- This article is an itinerary.
Much of the line is parallel to the E45 road.
The railway was envisioned in the late 19th century and the parliament decision was taken 1907. The railway was then built, leg by leg, but the last part was delayed and was not completed until 1937. The intent was both to have an inland railway for military reasons and to stimulate the economy of the remote northern inland.
By the time the railway was completed the golden age of railways was gone, the distances too long and the technical standard of the railway too low to fulfill the intentions. Increased car ownership reduced the passenger volumes and finally in the 1990s SJ was about to shut it down. The municipalities along the railway, however, founded the Inlandsbanan AB company in 1993, bought the railway and took over traffic.