From Wikivoyage
Jump to: navigation, search
Herkules at Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe

Kassel is the regional "capital" of North Hesse in Germany, has a population of about 200 000 and is also international known for the documenta exhibitions of contemporary art every five years. The "Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe" with its waterworks received the title "UNESCO-World Heritage Site" in 2013.


picture of the Brothers Grimm on a old 1000 Deutsche Mark note


Canopy of the train station Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe

Kassel has been first mentioned around 900 AD. Since then it has always been a provincial capital for the realms of North Hesse or Kur-Hesse.

During the 30 years war Kassels Landgraf Philipp declared for the Protestants. This had an effect as later numerous Huguenots emigrated from France and brought with them their trade and skills. The impact of the Huguenots can still be witnessed in the centre of Kassel where streets are named after Huguenots.

Kassel became a considerable industrial and scientific city as can still be seen in the Orangerie museum where loads of scientific kit from the enlightenment period is on show. Noticeably the first steam pot producing a fountain was constructed in Kassel by Papin and rumours have it that he left Kassel in his steam boat a few years before James Watt got his prototype into shape.

Kassel was already a heavy industries site by WW2, where trains, tanks and planes were constructed. In the later years of the war Kassel was thoroughly bombed as a military target by English and American planes.

Kassel was home to the famous Brothers Grimm who wrote a lot of the fairy tales Disney uses today. A less well known but perhaps more important piece of their work was an attempt at a "complete" dictionary of the German language, that was only completed after their death. The house that they lived in was made into a museum with a lot of interesting artifacts.

The Centre of Kassel itself was thoroughly destroyed during the Second World War and therefore rebuilt in the incredibly bland 1950s style (which in fairness was partially due to budget constraints and admitted to be ugly even back then). Hence, the inner city is mainly dominated by bank and mall buildings of the modern sort.

Tourist Information[edit]

Get in[edit]

Hauptbahnhof with documenta-artwork "Man walking to the sky"
Terminal of the Kassel Airport

By car[edit]

Motorways Bundesautobahn 7 number.svg (Hannover-Würzburg), Bundesautobahn 44 number.svg (Kassel-Dortmund) and Bundesautobahn 49 number.svg (Kassel-Marburg) leads to Kassel.

By train[edit]

Kassel is an important hub in the ICE network and was one of the cities on the first purpose built German high speed rail line connecting Würzburg and Hanover. The best way to reach Kassel is by train since most of the Inter-City Express (ICE) trains and plenty of local trains stop at the   Fernbahnhof Kassel-Wilhemshöhe, about 4 kilometres west of the city centre. Kassel's historic   Hauptbahnhof (main station), also known as the Kulturbahnhof since it was redeveloped in the 1990s, is very near the city center. Trains run between the two stations. It is much easier to see the downtown area if you take a train to the Hauptbahnhof and begin your exploring from there.

By bus[edit]

The   Busbahnhof Kassel Wilhelmshöhe (intercity bus station), also known as the ZOB, adjoins the Kassel-Wilhemshöhe Bahnhof. There is another intercity bus station at   Kaufungen-Papierfabrik, only a few meters behind the city boundary of Kassel at the motorway. The tramlines 4 and 8 are running from the Zeichen 224.svg Papierfabrik in the city centre.

By plane[edit]

While there is the   Kassel Airport (IATA: KSF) in Calden, just 10 km out of town, which serves Kassel, chances are, you won't be arriving there. Between the Kassel Airport (Zeichen 224.svg Terminal), the city centre and the train stations Hauptbahnhof and Wilhelmshöhe runs the busline 100. The next major airports are in Hanover (IATA: HAJ) and of course Frankfurt airport (IATA: FRA). As they are both excellently connected to the German railway network (Frankfurt airport even has an ICE stop) and Kassel is a major hub, you can get from the airport to town in no more than two hours. You can even buy combined tickets for flight and train.

Get around[edit]

Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe: View towards Kassel. The Baroque water features are operate.

From the Station, trams leave towards the town centre and one can easily walk to the Bergpark which is visible from where the trams leave. If you are staying a few days in Kassel buy a public transport Wochenkarte. Ride as much as you like on the streetcars and buses for a full week from date of issue. Current price (02.06.2014) was €21.

  • Local public transport is the KVG (only in German), see also the website of the transport association NVV for north hesse.



Lion's Castle in Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe
  •   Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe. since 2013 on the UNESCO World Heritage List, Worth visiting is the "Bergpark" (Mountainpark) which is supposedly the largest in Europe and second largest park on a mountain slope in the world. The park contains the Herkules statue at its top end which is towering over the city and has become its symbol. Further the park contains loads of smaller features which are mainly fake Greek temples, fake medieval castles, fake quarries - you see where we are getting ... Not fake though are the Rembrandts and Rubens paintings in the Schloss in the park - an entrance fee is charged. The Park also features during summer months the Wasserspiele (watergames) every Wednesday and Sunday starting from 2:30PM. Various of the features such as the Cascades (below the Herkules statue), the fake waterfall and the fake Roman Aqueduct have their water supplies opened for half an hour or so each and the crowd of tourists will move from feature to feature starting on the higher parts moving down slope. Löwenburg and Schloss Wilhelmshöhe (palace Wilhelmshöhe) with its old masterpieces of art.
  •   Karlsaue State Park (Staatspark Karlsaue). Karlsaue, another, French style park with some old buildings containing all sort of museums (tapstries to astrology). That area is also the usual place for the Documenta art exhibition to happen every five years (next summer 2017). Siebenbergen flower island (Blumeninsel Siebenbergen). Orangerie. Cabinet of Astronomy and Physics with planetarium (Astronomisch Physikalisches Kabinett mit Planetarium). Marble Baths (Marmorbad)


Palace Wilhelmshöhe in Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe
Orangerie in Karlsaue, south of downtown
Ottoneum (Museum of Natural Science)


Friedericianum at the Friedrichsplatz
  • Getting a little bit out of the city can be a good thing. Around Kassel there are beautiful forests and ponds that have really good trails like the Habichtswald in the west or the Reinhardswald in the north. You can travel with buses direct into them (Bus 22 or 190).


Obere Königsstraße (shopping street)

Shopping can be somewhat difficult in Kassel compared to the United States, but most of the good shopping is located close to the Königsplatz so if you get off the Straßenbahn (Tram) around there you can do most of your shopping with the usual big retail chains and many smaller shops.


Goethestern in the district "Vorderer Westen"

There are great bakeries on every corner and throughout the city. Another great place to eat is any of the little stands located in the City Point or Kürfürsten Galerie (city centre).



Beer gardens[edit]


  • Check out the area around the Hauptbahnhof and Friedrich-Ebert Street. There you will find Clubs like the ARM near the main station.


Go next[edit]

Sababurg in the Reinhardswald
  • Deutsche Märchenstraße (German Fairytale Road)
This city travel guide to Kassel is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page
51.31679.5000Map mag.png