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Russia's Jewish Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Евре́йская автоно́мная о́бласть, eev-RAY-skuh-yuh ahf-tah-NOHM-nuh-yuh OH-blust') is a region in the Russian Far East, which borders Amur Oblast to the west, Khabarovsk Krai to the north, and China to the south.

Cities[edit source]

Map of Jewish Autonomous Oblast

  • 1 Birobidzhan - The Jewish Oblast's sole city and principal destination
  • 2 Kuldur - hot springs resort
  • 3 Obluchye

Other destinations[edit source]

Understand[edit source]

This rarely visited province was established by Stalin in 1928 as an attempt to boost the population of the Soviet Far East as well as to counter Zionism within the USSR (as Zionism was ideologically inconsistent with Marxism-Leninism). The Oblast's Jewish "national" status has led to some odd Soviet-Jewish art, such as the menorah monument in the city center, but did not lead to mass Jewish immigration. By the end of the Soviet era in 1991, Jews constituted only about 2% of the region's population, largely as a result of emigration. Some, however, did heed the call of a Siberian Zion, including the Californian family of Mary Leder, author of the fascinating memoirs My Life in Stalinist Russia.

Watch[edit source]

Potential visitors should definitely try to get a hold of the documentary film released in 2002, L'Chayim, Comrade Stalin, about the history and modern times of the Jewish autonomous oblast.

Talk[edit source]

Yiddish shares official status with Russian, but you are unlikely to hear it aside from a synagogue visit or on the one Yiddish radio station. Ethnic Russians constitute 90% of the population, Jews only about 2%, and everyone communicates in Russian.

Get in[edit source]

Most visitors experience Birobidzhan as a stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway. It is also possible to fly to Birobidzhan's Zhyolty Yar Airport from Khabarovsk.

Get around[edit source]

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Go next[edit source]

The next important stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway to the east is Khabarovsk; to the west past Obluchye is Belogorsk, then Svobodny.

This region travel guide to Jewish Autonomous Oblast is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!