah)
south 
selatan (suh-LAH-tahn)
east 
timur (TEE-moor)
west 
barat (BAH-raht)
north-east 
timur laut (TEE-moor LAH-oot)
north-west 
barat laut (BAH-raht LAH-oot)
south-east 
tenggara (tuhng-GAH-rah)
south-west 
barat daya (BAH-raht DAH-yah)

Taxis and ride-sharing[edit]

Speaking on the phone to drivers

When using an app to book a taxi or ride-share, the driver will often call you straight after accepting the job, because the maps in the apps are sometimes not accurate, and they cannot tell exactly where you are. Here are some phrases you might hear and how to respond:

Posisi di mana? (poh-ZIH-see dee MAH-nah?
Where are you?
Posisi saya di _____ (poh-ZIH-see SAH-yah dee _____
I am at/in _____
Pas di depan (pass dee duh-PAHN
Right in front of
Di pinggir jalan (dee PING-geer JAH-lahn
By the side of the road
Dekat mana? (DEH-ka(t) MAH-nah?
Where is it near?
Patokannya di mana? (PAH-tohk-kahn-nyah dee MAH-nah?
Where is the place exactly? (Patokan in English means a criterion or a standard, but in Indonesian, it is used to navigate the drivers to the exact location, by pointing out the most popular/well-known point of interest.)
Dekat _____ (DEH-ka(t) _____
It is near _____
Pakai baju warna apa? (PAH-keh BAH-joo WAHR-nah AH-pah?
What colour shirt/top are you wearing?
Baju saya ____ (BAH-joo SAH-yah ____
My shirt/top is _____
Sebelah mana? (SUH-buh-lah MAH-nah?
What side are you on?
Sebelah kanan (SUH-buh-lah KAH-nahn
The right side
Sebelah kiri (SUH-buh-lah KEE-ree
The left side
Tunggu ya (TOONG-goo yah
Just hang on
Sebentar (suh-buhn-TAR
Just a second
Taxis are pretty dependable in most cities and large towns
Taxi! 
Taksi! (TAHCK-see)
Take me to _____, please. 
Tolong antar saya ke _____. (TOH-long AHN-tar SAH-yah kuh ____ )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Berapa harganya ke _____? (buh-RAH-pah har-GAH-nyah kuh ____ )
Turn left. 
Belok kiri. (BEH-lo' KEE-ree)
Turn right. 
Belok kanan. (BEH-lo' KAH-nahn)
Turn around. (U-turn) 
Putar balik. (POO-tar BAH-lee')
Watch for the _____. 
Lihat _____. (LEE-hah(t) ____)
Stop here. 
Berhenti di sini. (buhr-HUHN-tee dih SEE-nee)
Wait here. 
Tunggu di sini. (TUNG-goo dih SEE-nee)

Lodging[edit]

Evening view to the sea from a "splurge" hotel in Bali
Do you have any rooms available? 
Apakah Anda punya kamar kosong? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah POON-nyaa KAH-mar KOH-song?)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Berapa harga kamar untuk satu/dua orang? (buh-RAH-pah HAR-gah KAHM-ahr OON-too' SAH-too/DOO-ahO-rahng?)
Does the room come with... 
Apakah kamarnya ada... (AH-pah-kah KAH-mar-nyah AH-dah)
...bedsheets? 
...seprei? (suh-PREH)
...a bathroom? 
...kamar mandi? (KAH-mar MAHN-dee)
...a telephone? 
...telepon? (TEH-luh-pon)
...a TV? 
...Televisi/TV? (TEH-luh-VI-see/TEE-fee)
...a refrigerator 
...kulkas? (KOOL-kahs)
May I see the room first? 
Bolehkah saya lihat kamarnya dulu? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah LEE-ah(t) KAH-mar-nyah DOO-loo?)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Apakah ada kamar yang lebih tenang? (AH-pah-kah AH-dah KA-mar yahng LUH-bee TUH-nahng)
...bigger? 
...besar? (buh-SAR?)
...cleaner? 
...bersih? (buhr-SIH?)
...cheaper? 
...murah? (MOO-rah?)
OK, I'll take it. 
Baik saya ambil. (bigh', SAH-yah AHM-bihl)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Saya akan tinggal selama _____ malam. (SAH-yah AH-kahn TING-gahl suh-LAH-mah ____ MAH-lahm.)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Bisakah Anda menyarankan hotel lainnya? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah muh-NYA-rahn-kahn HO-tehl LIGH-nyah?)
Do you have a safe? 
Apakah Anda punya brankas? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah POO-nyah BRAHN-kahs?)
...lockers? 
...lemari berkunci? (luh-MAH-ree buhr-KOON-chee)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Apakah sudah termasuk sarapan/makan malam? (AH-pah-kah SOO-dah tuhr-MAH-sook SAH-rah-pahn/MAH-kahn MAH-lahm)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Jam berapa mulai sarapan/makan malam? (jahm BUH-rah-pah muh-LIGH SAH-rah-pahn/MAH-kahn MAH-lahm?)
Please clean my room. 
Tolong bersihkan kamar saya. (TOH-long BUHR-sih-kahn KAH-mahr SAH-yah)
Can you wake me at _____? 
Bisakah saya dibangunkan jam _____? (BEE-sah-kah SAH-yah dih-BAHNG-oon-kahn jahm ____)
I want to check out. 
Saya mau check out. (SAH-yah MAH-hoo chehck owt)

Money[edit]

A full spread of newer Indonesian banknotes
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Apakah Anda menerima dollar Amerika/Australia/Kanada? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah muh-nuh-REE-mah DO-lar ah-MEH-ree-kah/os-TRAH-lee-ah/KAH-nah-dah)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Apakah Anda menerima poundsterling Inggris? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah muh-nuh-REE-mah pon-stuhr-lihng IHNG-grihss)
Do you accept credit cards? 
Apakah Anda menerima kartu kredit? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah muh-nuh-REE-mah KAR-too KREH-di(t))
Can you change money for me? 
Bisakah Anda tukar uang untuk saya? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah TOO-kar OO-ahng OON-tu' SAH-yah)
Where can I get money changed? 
Di mana saya bisa tukar uang? (dih MAH-nah SAH-yah BEE-sah TOO-kar OO-ahng)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Bisakah Anda tukar cek perjalanan? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah TOO-kar chehk puhr-JAH-lah-nahn)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Di mana saya bisa tukar cek perjalanan? (DIH MAH-nah SAH-yah BEE-sah TOO-kar chehck puhr-JAH-lah-nahn)
What is the exchange rate? 
Berapa kursnya? (buh-RAH-pah KEURS-nyah)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Di mana ada ATM? (dih MAH-nah AH-dah AH-TEH-EHM)

Eating[edit]

Edible adjectives


asin (AH-sihn)
Salty
asam (AH-sahm)
Sour
manis (MAH-nihss)
Sweet
pedas (puh-DAHS)
Hot (spicy)
pahit (PAH-hee(t))
Bitter
enak (EH-nah')
Delicious
tawar (TAH-wahr)
Tasteless
dingin (DIHNG-ihn)
Cold
sejuk (SUH-ju')
Cool
hangat (HAHNG-ah(t))
Warm
panas (PAH-nahss)
Hot (temperature)
Finding the tea too sweet? Try teh tawar instead
A table for one person/two people, please. 
Tolong beri saya satu meja untuk satu/dua orang. (TOH-long BUH-ree SAH-yah SAH-too MEH-jah OON-too' SAH-too/DOO-ah O-rahng)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Bolehkah saya lihat menunya? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah LEE-ah(t) MEH-noo-nyah)
Is there a house specialty? 
Adakah makanan istimewa? (AH-dah-kah MAH-kah-nahn IHS-tee-MEH-wah?)
Is there a local specialty? 
Adakah makanan khas daerah ini? (AH-dah-kah MAH-kah-nahn khass dah-EH-rah IH-nee)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Saya vegetarian. (SAH-yah VEH-geh-TAH-ree-ahn)
I don't eat pork. 
Saya tidak makan babi. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-kahn BAH-bee)
I don't eat beef. 
Saya tidak makan sapi. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-kahn SAH-pee)
I don't eat seafood. 
Saya tidak makan hasil laut (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-kahn HAH-sihl LAH-oo(t))
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Bisakah dibuat dengan minyak sedikit saja? (BEE-sah-kah dee-BU-ah(t) DUHNG-ahn MIN-yah' suh-DEE-ki(t) SAH-jah?)
I want _____. 
Saya mau pesan _____. (SAH-yah MAH-oo puh-SAHN)
breakfast
sarapan (pagi) (SAH-rah-pahn (PAH-gee))
lunch
makan siang (MAH-kahn SEE-ahng)
dinner/supper
makan malam (MAH-kahn MAH-lahm)
snack
camilan (CHAH-mee-lahn)
I want a dish containing _____. 
Saya mau makanan yang mengandung _____. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MAH-kah-nahn yahng muhng-AHN-doong)
I'm allergic to ____
Saya alergi akan ____ (SAH-yah AH-luhr-gee AH-kahn ____)
chicken 
ayam (AH-yahm)

How would you like it to be done?


raw 
mentah (MUHN-tah)
fresh 
segar (SUH-gar)
cooked 
matang (MAH-tahng)
baked 
panggang (PAHNG-gahng)
grilled 
bakar (BAH-kar)
stir-fried 
tumis (TOO-mihss); cah ("CAH") (in Chinese restaurants)
fried 
goreng (GO-rehng)
boiled 
rebus (RUH-booss)
steamed 
kukus (KOO-kooss)
mixed 
campur (CHAHM-poor)
beef 
daging sapi (DAH-ging SAH-pee)
fish 
ikan (EE-kahn)
pork 
daging babi (DAH-ging BAH-bee)
lamb 
daging kambing (DAH-ging KAHM-bing)
prawn 
udang (OO-dahng)
crab 
kepiting (KUH-pit-ing)
squid 
cumi (CHOO-mee)
oyster 
tiram (TEE-rahm)
sausage 
sosis (SO-siss)
cheese 
keju (KEH-joo)
eggs 
telur (tuh-LOOR)
tofu 
tahu (TAH-hoo)
tempeh 
tempe (TEHM-peh)

Just some of the vegetable bounty of Padang Panjang in West Sumatra
(fresh) vegetables 
sayuran (SAH-yoo-rahn)
cucumber 
timun (TEE-mun)
carrot 
wortel (WOR-tehl)
lettuce 
selada (suh-LAH-dah)
cauliflower 
kembang kol (KUHM-bahng kol)
tomato 
tomat (TOH-mah(t))
corn 
jagung (JAH-goong)
water spinach (a common leafy vegetable) 
kangkung (KAHNG-koong)
amaranth/spinach 
bayam (BAH-yahm)
squash 
labu (LAH-boo)
bean 
kacang (KAH-chahng)
potato 
kentang (KUHN-tahng)
cassava 
singkong (SING-kong)
purple yam 
ubi (OO-bee)
sweet potato 
ubi jalar (OO-bee JAH-lar)
onion 
bawang bombay (BAH-wahng BOM-bay)
garlic 
bawang putih (BAH-wahng POO-tee)
shallot 
bawang merah (BAH-wahng MEH-rah)
mushroom 
jamur (JAH-moor)

An array of tropical fruits sold in Bali
(fresh) fruit 
buah (BOO-ah)
apple 
apel (AH-pehl)
banana 
pisang (PEE-sahng)
orange 
jeruk (JUH-roo')
watermelon 
semangka (suh-MAHNG-kah)
grape
anggur (AHNG-goor)
papaya 
pepaya (puh-PAH-yah)
mango 
mangga (MAHNG-gah)
guava 
jambu (JAHM-boo)
pineapple 
nanas (NAH-nahss)
persimmon 
kesemek (kuh-SEH-me')
cantaloupe 
blewah (BLEH-wah)
melon 
melon (MEH-lon)
coconut
kelapa (kuh-LAH-pah)
starfruit
belimbing (buh-LIM-beeng)
jackfruit
nangka (NAHNG-kah)
breadfruit
sukun (SOO-kuhn)
rambutan 
rambutan (RAHM-boo-tahn)
mangosteen 
manggis (MAHNG-gihss)
soursop
sirsak (SEER-sah')
durian
durian/duren (DOO-ree-ahn/DOO-rehn)

Sundanese dishes at a food stall
Bread 
Roti (ROH-tee)
Toast 
Roti bakar (ROH-tee BAH-kar)
Noodles 
Mie (mee)
Rice 
Nasi (NAH-see)
Porridge
Bubur (BOO-boor)
Beans or nuts
Kacang (KAH-chahng)
Ice cream
Es krim (ess krim)
Cake
Kue (KOO-eh)
Soup 
Sup/soto (soup/SOH-toh)
Spoon 
Sendok (SUHN-do')
Fork 
Garpu (GAR-poo)
Knife 
Pisau (PEE-sow)
Chopsticks 
Sumpit (SOOM-pi(t))
Excuse me, waiter! (getting attention of server
Permisi! (PUHR-mih-see)
May I have a glass of _____? 
Bolehkah saya minta satu gelas _____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah SAH-too guh-LAHSS_____?)
May I have a cup of _____? 
Bolehkah saya minta satu cangkir_____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah SAH-too CHAHNG-keer _____?)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Bolehkah saya minta satu botol _____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah SAH-too BOH-tol _____?)
Coffee 
Kopi (KO-pee)
Tea 
Teh (teh)
Juice 
Jus (joos)
Sparkling water 
Air soda (AH-eer SOH-dah)
Water 
Air (AH-eer)
Beer 
Bir (beer)
Red/white wine 
Anggur merah/putih (AHNG-goor MEH-rah/POO-tee)
May I have some _____? 
Bolehkah saya minta _____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah)
Salt 
Garam (GAH-ram)
Black pepper 
Lada hitam (LAH-dah HEE-tahm)
Chili sauce 
Saus sambal (SAH-ooss SAHM-bahl)
Tomato sauce 
Saus tomat (SAH-ooss TOH-mah(t))
Butter 
Mentega (muhn-TEH-gah)
I'm finished. 
Saya sudah selesai (SAH-yah SOO-dah suh-luh-SIGH)
I'm full. 
Saya kenyang (SAH-yah KUH-nyahng)
It was delicious. 
Tadi enak rasanya. (TAH-dee EH-nah' RAH-sah-nyah)
Please clear the plates. 
Tolong ambil piringnya. (TO-long AHM-bil PIH-ring-nyah)
Please clean the table. 
Tolong bersihkan mejanya. (TOH-long BUHR-seeh-kahn MEH-jah-nyah)
The check/bill, please. 
Minta bon. (MIN-tah bon)

Bars[edit]

Mini bar in the town of Bira, Sulawesi. Bir is beer in Indonesian.
Do you serve alcohol? 
Apakah menyajikan alkohol? (AH-pah-kah muh-NYAH-jee-kahn AHL-koh-hol?)
I want a beer/two beers. 
Saya mau minta satu/dua bir. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too/DOO-ah beer)
I want a glass of red/white wine 
Saya mau minta satu gelas anggur merah/putih. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too guh-LAHSS AHNG-goor MEH-rah/POO-tee)
I want a bottle 
Saya mau minta satu botol. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too BO-tol)
_____ (liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
Saya mau minta _____ dan _____. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah ___ dahn ___)
Whisky 
Whisky (WIS-kee)
Vodka 
Vodka (VOD-kah)
Rum 
Rum (rahm)
Local palm nectar spirit 
Arak (AH-rah')
Water 
Air putih (AH-eer POO-tee)
Sparkling water 
Air soda (AH-eer SOH-dah)
Tonic water 
Air tonik (AH-eer TO-ni')
(Orange) juice 
Jus (jeruk) (juss JUH-roo')
Coca Cola 
Coca Cola (KOH-kah KOH-lah)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Apakah ada makanan kecil? (AH-pah-kah AH-dah MAH-kah-nahn KUH-cheel)
One more, please. 
Saya mau minta satu lagi. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too LAH-gee)
Another round, please. 
Saya mau minta satu ronde lagi. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too RON-deh LAH-gee)
When is closing time? 
Jam berapa tutup? (jahm buh-RAH-pah TOO-too(p)?)

Shopping[edit]

Saying no to single-use plastic

Indonesia is drowning in single use plastic. Cheap, low-quality plastic bags are handed out freely in shops, and a cold drink is never served without a plastic straw. These clog up landfills, if they get there at all. They are either burned or dumped in rivers where they eventually get to the ocean. Indonesia is the world's 2nd biggest contributor of plastic trash in the oceans. Please do your bit by saying no to plastic bags and drinking straws, like this:

No thanks, I don't need a plastic bag 
Terima kasih, saya tidak perlu kresek (tuh-REE-mah KAH-see, SAH-yah TEE-dah' PUHR-loo KREH-seh').
I don't want to use a straw 
Saya tidak mau pakai sedotan (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-oo PAH-kay suh-DOT-ahn).
Sell 
Jual (JOO-ahl)
Buy 
Beli (BUH-lee)
Bargaining
Tawar (TAH-wahr) (NOTE: the word can also mean to offer)
Do you have this in my size? 
Apakah ini ada yang ukuran saya? (AH-pah-kah IH-nee AH-dah yahng OO-koo-rahn SAH-yah?)
How much is this? 
Berapa harganya? (buh-RAH-pah HAR-gah-nyah?)
That's too expensive. 
Terlalu mahal. (tuhr-LAH-loo MAH-hahl)
Would you take _____? 
Kalau _____ bagaimana? (KAH-low ____ BAH-gigh-MAH-nah?)
Expensive 
Mahal (mah-HAHL)
Cheap 
Murah (MOO-rah)
I can't afford it. 
Saya tidak mampu beli itu. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAHM-poo BUH-lee IH-too)
I don't want it. 
Saya tidak mau (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-oo)
You're cheating me. 
Kau menipu saya (KAH-oo muh-NEE-poo SAH-yah)
I'm not interested. 
Saya tidak tertarik. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' tuhr-TAH-ri')
The quality is bad/not good.
Kualitasnya jelek/tidak bagus. (kwah-lee-TAHS-nyah JUH-leh'/TEE-dah' BAH-gooss)
OK, I'll buy it. 
Baiklah, saya beli. (BIGHK-lah, SAH-yah BUH-lee)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Bisakah dikirim (ke luar negeri)? (BEE-sah-kah dee-KIH-rim (kuh LOO-ahr nuh-GREE?))
Shoes in an Indonesian department store
I need... 
Saya perlu... (SAH-yah PUHR-loo...)
...toothpaste. 
...pasta gigi/odol. (PAHS-tah GEE-gee, O-dol)
...a toothbrush. 
...sikat gigi. (SEE-kah(t) GIH-gee)
...condoms. 
...kondom. (KON-dom)
...tampons. 
...softek/pembalut. (puhm-BAH-loot)
...soap. 
...sabun. (SAH-boon)
...shampoo. 
...sampo. (SAHM-poh)
...pain relief. 
...obat pereda sakit. (O-baht puh-REH-dah SAH-keet)
...cold medicine. 
...obat pilek. (O-baht PIH-luh')
...upset stomach medicine. 
...obat sakit perut. (O-baht SAH-kee(t) PUH-roo(t))
...a razor. 
...cukuran. (CHUH-koor-ahn)
...an umbrella. 
...payung. (PAH-yoong)
...a postcard. 
...kartu pos. (KAR-too poss)
...postage stamps. 
...perangko. (puh-RAHNG-koh)
...batteries. 
...baterai. (BAH-tuh-ray)
...writing paper. 
...kertas. (KUHR-tahss)
...a pen. 
...pulpen. (POOL-pehn)
...English-language books. 
...buku-buku bahasa Inggris. (BOO-koo boo-koo bah-HAH-sah ING-griss)
...English-language magazines. 
...majalah bahasa Inggris. (mah-JAH-lah bah-HAH-sah ING-griss)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...surat kabar/koran (bahasa Inggris). (SOO-rah(t) KAH-bar/KOR-ahn (bah-HAH-sah ING-gris))

NOTE: the Islamic holy book is referred to as al-Quran (ahl KOOR-ahn)

...an English-Indonesian dictionary. 
...kamus Inggris-Indonesia. (KAH-mooss ING-griss in-doh-NEH-zhah)

Family[edit]

Wedding procession in Lombok
Are you married? 
Apakah Anda sudah menikah? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah SOO-dah muh-NEE-kah?)
I am married. 
Saya sudah menikah (SAH-yah SOO-dah muh-NEE-kah.)
I am not married yet. 
Saya belum menikah (SAH-yah buh-LOOM muh-NEE-kah.)
Do you have brothers and sisters? 
Apakah punya saudara? (AH-pah-kah POON-yah sow-DAH-rah?)
Do you have any children? 
Sudah punya anak? (SOO-dah POON-yah AHN-ah'''?)
Father 
Ayah (AH-yah)
Mother 
Ibu (IH-boo)
Older brother 
Kakak laki-laki (KAH-kah' LAH-kee LAH-kee)
Older sister 
Kakak perempuan (KAH-kah' puh-RUHM-poo-WAHN)
Younger brother 
Adik laki-laki (AH-di' LAH-kee LAH-kee)
Younger sister 
Adik perempuan (AH-di' puh-RUHM-poo-WAN)
Grandfather 
Kakek (KAH-keh')
Grandmother 
Nenek (NEH-neh')
Uncle 
Paman (PAH-mahn)/om (ohm)
Aunt 
Bibi (BIH-bee)/tante (TAHN-tuh)
Husband 
Suami (SWAH-mee)
Wife 
Istri (ISS-tree)
Son 
Putra (POO-trah)
Daughter 
Putri (POO-tree)
Grandchild 
Cucu (CHOO-choo)
Cousin
Sepupu (suh-POO-poo)
Nephew/niece
Keponakan (kuh-POH-nah-kahn)
Father/mother-in-law
Mertua (muhr-TOO-ah)
Son/daughter-in-law
Menantu (muh-NAHN-too)

Driving[edit]

Decorated toll plaza, Bali
I want to rent a car 
Saya mau sewa mobil. (SAH-yah MAH-oo SAY-wah MO-beel)
Can I get insurance? 
Bisakah saya minta asuransi? (BEE-sah-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah ah-soo-RAHN-see)
Traffic 
Lalu lintass (LAH-loo LIN-tahss)
Traffic jam 
Macet (MAH-cheh(t))
Stop! 
Berhenti! (buhr-HUHN-tee)
Stop (on a street sign
Stop
One way 
Satu arah (SAH-too AH-rah)
No parking 
Dilarang parkir (DEE-lah-rahng PAR-keer)
Dead end 
Jalan buntu (JAH-lahn BOON-too)
Accident 
Kecelakaan (kuh-chuh-LAH-kah-ahn)
Gas (petrol) station 
Pom bensin (pom BEHN-zeen)
Petrol/gas 
Bensin (BEHN-zeen)
Diesel 
Solar (SOH-lar)

Authority[edit]

Traffic police in Jakarta
What happened? 
Apa yang terjadi? (AH-pah yahng tuhr-JAH-dee?)
What are you doing? 
Apa yang sedang Anda lakukan (AH-pah yang SUH-dahng AHN-dah LAH-koo-kahn)
I haven't done anything wrong. 
Saya tidak berbuat salah. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' buhr-BOO-ah(t) SAH-lah)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Itu kesalahpahaman. (IH-too kuh-SAH-lah-PAH-hahm-ahn)
Where are you taking me? 
Ke mana saya dibawa ? (kuh MAH-nah SAH-yah dee-BAH-wah?)
Am I under arrest? 
Apakah saya ditahan? (AH-pah-kah SAH-yah dee-TAH-han?)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Saya warga negara Amerika/Australia/Inggris/Kanada. (SAH-yah WAR-gah nuh-GAH-rah ah-MEH-ree-kah/oss-TRAH-lee-yah/ING-gris/KAH-nah-dah)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Saya ingin bicara dengan Kedutaan Besar/Konsulat Amerika/Australia/Inggris/Kanada. (SAH-yah ING-in bih-CHAH-rah DUHNG-ahn kuh-DOO-tah-ahn/kon-SOO-laht ah-MEH-ree-kah/oss-TRAH-lee-yah/ING-gris/KAH-nah-dah)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Saya mau bicara dengan pengacara. (SAH-yah MAH-oo bee-CHAH-rah DUHNG-ahn puhng-ah-CHAH-rah)
Can I just pay a fine here now? 
Bisakah saya bayar denda di tempat saja? (BEE-sah-kah SAH-yah BAH-yar DUHN-dah dih TUHM-pah(t) SAH-jah?)

NOTE: Be sure it is clear from context that you aren't offering a bribe. If they ask for a bribe, they may use the phrase uang damai (OO-ahng DAH-migh) (lit. peace money).

Country and territory names[edit]

In general, the names of countries either retain their official name or are loaned from English, with some spelling and pronunciation adaptations suitable for Indonesian speakers. Names ending with -land (i.e.: Poland, Finland or Iceland) usually take -landia (i.e.: Polandia, Finlandia, Islandia). Exceptions are listed below.

For indicating nationality, use the word for person orang (OH-rang) followed by the name of the country.

Algeria 
Aljazair (AHL-jah-ZAH-yeer)
Belgium 
Belgia (BEHL-gee-yah)
Cambodia 
Kamboja (kahm-BOH-jah)
The Czech Republic
Republik Ceko (reh-POOB-li' CHEH-koh)
China 
Cina (CHEE-nah), officially Tiongkok (tee-ONG-ko'); Chinese: Tionghoa (tee-ONG-hwah)
Egypt 
Mesir (MEH-seer)
France 
Perancis (puh-RAHN-chiss)
Germany 
Jerman (JUHR-mahn)
Greece 
Yunani (yoo-NAH-nee)
Hungary 
Hungaria (hoong-GAH-ree-yah)
Italy 
Italia (ih-TAH-lee-yah)
Japan
Jepang (JUH-pahng)
The Maldives 
Maladewa (mah-lah-DEH-wah)
Morocco 
Maroko (mah-RO-koh)
The Netherlands 
Belanda (buh-LAHN-dah)
New Zealand
Selandia Baru (seh-LAHN-dee-ah BAH-roo)
Norway 
Norwegia (nor-WEH-gee-yah)
The Philippines 
Filipina (fih-lih-PEE-nah)
Singapore 
Singapura (sing-ah-POOR-ah)
South Africa 
Afrika Selatan (AHF-ree-kah suh-LAH-tahn)
South Korea 
Korea Selatan (ko-REE-yah suh-LAH-tahn)
Spain 
Spanyol (SPAHN-yol)
Syria 
Suriah (SOO-ree-yah)
Sweden 
Swedia (SWEH-dee-yah)
Switzerland 
Swiss (swiss)
UAE 
Uni Emirat Arab (OO-nee EH-mee-raht AH-rahb)
UK 
officially Britania Raya (brih-TAH-nih-yah RAH-yah), but Indonesians usually use Inggris (ING-griss), the word for England. You can use the words Skotlandia, Wales (WAH-lehss) and Irlandia Utara (ihr-LAHND-ee-yah oo-TAH-rah) to explain how the country is really formulated.
USA 
Amerika Serikat (ah-MEH-ree-kah SUH-ree-kah(t))

Learning more[edit]

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