Jericho (Arabic أريحا Arīḥā, Hebrew יריחו Yerikho), the "City of Palms", is a small city within the Palestinian Territories close to the northern end of Dead Sea and some 55 km (34 miles) from Jerusalem. A relatively tranquil town, Jericho's reputation for calm and lack of security incidents in the midst of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has made it a natural destination for West Bank visitors. Because Jericho is a tourist-orientated town, the Palestinian Authority goes to great lengths to make sure Jericho remains safe to visit. There is a constant tourist-police presence in the city and English is spoken by many in the town.
The modern town of Jericho includes the ancient mound known as Tell es-Sultan, the accumulated remains of cities that have existed on the site for some 9,000 years - the Neolithic period. Archaeology reveals that Jericho is one of the oldest human settlements in the Middle East.
Jericho, of course, is probably best known for its Biblical associations: (song) "Joshua fought the battle of Jericho - and the walls came tumbling down!"
Due to its location nearly 400 meters below sea level, Jericho is extremely hot in the summer!
From Jerusalem, start at the HaNeviim station outside the Old City, next to Damascus Gate. From there, one must take take a bus/van to one of three Palestinian cities, and take a second bus/van to Jericho. The three cities are (in order of directness):
- 1 Al Ezariya (Junction) - Bus 36 or 63 (₪6.80) reach this town/junction east of Jerusalem, identified with Bethany from the New Testament. Ask the bus driver where to get off for the sherut van (₪12) to Jericho or take the GPS pointer as orientation. It's advisable that you have an Arabic translator with you or specifically inquire of the bus driver as to where the Sharut/Shared taxi may be found. Alternatively, take bus 263 (₪6.80) from the Sultan Suleiman station, also close to the Damascus gate, which will stop at the junction too.
- Bethlehem - The "sherut" van from the bottom floor of the Bethlehem bus station takes around an hour to get to the central square of Jericho (₪20).
- Ramallah and Nablus by shared taxi (sherut).
You can also hitchhike from the south along the Dead Sea or from Tiberias in the north. However, the Egged bus coming from there will apparently not stop before Jerusalem to let passengers off – ask when entering.
Taxi service in Jericho is easy to find. Make sure to agree on a price with the taxi driver before entering the taxi. Prices for taxi rides inside Jericho shouldn't be more than ₪10. For taxi rides to sites on the outskirts of Jericho, it's best to negotiate a fair price.
Shared taxis from/to the center are about ₪2.
- 1 Tell es-Sultan (ancient Jericho). This site is the center of archaeological digs in Jericho. It was the location of the ancient Jericho of the Biblical times and is located some 2 km north-west of the modern city centre, overlooking the natural spring of Ein Sultan. ₪10 (intl. students ₪7).
- 2 Shalom al Yisrael Synagogue Mosaic Floor (In between Tel es-Sultan and Hisham's Palace, there is a synagogue floor from the 6th century C.E. Look for the bent, orange sign that says Synagogue or בית כנסת, look straight across the street and there is a road going diagonally towards some Palestinian flags.). The synagogue floor is in the basement of a private house belonging to a Jerusalemite family, the Shahwans, at the end of the street. The family discovered the site and kept maintaining it until the Israelis confiscated the land and the house in 1987. ₪10.
- 3 Hisham's Palace (2 km north of modern Jericho). This winter palace was built by the Umayyad Caliph Hisham Ibn Abdul Malek, before being destroyed by an earthquake soon after completion in 747 CE. The extensive site contains royal buildings, a mosque, water fountains and spectacular mosaic floors. ₪10.
- 4 Sycamore Tree of Jericho (Tree of Zacchaeus) (Part of the Russian museum). This tree is referenced in the New Testament due to its association with Jesus' visit to Jericho: "Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through it. Now a man named Zacchaeus was there; he was a chief tax collector and was rich. He was trying to get a look at Jesus, but being a short man he could not see over the crowd. So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, because Jesus was going to pass that way." (Luke 19:1-4, NET Bible) ₪5, just for the garden & tree (the museum is ₪20).
- 5 (Maqam an) Nabi Musa (Tomb of Moses). This Muslim monument to Moses is originally thought to have been built as a site to view the traditional burial spot of Moses on Mount Nebo from Jericho. However, according to local Palestinian Muslim folklore, it was later recounted that the site in Jericho was the actual resting place of Moses, whose remains were said to have been brought across the Jordan River from Mount Nebo by Salahaddin during the Crusades. The complex is open to the public and contains a coffin decorated in colourful carpets that is said to hold the remains of Moses. Local Bedouins call the rocks surrounding the complex Moses rocks (Arabic: احجار موسى, ihjar Mousa) and make them into protective amulets to sell to visitors.
- 6 Quruntal (Mountain of Temptation). A Greek Orthodox monastery is located here, atop the mountain where Jesus is believed to have been tempted by the Devil. It houses two Greek Orthodox priests. One aged c. 30 arrived from Greece in November 2010 and will stay there for the rest of his life. The other has been there for decades. From this precarious rocky spot, you get a great view of Jericho and the Jordan Valley towards Amman. Hike up to the top of the mountain, or else take the world's longest cable car below sea level from the base of the mountain (see Do below).
- 7 Jesus' Baptismal site (Qasr al Yahoud). Located near Jericho on the Jordan River is the site where Jesus is said to have been baptised by John the Baptist in the Jordan River (this site in Jericho is recognized as the authentic site as opposed to the fake, touristy one set up in Northern Israel at Yardenit). It is also believed to be the spot described in the Old Testament where the Israelites crossed the river to enter the Land of Canaan.
- 8 Qumran Caves. This complex of caves is the site where the "Dead Sea Scrolls" were discovered. It is now an archaeological park and visitors tourist center that is managed by the Israeli Nature and Parks Authority.
- 9 Wadi Qelt Synagogue. This synagogue is thought to be the oldest synagogue in the world. It is part of the "Jericho Royal Winter Palace" complex that was constructed in the Second Temple Period.
- 10 Naaran Synagogue (6-7 km northwest of the center). This beautiful ancient synagogue also contains a floor decorated with mosaics.
- 11 Monastery of Gerasimus of the Jordan (Deir Hajla) (Southeast of Jericho, along road #90), ☎ 02 9943038. , 050 3488928:00-18:00 daily. The Greek Orthodox monastery of Deir Hajla near Jericho commemorates St. Gerasimus, whose lavra was nearby. Gerasimus left his family wealth and worldly affairs to become a monk. He departed for the region Thebaid in the Egyptian desert, later again returning to his native Lycia. About the middle of 5th century Saint Gerasimus went to Palestine and settled in wilderness near the Jordan River. There he established a monastery and became known for his righteous life of asceticism and prayer. The story of Gerasimus and the lion, when the saint tamed the animal by removing a thorn from its paw and taught it obedience, became widely known in the Christian world. He is reputed to have attended to the Fourth Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon in 451.The history of the monastery is also linked to another Christian narrative. Mary, Joseph and the infant Jesus were said to have found refuge in a cave here during their flight from Herod. An underground chapel was built on the spot where the Holy Family is believed to have spent the night. The crypt floor also contains the bones of monks who were massacred during the Persian conquest of the Holy Land.
- Spend the day having fun at the Banana Land amusement park
- Participate with visiting archaeologists in the many archaeological digs taking place in the Jericho area.
- Hike the trails surrounding Jericho. Jericho is known to the local population as an area surrounded by beautiful surroundings. There are numerous hiking trails that have beautiful views of the oases surrounding Jericho. Make sure to bring lots of water, Jericho is also known to the locals for its hot weather.
- 1 Cable Car (Right next to Tell es-Sultan). Jericho Cable Car Company for getting to Mount Temptation Monastery instead of hiking. It costs ₪55 for a 7-min trip of about 1.35 km.
- Go for a camel ride in the desert (Bedouins walking around with decorated camels). So much fun! make sure to agree on a price before hand.
- 2 Kalya Beach. This beach on the Dead Sea is managed by the nearby Israeli settlement of Kalya. They usually allow Palestinians to use the beach as well.
There are Bedouins selling a variety of goods in Jericho, but the prices for them aren't much cheaper than other places. Food, however, is significantly cheaper in Jericho.
Near the Central Square, there are many places for quick bites, especially in the direction of the Sycamore Tree or Hisham's Palace.
It worth a visit to Qurantal mountain where Jesus fasted 40 days and 40 nights after the devil's temptation to him, where you will find a very nice restaurant at the bottom of the mountain, you will have your lunch in front of an amazing panaromic birds eye view of Jericho city, the mountains of Jordan and the Dead Sea. You can reach this restaurant by using the Cable Car of Jericho.
Jericho is famous for its tasty fruits, especially bananas.
- 1 Limonä Restaurant Jericho. Good but expensive.
The town is pretty much alcohol free except in the hotels and resorts.
- 1 AubergInn (Close to Tell es-Sultan), ☎ +970568966010 / +972523500041 / +972522626067. One of the nicer budget options in town and close to the Mount of Temptation and other sites. ₪100 (₪60 if you stayed in Hostel in Ramallah before that and collected a stamp).
- 2 Jericho Waleed's Hostel (Office opposite the post office, accommodation 2 km northeast of the central roundabout), ☎ . Actually this is just Waleed's office, the 3 real location of the Waleed's accommodation is here. He has a driver that will take people to the building northeast of town. The owner is a decent and helpful guy; unfortunately, good & nice words cannot make up for the missing comfort and standards this accommodation option is lacking, at least at the moment. While the house is still undergoing major construction, the third floor is open. In general, the rooms are noisy due to the other guests and the bad insulation. The place is infested with mosquitos, which seem to come out of nowhere, endlessly. Hospitality over quality, you have to decide for yourself. The accommodation is conveniently located for trips to the Jordan border and the Dead Sea. From ₪60.
- 4 Sami Youth Hostel, ☎ . The hostel includes all hotel services and facilities, consists of 22 rooms and 5 suites. Rooms have been designed to fit the visitors' needs. Available are single, double and triple rooms; all equipped with airconditioning, television, device connectors, satellite, refrigerators and internet service. ₪172.
- Zeytouna Guest House, ☎ .
- Hisham Palace Hotel, ☎ .
- Jerusalem Hotel, ☎ .
- 5 Jericho Intercontinental Hotel, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. A 5 star hotel and casino located right after the Palestinian checkpoint at the entrance to Jericho. The hotel was built before the second intifada and is one of the nicest in Palestine and also the tallest building in Jericho giving each beautifully appointed room views for miles. The hotel boast 3 swimming pool, a water slide and a pool with dead sea water. However as of May 2011, the casino remains closed (it has been closed since the second Intifada).
- 6 Jericho Resort Village, ☎ . Built in the late 1990s the Jericho Resort Village is a 4 star hotel boasting multiple swimming pools, fine dining, poolside bungalows and a rooftop spa. The hotel also has a small conference centers and a poolside bar.
All major Palestinian cities are served directly by shared taxis (sherut/serviic) from here, sometimes with an interchange necessary. Travel to Israeli towns can be tricky but is possible; ask the local tourist information on the central roundabout.
- Tiberias – A large Israeli town in the north and great starting point for Galilee and Golan.
- Nablus – One of the oldest cities in the world and famous for its kunafa/kenafeh. If you are on a tight schedule and planing to go to Ramallah, you might want to skip the latter for this more exciting Palestinian city.
- Jerusalem – Besides the Dead Sea, a central focus for most people coming to this region.
- Dead Sea – One of the most famous things to see/do in Israel and Jordan. Check out Ein Gedi, a Nature Reserve and oasis along the Dead Sea.
- Negev & Judean – Deserts close to the Dead Sea, featuring amazing sites and desert landscapes, including the Ramon Crater and two other craters.
- Hiking in the Judaean Desert – Go out to other nearby hiking trails; particularly the Mishmar and Ze'elim streams are very close by.
- Allenby Bridge Crossing – to neighboring Jordan. It is an Israeli-managed crossing mainly used by Palestinians to travel internationally because Palestinians are required by Israel to use the airport in Amman, Jordan rather than the airport in Tel Aviv. Because this border crossing is located in the Palestinian Territories, it has a different status than the rest of the Israeli-managed crossings. This crossing and this crossing only requires tourists who use it to enter Jordan to have an entry visa before using the crossing. Make sure to have a valid, non-expired entry visa (preferably multi-entry) for Jordan before using this crossing to get into Jordan or else you will not be able to use this crossing. Entry visas for Jordan can be received in advance at the Jordanian embassy in Ramallah, Palestine or Ramat Gan, Israel.
|Routes through Jericho|
|Eilat ← Qumran ←||S N||→ Beit She'an → Tiberias|